Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Smart grids in Europe Marcelo MASERA Energy Security Unit Institute for Energy and Transport Joint Research Centre Support provided by Joint Research Centre.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Smart grids in Europe Marcelo MASERA Energy Security Unit Institute for Energy and Transport Joint Research Centre Support provided by Joint Research Centre."— Presentation transcript:

1 Smart grids in Europe Marcelo MASERA Energy Security Unit Institute for Energy and Transport Joint Research Centre Support provided by Joint Research Centre (JRC) STOA Workshop Challenges arising from the large-scale deployment of Smart Grids in Europe

2 The JRC - Institute for Energy and Transport Smart Grid landscape Smart Electricity Systems at JRC-IET Smart Grid projects in Europe Costs and benefits of smart grids JRC Smart Grids Simulation Centre Networking and cooperation

3 The JRC inside the European Commission 317 February 2014 Commissioner Mairé Geoghegan-Quinn Research, Innovation & Science President José Manuel Barroso 27 Commission Members DG Research & Innovation (RTD) Director-General Dominique Ristori Joint Research Centre

4 The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commissions in-house science service. It provides the science for policy decisions, with a view to ensuring that the EU achieves its Europe 2020 goals for a productive economy as well as a safe, secure and sustainable future. The JRC plays a key role in the European Research Area and reinforces its multi-disciplinarity by networking extensively with leading scientific organisations in the Member States, Associated Countries and worldwide. 17 February JRC - Who are we and what do we do?

5 7 institutes in 5 countries: Italy, Belgium, Germany, The Netherlands, Spain 2,845 permanent and temporary staff in ,398 scientific publications in instances of support to the EU policy- maker annually Budget: 356 million annually, plus 62 million earned income Where you can find us Corporate Services – Brussels IRMM (Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements) – Geel, Belgium ITU (Institute for Transuranium Elements) – Karlsruhe, Germany and Ispra, Italy IET (Institute for Energy and Transport) – Petten, The Netherlands and Ispra, Italy IPSC (Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen) – Ispra, Italy IES (Institute for Environment and Sustainability) – Ispra, Italy IHCP (Institute for Health and Consumer Protection) – Ispra, Italy IPTS (Institute for Prospective Technological Studies) – Seville, Spain 517 February 2014 JRC established in 1957

6 The mission of the Joint Research Centre – Institute for Energy and Transport (IET) is to provide support to Community policies and technology innovation related both: energy - to ensure sustainable, safe, secure and efficient energy production, distribution and use and transport - to foster sustainable and efficient mobility in Europe. Petten, The Netherlands Ispra, Italy JRC Institute for Energy and Transport

7 STATIONARY TRANSPORT Deploy Clean Energy Increase Energy Efficiency Deploy Alternative Fuels Electrification of Transport Increase Vehicle Efficiency Modernise the Grid Techno-economic Modelling & Analysis Experimental Activities Interoperability ENERGY SUPPLY ENERGY DEMAND JRC-IET priorities

8 The JRC - Institute for Energy and Transport Smart Grid landscape Smart Electricity Systems at JRC-IET Smart Grid projects in Europe Costs and benefits of smart grids JRC Smart Grids Simulation Centre Networking and cooperation

9 Power system – present

10 Smart grid: (possible) future

11 Source: EC Smart Grid Standardisation Reference Group Smart grid: dimensions, domains and zones

12 The JRC - Institute for Energy and Transport Smart Grid landscape Smart Electricity Systems at JRC-IET Smart Grid projects in Europe Costs and benefits of smart grids JRC Smart Grids Simulation Centre Networking and cooperation

13 The Smart Electricity Systems team performs independent scientific research and acts as in-house scientific consultant for EU policy-making actors, with focus on the on-going transformations towards smart electricity systems Mission Smart Electricity Systems

14 POLITICAL PHYSICAL CYBER ECONOMIC SOCIAL A multi-layer problem

15 POLITICAL PHYSICAL SCIENTIFIC POLICY SUPPORT MODELLING, ANALYSES & EXPERIMENTS DISSEMINATIONCOOPERATION DATA GATHERING & PROCESSING CYBER ECONOMIC SOCIAL The multi-layer approach of Smart Electricity Systems

16 The JRC - Institute for Energy and Transport Smart Grid landscape Smart Electricity Systems at JRC-IET Smart Grid projects in Europe Costs and benefits of smart grids JRC Smart Grids Simulation Centre Networking and cooperation

17 Rising political attention on Smart Grids as a means to achieve EU energy policy objectives. Need to unlock market investment potential. EV Renewables Smart Meters Storage Aggregators Distributed Generation Prosumers Demand Response Market Background

18 Smart Grids projects: Growing number: deployment, demonstration/pilots, R&D Participants: Grid operators, service providers, R&D actors.. Wide scope: smart meters, super grid, integrated systems.. No inventory of Smart Grid projects in Europe available in 2011: Limited sharing of project experiences and lessons learned Need to monitor the developments on the field JRC-DG ENER Reference Report Smart Grid projects in Europe: lessons learned and current developments Background

19 Uneven distribution of investments across Europe. Most of investments in EU- 15 Countries Over 5 billions of investments, but still at the beginning of the Smart Grid transition

20 Bulk of investment in a few countries Smart grid investments

21 The data collection and analysis continues – contact us! Smart Electricity Systems: Note: not all projects planned to start in 2011 answered yet to JRC survey Starting date across stages of development

22 Share of R&D, demo and deployment projects Deployment projects: greatest part of investment, main focus: Smart Meters roll-outs R&D and Demonstration projects: mostly small-medium scale (4.5 and 12 million of average budget respectively), wider portfolio of technologies and applications

23 M Distribution System Operators (DSOs) are the main investors Budget, leading organisation and development stage

24 Most of the DSO-led projects in RD&D are financed through public- private partnerships Funding comes mainly from EU Framework programmes (FP6 and FP7), national funds and regulatory funds Funding and incentives for RD&D are important for further progress in the development of Smart Grids Funding by development stage (DSO-led projects)

25 Smart Grids Knowledge Sharing Platform (JRC-EURELECTRIC joint initiative)

26 JRC database to act as European repository of Smart Grid projects New JRC online form available: JRC inventory of Smart Grid projects JRC on-line form JRC DB

27 JRC database to act as European repository of Smart Grid projects New JRC online form available: Send information on NEW PROJECTS or provide UPDATES! JRC inventory of Smart Grid projects JRC on-line form

28 JRC DB Smart Grid Task Force Projects DB Projects DB EEGI – SETIS Projects DB Other users Visualisation platforms Projects DB One repository for different users

29 The JRC - Institute for Energy and Transport Smart Grid landscape Smart Electricity Systems at JRC-IET Smart Grid projects in Europe Costs and benefits of smart grids JRC Smart Grids Simulation Centre Networking and cooperation

30 EC Communication Smart Grids: from innovation to deployment April 2011 JRC Report on CBA guidelines for Smart Metering Deployment JRC Report on CBA guidelines for Smart Grid Projects EC Recommendation on Smart Metering Deployment March 2012 Policy context and impact

31 The JRC has defined an assessment framework to provide guidance for conducting cost benefit analyses of Smart Grid projects and smart metering deployment. This work draws on the existing collaboration between the EC and the US Department of Energy (DoE) in the framework of the EU-US Energy Council CBA for smart meters/grids Downloadable from

32 The assessment framework is based on the work performed by EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute). Several modifications to fit the European context have been proposed. A European Smart Grid project from the JRC inventory (InovGrid, led by the Portuguese distributor EDP Distribuição) has been used as a case study to fine-tune and illustrate the proposed assessment framework. CBA for smart meters/grids Guidelines for Cost Benefit Analysis of Smart Grids projects Available soon on

33 Quantifiable impacts (Societal CBA) Non-quantifiable impacts (Qualitative impact analysis ) Merit deployment of the roll-out (contribution to policy goals, e.g. security of supply, RES integration) CBA Externalities (e.g. employment, safety, environmental impacts) KPI analysis Qualitative descriptions / physical units Economic Net Present Value (ENPV) Economic internal rate of return (ERR) B/C ratio General assessment framework

34 The JRC - Institute for Energy and Transport Smart Grid landscape Smart Electricity Systems at JRC-IET Smart Grid projects in Europe Costs and benefits of smart grids JRC Smart Grids Simulation Centre Networking and cooperation

35 JRC is permanent member of the Reference Group for smart grids standardisation: pressing need for smart grids component testing and integration evaluation JRC-US increased cooperation on e-mobility and smart grids through the interoperability centres: JRC priority Smart Grids Simulation Centre

36 Information and communication technology Ispra (IT) Integrated Testing Centre Petten (NL) Smart Grids Simulation Centre Petten (NL) Batteries, components and new materials Ispra (IT) Electric Vehicles Ispra (IT) The centres research will include: Electric vehicle performance, safety and energy efficiency Vehicle battery safety, durability and charging time as well as performance under different environmental conditions Vehicle-to-grid communication and compatibility Interoperability lab

37 Visualisation SimulationGIS HPCDisplay Simulation Real-time modules Evaluation Power components ICT components Mobile unit Energy networks data inventory Eurostat, and others JRC ICT network emulation Real world power Installations - Pilot cases Manufacturers ENTSOE ENTSOG, GCG Power Companies - Pilot cases Simulator modules Power modules Other JRC-external energy models Other JRC-external economic/ environmental models Risk assessment Cost-benefit Indicators Offline modules Smart Grids Sim. Centre

38 Real time simulator and several hardware equipment: –First set bought –Plans for further modules Objective –Ultra-fast Dynamic simulations of power system behaviour –Hardware-in-the-loop testing (electric vehicles, batteries, …) Smart Grids Simulation Centre

39 OBJECTIVE - Identification of European critical infrastructure –Critical infrastructure whose disruption or destruction might have a significant impact on at least 2 member states MAIN ASSUMPTIONS: –The most critical infrastructure for a cyber-attack are the 400 kV substations –A coordinated cyber-attack would aim at opening all switches at the substation(s) busbars PROBLEM - classical contingency analysis tools do not analyse: –consequences of failure (disconnection of overloaded lines and transformers) –possible failure propagation (cascading effect) –network reaction (primary reserve, load shedding,…) Critical infrastructure protection

40 Disconnection in steps of highly overloaded lines (I > 1.3 x Imax), until there is no congestion All generators contribute to load balancing (simulation of the primary reserve) No load shedding is implemented European criticality measured by lost load abroad Simulation of cascading effects

41

42 The JRC - Institute for Energy and Transport Smart Grid landscape Smart Electricity Systems at JRC-IET Smart Grid projects in Europe Costs and benefits of smart grids JRC Smart Grids Simulation Centre Networking and cooperation

43 Argonne Nat Lab: Smart Grid – Electric Vehicles interoperability Israel: smart grids/cities and e-mobility Mediterranean solar power integration (HELIOS, MEDGRID,..) US Department of Energy: smart grid assessment methodologies Universities/Research Centres: EERA, TU Delft, TU Eindhoven, RSE, PoliTO, PoliBA, … Industry: ENTSOE, EURELECTRIC, CIGRE, EDP, EDF, ENEL,… R&D projects: FP7 AFTER (power system vulnerability), IEE GridTech (transmission costs-benefits), FET SEEDS CS (agent-based models), FP7 ICT4SSG (ICT for smartgrids), NGI… Networking and cooperation (selected examples)

44 Smart Electricity Systems Thank you for your attention


Download ppt "Smart grids in Europe Marcelo MASERA Energy Security Unit Institute for Energy and Transport Joint Research Centre Support provided by Joint Research Centre."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google