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Manuela Prina Capacity development through policy learning: the experience of ETF.

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Presentation on theme: "Manuela Prina Capacity development through policy learning: the experience of ETF."— Presentation transcript:

1 Manuela Prina Capacity development through policy learning: the experience of ETF

2 ETF, what is it? The ETF approach to capacity development A case from the NQF project in Tajikistan 2 words on context and content Results Final notes

3 The European Training Foundation is an agency of the European Union based in Turin, Italy. It was established in It became operational in 1994 in Turin, Italy. The ETF currently employs approximately 130 staff and has an annual budget of about 18 million. Madlen Serban is Director of the ETF since 1 July staffMadlen Serban

4 29 ETF partner countries ENP South: Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Occupied Palestinian Territory, Syria, Tunisia and Israel ENP East and Russia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, Ukraine And Russia Potential candidate countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo (UNSCR 1244/1999), Montenegro, Serbia Candidate countries: Croatia, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey Other countries from Central Asia: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

5 What do we do? to provide information, policy analyses and advice on human capital development issues in the partner countries; to promote knowledge and analysis of skill needs in national and local labour markets; to support relevant stakeholders in partner countries in building capacity in human capital development; to facilitate the exchange of information and experience among donors engaged in human capital development in partner countries; to support the delivery of Community assistance to partner countries in the field of human capital development; to disseminate information and encourage networking and the exchange of experience and good practice between the EU and partner countries and amongst partner countries in human capital development issues; to contribute, at the Commissions request, to the analysis of the overall effectiveness of training assistance to the partner countries; and to undertake such other tasks as may be agreed between the Governing Board and the Commission, within the general framework of the regulation.

6 What is our approach?

7 Policy Learning ETF Advisory Forum 2003 Systemic reforms of vocational education and training will only be succesful and sustainable if policy development, formulation and implementation are firmly based on broad ownership and embeddness in existing institutions (P. Grootings) Learning paradigms How to get policymakers actively to learn(and hence moving to change) from local and international experiences active learning

8 The policy learning approach Policy change ContextExperiencesActors Process - resultstimeFacilitator - advisor

9 The pillars Experts meet experts Mutual learning and peer learning Critical friend Balance process and results Take the time Learn from past

10 The NQF project in Tajikistan

11 2 words on context PhDLabour market 23XVIIMaster 22XVI 21XVBachelor 20XIV 19XIIITechnical education Vocational education 18XIIVocational education 17XIUpper secondary general education 16X 15IXBasic education 14VIII 13VII 12VI 11V 10IVPrimary education 9III 8II 7I AgeGrades Bachelor and master s – tertiary education Technical education – technical school/college Vocational education – vocational school/PTU

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14 Job Profiles Qualification Profiles CurriculaEducationStudents Qualification structure Educational structure WHAT TO LEARNHOW TO LEARN Jobs

15 Beyond the qualifications frameworks, qualifications systems are about 1.how stakeholders coordinate and manage qualifications, 2.how qualifications are developed and maintained, 3.how they are delivered, 4.how they are assessed and awarded (certificated) Capacities, Resources, Communication Quality Assurance Partnerships Institutions From frameworks to systems for progress

16 QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK ASSESSMENT / RECOGNITION OF QUALIFICATIONS MANAGEMENT OF NQF DESIGNING OF QUALIFICATIONS ACQUISITION OF QUALIFICATIONS ESTABLISHMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF THE LEGAL BASIS QUALIFICATIONS SERVICE BOARD OF QUALIFICATIONS RESEARCH OF ACTIVITIES STANDARD SETTING INSTITUTIONS NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL STANDARDS AND QUALIFICATIONS ASSESSMENT REGULATIONS ASSESSMENT METHODS ASSESSMENT AND RECOGNITION INSTITUTIONS CURRICULA OF FORMAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (VET, HIGHER EDUCATION) INFORMAL AND EXPERIENTAL LEARNING QUALIFICATIONS PROVISION INSTITUTIONS ©Romualdas Pusvaskis©Romualdas Pusvaskis

17 Contexts Matter The comprehensive NQF is not the solution Reform is not about finding a global solution that fits everybodys needs QF as a tool has to be linked and integrated with wider reforms All existing QFs are different from each other, so this means that contexts define QFs First cycle of system reforms takes at least ten years and building up capacities and involvement of stakeholders from the world of work even longer, reforms are without completion

18 The NQF project in Tajikisan – NOT to develop National Qualification Frameworks, but to research and facilitate the VET reform policy debate – strong emphasis on regional cooperation and is based on facilitating policy learning by national stakeholders. – Knowledge sharing with peers from EU and neighbouring countries – Development of a pilot Qualification Framework for the Tourism / Hospitality Sector

19 The policy learning approach Cooperation – social partnership Tajikstan Tourism sector, nationa, regional, EU Policy makers employers Process - resultstimeFacilitator - advisor

20 The NQF project in Tajikisan – Change in cooperation – Capacity of national stakeholders, now focal points for other international organizations and national projects – Continuity in EU project – Contiunity in National Strategy – Expert community in ETF

21 Findings from our work NQFs are tool to kick start processes, bringing stakeholders together, building a common understanding and agreed solutions Not a linear process that is very predictable Not one model, NQF is highly context and capacity dependent Capacity building and policy learning are central to our approach For VET reform processes are more interesting than the products (QFs, outcome descriptors, registers, RPL procedures etc) Need more understanding of processes – and more support for policy learning and capacity building to create systems that can reform themselves


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