3 Present Simple X X X past present future Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeatedor usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduledevent or something that often happens. It can also be somethinga person often forgets or usually does not do.
4 How to make a sentence: I travel to Makkah. They play football. With: I , You , We , TheySubject + Verb + ObjectS V O.Ex:I travel to Makkah.They play football.
5 How to make a sentence: He studies English for the exam. With: He , She , itSubject + Verb + s + ObjectS V O.Ex:He studies English for the exam.She cooks Kabsa.
6 How to make a sentence negative: With: I , You , We , TheyWe use DO + notEx:I do not eat fast food.With: He , She , itWe use DOES + notEx:He does not eat fast food.
7 studies plays crosses cross + es adding s:ending with y:studystudystudiesies** Note: not if vowel lettersplayplaysending with s , x , sh , ch , o escrosscrossescross + es
8 The present simple is used for: * For general truths.Water freezes at 0˚ Centigrade.* For future actions related to timetable and programmes.The train to Bristol departs at 4:55 a.m* To refer to the plot of a book, etcIn Chapter seven, Sandra meets her mother again* In sports commentaries.Robinson passes to Neil* In exclamatory sentences with Here…. and There….Here comes the train
9 Present Progressive past present future The present progressive is used for actions going on in the momentof speaking and for actions taking place.It is also used to express development and actions that are arrangedfor the near future.Present progressive is also known as present continuous
10 How to make a sentence: I am reading a book. Subject + Be + Verb +ing ObjectS V O.amBeisareEx:I am reading a book.They are drawing on the wall.
11 How to make a sentence negative: We add not after BeEx:I am not feeling well.She is not watching T.V
13 The present Progressive is used for: * For temporary statesMy brother is working as a lifeguard this summer.* For situations which are changing or developing around thepresent time.Tourism is becoming an important industry in manydeveloping countries.* With always, constantly and continually to express annoyance.You are always leaving your books on the floor.
14 The following groups of verbs express states not action so we don’t use them with Present Progressive* Verbs of the senses:( see – hear – feel - ………. )* Verbs of emotions:( like – hate – want - ………. )* Verbs of belief and knowledge:( know – believe – remember - ………. )* Verbs of ownership:( have – possess – remember - ………. )