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Presentation on theme: "Republic of Namibia 5 YEAR SANITATION STRATEGY"— Presentation transcript:

1 Republic of Namibia 5 YEAR SANITATION STRATEGY
Presented by Sjaak de Boer EU Delegation Namibia Regional Infrastructure Seminar 8 March 2011 Nairobi, KENYA

2 Presentation Outline High Level Statements Background and Introduction
Key Sector Stakeholders Key Participants at different levels Guiding Principles Key Indicators and Targets Strategic Map, Themes & Budget Sanitation Selection Criteria Guideline to Selection Sanitation Options Capacity Building Sanitation Sector Code of Practice for Sanitation

3 High Level Statements GRN
Mission “To provide, with minimal impact on environment, acceptable, affordable and sustainable sanitation services for Namibian households.” Vision “A healthy environment and improved quality of life by providing Sanitation services for urban and rural households.” Slogan “Sanitation for Improved Quality of Life and Key to Healthy Communities”

4 Background and Introduction
Situational analysis carried out prior to developing the Strategy Revealed major threats, opportunities, strengths and weaknesses faced by Sanitation Sector in Namibia Key strategic issues formulated

5 Key Sector Stakeholders

6 Key Participants at different levels
Traditional Authorities play important role in Rural Activities

7 Guiding Principles Facilities should be affordable for households and based on Community-Led Total Sanitation Package (CLSP) approach for long term operational and maintenance sustainability. Choice of sanitation technology by community guided by Guideline Sanitation Options (see slide 14). In most cases dry sanitation technologies will be likely outcome for rural households Collective community decisions may be required where collection and treatment systems are proposed. Wherever possible, option of selecting technologies that are upgradable in future will be part of selection process. Health promotion services and household hygiene practices essential components of provision of sanitation services. Behaviour changes should be promoted, formulated and determined based on cultural sensitivities.

8 Key Indicators and Targets
Hygiene awareness and education campaigns Community specific sanitation training Practicing safe hygiene behaviour Access to improved sanitation in urban areas Access to improved sanitation in rural areas Target sanitation coverage rural = 57% Sanitation coverage urban = 80% Public institutions with improved sanitation facilities (incl. schools, clinics, service stations) Number of Children under 5 years old reported with diarrhoea in last 2 weeks

9 Strategic Map Focus on 6 Themes or Building Components
20 objectives (or essential building blocks) interdependent of each other A chain of cause – effect relations identified, leading to desired outcome:

10 Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry
F. SOCIO-ECONOMIC-ENVIRONMANTAL OUTPUTS & OUTCOMES 1. Social Improvements 2. Economic Improvements 3. Environmental Improvements E. O & M, PERFORMANCE MGT & ENFORCEMENT DWSSC MRLGHRD MoHSS RC/LA ALL Efficient Operation & Mainte- nance of all Sanitation Facilities, based on Clear Guidelines 2. Functional Performance Management (MERRIL) 3. Enforcement of Standards & Regulations for Compliance D. CONSTRUCTION OF SANITATION SYSTEMS 3. Improved Capacities, Conditions & Functioning of Wet & Dry Sanitation Systems 2. Improved Sanitation Coverage 1. Maximum Use of Local Resources C. COMMUNITY EDUCTION & PARTICPATION IN HYGIENE & SANITATION 1. Behavioural Change through Effective & Integrated Community Awareness, Education & Training 2. Effective Community Participation & Buy-In 3. Local Practical Skills in Construction, Operation & Maintenance B. INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY BUILDING 1. Strong Leadership Commitment & Support at Central, Regional & Local Levels Primary Stakeholders Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry Ministry of Regional & Local Government, Housing & Rural Development Ministry of Health and Social Services Ministry of Education Secondary Stakeholders/ Regional/Supply Chain 2. Sufficient & Competent Staff in Place at Central, Regional & Local Levels 3. Sufficient Physical Resources Provided at Central, Regional & Local Levels 4. Sufficient Sanitation Sector Funding A. WATSAN SECTOR COORDINATION 3. Developed Set of Technical Sanitation Guidelines, incl. Options with Standards, Application Areas & C,O,M Costs 4. Appropriate Performance Management System & Structures in Place, based on Proper Baselines 1. Improved Coordination amongst all Sanitation Stakeholders at Central, Regional & Local Levels 2. Legislative & Regulatory Frameworks Developed, Harmonised & Communicated

11 By Theme N$ [000s] Y1 Y2 Y3 Y4 Y5 18,120 A 5,490 4,658 2,658 147,800 B 27,100 34,100 29,200 28,700 69,450 C 14,950 14,800 13,500 13,100 1,394,545 D 194,400 227,585 297,520 307,520 367,520 13,000 E 3,150 2,650 2,400 1,750 F 350 1,644,665 TOTAL 245,440 284,143 345,628 354,728 414,728

12 Sanitation Selection Criteria
Sanitation system depends on factors in Namibian context: Environmental Conditions Affordability Cultural & Social Aspects Technical Appropriateness Income generation


14 Guideline to Selection Sanitation Options

15 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector
Capacity Development Plan for Sanitation (covering also local authorities & private sector): Capacity Building Plan (volume 1 & 2) Baseline Survey Guidelines (volume 3 & 4) Performance Monitoring Report harmonisation of sector performance indicators Water & Sanitation (volume 5)

16 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (2)
Capacity is ability to perform tasks and produce outputs, to define and solve problems and make informed choices. Capacity development is process by which organisations create and strengthen their capacity overtime Capacity development is more than providing “training and equipment”: structures, systems, roles; staff and facilities; skills and tools Support to capacity development is the inputs and processes that external actors can deliver to catalyse or support capacity development. From “Support to Sector Programmes, July 2007, EC Guidelines no 2” Mandates and Responsibilities, Policies/Strategies, Organisational Structures, People, Systems/Procedures/Methods, Finance, Logistical Support

17 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (3)

18 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (4)
According to UNICEF, the annual cost of meeting water and sanitation MDG targets is 11.3 billion dollars, of which 9.5 billion dollars is for sanitation alone. The average economic benefit of a one-dollar investment in sanitation is 9.10 dollars while the equivalent benefit on water is 4.40 dollars. Key Occupations Required Sanitation Planners Sanitation Engineers – Design, Process Sanitation Operators – System Managers, Supervisors Environmental Health Practitioners/Assistants Community Health Hygiene Workers “Sanitation is the uglier, less sexy issue to talk about, as opposed to water”

19 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (5)
Labour Demand:

20 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (6)
Capacity Building Blocks Water Supply- Sanitation-Hygiene (WASH) Planning Urban and Rural Development Baseline Surveys including Environmental Impact Assessment Comparison and Choice of Sanitation Technologies Performance Monitoring Awareness Raising and Sharing Information Education and Training => Capacity Building Plan – 3 Year Programme Sector Promotion and Coordination Restructuring, Recruitment and Organisational Development Human Resources Systems and Support Information, Education and Participation Processes and Technologies Performance Monitoring, Evaluation and Enforcement

21 WASH and Sanitation

22 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (7)
Initiatives in Capacity Building are interdependent:

23 Codes of Practice on Sanitation 12 General Guidelines:
Among others Codes for: Waste water re-use Disposal of Waste water solids Dry Sanitation Systems Wet Sanitation Systems Self built manual for VIP toilets Re-use of Sewage Waste Products Etc.


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