Presentation on theme: "The Pegaso project Experience from EU and Mediterranean cooperation of observatories and testing indicators Françoise Breton & Alejandro Iglesias EEA/EIONET."— Presentation transcript:
1 The Pegaso projectExperience from EU and Mediterranean cooperation of observatories and testing indicatorsFrançoise Breton & Alejandro IglesiasEEA/EIONET Workshop,Maritime and coastal information systems, Nov, Trieste,Italy
2 - ICZM and the link with marine/maritime Content1. ETC-LUSI : key element to support ICZM policies with indicator developmentICZM indicatorsLEAC and spatial indicators- ICZM and the link with marine/maritime2.Connected project to support ETC-LUSI EEA work3. Cooperation elements with relevant Mediterranean organization and observatories
3 1.1 Development of ICZM indicators ETC-LUSI Key element supporting ICZMINDEX1.1 Development of ICZM indicators
4 ICZM and main policies ICZM and main policies Support the ICZM Recommendation (EU expert Group and indicator production)Support WFD (river catchments DB)Support the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (especially the ecosystem based concept and the spatial perspective of the seas)Support the Maritime Road Map (coast/sea uses and spatial planning),Adress main socio-environmental issues (especially marititime activities) in all EU coasts and seas (Cohesion policy)Support the climate change adaptation Green Book, the flooding Directive and H2020Support the new EU Comission restructuring of Directorates (DG ENV Marine unit with Coast and Maritime issue; support DG MARE work)
5 Water Framework Directive Integration of EU policies in coastal zones : River catchments, marine and coastal zonesICZM Recommendation1Nautic Mile WFDWater Framework DirectiveWatershed management, water bodiesEmergent marinepolicies -UEContinental watersChemicalstatusLimit territorial waters (4-12 nm)Limit Exclusive Economic ZoneBase lineTerritorial watersDirective/Marine StrategyMarine sub-regionsJuridictional watersDeep sea
6 ICZM frame and DPSIR Defining Coastal units Administrative (Coastal Nuts)Geographical (coastline, elevation and bathymetry), physical (sandy, rocky, muddy), by landscapeArticulation of the coast with river catchments, and broader hinterlandWater quantity and quality (S)River management impacts (ex. dams and beach erosion) (I)River floods (I)Land uses (D, P)Lagoons and deltas, transitional waters (WFD) integrated management (fish nursery, protection against CC ) (S, R) (link with ICZM)Articulation of the coast and river with the marine interface and the maritime activitiesCoast and Sea bed morphology and biodiversity (ex.posidonia beds) (S)Sea water quality (S, P)Land use and sea use drivers D)Sediment balance (river-coast-sea) (S)Anadrom migratory Species (river-coast-sea)(S)Seascapes and marine ecosystems and species (S)Sea uses maps (3 dimensions) (D, P)Maritime activities and their coastal-sea hinterland (D)Coastal/maritime planning (R) within ICZM frame
7 INDEX ICZM work at ETC-LUSI Work on ICZM since 1992. Since ETC creation in 2001, ICZM has been an activity phare:Participation to the EU ICZM Expert Group (DG ENV) since 2002Lead of the WG-ID of the ICZM Expert Group (since 2002);Participation to high level meetings since todayParticipation in DEDUCE interreg project to develop and produce the EU first set of agreed indicators ( )towards a coastal observatorySupport to the countries doing their ICZM strategy ( ): participation in EU ICZM Expert Group meetings to assess how to continue and the different options (linking ICZM, marine and maritime)
9 The EU WG-ID ICZM indicators (2) INDEXFirst agreed list of 27 ICZM indicators
10 The EU WG-ID ICZM indicators (3) INDEXGOALS INDICATORS MEASUREMENT/DATA
11 DEDUCE Products www.deduce.org Example: Area of build up land Indicator fact sheet
12 INDEX Participation at the Tourism Sustainibility Group TSG to use ICZM indicator experience for measuring theSustainability of tourism-Coastal tourism/cruisers maritime activityFollowing UNWTO criteria for sustainable tourism, most of them have same objectives than ICZM:Make optimal use of environmental resourcesRespect the socio-cultural authenticity of host communities, conserve tangible and intangible heritageCatalyzing benefits for communitiesMaintaining high levels of satisfaction for the user and for the local populations solidarity and ethic principles of ICZMlocal sustainable development
13 Economic well-being of Coastal communities by NUTS At European scale, coastal communities have a slightly lower population with highereducation qualification.
14 Development of Land and biodiversity accounts (EEA-ETC/LUSI) INDEX1.2 LEACBuilding Spatial indicators for the dry coast and wetlandsInitial inventory of available data linking coast and seaICZM and the link with marine/maritime applying LEAC for the sea covers, sea uses, seascapes
15 LEAC: Urban sprawl in the province of Venice, , cells of 1 km x 1 km – wetlands in the backgroundWetlandsDespite possible threats from sea level rise and the permanent ecological problems of the lagoon due to agriculture eutrophicating surpluses, urban and infrastructures development has continued in the province of Venice.
16 1.The Green Background Landscape index LEAC: New spatial modeling techniques for mapping biodiversity potential1.The Green Background Landscape index2. Naturilis (N2000+CDDA) index3. MEFF, Mesh size index4. The Net Landscape Ecological Potential Index
17 INDEX Developping land accounts for the coast and coastal wetlands Accounts for biodiversity in coastal wetlands ( )- Report due in 201CamargueDoñanaAmvrakikosDanube Delta Mapping and accounting ecosystem servicesThe Camargue socio-ecosystems
18 Application of land-use indicators for MedWetland assessment
19 Initial DB inventory linking coast, marine and maritime issues (1) erosion patternsInitial DB inventory linking coast, marine and maritime issues (1)INDEXReport on available existing data sets (national, international DB) ( )Example: erosion patternsData is available, but the time series are so old and not “significant” European wide, National and Regional Governments have much better information on erosion patters.Distribution of the artificial coastlinealong the European coasts by NUTS3coastal segments. Analytical results (language: English, version 3)
20 Initial DB inventory linking coast, marine and maritime issues (2) INDEXAlien and invasive species (Only regional examples)Regional data available on specific invasive species, there is not spatial data available on general approaches for the complete coastal and transitional/marine waters.MARATLASData identificationFrom EEA Data Services
21 ICZM and the link with marine/maritime INDEXDevelopment of Spatial indicators for marine and maritime assessments developping LEAC for the sea
22 2. The FP7 PEGASO project on Mediterranean and Black Sea 2.Connected project to support ETC-LUSI EEA workINDEX2. The FP7 PEGASO project on Mediterranean and Black Sea
23 Supporting the ICZM Protocol It is a unique legal instrument on ICZM in the entire international community and shall serve as a model for other regional seas.ICZM Protocol adresses Land and sea ecosystems, coastal and maritime planning including tourism, energy, etc., impacts of Climate change and adaptation, in a multi sectoral /holistic approach
24 AIMS of PEGASOBuilt on the needs of stakeholders developing simple and efficient tools (Indicators, mapping of conflicts, environment accounts, scenarios, coastal and maritime planning )Bridging science and decision making in a co-working process involving users from the beginning and, therefore, building a long term co-research capacity within the post normal science paradigmWill enable end user communities around the Mediterranean and Black Sea Basins to work together to identify common threats and solutions in relation to the long-term sustainable development and environmental protection of coastal zonesPEGASO build on existing capacities to develop common novel approaches to support integrated policies and practices for coastal, marine and maritime realms.
26 THE PLATFORMTo construct an ICZM governance platform, consistent with the aims of article 14 of the ICZM protocol for the Mediterranean.
27 OBJECTIVES OF THE PLATFORM The ICZM Governance Platform will enable the science and end user communities to share data and information and explicit their needs for tools, so as to build a common understanding on priority issues affecting the coastal zones of the two regional seas.The platform is formed by the PEGASO partners, nine test fields (the CASES) with their stakeholders and the end-users Committee.
28 BUILDING A MED AND BS SDI To build a spatial data infrastructure (SDI) for the Mediterranean and Black Seas.The ICZM Platform will be supported by the development and implementation of an SDI:To organize local geonodes and standardize spatial data to support information sharing on an interactive visor, and to disseminate all results of the project.
29 OBJECTIVES OF THE SDIThe Spatial Data Infrastructure will share spatial data in an interactive way:To advance in the concept and implementation of an interactive atlas of the Mediterranean and Black Seaswork with ICAN and Envirogrid (FP7)Sharing capacity:South-south/north-North andSouth-North
30 BUILDING TOOLSPEGASO will refine and further develop efficient and easy to use tools for making sustainability assessments in the coastal zone.Spatial Indicators (expressing statistics into space)Accounting tools/LEAC development for the Mediterranean and Black Sea coasts and sea (as far as possible)Maritime spatial planning guidelinesMaking of simple scenarios with participatory methodsDeveloping basis for a Med and BS Atlas
31 Work on GlobCorine: to extend LEAC to the Mediterranean and Black Sea Identification of wetlands not declared at RamsarSISCAL.netSources:GlobCover2005 – courtesy European Space AgencyRamsar database – courtesy Wetlands International
32 Challenge:Accounting for Biodiversity at the coasts and wetlands of the Mediterranean and Black Sea Building on what we have performed with CLCColaboration with the Med Wetland ObservatoryNew spatial indicators
33 Developing spatial indicator of habitat richness Models based on image texture and primary productivity have been applied for explaining up to 70 % of the variability in species richness (of birds - St-Louis et al, 2006; of birds and butterflies - Seto et al, 2003; of vascular plants – Griffiths and Lee, 2000)A test was performed for the region of Doñana national park, on the basis of vegetation index (NDVI) derived from Landsat TM images, following three steps:Automatic extration of landscape features/heterogeneity using ENVI Zoom software (which detects local homogeneity)Automatic calculation of a number of shape, texture and spectral attributes for each featureClassifying the landscape features into 8 categories according to the increase of average NDVI value
34 Classification work for Sea Bed Mapping With the Marine Directive, countries will have to build a sea bed data base.classification and harmonisation issues are of first importance,common support and guidance to countries (following INSPIRE Directive). populating ATLAS of coast and sea (ICAN network)
35 Mapping coast-sea uses for maritime activities The shipping routes, the anchorage areas, the nature protection areas (Natura 2000, RAMSAR sites and World heritage), the gas and oil exploitations & connecting pipelines, the fi shing areas and telecom cables were mapped.Shipping intensity in the Northern Adriatic in 2005(DAMAC project, Marche Regione, Italy 2007)Mapping marine uses on the Romanian Black SeaFrom SIGLAFrom PlanCoast project
36 TESTING THE TOOLSThe tools will be tested and validated in 9 sites (CASES) and by the ICZM Platform, using a multi-scale approach for integrated regional assessment.
37 WORKING WITH GOVERNANCE PLATFORM Building & Testing of Nile Delta ICZM Governance PlatformStocktaking & Assessment of end-users, target groups, stakeholders & their needsMultilevel Stocktaking & Analysis of knowledge and frameworks of ICZM in EgyptIdentification of Resources, Environment & ProcessesIdentification of Issues, Conflicts & ThreatsBuilding of Nile Delta ICZM Governance PlatformTesting of Nile Delta ICZM Governance PlatformAt different scales, bringing national, regional with local
38 ASSESSMENTTo support an integrated regional assessment for the Mediterranean and Black Sea coastal and maritime areas, agreed with the governance platform.To identify the main common threats and priority responsesTo formulate policy response options at different spatial and temporal scales.To produce guidelines for sustainable planning and assessment.
39 CAPACITY BUILDING AND DISSEMINATION To establish and strengthen mechanisms for networking and capacity development so as to promote knowledge transfer and the continued use of the project outputs.Interactive internet portal.Training courses.Dynamic regional networks.Disseminate widely.Promote the ICZM Mediterranean and Black Sea strategic Panel.
40 PARTNERSThe foundation and strength of PEGASO is that it is built upon the long-term work of a number of key national and international institutions dedicated to regional assessment of the Mediterranean andBlack Sea basins in recent decades24 partners : MAP/PAP-RAC/Plan Bleu, IUCN, PSCBS, MEDCOAST, UNEP-GRID, JRC, Universities and Research Institutes from UK, BE, FR, ES, IT, GR, MA, AZ, TN, LB, EG, TR, RO, UA.
41 Building a huge Mediterranean-Black Sea Connexion 3. Cooperation elements with relevant Med and BS organizations and observatoriesBuilding a huge Mediterranean-Black Sea ConnexionSPICOSASESAMEENVIROgridMESHPlanCoastGEF LMEContinuingENCORA coastal wikiICANGEO-GEOSSObservatory of Med WetlandsCEDAREMediterranean Action PlanBucharest ConventionMEDCOASTUICN (AMPs)WWFNational observatories in South countries
42 Links with Union for the Mediterranean (UpM) Towards a Mediterranean cluster: supported by Spain, Andalusia and CataloniaLinks with Union for the Mediterranean (UpM)Presentation of Coastal and Marine ETCLUSI Work & PEGASO to the EU Maritime Day, May 2010 in Gijon, SpainLinks with H2020 and EEA- Bidding for an FP7 proposal for Africa
43 Muchas gracias Moltes gràcies Eskerrik Asko Muitas gracias Dziekuje Merci beaucoup Mного Благодаря ObrigadoPaldies Ευχαριστώ Tack Thank you very much Dank uHvala Köszönöm Dekuj Multumesc Dakujem Danke TakkAitäh Grazzi Kiitos Grazie Dêkuji Cпаси́бо شُكْرًا Dieuredieuf