Presentation on theme: "Singular and strategic project on Development, demonstration and viability evaluation of the production of energy in Spain from energy crops biomass. Dr."— Presentation transcript:
Singular and strategic project on Development, demonstration and viability evaluation of the production of energy in Spain from energy crops biomass. Dr. Juan E. Carrasco General Coordinator. February 2006
Objectives in terms of primary energy with energy crops in 2010 and total goals with biomass and renewable energy sources in Spain and the EU (Mtoe/year). Spain (PER 2005-2010)UE (White Book RE)
Objective and scope The objective is to develop a commercial demonstration of the production of energy in Spain utilizing biomass from selected energy crops, in order to determine the viability of this alternative, including an associated technology development program to Increase the viability of energy crops chains. The project program includes: Demonstration and technoeconomic and environmental evaluation of energy crops chains in Spain. Energy crops production and energy technology development. Exploitation and dissemination of results programm.
PSE-cultivos: especific features The PSE-cultivos project activities are a result of the farmers, industrials and investors interest. The whole energy crops chains are considered for evaluation. and the evaluation is made with homogeneous methods. Combines commercial demonstration activities, with RTD especific activities, some of which results will be demonstrated during the project. It can become a technological platform to coordinate and asses the energy crops development and implementation in Spain.
PSE-cultivos: general figures Duration Budget (M) Total affected land for crops demonstration Industrial and demo plants involved. 2005-2012 Period 2005-2008.- 67,5 Period 2009-2012.- 53,7 Total (2005-2012).- 121,2 About 30.000 ha in eight years 2 bioelectricity plants of 25 and 8,7 MWe. 1 coal power plant. 10 biomass heating domestic boilers. 1 lignocellulose 5Ml ethanol plant (demonstration). 1 downdraft 600kW biomass gasification plant (demonstration ).
Participants (Jan.2006) PRODUCERS AND COMMERCIALIZERS OF BIOMASS AND BIOFUELS CONSULTANCY AND PROJECT PROMOTORS ACCIONA Energía ECOAGRÍCOLA ASAJA-Granada Biodiesel Caparroso Abengoa-Bioenergy ENERAGRO SINERSYS Asesoría Ind. Zabala Fundación SoriaActiva Valoriza Energía ESCAN BIOMASS TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPERS AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS. UTILITIES TAIM-TFG GUASCOR BioEbro GUASCOR I+D GREENCELL ACCIONA Comb. Renov. ENDESA RTD CENTERS CIEMAT(Coordinator) INIA Univ. Politec. Madrid. Univ.P. Comillas ITA C y L. Univ. Zaragoza/ Centro CIRCE.
AREA 1 ENERGY CROPS BIOMASS PRODUCTION STORAGE LOGÍSTICS AND SUPPLY Subproyect 2 Subproyect 1 HEATING APPLICATIONS IN THE DOMESTIC SECTOR AREA 2 APPLICATIONS FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION TRANSPORT FUELS PRODUCTION UTILIZATION OF TRANSPORT FUELS Subproyect 3 Subproyects 4,5A,5B,6,7 Subproyects 8A y 8B AREA 3 ELABORATION AND EVALUATION OF ACVS Subproyect 9 Data flow COSTS ENERGY PARAMET ERS ENVIRONMENTA L PARAMETERS AREA 4 DISSEMINATION AND EXPLOITATION OF RESULTS Subproyect 10 Structure (2006)
Pedoclimatic conditions in Spain. Nut 4 level Energy crops requirements Most suitable crops and expected productivity Nut 4 level Subproyect 1. Study on energy crops potential in Spain Results expressed utilising GYS
Subproject 2. Biomass production Energy crops involved in the demo program(2006) Poplar sp. About 500ha/crop /year, except for poplar (about 25 ha/year). Sorghum bicolor hybridbiomass. Wheat and Brassica sp..
Subproject 2. Areas for crops demonstration Navarra Aragón Madrid Castilla-La Mancha Andalucía Extremadura Castilla y León
SUBPROJECT 2. Experimental programm Main RTD issues: Productivity assays. Selection of varieties. Optimisation of inputs (water, fertilizers). and utilisation of low input techniques. Development and adaptation of crop machinery. Energy crops involved: Brassica sp.,Poplar sp, Cereals (for bioethanol),Sorghum bicolor var.biomass, Cynara cardunculus, Pawlonia sp. Pawlonia sp. 2 years age.Almazán(Spain) 2005 Prototype for fractionation of thistle plants (ETSIAM-UPM)
Subproyect 3. Utilization of energy crops biomass in domestic heating boilers Thistle Brassica sp Sorghum Poplar 500kWt mobil grate biomass Boiler.CIEMAT. 150 kWt mobil grate biomass Boiler.CALORDOM.
Biomass pilot peletizing plant. 200kg/h CIEMAT. SUBPROJECT 3. Main pilot facilities
SUBPROJECT 4. Utilisation of energy crops biomass in a coal power plant. Considered biomasses: Brassica sp., poplar sp, C. Cardunculus also including: tojo (U.aeuropeus),olive tree prunnings. Options under consideration: -co-combustion -co-cogasification
Subprojects 5A and 5B. Energy crops utilization as fuel in bioelectricity plants Sangüesa bioelectricity plant. 25 MW ACCIONA ENERGÍA. Extragol power plant 8,7 MW. VALORIZA. Sorghum Brassica sp. Poplar Sorghum 1.Process characterization 2.Sintering and corrosion studied.
Biomass gasification plant. TAIM-TFG. Zaragoza (Spain) Poplar biomass Subproject 6. Utilisation of energy crops biomass for electricity production via gasification 600 kWe Jenbacher engine for biomass gasification gas
Dual fuel diesel/gasification gas engine (prototype) GUASCOR I+D. Subproject 7. Utilization of biofuels in engines for electricity generation. Biofuels considered: biodiesel,bioethanol, energy crops gasification gas.
Subproject 8A. Production of bioethanol from lignocellulosic crops Babilafuente (Spain) bioethanol plant. 200Ml/year from cereal and 5 Ml from lignocellulosic materials ABENGOA Brassica sp. Sorghum
Subproject 9. Elaboration and evaluation of energy crops chains ACV analysis will be carried out: ACV energetic: -energy balance -energy yield. ACV environmental:-GHG emissions - water pollution - water use (on study) ACV economic:- production costs Comparisons with ACVs of fossil fuels of reference. Studies on energy crops potential Demonstration and development of energy crops Logistics Domestic heatingElectricity generationd Transport fuels Production and use Lyfe Cycle Analyssis Área 1 Área 3 Área 2