Presentation on theme: "Transparency International: Researching Corruption Jana Mittermaier Director, EU Office."— Presentation transcript:
Transparency International: Researching Corruption Jana Mittermaier Director, EU Office
Research Overview Big picture: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) Household perspective: Global Corruption Barometer Country diagnostics: National Integrity System Studies Thematic: Global Corruption Reports, Sectored Reports, Working Papers, Policy Positions
Global Corruption Perceptions Index
Index …scores and ranks countries according to the perception of corruption in the public sector. …an aggregate indicator that combines different sources of information about corruption, making it possible to compare countries. (at least 3 sources for 3 years)
European Results 2011 GlobalReg Country / TerritoryScore 21Denmark9.4 21Finland9.4 43Sweden9.3 64Norway9.0 75Netherlands8.9 86Switzerland Luxembourg Iceland Germany Austria UK Ireland7.5 GlobalReg Country / TerritoryScore 2514France Estonia Cyprus Spain Portugal Slovenia Malta Poland Lithuania Hungary Czech Republic Latvia Slovakia Italy Romania Greece Bulgaria3.3
TI Global Corruption Barometer
Barometer - Peoples views - The Global Corruption Barometer is the biggest worldwide public opinion survey on perceptions and experiences of corruption.
What is the TI Barometer? Largest cross-country survey to collect citizen views about corruption More than 91,500 people in 86 countries around the world were interviewed including in 24 European countries Which institutions are trusted to curb corruption and whether governments efforts to fight corruption are working
2010: Regional Classification
How has level of corruption changed? -- The biggest increase is perceived by respondents in North America and EU+
To what extent do you perceive the institutions to be affected by corruption? Political parties viewed as most corrupt!
Transparency in Corporate Reporting (TRAC)
TRAC methodology Published in July 2012 Assesses 105 of worlds largest publicly-listed companies along three dimensions: –Reporting of anti-corruption programmes –Organisational disclosure –Country-by-country disclosure Low levels of transparency and corporate reporting across all the sectors concerned. Demonstrated poor performance of the financial sector compared to its peers. Financial corporations scored an average of 2.3% for their reporting by country of operation.
National Chapter Research
National Progress Reports Enlargement countries –Assess performance of judiciary, legislature and public administration, political party financing –Tool is based on EU governance and anti-corruption membership requirements and good practice standards ENP: Monitoring Action Plans –Indicator-based framework to assess progress in delivering on governance and anti-corruption commitments made in ENP Action Plans (Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan) EU: Ranking of transparency of state- and city-owned companies by TI Slovakia: –http://blog.transparency.org/2012/09/11/making-slovak-state- companies-more-transparent/http://blog.transparency.org/2012/09/11/making-slovak-state- companies-more-transparent/
National Integrity System Assessment
What is NIS? Holistic approach to analyse the robustness and effectiveness of a countrys institutions in preventing & fighting corruption A well-functioning NIS provides effective safeguards against corruption When institutions lack of appropriate regulations and unaccountable behaviour, corruption is likely to thrive with negative knock-on effects for equitable growth, sustainable development and social cohesion. Strengthening NIS promotes better governance and ultimately contributes to a more just society.
PRIV ATE S O C I E T Y S V A L U E S QUALI TY OF LIFE RU LE OF LA W AUDITOR GENERAL OMBUDSMAN WATCHDOG AGENCIES PUBLIC SERVICE LEGISLATURE EXECUT IVE JUDICIARY N A T I O N A L I N T E G R I T Y CIVIL SEC TO R SOCIETY INTER NATIO N L ACTORS M ED IA SUST AIN- ABLE DEVE LOP- MEN T Holistic Analysis of the Pillars of Integrity
European NIS Multi-country project findings of 25 NIS assessments carried out across Europe in 2011 The initiative systematically assesses the anti-corruption systems of 25 European states, and advocates for sustainable and effective reform It highlights important trends across the region Pointing to the most significant deficiencies and gaps in the national integrity systems Shining the light on some promising practices Financial support by European Commission DG Home Affairs
Key strength Legal frameworks: Legislation on corruption prevention is relatively well-developed across the region. Public expenditure oversight: Supreme audit institutions are generally assessed as strong players in the fight against corruption. Exceptions to this trend include those in Greece, Portugal, Romania and Spain, Electoral processes: Electoral processes are generally robust in the region, with electoral management bodies performing well in administering free and fair elections. Exceptions include Bulgaria and Romania, where electoral processes still pose significant problems.
Key Weaknesses 1.Political party financing is inadequately regulated across the region 2.Lobbying remains veiled in secrecy 3.Parliaments are not living up to ethical standards 4.Access to information is limited in practice 5.High corruption risks remain in public procurement 6.Protection for whistleblowers is severely lacking --- Link between business and politics too close
Link to results o/pub/money_politics_and_power_cor ruption_risks_in_europe