Presentation on theme: "Republic of Namibia 5 YEAR SANITATION STRATEGY"— Presentation transcript:
1 Republic of Namibia 5 YEAR SANITATION STRATEGY Presented by Sjaak de BoerEU Delegation NamibiaRegional Infrastructure Seminar8 March 2011Nairobi, KENYA
2 Presentation Outline High Level Statements Background and Introduction Key Sector StakeholdersKey Participants at different levelsGuiding PrinciplesKey Indicators and TargetsStrategic Map, Themes & BudgetSanitation Selection CriteriaGuideline to Selection Sanitation OptionsCapacity Building Sanitation SectorCode of Practice for Sanitation
3 High Level Statements GRN Mission “To provide, with minimal impact on environment, acceptable, affordable and sustainable sanitation services for Namibian households.”Vision “A healthy environment and improved quality of life by providing Sanitation services for urban and rural households.”Slogan “Sanitation for Improved Quality of Life and Key to Healthy Communities”
4 Background and Introduction Situational analysis carried out prior to developing the StrategyRevealed major threats, opportunities, strengths and weaknesses faced by Sanitation Sector in NamibiaKey strategic issues formulated
6 Key Participants at different levels Traditional Authorities play important role in Rural Activities
7 Guiding PrinciplesFacilities should be affordable for households and based on Community-Led Total Sanitation Package (CLSP) approach for long term operational and maintenance sustainability.Choice of sanitation technology by community guided by Guideline Sanitation Options (see slide 14).In most cases dry sanitation technologies will be likely outcome for rural householdsCollective community decisions may be required where collection and treatment systems are proposed.Wherever possible, option of selecting technologies that are upgradable in future will be part of selection process.Health promotion services and household hygiene practices essential components of provision of sanitation services.Behaviour changes should be promoted, formulated and determined based on cultural sensitivities.
8 Key Indicators and Targets Hygiene awareness and education campaignsCommunity specific sanitation trainingPracticing safe hygiene behaviourAccess to improved sanitation in urban areasAccess to improved sanitation in rural areasTarget sanitation coverage rural = 57%Sanitation coverage urban = 80%Public institutions with improved sanitation facilities (incl. schools, clinics, service stations)Number of Children under 5 years old reported with diarrhoea in last 2 weeks
9 Strategic Map Focus on 6 Themes or Building Components 20 objectives (or essential building blocks) interdependent of each otherA chain of cause – effect relations identified, leading to desired outcome:
10 Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry F. SOCIO-ECONOMIC-ENVIRONMANTAL OUTPUTS & OUTCOMES1. Social Improvements2. Economic Improvements3. Environmental ImprovementsE. O & M, PERFORMANCE MGT & ENFORCEMENTDWSSCMRLGHRDMoHSSRC/LAALLEfficient Operation & Mainte-nance of all Sanitation Facilities,based on Clear Guidelines2. Functional PerformanceManagement (MERRIL)3. Enforcement of Standards &Regulations for ComplianceD. CONSTRUCTION OF SANITATION SYSTEMS3. Improved Capacities,Conditions & Functioning ofWet & Dry Sanitation Systems2. Improved SanitationCoverage1. Maximum Use ofLocal ResourcesC. COMMUNITY EDUCTION & PARTICPATION IN HYGIENE & SANITATION1. Behavioural Change through Effective& Integrated Community Awareness,Education & Training2. Effective CommunityParticipation & Buy-In3. Local Practical Skills inConstruction,Operation & MaintenanceB. INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY BUILDING1. Strong Leadership Commitment& Support at Central, Regional &Local LevelsPrimary StakeholdersMinistry of Agriculture, Water and ForestryMinistry of Regional & Local Government, Housing & Rural DevelopmentMinistry of Health and Social ServicesMinistry of EducationSecondary Stakeholders/ Regional/Supply Chain2. Sufficient & Competent Staff inPlace at Central, Regional &Local Levels3. Sufficient Physical ResourcesProvided at Central, Regional &Local Levels4. Sufficient SanitationSector FundingA. WATSAN SECTOR COORDINATION3. Developed Set of TechnicalSanitation Guidelines, incl. Options withStandards, Application Areas & C,O,M Costs4. Appropriate Performance ManagementSystem & Structures in Place,based on Proper Baselines1. Improved Coordination amongst allSanitation Stakeholders at Central,Regional & Local Levels2. Legislative & Regulatory FrameworksDeveloped, Harmonised & Communicated
11 By ThemeN$ [000s]Y1Y2Y3Y4Y518,120A5,4904,6582,658147,800B27,10034,10029,20028,70069,450C14,95014,80013,50013,1001,394,545D194,400227,585297,520307,520367,52013,000E3,1502,6502,4001,750F3501,644,665TOTAL245,440284,143345,628354,728414,728
12 Sanitation Selection Criteria Sanitation system depends on factors in Namibian context:Environmental ConditionsAffordabilityCultural & Social AspectsTechnical AppropriatenessIncome generation
15 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector Capacity Development Plan for Sanitation (covering also local authorities & private sector):Capacity Building Plan (volume 1 & 2)Baseline Survey Guidelines (volume 3 & 4)Performance Monitoring Report harmonisation of sector performance indicators Water & Sanitation (volume 5)
16 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (2) Capacity is ability to perform tasks and produce outputs, to define and solve problems and make informed choices.Capacity development is process by which organisations create and strengthen their capacity overtimeCapacity development is more than providing “training and equipment”: structures, systems, roles; staff and facilities; skills and toolsSupport to capacity development is the inputs and processes that external actors can deliver to catalyse or support capacity development.From “Support to Sector Programmes, July 2007, EC Guidelines no 2”Mandates and Responsibilities, Policies/Strategies, Organisational Structures, People, Systems/Procedures/Methods,Finance, Logistical Support
18 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (4) According to UNICEF, the annual cost of meeting waterand sanitation MDG targets is 11.3 billion dollars,of which 9.5 billion dollars is for sanitation alone.The average economic benefit of a one-dollarinvestment in sanitation is 9.10 dollarswhile the equivalent benefit on water is 4.40 dollars.Key Occupations RequiredSanitation PlannersSanitation Engineers – Design, ProcessSanitation Operators – System Managers, SupervisorsEnvironmental Health Practitioners/AssistantsCommunity Health Hygiene Workers“Sanitation is the uglier, less sexy issue to talk about, as opposed to water”
19 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (5) Labour Demand:
20 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (6) Capacity Building BlocksWater Supply- Sanitation-Hygiene (WASH)Planning Urban and Rural DevelopmentBaseline Surveys including Environmental Impact AssessmentComparison and Choice of Sanitation TechnologiesPerformance MonitoringAwareness Raising and Sharing InformationEducation and Training=> Capacity Building Plan – 3 Year ProgrammeSector Promotion and CoordinationRestructuring, Recruitment and Organisational DevelopmentHuman Resources Systems and SupportInformation, Education and ParticipationProcesses and TechnologiesPerformance Monitoring, Evaluation and Enforcement
22 Capacity Building for Sanitation Sector (7) Initiatives in Capacity Building are interdependent:
23 Codes of Practice on Sanitation 12 General Guidelines: Among others Codes for:Waste water re-useDisposal of Waste water solidsDry Sanitation SystemsWet Sanitation SystemsSelf built manual for VIP toiletsRe-use of Sewage Waste ProductsEtc.
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