Presentation on theme: "China: Poverty Reduction Strategy for Block Area"— Presentation transcript:
1 China: Poverty Reduction Strategy for Block Area Dr.HuangChengwei(Director General, National Training Center for Officials in Poor Areas, China),Brussels
2 BackgroundWhy do we need Poverty Reduction Strategy for Block Area?What are Poverty Reduction Strategy for Block Area?What can we Learn from Wuling Mountain Area---One of Block Area?How to Meet the Challenges?
3 1. Background----China’s remarkable rise since the ‘80s,but regional disparity becomes a major concern.----Meanwhile, China’s poverty reduction gets great achivements,but tasks are still extremely arduous.
4 Increasing inequality: China’s focus on coastal areas in the East as the drivers of growth caused an increase of the disparities between East and West as well as urban and rural areas.GDP share of main regions in %Source: National Bureau of Statistics China
5 Per capita income :Source: National Bureau of Statistics China
6 Sources of regional disparities: Source: National Bureau of Statistics China
7 Striking a balance between the regions Striking a balance between the regions China’s regional division (11th FYP):Promoting the rise of the Central Region:Improvement of the level of production, relying on the current industrial basis.Advancement of industrialisation and urbanisation.Exerting the advantage of linking East and West.Increasing the investment into agricultural infrastructure.Improvement of agricultural products processing.Creation of a high-quality raw material production base.Support of the development of machinery and vehicle production.Establishment of a comprehensive transport and logistics system.Encouraging the Eastern Region to take lead in developmentIncreasing innovative capacity.Pioneer economic transformation/upgrading.Piloting the refining of a social market economy.Mobilisation of the Central and Western regions.Creation of intellectual property, core technologies and top brands.Development of modern manufacturing, high-tech and service industries.Enhancement of international competitiveness.Promotion of resource and land use efficiency as well as environmental protection.Support the development of old revolutionary areas, ethnic minority regions and border areas:Increasing the financial transfers and fiscal investments.Protection of the environment.Improvement of infrastructure.Enhancement of compulsory schooling, nationalities’ higher education, pilot bilingual education.Creation of communities of traditional culture.Improvement if the HR capacities of ethnic minorities.Development of special industries, e.g. ethnic medical industry.Resolving poverty problem.Continuing policy support for Tibet and Xinjiang.Advancing the development of the Western Region:Intensification of regional cooperation.Reliance on pole cities and main transport lines as stimulators.Improvement of infrastructure (roads, railways, pipelines).Environmental protection (reforestation, watershed protection, anti-desertification).Converting resources into products.Support for modern manufacturing and high-tech industry.Improvement of public services (education, vocational training, health care)Fostering of cross-border cooperation and trade.Revitalizing the Northeast Region’s old industrial bases:Building-up on the industrial history of the area.Advancement of structural transformation of production and SOEs.Development of modern agriculture and grain base.Establishment of modern, fine manufacturing industry.Creation of pilots for economic transformation and compensation mechanisms.Improvement of railway networks and interprovincial roads.Fostering cross-border economic cooperation.Desertification prevention.Western Development RegionNorth-Eastern DevelopmentRegionEastern Development RegionCentral Development Region
8 China has made remarkable progress in poverty reduction measured by different poverty lines
9 According to the new national poverty standard, there are 26 According to the new national poverty standard, there are million poverty alleviation targets in 2010, accounting for 2.8% of the overall rural population. There will be more, if international standard is referred to.New changes of poverty distribution and difficulties facing extremely poverty-stricken regions.Natural disasters are severe, and the capacity to prevent and fight disaster is insufficient.
10 Income gap expands, and relative poverty is prominent 101010
11 Bloc Areas with special difficulties 2.Why do we Need Poverty Reduction Strategy for Block Area?What is ‘Block Area Development’?特殊 = special困难 = difficulty地区 = areaBloc Areas with special difficulties集中 = concen-trated连片 = closely grouped
12 Bloc Areas Poor counties ---Block Area In 1985: 125 million poor rural residents didn’t have adequate food and clothing. Most of them lived in the 18 Block Areas in East, Central and West China, especially in old revolutionary bases, ethnic-minority, and underdeveloped areas.But no Special policy for such a big Population.RegionsBloc AreasPoor countiesEast232Middle7206West9172
13 ---Block Area In 2000: West and Center Regions cover 91% poor population and most located in 25 Block Areas. But It is Difficult to Find the Leading and coordinating Mechanism. So Targeted 150,000 Poorest Villages.198819932000Disparities between urban and rural areas keep increasing.Source: National Bureau of Statistics China
14 ---Block Area In 2011: (1)Poor Population still Concentrated on the Block Areas with some Characteristics. (2)Two-Wheels Driven Poverty Reduction: Development-oriented Poverty Alleviation and rural minimum life guarantee system. (3)’Grand Poverty Reduction’: the specific poverty reduction efforts, sector based poverty reduction and social participation. (4) Endeavor to Reverse the Trend of Widening Income Gap and Strive to Help Poverty Stricken Areas Enter Into the Well-off Society Together with the Rest of the Country. (5)Enough Financial Support from the Central and Local Government.
16 Selection Criterias for Block Area: Poor!Per capita GDPPer capita net incomePer capita financial expenditureCounties in which those three figures are below certain standards will be chosen11+3 Block Areas.Source: Wang Guoliang in Enshi meeting
17 11 Plus 3 Block Areas: 28.03.2017 Greater Hinggan Mountain Area Tibetan Area Outside TARQinba Mountain AreaWuling Mountain AreaGreater Hinggan Mountain AreaYan- Taihang Mountain AreaSouth of XinjiangLvliang Mountain AreaLiupan Mountain AreaTibetan Autonomous RegionDabie Mountain AreaWumeng Mountain AreaStone Desertification AreaLuoxiao Mountain AreaWest of YunnanMountain Area
18 High residual poverty 28.03.2017 Poverty counties (1994)* Richest counties (1994)** Most recent county map not available
19 Ecological fragility (Ecological Function Areas)
23 3.What are Poverty Reduction Strategy for Block Area? A. Targeting: “Outline for Poverty Alleviation and Development in China's Rural Areas” ( )By 2020, the target groups of Poverty Alleviation will be guaranteed:Adequate food and clothingCompulsory educationBasic medical careHousingRaising the growth rate of net per capita income of farmers in poor areas above the national average levelEqualisation of major indicators of basic public services on rural and national average levelReversing the trend of the widening development gapSource: LGOP exhibition
24 B. Guidelines: Targets and Scope of work Guidelines of Work Population below poverty lineBloc Areas with special difficultiesKey countiesPoor villagesGuidelines of WorkPoverty alleviation through developmentSocial security, provision of basic clothing and foodBasic PrinciplesGovernment led & multi-level governanceDefining priorities & specific guidanceCoordination & cooperation between ministries & departmentsSelf-reliance & hard workSocial support & common prosperityHolistic approach & scientific developmentReform, innovation & increasing opennessMajor Intervention AreasBasic farmland and irrigationIndustries with specialised local productsDrinking water safetyElectricityTrafficRenovation of houses in poor conditionsEducationHealthcarePublic cultureSocial securityPopulation and family planningForestry and ecologySource: LGOP exhibition
25 Map of Concentrated Zones of Poverty with Special Characteristics (14)
26 C. Combine Regional Development and Poverty Reduction in Block Areas: Reducing regional disparity, supporting structurally weak areasNarrowing the rural-urban income gapRational division of economic and ecological functionsEnsuring strategic land use and gradual urbanisationAchieving economic transition and sustainable growthPoverty AlleviationEradicating absolute poverty by 2020Reducing relative poverty, improving the livelihoods of the rural populationPer capita income of poor areas growing faster than national averageRaising standards of public services in poor areas to the national averageReverse trend of widening income gapsBlock Area Development
27 State Development Strategy: More Fund, Special Policy, etc. D. Plan, Implementation and Management:State Development Strategy: More Fund, Special Policy, etc.Plan for Block Area: Approved by State Council, Developed by NDRC and LGOP.Coordinating by LGOP.Province Takes all Responsibilities for its Block Area Poverty Reduction.County Response for Implementation.Target Group Participatory.
28 4. What can we Learn from Wuling Mountain Area---One of Block Area 4.What can we Learn from Wuling Mountain Area---One of Block Area? (Based on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Study on WuLing Mountain Area,Co-organized by LGOP and GIZ)----Location and borders.counties.Square Kilometers.M,Population,(37.92M in Rural)
29 Topographic situation Average altitude: ~ mSource: Baseline Study on Poverty Alleviation in Wuling Mountain Area
30 Ethnic background ~84.3% ethnic minorities 28.03.2017 Source: Baseline Study on Poverty Alleviation in Wuling Mountain Area
31 Level of educationSource: Baseline Study on Poverty Alleviation in Wuling Mountain Area
32 Per capita GDP (2009)Source: Baseline Study on Poverty Alleviation in Wuling Mountain Area
33 Poverty incidence rate (2009) Source: Baseline Study on Poverty Alleviation in Wuling Mountain Area
34 Fragile ecological environment Lack of land resources ChallengesFragile ecological environmentLack of land resourcesRemoteness, weak infrastructureWeak economic basisLack of public facilities and servicesLack of human resourcesLack of investment and financial transfers
35 5.How to Meet the Challenges? Coordination on Central Government level.Multi-level and cross-border governance.Special Fund, Policy, Mechanism.Knowledge, Human Resources and Capacity Development.Participatory.Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting.International Cooperation.