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Occupational skin diseases and dermal exposure: A policy and practice overview.

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Presentation on theme: "Occupational skin diseases and dermal exposure: A policy and practice overview."— Presentation transcript:

1 Occupational skin diseases and dermal exposure: A policy and practice overview

2 Occupational skin diseases and dermal exposure Occupational skin diseases are among the most important emerging risks They are most common – after MSDs occupational diseases Examples of sectors and occupations at risk – in Appendix I National polices and practices related to dermal exposure and skin diseases – in Appendix II

3 Recognition of occupational skin diseases European list of occupational diseases – Commissions Recommendation 2003/670/EC of 19 September 2003 includes a schedule of diseases recognised as occupational in origin Member States determine criteria for recognition of diseases as occupational - national lists may be more or less comprehensive than the European schedule EUROSTAT collects statistical information on occupational diseases, including those affecting skin

4 Incidence rate of occupational skin diseases (EUROSTAT)

5 Occupational skin diseases Resemble other skin disease Localised effects Irritation/burns/urticaria – acids, bases, solvents Sensitisation/allergy/phototoxicity – latex, PAH Skin cancer – UV, Cr VI Skin infections – fungi, Changed epidermal production – acne – PCB, dioxins Effects of physical agents – heat, cold, radiation Systemic effects Blood disorders – leukaemia - benzene

6 Reported skin problems related to work – by gender and age (EWCS)

7 Incidence rate of occupational skin diseases – by sector (EUROSTAT)

8 Dermal exposure Legislation applicable – includes numerous Directives related to dangerous substances – chemical, biological, physical risks No Occupational Exposure Levels Little data related to occupational dermal exposure RISKOFDERM – project aiming at development of tools for assessment of dermal exposure CEN/TS15279 – Workplace exposure – measurement of dermal exposure- principles and methods

9 Assessment of the risk of dermal exposure Risk identification process Importance of occupational/employment history, including current exposures Medical examination of the skin Inspection of the workplace Methods of controlling the risk Removal of risk factor- substitution Engineering controls – enclosed systems, automation, ventilation Organisational measures Information and education Personal protective equipment General housekeeping and personal hygiene

10 Conclusions There are differences in national lists of occupational (skin) diseases Collecting of comparable statistical information related to occurrence of occupational skin diseases is very important for evaluation of the scale of the problem Lack of occupational exposure standards and validated methods of assessment of skin exposure are some of the main issues in developing risk assessment models

11 Challenges Uniform framework for recognition and recording of occupational skin diseases needs to be developed Validated models for evaluation of exposure through skin are needed Raising awareness among workers and employers of risks resulting from exposure to chemical, biological and physical hazards is essential to achieve lasting improvement

12 Occupational skin diseases and dermal exposure: More information available at: Agencys information on dangerous substances Publication: 9ENC_skin_diseases/view 9ENC_skin_diseases/view European Risk Observatory: European Agency for Safety and Health at Work: Thank you for your attention!

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