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Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Jongmin Han, Hyun Yim, Soekho Son, Jae-Shin Lee.

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Presentation on theme: "Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Jongmin Han, Hyun Yim, Soekho Son, Jae-Shin Lee."— Presentation transcript:

1 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Jongmin Han, Hyun Yim, Soekho Son, Jae-Shin Lee Korea Institute of Science & Technology Evaluation and Planning, Seoul, Korea Chung-Ang University, Dept. of Mass Communications, Seoul, Korea The 4th International Seville Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis (FTA) 12 & 13 May 2011

2 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Introduction Conversation and debate in scenario workshop In order to create successful scenario, the rational and efficient consensus building process should be operated in scenario workshops. Participants in scenario workshops can understand the future differently by their own experience, knowledge and situations because scenarios treat the future cannot be predicted. Therefore, in order to write successful scenarios, the conflicting claims of participants should be adjusted to the reasonable and feasible logic by conversation and debate. We need a consensus building process to make the high quality scenarios in scenario workshops.

3 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Obstacles to successful conversation and debate Non-free/equal Communication Conversation and debate are influenced by master-student relationship, senior-junior relationship, the Confucian culture. In South Korean culture, it remains to be unheard of to question or criticize a superior. Experts with lower ranking or position often only suggested weak signals and they rarely spoken a second time even when the weak signals became clear. To maintain a good relationship, some experts often agree with different opinions or dont criticize others opinions.

4 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Obstacles to successful conversation and debate Very busy professionals In national level foresight, government generally requires that participants in scenario workshops will be comprised of experts that well-reputed in their areas. The higher the reputation of experts, the less experts time to work for scenario workshops. In addition, it is difficult for them to attend all meetings. Next meeting Due to 10 p.m. It is difficult to design the pre-training for studying drivers of change, trends/issues related to foresights topic.

5 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Obstacles to successful conversation and debate Not-enough feedback Discussion about scenarios is generally finished within scenario workshops. However, in order to write good scenarios, we continuously revise scenarios by the feedback of experts and several stakeholders. For successful scenarios, scenarios must include the creative thought of the future. Commonly, the creative idea about the future is finding through not flash of insight but careful consideration for a long time. Scenario Workshop is not enough to discuss or revise scenarios.

6 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process How to resolve or improve Non-free/equal Communication We need the environment that can communicate freely without the relationship of experts. Very busy professionals We need the method that experts can participate in scenario building without the limitation of time and place. Not-enough feedback We need the time and place that experts discuss or revise scenarios continuously. Wiki is good solution for above issues !!!

7 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Why is a wiki system?? Anyone A wiki system can guarantee experts anonymity with temporal user ID. So, They can write articles freely. And then, if experts have the right to revise contents in special pages, they can modify articles of other experts. Anytime, Anywhere If experts can access the Internet, they can write articles in anytime, anywhere. Low cost Almost wiki software is free. So, if you have a web server in your organization or institute, it never cost for you to make a wiki system. We made the wiki system with dokuwiki(freeware).

8 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process The usage of a wiki system before this research KISTEP 10 emerging technologies(2009) Experts make a initial list of technologies by a wiki system. Selection of Experts Initial List of Technologies Screen Technologies according to criteria Screen Technologies according to criteria Selection of Final 10 Techs Wiki

9 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process The usage of a wiki system before this research Strategic foresight of the energy efficiency(2010) Each expert suggested drivers of change according to STEEP analysis and then discussed online to finalize the drivers using the wiki system. Identifying Drivers of change Finding Key Uncertainties Writing scenarios Wiki Strategic foresight of the energy efficiency Identifying Drivers of change Finding Key Uncertainties Writing scenarios Wiki Strategic foresight of the media Strategic foresight of the media(2010) The participants wrote scenarios in the wiki system. They edited the scenarios based on the continuous feedback provided from the wiki system.

10 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process New process Scenario workshop + Wiki We designed the process to combine scenario workshop with wiki. Step 1: Identifying Drivers of change Step 2: Finding Key Uncertainties Step 3: Writing Scenarios WikiWorkshop + Wiki

11 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Step 1: Identifying Drivers of change Only usage of the wiki system We design the process that participants discuss the future in depth and identify the drivers of change through a wiki system. The wiki system was developed for debating and suggesting their ideas about the future drivers of change. The drivers of change are identified by following process. Offering some drivers related to the topic 1 -Name, definition of drivers -Ripple effects of drivers Debating and suggesting their ideas about the future drivers of change 2 -Name, definition of drivers -Ripple effects of drivers -Two possibilities of drivers -Relationship between drivers

12 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Step 2: Finding key uncertainties Extended discussion by the wiki system We design the process that participants can discuss further the estimated result of drivers in depth through the wiki system after participants initially estimate the drivers in the workshop. Participants evaluate the drivers based on two perspectives, impact and uncertainty during a workshop. The drivers of change that were evaluated as the ones with high impact and high uncertainty received the main focus. The entire consensuses building process is conducted on the wiki system. Through the wiki system, participants can review the estimated result of drivers and discuss and revise two possibilities of key uncertainties in depth.

13 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Step 3: Writing scenarios Continuous feedback participants write drafts of scenarios in the workshop. After that, they edit the scenarios based on the continuous feedback provided from the wiki system. we continuously revise scenarios by the feedback of experts and several stakeholders by this process

14 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Pilot project with university students Voluntary participants The pilot project progressed with university students. Trainings for the scenario building process and usage of the wiki system were provided in the classroom. The participants were very cooperative and showed enthusiasm throughout the project partly because of the fact that the outcome could affect their grade. In order to work a wiki system successfully, it is important that experts are willing to participate. The higher the participation of experts, the richer the contents made by a wiki system. We developed scenarios about the future of media devices (Smartphone, Smart TV, Tablet PC). Most of students were not technology experts but have major in mass media. So, they had enough knowledge about mass communications technology. Total 9 scenarios are developed (3 scenarios for each media device)

15 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Pilot project Schedule Schedule Process Detailed ProcessSchedule Step1: Identifying drivers of change Offering some drivers related to the topic 2010.11.2 ~11.4 Debating and suggesting their ideas about the future drivers of change 2010.11.6~11.10 Step2: Finding key uncertainties 1 st workshop2010.11.11 Discussion about key uncertainties in Wiki 2010.11.12~11.16 Step3: Writing scenarios 2 nd workshop2010.11.18 Revising scenarios in Wiki2010.11.19~12.2

16 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Identifying drivers of change (Tablet PC) The Usage of STEEP analysis in a wiki system(www.foresightwiki.org) Social Demographic change U-Learning demand The convergence of Industry Knowledge service One person, one computer The purchasing power of young age in developing economies The usage of public transportation Digital divide Income polarization Technological Wireless network technology Cloud computing technology User Interface technology Display technology Economical The profit change of Contents industry Open collaboration environment Environmental The emergence of health risk factors by developing technologies Political Intellectual property rights The policy to support the smart work Privacy Policies

17 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Finding key uncertainties (Tablet PC) Key axes of uncertainty Two possibilities -+ The profit change of Contents industry poorHigh income The usage of public transportation decreaseincrease The purchasing power of young age in developing economies stagnationContinuous growth

18 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Writing scenarios (Tablet PC) Scenario Title Key axes of uncertaintyScenario Description Pax Tabula The profit change of Contents industry : High income The usage of public transportation : Increase The purchasing power of young age in developing economies : Continuous growth The increase of young ages purchasing power in developing economies and the usage of public transportation raise the growth of tablet PCs market. Companies in contents industry reinvest most of profit in their fields. Tablet PC becomes in its golden age. Marginal Mobile Device The profit change of Contents industry : Poor The usage of public transportation : Increase The purchasing power of young age in developing economies : Stagnation Tablet PC fails to create a new market, which is due to the stagnation of young ages purchasing power in developing economies. Tablet PC will merge into smart phone or PC. The role of tablet PC becomes a second device that is used in education, entertainment. Tablet PC Fadeaway The profit change of Contents industry : Poor The usage of public transportation : Decrease The purchasing power of young age in developing economies : Stagnation Tablet PC fails to create a new market. The market and quality of contents have decreased steadily.

19 Combination of the scenario workshop and wiki to improve the effectiveness of consensus building process Conclusion We believe that the combined approach used in this research can be more productive than a method with scenario workshops alone when generating and developing new ideas. Our method can overcome the limitations of scenario workshops since it helps participants to discuss freely without any social pressure and time limit. This methodology provides advantages over the scenario workshop only method in that participants could receive equal opportunities and enjoy anonymities to express their opinions freely. However, it should be emphasized that the wiki system is just a tool helping participants generate and develop ideas. The role of the entire participants of the project is more important than the methodology itself to carry out a successful foresight project. We are going to research what incentive is effective for high participation of experts.


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