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DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT Social Transfer For Social Protection Towards Poverty Reduction Workshop Social Transfers for the fight Against.

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Presentation on theme: "DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT Social Transfer For Social Protection Towards Poverty Reduction Workshop Social Transfers for the fight Against."— Presentation transcript:

1 DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT Social Transfer For Social Protection Towards Poverty Reduction Workshop Social Transfers for the fight Against Hunger Cambodia February 21 to 22,

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3 About the Phil. POPULATION – Region - 17 Province - 80 Cities Municipalities Barangays - 42,028 Poverty Incidence % Poor Households HH based on National Household Targetting System of DSWD using Proxy Means 3

4 The DSWD Context

5 Poor Households Poor Households Youth with special needs/out-of- school youth Youth with special needs/out-of- school youth Children in difficult circumstances and/or with special needs Children in difficult circumstances and/or with special needs Women in Especially Difficult Circumstances Women in Especially Difficult Circumstances Persons with Disabilities/With Special Needs Persons with Disabilities/With Special Needs 5

6 Senior Citizens Senior Citizens Families (disadvantaged, dysfunctional, marginalized, displaced, homeless, victims of disasters) Families (disadvantaged, dysfunctional, marginalized, displaced, homeless, victims of disasters) Communities (low income, poorest, marginalized) Communities (low income, poorest, marginalized) 6

7 MAJOR SOCIAL TRANSFERS PROGRAM Poor Households - Conditional Cash Transfer- max of P 1400/month/HH - Cash Transfer Livelihood(Loan)P10,00/HH/project Senior Citizens - Social Pension P500/month/SC Children – Food Provison thru Supplementary Feeding for children in Day Care Disaster Victims - Cash and Food for Work and Training part of the Rehab program max of 10 days Others - for other sectors on limited scale Exchange Rate =$ 1 = P 40 7

8 Mechanisms for Government Development Partners Loans for social Transfer Grants thru the TA Facility for capability building, pilot testing and others National Government/LGU For convergence of programs CSO and others As partner in the program delivery(Kaagapay, monitor(Bantay),link ( Tulay), for guidance(Gaba guidance, 8

9 TARGETTING National Household Targeting System for Poverty Reduction (NHTS-PR)National Household Targeting System for Poverty Reduction (NHTS-PR) A targeting system aimed at establishing a database of poor households that can be used to identify beneficiaries for social welfare & protection programs It entails a survey for the collection of socio- economic data from households which allows for socio-economic household ranking based on a proxy means test 9

10 Delivery Mechanism Payment of Social Transfers Thru the National Depository Bank Rural Banks Telcos Cooperatives Post Office 10

11 PHILIPPINES Conditional Cash Transfer Program

12 The Philippine Context The Philippines lags behind its Asian neighbors in terms of economic growth, poverty reduction and addressing inequality – Per capita income only rose 20% in real terms from 1981 to 2009 – Eight (8) years behind in poverty reduction target – Elusive inclusive growth due to low growth, weak employment generation, persistent high inequality and structural underpinnings

13 Rationale for CCT Inclusive growth as a key agenda in many developing countries in view of achieving a significant reduction in poverty Investment in the countrys human resources as key to sustained and broad-based growth Equitable access to basic social services Stronger social safety nets CCT as a rights-based strategy towards human capital formation CCT concretizes income redistribution

14 Design of CCT in the Philippines Twin goals: – Social assistance (short-term) – Social development (long-term) Grants package for health and education (Transfer size approximately 20% of estimated income of poor households) Co-responsibilities (conditionalities) 5-year program exposure Case management Transition-promotion for exiting beneficiaries (convergence strategy) Strong M&E built-in into the program

15 Implementation Experience Pilot Inclusion of other vulnerable sectors Inclusion of Indigenous Peoples Poorest Provinces & Pockets of Poverty in HUCs Inclusion of Extremely vulnerable areas Beneficiaries covered Legend: K – thousand M - million

16 Initial Impact Evaluation Findings – CCT-supported households spend 36% more on education and 33% more on medicine and medical services than non-CCT households – More children use health services: 33.3% CCT children undergo weight monitoring vs. 16.9% non-CCT children 63.3% CCT children take deworming pills vs. 55.3% non-CCT children 80.6% CCT children take vitamin A supplement vs. 74.9% non-CCT children

17 Initial Impact Evaluation Findings – CCT-supported households spend 36% more on education and 33% more on medicine and medical services than non-CCT households – More children use health services: 33.3% CCT children undergo weight monitoring vs. 16.9% non-CCT children 63.3% CCT children take deworming pills vs. 55.3% non-CCT children 80.6% CCT children take vitamin A supplement vs. 74.9% non-CCT children

18 Initial Impact Evaluation Findings – More pregnant mothers get health care 64% CCT mothers vs. 54% non-CCT mothers receive 4 pre-natal care services 36% CCT mothers vs. 27% non-CCT mothers get post- natal care within 24 hours after delivery Philippine CCT has strong and consistent impact on the key indicators targeted by the program in line with other CCT programs around the world.

19 Convergence Core PovertyProgramsOther programs DSWD Internal Social Protection Programs and Other National Programs for Convergence such as Dept. of Agriculture Dept. of Highways Dept. of Trade and Industry, etc 19

20 There is a need to strategically pool together the expertise and resources of the Department to be more efficient in the implementation of projects and programs for poverty reduction. Common understanding (what and how) Common commitment (institutional support) Common resolve (convergent action) Objectives are : Maximize resources by reducing duplication of Efforts and enhancing efficiency Enhance local skills, knowledge, and collaborative action between stakeholders for sustainability. Enhance local skills, knowledge, and collaborative action between stakeholders for sustainability

21 CORNMILL DUMPTRUCKSPUMPBOATS DRAINAGEELECTRIFICATION Community- Implemented Priorities Funded by KC SCHOOL BUILDING DAY CARE CENTER HEALTH CENTER WATER SYSTEMBRIDGEROAD TRIBAL HOUSING WARF kalahi.dswd.gov.ph21

22 E n t e r p r i s e An economic undertaking which is market–oriented, resource based, and is geared at improving the economic status of the beneficiaries DSWD provides capital seed fund amounting to a maximum of Php10,000 per household to eligible beneficiaries

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24 MARKET ROAD FARM

25 Other innovations Modified Conditional Cash Transfer Engagement of other service providers thru the depository bank to bring the payout closer or within the municipality to save on cost for transpo and other risks as well as to stir economic activities of the area Use of mobile fones for system updates, Grievances 25

26 Challenges Dealing with the many nuances of delivery to suit varying needs of women and girl-children and other disadvantaged sectors in the context of a massive program implementation Sheer size of the program, rapid expansion and its project management offices pose difficulties in instituting mechanisms that are responsive and Instituionalization is a concern

27 Challenges Dealing with the many nuances of delivery to suit varying needs of women and girl-children in the context of a massive program implementation Structure and manpower concerns to cope with rapid expansion Supply side concerns such as school and health facilities to support the needs of beneficiaries Payout deliveries esp. areas with accessibility concerns to minimize expenses of HH Difficulty of reaching those in the mountains for 100% such as the Indigenous People IT requirements since it is system heavy

28 THANK YOU SALAMAT AND MAGANDANG HAPON 28


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