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LABORELEC Biomass and Waste Competence Centre © Laborelec – 2008 – 1 Biomass & Waste Competence Centre Belgian approach GHG and certification scheme for biomass Yves Ryckmans
LABORELEC Biomass and Waste Competence Centre © Laborelec – 2008 – 2 Liège RODENHUIZE 80 MW = 25% Gent LES AWIRS 80 MW = 100% WOOD PELLETS about 700 kt/y Both plants commissioned in Aug 2005
LABORELEC Biomass and Waste Competence Centre © Laborelec – 2008 – 3 Belgium: green certificates Flanders : obligation 3,75% x 50TWh= 1,875 TWh, 1GC=125 green certificates granted according to energy balance of supply chain and reference STAG PP Wallonia : obligation 7,00% x 23,5 TWh=1,65 TWh, 1GC=100 green certificates granted according to proven sustainability, CO 2 balance of supply chain and reference STAG PP All fuels have reference CO 2 emission according to LCA Natural gas = 251 kgCO 2 /MWhp Coal = 396 kgCO 2 /MWhp Wood pellets = 55 kgCO 2 /MWhp 55%55 251
LABORELEC Biomass and Waste Competence Centre © Laborelec – 2008 – 4 Specific rate of fossile GHG generation in kg CO2eq/MWh primary energy (CWaPE-WAL) NON FOSSILEkgCO2/MWhp%green cert wind/solar/hydraulics0100 organic biodegradable matters 0100 milling 498 transport on max. 200 km 597 drying 1094 corn crops 2287 wood 2387 cultivated wood (short rotation coppices) 4574 coleseed oil6563 bio-diesel 8054 FOSSILE natural gas 251 gasoil 306 light fuel oil 310 heavy fuel oil 320 coal 385 the reference
LABORELEC Biomass and Waste Competence Centre © Laborelec – 2008 – 5 Sustainability principles implemented by Electrabel Certified or at least evidence for responsible management of the forests including afforestation plans Controlled impact on environment (soil, air, water) Enforcement of legislations Traceability Origin of raw material primary product or residue bio-fuel or waste rely on international certification FSC, PEFC, … Energy/CO2 balance of supply chain electricity use fossil primary energy use transport Laborelec Sustainability Certificate Independent reporting Track & trace system Electrabel Fuel Logistics
LABORELEC Biomass and Waste Competence Centre © Laborelec – 2008 – 6 Independent inspection of supply chain Raw material PelletsTransport Power Plant Harbour
LABORELEC Biomass and Waste Competence Centre © Laborelec – 2008 – 7 Transport of raw material: Avg. distance Max. distance Pelleting: Electricity/ton pellets (and origin) Fossile/ton pellets Biomass/ton pellets Transport of pellets: Distance to harbour Truck or train Sea transport: Capacity in tons Distance in miles Number of days of sea Consumption/sea day Flatboat from ARAG: Avg. diesel use Awirs Energy use of biomass supply
LABORELEC Biomass and Waste Competence Centre © Laborelec – 2008 – 8 Energy balance in MWh eqv electricity PhaseGermany NL BalticSwedenRussiaCanada Pelletising Local transport Sea-River transport TOTAL GROSS (38%) 1800 Granted GC91%90%87%85% Electricity use always subtracted x 100% from net green power Fossil fuel for production and transported subtracted x 55% with respect to ref. STAG power plant with = 55 % efficiency
LABORELEC Biomass and Waste Competence Centre © Laborelec – 2008 – 9 CO 2 balance in kgCO 2 /MWh primary energy PhaseGermanyBalticSwedenRussiaCanada Pelletising Local transport Sea/River transport River transport TOTAL Granted GC 89%86%84%80%79% Green certificates are calculated on the base of avoided CO 2 with respect to ref. STAG power plant and ref. CO 2 for biomass Legal reference Wallonia for imported wood pellets: 55= 65%
LABORELEC Biomass and Waste Competence Centre © Laborelec – 2008 – 10 Conclusions A certification scheme for imported biomass is needed and must avoid non sense: it is not expensive ( < 0,5 /ton) can be fast ( < 2 weeks) Do not try to make the whole world perfect when certifying: implement first a scheme that works in practice and is affordable then improve the certification scheme in time Care at least for: energy balance or CO2 balance for the supply chain overall traceability of the primary resources independent report over local resource management and respect of local and international legislations
LABORELEC Biomass and Waste Competence Centre © Laborelec – 2008 – 11 Five reasons for you to choose Laborelec : You have one-stop shopping for your energy needs You get access to more than 40 years of experience You get rapid service with reliable solutions You increase the profitability of your installations You benefit from independent and confidential advice LABORELEC The technical Competence Center in energy processes and energy use. From R&D to operational assistance. Biomass & Waste Competence Centre
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