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Republic of Namibia 5 YEAR SANITATION STRATEGY NAMIBIA 2010/11 – 2014/15 Presented by Sjaak de Boer EU Delegation Namibia Regional Infrastructure Seminar.

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Presentation on theme: "Republic of Namibia 5 YEAR SANITATION STRATEGY NAMIBIA 2010/11 – 2014/15 Presented by Sjaak de Boer EU Delegation Namibia Regional Infrastructure Seminar."— Presentation transcript:

1 Republic of Namibia 5 YEAR SANITATION STRATEGY NAMIBIA 2010/11 – 2014/15 Presented by Sjaak de Boer EU Delegation Namibia Regional Infrastructure Seminar 8 March 2011 Nairobi, KENYA

2 Presentation Outline 1.High Level Statements 2.Background and Introduction 3.Key Sector Stakeholders 4.Key Participants at different levels 5.Guiding Principles 6.Key Indicators and Targets 7.Strategic Map, Themes & Budget 8.Sanitation Selection Criteria 9.Guideline to Selection Sanitation Options 10.Capacity Building Sanitation Sector 11.Code of Practice for Sanitation

3 High Level Statements GRN Mission To provide, with minimal impact on environment, acceptable, affordable and sustainable sanitation services for Namibian households. Vision A healthy environment and improved quality of life by providing Sanitation services for urban and rural households. Slogan Sanitation for Improved Quality of Life and Key to Healthy Communities

4 Background and Introduction Situational analysis carried out prior to developing the StrategySituational analysis carried out prior to developing the Strategy Revealed major threats, opportunities, strengths and weaknesses faced by Sanitation Sector in NamibiaRevealed major threats, opportunities, strengths and weaknesses faced by Sanitation Sector in Namibia Key strategic issues formulatedKey strategic issues formulated

5 Key Sector Stakeholders

6 Key Participants at different levels Traditional Authorities play important role in Rural Activities

7 Guiding Principles Facilities should be affordable for households and based on Community-Led Total Sanitation Package (CLSP) approach for long term operational and maintenance sustainability. Choice of sanitation technology by community guided by Guideline Sanitation Options (see slide 14). In most cases dry sanitation technologies will be likely outcome for rural households Collective community decisions may be required where collection and treatment systems are proposed. Wherever possible, option of selecting technologies that are upgradable in future will be part of selection process. Health promotion services and household hygiene practices essential components of provision of sanitation services. Behaviour changes should be promoted, formulated and determined based on cultural sensitivities.

8 Key Indicators and Targets Hygiene awareness and education campaignsHygiene awareness and education campaigns Community specific sanitation trainingCommunity specific sanitation training Practicing safe hygiene behaviourPracticing safe hygiene behaviour Access to improved sanitation in urban areasAccess to improved sanitation in urban areas Access to improved sanitation in rural areasAccess to improved sanitation in rural areas Target sanitation coverage rural = 57%Target sanitation coverage rural = 57% Sanitation coverage urban = 80%Sanitation coverage urban = 80% Public institutions with improved sanitation facilities (incl. schools, clinics, service stations)Public institutions with improved sanitation facilities (incl. schools, clinics, service stations) Number of Children under 5 years old reported with diarrhoea in last 2 weeksNumber of Children under 5 years old reported with diarrhoea in last 2 weeks

9 Strategic Map Focus on 6 Themes or Building ComponentsFocus on 6 Themes or Building Components 20 objectives (or essential building blocks) interdependent of each other20 objectives (or essential building blocks) interdependent of each other A chain of cause – effect relations identified, leading to desired outcome:A chain of cause – effect relations identified, leading to desired outcome:

10 F. SOCIO-ECONOMIC-ENVIRONMANTAL OUTPUTS & OUTCOMES A. WATSAN SECTOR COORDINATION 1. Social Improvements 2. Economic Improvements 3. Environmental Improvements 4. Appropriate Performance Management System & Structures in Place, based on Proper Baselines 4. Appropriate Performance Management System & Structures in Place, based on Proper Baselines 1. Improved Coordination amongst all Sanitation Stakeholders at Central, Regional & Local Levels 1. Improved Coordination amongst all Sanitation Stakeholders at Central, Regional & Local Levels 2. Legislative & Regulatory Frameworks Developed, Harmonised & Communicated 2. Legislative & Regulatory Frameworks Developed, Harmonised & Communicated 3. Developed Set of Technical Sanitation Guidelines, incl. Options with Standards, Application Areas & C,O,M Costs 3. Developed Set of Technical Sanitation Guidelines, incl. Options with Standards, Application Areas & C,O,M Costs B. INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY BUILDING 2. Sufficient & Competent Staff in Place at Central, Regional & Local Levels 2. Sufficient & Competent Staff in Place at Central, Regional & Local Levels 3. Sufficient Physical Resources Provided at Central, Regional & Local Levels 3. Sufficient Physical Resources Provided at Central, Regional & Local Levels 4. Sufficient Sanitation Sector Funding 4. Sufficient Sanitation Sector Funding 1. Strong Leadership Commitment & Support at Central, Regional & Local Levels 1. Strong Leadership Commitment & Support at Central, Regional & Local Levels C. COMMUNITY EDUCTION & PARTICPATION IN HYGIENE & SANITATION 1. Behavioural Change through Effective & Integrated Community Awareness, Education & Training 1. Behavioural Change through Effective & Integrated Community Awareness, Education & Training 3. Local Practical Skills in Construction, Operation & Maintenance 3. Local Practical Skills in Construction, Operation & Maintenance D. CONSTRUCTION OF SANITATION SYSTEMS 2. Improved Sanitation Coverage 2. Improved Sanitation Coverage 3. Improved Capacities, Conditions & Functioning of Wet & Dry Sanitation Systems 3. Improved Capacities, Conditions & Functioning of Wet & Dry Sanitation Systems E. O & M, PERFORMANCE MGT & ENFORCEMENT 1.Efficient Operation & Mainte- nance of all Sanitation Facilities, based on Clear Guidelines 1.Efficient Operation & Mainte- nance of all Sanitation Facilities, based on Clear Guidelines 2. Functional Performance Management (MERRIL) 2. Functional Performance Management (MERRIL) 3. Enforcement of Standards & Regulations for Compliance 3. Enforcement of Standards & Regulations for Compliance 1. Maximum Use of Local Resources 1. Maximum Use of Local Resources 2. Effective Community Participation & Buy-In 2. Effective Community Participation & Buy-In DWSSC MRLGHRD MoHSS RC/LA ALL

11 N$ [000s] Y1Y2Y3Y4Y5 18,120A5,4904,6582, ,800B27,10034,10029,20028,700 69,450C14,95014,80013,50013,100 1,394,545D194,400227,585297,520307,520367,520 13,000E3,1502,6502,400 1,750F350 1,644,665 TOTAL 245,440284,143345,628354,728414,728 By Theme

12 Sanitation Selection Criteria Sanitation system depends on factors in Namibian context: –Environmental Conditions –Affordability –Cultural & Social Aspects –Technical Appropriateness –Income generation

13

14 Guideline to Selection Sanitation Options

15 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector Capacity Development Plan for Sanitation (covering also local authorities & private sector): –Capacity Building Plan (volume 1 & 2) –Baseline Survey Guidelines (volume 3 & 4) –Performance Monitoring Report harmonisation of sector performance indicators Water & Sanitation (volume 5)

16 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (2) Capacity is ability to perform tasks and produce outputs, to define and solve problems and make informed choices. Capacity development is process by which organisations create and strengthen their capacity overtime –Capacity development is more than providing training and equipment: structures, systems, roles; staff and facilities; skills and tools Support to capacity development is the inputs and processes that external actors can deliver to catalyse or support capacity development. From Support to Sector Programmes, July 2007, EC Guidelines no 2

17 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (3)

18 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (4) Sanitation is the uglier, less sexy issue to talk about, as opposed to water

19 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (5) Labour Demand:

20 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (6) Capacity Building Blocks –Water Supply- Sanitation-Hygiene (WASH) –Planning Urban and Rural Development –Baseline Surveys including Environmental Impact Assessment –Comparison and Choice of Sanitation Technologies –Performance Monitoring –Awareness Raising and Sharing Information –Education and Training => Capacity Building Plan – 3 Year Programme

21 WASH and Sanitation

22 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (7) Initiatives in Capacity Building are interdependent:

23 Codes of Practice on Sanitation 12 General Guidelines: Among others Codes for: Waste water re-use Disposal of Waste water solids Dry Sanitation Systems Wet Sanitation Systems Self built manual for VIP toilets Re-use of Sewage Waste Products Etc.

24 THANK YOU for ATTENTION!


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