Presentation on theme: "Social and Human Sciences Sector Struggle against Discrimination and Racism International Coalition of Cities Against Racism and Discrimination (ICCARD)"— Presentation transcript:
Social and Human Sciences Sector Struggle against Discrimination and Racism International Coalition of Cities Against Racism and Discrimination (ICCARD) European Coalition of Cities Against Racism (ECCAR) Indicators Index
Normative and operational basis for action World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance (Durban, South Africa, 2001) Integrated Strategy to Combat Racism & Discrimination (32C/13, 2003) Struggle against Discrimination and Racism
Main points of UNESCOs integrated strategy To deepen knowledge on the evolution of racism and discrimination inherited from the past; To develop research on new forms of discrimination; To develop reflection on the phenomenon of xenophobia; To reinforce institutional capacities in terms of advocacy, research, education and communication to combat racism and discrimination; To contribute to policy formulation and implementation to combat racism and discrimination at the local, national and regional levels; To collect, compare and disseminate good practices in this domain. Struggle against Discrimination and Racism
Priority fields and themes selected Development of scientific research and reflection on the phenomena of racism, discrimination and xenophobia; Development of new educational approaches, elaboration of teaching materials and establishment of indicators; Mobilisation of local and municipal authorities as well as their organisations in combating discrimination and exclusion; sensitization of opinion leaders and political decision-makers against racism and discrimination; Preservation of diversity in multi-ethnic and multicultural societies; combating racist propaganda in media especially in cyberspace. Struggle against Discrimination and Racism
Our Partners Traditional partners: Other UN Agencies (UN High-Commissioner for Human Rights, etc) Regional (for ex. EU-FRA, OAS, etc ) & International Intergovernmental Organizations Educational and Scientific Communities NGOs and civil society National Commissions for UNESCO New partnerships: City and Municipal Authorities Youth Organizations Opinion Leaders (Artists, Journalists, Teachers, Academics, Sports Personalities and Community, Religious and Political Leaders) Private sector and foundations Struggle against Discrimination and Racism
Priority Areas Racism, Xenophobia, Exclusion and Discrimination in Cities Children and Exclusion HIV/AIDS related Stigma and Discrimination Struggle against Discrimination and Racism
International Coalition of Cities Against Racism
International Coalition of Cities Against Racism (a) A network of municipalities interested in sharing experiences with the aim of developing and strengthening their policies to counter all forms of discrimination and to achieve a greater urban social inclusion. 5 key dimensions : 1) Prevention and positive action; 2) Monitoring and vigilance; 3) Empowerment; 4) Mediation; and 5) Punishment
International Coalition of Cities Against Racism (b) Ten-Point Plan of Action, made up of ten commitments covering the different elements of competence of local authorities, such as education, housing, employment or cultural and sporting activities. Organized by regions: Europe, Latin America/Caribbean, Africa, Asia/Pacific, Arab States, Canada/North America
International Coalition of Cities Against Racism (c) Each Plan of Action is different in content, but the following are common to all coalitions: Official commitment by signing « Declaration of Intent » and « Act of Accession & Commitment » Implementation of the Plan of Action, interactions with other member cities Reporting (Development of indicators as evaluation tool) Steering Committee, Independent Resource Centre and Scientific and Technical Secretariat (UNESCO)
International Coalition of Cities Against Racism (d) 6 Regional Coalitions Europe (Lead city Nuremberg), launched in December 2004 (over 120 cities so far) North America - Canada (including, Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, Vancouver) launched in March 2006 Asia and the Pacific (lead city Bangkok) launched in August 2006 (over 40 cities so far) Africa (Lead city Durban) in September 2006 (over 55 cities so far) Latin America & Caribbean (Lead city Montevideo) launched in October 2006 (over 200 cities so far, including Mercociudades) Arab States (Lead city Casablanca) launched in 2008 … International Coalition in 2008 bringing together all regional coalitions
Assessing Racism and Discrimination Monitoring Municipal Policies: ECCARs Human-Rights-Centred Model of Indicators What goals and purposes?GOALS AND PURPOSES: Providing a theoretical fundament of ECCAR Indicators to measure racism or (in)equality and to evaluate municipal anti-discrimination policies (framework concept) Discussing related legal and practical issues such as legality and reliability of available ethnic data (legal and practical preconditions) Operationalizing human rights fully consistent with human and minority rights law.
What is measured by the ECCAR-ADIX? ECCAR-ADIX operationalizes human rights law; measures (in)equality at local/municipal level (RIX); assesses the municipal anti-discrimination policy performance (IMPLIX) and its impact on the situation in the city (IMPACTIX); is modelled to be open to various data according to availability disaggregated by ethnic identity or racial categorization.
WHAT DOES THE INDICATORS MODEL LOOK LIKE? RIXImplIX ImpactIX Political /civic area Distinction Exclusion Restriction Preference 1. Policy concept 2. Policy goals formulated? accomplished? Situation changed? - Policy adequate? - Policy effective? Economic area idem Social area idem Cultural area idem
Main Challenges 1) Technical: Modelling and data gathering Diversity of member cities and comparability Concept of ethnicity 2) Resources: Financial, administrative and technical capacities 3) Political: Willingness and commitment
Do cities need such a model? Are they ready to use/implement it? ECCAR-ADIX-Survey Survey conducted among all member cities: 37 respondents from 13 countries, representing about 25 million inhabitants Experience: 95 % of the responding cities collect respective data, 71 % do also use ethnic categories 60 % develop standardised indicators from these data 46 % use these data in the field of general equality monitoring, 75 % to observe the labour market and 79 % to observe the housing market.
Do cities need such a model? Are they ready to use/implement it? Acceptance for ECCAR-ADIX: 78 % are interested in the ECCAR-ADIX model. 94 % state that measuring the human rights situation in the city is important. 75 % are convinced that the ECCAR-ADIX will be useful for them. 89 % explicitly want to measure racism, 86 % equality in a wider sense, while only 80 % want to assess the implementation of policies and 86 % are interested in the policy impact evaluation.
Do cities need such a model? Are they ready to use/implement it? Implementation, data, ethnic data collection: 60 % think the project is worth the effort, but difficult, 6 % deem the realisation of ADIX impossible. Scepticism on data availability (72 %, 20 % dont know) Devotion of necessary resources (almost 50 % state that they cannot tell). 65 % state that they can provide the necessary knowledge. Almost 30 % spend up to 250.000 Euro a year for the fight against racism, 9 % spend more than 1 million. 92 % state that a comparability of ADIX results among cities is important.
Major concerns in ECCAR cities? Main victims and perpetrators of discrimination Areas of discrimination: labour and the housing market, followed by education and the public space Victims of discrimination: People with black skin, Roma and Muslims Forms of discrimination: Civic discrimination and harassment (every-day racism), followed by institutional and structural discrimination Discriminators: Individuals, landlords, employers, police and administration
Added value of ECCAR-ADIX. > Different from other existing indicators/networks (Integrating Cities, Intercultural Cities, MIPEX, Equality Measuring Framework) ECCAR-ADIX: Operationalizes human rights law in respect to (substantive) equality at municipal level. It measures all three areas, namely the condition of equality in society, adequacy of policy and impact of policy. ADIX is applicable in all European cities independent of their size or location. Membership (in ECCAR) is not restricted, only a very low fee.
Struggle against Discrimination and Racism Thank you for your attention