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City of Venice - European Policies EUROPEAN OPEN DAYS 2007 Managing Migration and Integration at Local Level The experience of the City of Venice Andrea.

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Presentation on theme: "City of Venice - European Policies EUROPEAN OPEN DAYS 2007 Managing Migration and Integration at Local Level The experience of the City of Venice Andrea."— Presentation transcript:

1 City of Venice - European Policies EUROPEAN OPEN DAYS 2007 Managing Migration and Integration at Local Level The experience of the City of Venice Andrea Del Mercato Director Social Policies, European Policies City of Venice

2 City of Venice - European Policies Structure of the presentation 1.The MILE fast track project 2.Data collection at regional and local level: Veneto and Venice 3.Themes, actions and priorities

3 City of Venice - European Policies 1. The MILE fast track project

4 City of Venice - European Policies Project introduction The Commission has identified a number of specific themes for the REC/Fast Track programme. MILE proposal addresses the specific theme of : Managing migration and facilitating social integration. Regions and Cities invited to participate in MILE project are asked to proactively introduce best practice ideas into their mainstream programmes. Furthermore, MILE partners will develop, with the support of the project expertise, action plans for testing and evaluating best practice methods.

5 City of Venice - European Policies Project Partnership Each partner City works in pair with its Managing Authority 1.City of Venice and Veneto Region (IT) – Lead Partner 2.District of Rotterdam/Charlois and City of Rotterdam (NL); 3.City of Vantaa and Employment and Economic Development Centre for Uusimaa (FI); 4.City of Turin and Piedmont Region (FI); 5.City of Timisoara and Ministry of Development, Public Works and Housing (RO); 6.City of Komotini and Managing Authority for Regional Operational of Eastern Macedonia and Trace (GR); 7.City of Sevilla and Direccion General de Fomento del Empleo de la Consejeria de Empleo de la Junta de Andalucia (SP); 8.City of Amadora and Managing Authority for Operational Programme (PT); 9.Municipality of Nea Alikarnassos and Region of Crete (GR).

6 City of Venice - European Policies MILE Pilot Projects Structure The Project is subdivided into 3 phases, for a total of 20 months: Phase months (May to October 2007): Operational Phase Phase months (November 2007 to October 2008): Implementation Phase Phase months (November to December 2008): Dissemination Phase

7 City of Venice - European Policies MILE Pilot Project : Phase 1 Funded by URBACT I and focused on the production of 10 baseline studies (one for each city) highlighting local issues and problems related to migration and integration. Objectives Build up a partnership up to 10 cities/MA Produce a baseline study which assemble each partners issues and needs Agree the work programme for phase 2 Develop a template for local action plan.

8 City of Venice - European Policies MILE Pilot Project : Phase 2 and Phase 3 Phase 2 and Phase 3 are to be approved by the Urbact Monitoring Committee in Autumn Phase 2 will focus on the definition of each partners local action plan whereas Phase 3 will implement a dissemination strategy of project results.

9 City of Venice - European Policies 2. Data collection at regional and local level: Veneto and Venice

10 City of Venice - European Policies Overview In the last decade, Veneto has become the second Italian region for immigration flow. This is mainly due to : –the wide opportunities to find a job which is primarily offered by the Veneto's production system and by the high request for families' assistance (62% of the residence permits); –families reunification (32% of the residence permits). In the Veneto Region the immigration is a long term structural phenomenon, thus regional and local policies address it consequently.

11 City of Venice - European Policies Overall data In 2002 the new Immigration Law (National Law n July 30, also known as Bossi- Fini Law) legalized a wide part of illegal immigration in Italy. Before the law: workers were legally resident in the Veneto Region. After the law: the resident workers increased to In 2005 in the Veneto Region the total number of resident migrants was of which: legal immigrant workers 46,6% women 24,1% minors. In 2005 in the City of Venice the resident migrants were (of which 50,7% women and 24,4% minors), 5,5% of the total resident population.

12 City of Venice - European Policies The distribution of migrants by nationalities: differencies between Veneto and the City of Venice The highest demand for families reunification comes from the largest immigrant communities originally from : Bangladesh, Moldova, Ukraine, Albania and Morocco. Morocco 13,6% Romania 13,4% Albania 10,4% Serbia & Montenegro 6,7% China 5,1% Macedonia 4,3% Other countries Bangladesh 16,3% Moldova 10,6% Ukraine 7,8% Romania 6,2% China 6,2% Albania 5,9% Other countries VENETO VENICE

13 City of Venice - European Policies The main policy: equal opportunities The main policy implemented by Venice and its region is to give equal opportunities to all resident population, without differences between Italians and migrants. This policy is mainly developed through: training courses to help migrants employment; social housing programmes; better social relationships; better education opportunities; programmes for new entrepreneurships.

14 City of Venice - European Policies Number of immigrants In Veneto and in Venice Veneto184,000240,000287,732320,793 var. % Venice6,77110,33413,00814,769 var. % % Venice/Veneto

15 City of Venice - European Policies Age distribution of the immigrants in Veneto and in Venice ,0 2,0 4,0 6,0 8,0 10,0 12,0 14,0 16,0 18,0 < >75 Veneto Venice

16 City of Venice - European Policies Housing condition of the immigrants in Veneto 2001/2003 Coses Report 2001Ismu Report 2003 ArrivalAfter 5 years Rental35%62%69% Ownership4%9%11% Temporary53%24%19% - guest49%17%15% - hotel1,3%0,7%1% - welcome centre3%6%3% Precarious7%5%2% Total100%

17 City of Venice - European Policies Immigration reasons in Venice To study 2,6% Family reunification 23,5% To find a better future 19,4% To find a job 41,8% Political reasons 2,3% Other 10,3%

18 City of Venice - European Policies Immigrant workers by sector Agriculture 6,7% Fashion 10,0% Wood Industries 4,8% Heavy Industries 26,0% Constructions 13,3% Commerce & Transport 10,8% Families Service 18,7% Social Services 3,2% Other Services 6,5%

19 City of Venice - European Policies Immigrant entrepreneurs by sector Constructions 34,7% Commerce 16,7% Trasports 13,1% Hotel/Restaurant 11,4% Firm Services 7,8% Heavy Industries 7,5% Agriculture 4,7% Other Services 4,2%

20 City of Venice - European Policies Immigrants scholarship

21 City of Venice - European Policies Managing migration and integration at regional and local level The MILE fast track project has identified in its first phase four themes in order to analyse and describe the immigration and integration: Theme 1: Enterprise development for ethnic minorities Theme 2: Active inclusion in the labour market Theme 3: Cultural diversity, economic development and social cohesion Theme 4: Access to services. For each theme, the actions undertaken, the services provided, and the priority needs have been analysed. The following slides illustrate the results of this survey in Veneto Region and in the City of Venice.

22 City of Venice - European Policies Theme 1 Enterprise development for ethnic minorities

23 City of Venice - European Policies Business support (financial) Actions undertaken/services provided There is not a particular business support or financial facilities in terms of availability of credit for migrants and ethnic minorities. This is due to a general policy towards migrants and the ethnic minorities whose main core is to promote a system of equal opportunity for all people (natives and migrants). Priority needs Main priorities do not concern the financial system, but the information network. In fact, in order to make business and create enterprises, detailed information networks are needed (several language translations in order to support entrepreneurs in comprehending the procedures, the rules, the laws, the funds opportunities, and the monitoring systems).

24 City of Venice - European Policies Business support (non financial) Actions undertaken/services provided There are many entrepreneurial associations that provide support services to open and to manage an enterprise, also for the enterprises with migrant owners. There are several training courses arranged by entrepreneurial associations, for aspirants entrepreneurs and also for migrants. Priority needs To create a data base of the professional associations and related training courses in order to provide detailed information about opportunities for the enterprises, and the realisation of a web portal in cooperation with the Veneto Region and the Work Market Observatory.

25 City of Venice - European Policies Measures to access a wider market Actions undertaken/services provided Within Veneto region there is a productive environment that fosters the development of small enterprises, often a family-owned business. Often migrant entrepreneurs run this kind of enterprises. In order to access wider markets, there are many opportunities to promote enterprises in cooperation with the Veneto Region, the Venice Chamber of Commerce and the Trade Show System. Priority needs Increase data about the presence, dimension and structure of the migrants enterprises on the territory, especially in relation with the need for checking the employment policies, the respect of rules, and workers rights.

26 City of Venice - European Policies Changing the enterprise culture Actions undertaken/services provided In Veneto there is a regional law addressed to develop a better network system of enterprises. It supports specifically the aggregation and the collaboration within enterprises to build up productive districts. Recently, within this law and a specific measure of the ROP programme , a training programme addressed only to new enterprises has been activated. The aim of this programme is to promote a wider enterprise culture within the disadvantage territory included by Ob. 2 ( ). A part of the territory of the city of Venice (the former District 2) is included in this area and is therefore eligible for these training actions. Priority needs No priorities to be underlined

27 City of Venice - European Policies Theme 2 Active inclusion in the labour market

28 City of Venice - European Policies New comers Actions undertaken/services provided Strong informative fragmentation reduces the possibility for the new comers to approach the information. This creates social exclusion and does not pursue the equal opportunity policies introduced by Veneto Region and at the same time promoted by City of Venice and the other territorial local bodies. The actions undertaken in this field regard the realization of training courses, which obviously are opened to all and therefore not only to immigrants. Priority needs The strong informative fragmentation reveals the necessity to create multifunctional front offices for inclusive actions in the labor market at a local level (i.e. a local front office in the city of Venice and a regional office to organise the cooperation within partners).

29 City of Venice - European Policies Early school leavers Actions undertaken/services provided Information offices addresses to young people ( Informagiovani ) Specific inclusion programmes for teenagers (age 15-19). Priority needs To comprehend the relevance of the phenomenon, by means of analysis and monitoring of the problem. To connect the data base of the City of Venice (in particular the Observatory on the school drop out) and the Observatory on the obligation formative of the Province of Venice.

30 City of Venice - European Policies Single parents Actions undertaken/services provided The main problem is related to the pregnant women that need to give birth and consequently need social support. The City of Venice has a specific support programme but it is sufficient just to help women during the first maternity months. Priority needs Better coordination within the different institutional and non institutional services. To promote families reunification, particularly concerning male single parents. To improve specific support programmes for young mothers.

31 City of Venice - European Policies Women migrants Actions undertaken/services provided Plans of social inclusion for colf and health keepers within Veneto Region, City of Venice and Caritas (NGO) Specific front office for migrant women Specific training courses for migrant women The Reunification project. Priority needs To promote actions in order to develop microcredit initiatives.

32 City of Venice - European Policies Roma community Actions undertaken/services provided Report on the Roma and Sinti situation in the province of Venice, in order to deepen the knowledge, establish collaborations, favour concrete policies, organize and optimize resources and capabilities of the territory Social inclusion actions (particularly elimination of the nomadic fields). Priority needs Children scholastic inclusion To develop the sense of affiliation of this minority to the community where the minority lives To stimulate an attitude of active and responsible citizenship.

33 City of Venice - European Policies Theme 3 Cultural diversity, economic development and social cohesion

34 City of Venice - European Policies Tourism and cultural diversity Actions undertaken/services provided Veneto is the first Italian region for tourist presences and the tourism is a strategical resource for the City of Venice in terms of GDP (1.5 billion euro only in Venice). The cultural diversity is part of this system of supply: historically, Venice has always been open to cultural exchanges. The cultural life of the city is characterized by different events: the Biennale of art, Biennale of architecture and Biennale Cinema Festival, important international meetings (to which the Strategic Planning dedicates an entire session) and ethnic and world music festivals. A significant example of this characteristic is the realization of the "Multicultural Woman Center" project in collaboration with associations, cooperatives and services of the third sector (NGOs). Priority needs The general priority for the Veneto Region and for the city of Venice is to consider the cultural diversity in term of integration and not in term of differentiation.

35 City of Venice - European Policies New media, new technology and cultural diversity Actions undertaken/services provided New media and new technologies are equally accessible to everyone and represent a high potential to develop a good multicultural dialogue. There are significant related activities in Venice (music, art, video, etc.) and newspapers in native languages, radio broadcasting in different languages as English, Italian, Arabian, etc. Priority needs To decrease the digital divide and promote the use of personal computer in order to allow a wider access to information networks.

36 City of Venice - European Policies Intercultural dialogue Actions undertaken/services provided The programme 2006 of the Conference of the Mayors foresees the introduction of comparison's practices with the immigrant communities present on the territory. Since many years, the City of Venice has been carrying out a tightened dialogue between Italians and Muslims, with the collaboration of migrant associations present at local level. In the year 1990, Veneto Region has approved a regional law (LR n. 9/90) dedicated to the development of a regional network on immigration and today fosters the free association system, with the aim of building strong relationships between migrants and local population. There is also a regional register of migrants associations. Priority needs Creation of the data base of the associations with the collection of the statutes at local level.

37 City of Venice - European Policies Housing Actions undertaken/services provided Up until 2004 Veneto Region has implemented a specific policy for facing the housing emergency for migrants. Nevertheless, in the evolution of the regional programmes, the housing for migrants has become part of the wider context of social housing; therefore, at the moment, there are no specific actions related to housing for migrants. Presence of specific initiatives of the third sector (NGOs) addressed to underprivileged segments of the market demand. Priority needs To promote a strong investment policy for social housing at regional and local level.

38 City of Venice - European Policies Theme 4 Access to services

39 City of Venice - European Policies Education Actions undertaken/services provided Connection of the initiatives for the improvement of integration of the migrants through the Zone Plans, promoted by the Conference of the Venetos Mayors, with the involvement of the migrants associations: the Zone Plans aim at realizing a planning process and programming the offer of social and health services following the regional guidelines. Particularly, it is foreseen for all the children coming from migrants families to go to compulsory school; this policy includes also the children of irregular migrants. The school policies foresee that the children have to be inserted into classes that correspond to their age and not to their school level. Priority needs To promote cultural integration projects in schools where the unknowledge of Italian language is the most difficult obstacle.

40 City of Venice - European Policies Health Actions undertaken/services provided There is a lack of tools for culture mediation within the health services for examples in the case of emergency hospitalisation for migrants that do not speak Italian language and/or belong to culture or profess religions that need specific diagnostic approaches. Nowadays, the City of Venice is asked to intervene with its mediators when necessary. The City of Venice is active in offering services of cultural mediation and in plans of integration to the migrant women and children (age 0-3); The Veneto Region promotes the overcoming of the migrant status in the field of health services. Priority needs The priority is to increase the system of cultural mediation, in particular in the Hospitals. Veneto Region is today facilitating these actions by increasing the financial resources and by building an organized and coordinated system for the supply of services.

41 City of Venice - European Policies Final comments

42 City of Venice - European Policies Final comments Immigration in Veneto and in the City of Venice is a long term topic. The first emergency phase is over. The needs of migrants can sometimes be similar to the needs of the disadvantage people. The aim of the social and economic policies in the Veneto Region and in the City of Venice is to give equal opportunities to all the people, without differences between natives and migrants.

43 City of Venice - European Policies Thanks for you attention! For any informations: All the MILE project documentation will be soon available in the Urbact web site:


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