Presentation on theme: "The European Strategic Safety Initiative the key partnership to enhance Commercial aviation, Helicopter and General Aviation safety in Europe John Vincent."— Presentation transcript:
1 The European Strategic Safety Initiative the key partnership to enhance Commercial aviation, Helicopter and General Aviation safety in EuropeJohn VincentHead of Safety Analysis & Research, EASAMichel MassonSafety Action Coordinator, EASAClement AudardSafety support Action Coordinator, EASAAug. 2008EASA, Cologne
2 ESSI European Strategic Safety Initiative (ESSI) 10 year programme ( ) aimed at improving aviation safety in Europe, and for the European citizen worldwidePartnership, with more than 150 organisationsPowered by industry and facilitated by EASA
3 ESSI in line with the ICAO Global Aviation Safety Roadmap ICAO GASRMFrame of reference for stakeholders, including States, regulators, airline operators, airports, aircraft manufacturers, pilot associations, safety organisations and air traffic service providersTo improve coordination and sharingTo minimise duplicationDownloadable for instance from the IATA website:The Global Aviation Safety Road Map has been developed in 2006 for ICAO by the Industry Safety Strategy Group (ISSG) under the leadership of IATA in cooperation with Airbus, Airports Council International (ACI), Boeing, Civil Air Navigation Services Organisation (CANSO), International Federation of Air Pilots’ Associations (IFALPA) and Flight Safety Foundation.The safety roadmap provides a reference framework for all stakeholders, including States, regulators, operators, airports, manufactures, professional organisations, safety organisations and air traffic service providers, to guide and coordinate safety policies and initiatives worldwide. This framework ensures oversight of the progress towards safety standards and maximises the use of resources by better coordinating safety strategies and avoiding duplication of efforts worldwide.The ESSI naturally fits into this safety roadmap, as it provides a mechanism for coordinating safety initiatives within Europe and between Europe and the rest of the world, seeking for global alignment and minimising duplication of efforts across stakeholders. Both fits well, in a timely manner, and have a similar 10 to 15 years temporal horizon
4 ESSI link to ICAO Global Aviation Safety Roadmap ICAO Focus area 5a:Design and build on existing regional mechanisms in order to foster consistency.ICAO Focus area 5b:Assign priority of action to regions in need on the basis of risk assessment.ICAO Focus area 7a:ICAO SMS standard published. Confirm need for formal (mandate) SMS across all sectors and disciplines of the industry.ICAO Focus area 10bCoordinate and share safety strategies, seeking to achieve alignment and minimize duplication.
5 ESSI One of the Major Safety Teams worldwide CASTPAASTCOSCAPCISESSICOSCAPGulf StatesCOSCAPNorth Asia South Asia Southeast AsiaCOSCAPBAG,CEMAC,UEMOAEASA has begun to build up the European Strategic Safety Initiative (ESSI) in 2005 during the JAA-EASA transition period.The ESSI foundation meeting took place on 27 April 2006 and the JSSI-ESSI handover was performed on 28 June 2006.COSCAP: Cooperative Development of Operational Safety and Continuing Airworthiness team under the ICAO Technical Co-Operation Programme.BAG: Banjul Accord GroupCAST: US Commercial Aviation Safety Team:PAAST: Pan American Aviation Safety TeamThe Middle East Aviation Safety Summit took place in Abu Dhabi on Jan 08. At the summit it was decided to establish a Middle East Safety Team, in line with recommendations of the Global Aviation Safety Roadmap. According to the UAE General Civil Aviation Authority, the issues to be addressed include the chronic shortage of aviation professionals and the rapid growth of aviation in the region.AfricaCOSCAP Bangul Accord Group COSCAP Communate Economique et Monétaire de l'Afrique Centrale (CEMAC) COSCAP Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA)Asia/PacificCooperative Development of Operational Safety and Continuing Airworthiness Program (COSCAP). Operating under ICAO, they include:COSCAP North Asia COSCAP South Asia COSCAP Southeast AsiaCentral/South AmericaPan American Aviation Safety Team (PAAST)Middle EastCOSCAP Gulf StatesRussiaCOSCAP Commonwealth of Independent StatesWe must make one final point. Cooperative safety partnerships built on the CAST model are now emerging and flourishing around the world. We are excited by the possibilities this brings towards worldwide safety improvement. We encourage everyone to strongly support these worthwhile initiatives.
6 EASA Member StatesEUISFINNOSEIceland and Norway participate to EASA’s activities since 1st June 2005, Switzerland since 1st December 2006.23 official langagesEELVDKLTIRRUBYRUUKNLPLBEUADELCZSKMDAFRCHHUROSICRBASBMCBGITPEMKTRALELDZMTCYMATN
7 ESSI Distribution of traffic 2000 - 2007 Distribution of all airline transport operations (scheduled traffic)Source: ICAO
8 ESSI Historical development of worldwide safety 1945 - 2007 Passenger fatalities per 100 million passenger miles, scheduled public transport operations, excluding acts of unlawful interferenceAnnual Safety Review 2007
9 ESSI Historical development of worldwide safety 1988 - 2007 Rate of accidents involving passenger fatalities per flights, scheduled operations, aeroplanes, excluding acts of unlawful interference
11 Represents high-level commitment Signatory organisations are: ESSI/ECAST PledgeRepresents high-level commitmentSignatory organisations are:Equal partners within the ESSIProvide, in partnership, reasonable resources to ensure that the ESSI be effective, andTake reasonable actions as a result of ESSI recommendations, guidance and solutions in the ESSI area(s) in which they participate
12 European Commercial Aviation Safety Team ECAST Focus on the ECAST.
13 ESSI/ECAST Pledges registered Airbus S.A.S.Aircraft Engineers International (AEI)Alenia Aeronautic S.pA.Boeing Commercial AirplanesCivil Aviation Authority UKDGAC FranceDutch Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water ManagementEmbraer - Empresa Brasileira de AeronáuticaEnte Nazionale Aviazione Civile ItalyEuropean Transport Safety CouncilEuropean Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)Federal Office of Civil Aviation SwitzerlandFokkerInternational Air Transport Association (IATA)International Federation of Airworthiness (IFA)National Aerospace Laboratory (NLR)Rolls-Royce plc More than 50 member and partner organisations in total
15 ECAST Introduction Regulators-industry partnership, sealed by a pledge Co chaired by IATA and EASACoordinates with:US Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST)COSCAP under the ICAO Technical Co-Operation ProgrammeEUROCONTROL European Safety Program (ESP)Flight Safety Foundation Runway Safety Initiative (RSI)Has defined and enacts a new safety improvement processUS CAST: Commercial Aviation Safety Team:COSCAP: Cooperative Development of Operational Safety and Continuing Airworthiness team under the ICAO Technical Co-Operation Programme.EUROCONTROL European Safety Program:The Runway Safety Initiative was launched by Flight Safety Foundation on Feb 2007 to reduce the risks of runway excursions, incursions and confusions worldwide.See for instance:
16 ECAST Monitors JSSI actions plans ECAST Monitors JSSI actions plans adapted from CASTCFIT, ALAR, LoCCurrent status: 23 APs; 20 Complete; 3 Underwayactions:Survey of Action Plans with NAAs: completedSurvey of Action Plans with airlines: completed
17 ECAST CAST “Remaining Risks” action plans Several Level 1 subjects:CargoIcingMaintenance/SystemsMid AirTurbulenceRunway incursionDecision to adopt and adapt these RR plans to Europe is being considered by the Analysis Team.
18 New ECAST Process – 3 Phases MUNIATPhase 1.Identify and Select Safety PrioritiesCORDINATPhase 2.Analyse Safety IssuesECAST Process:Phase 1: Identify and select safety prioritiesPhase 2: Analyse the safety issues selected in Phase 1 to determine interventions.Phase 3: Develop, implement and monitor actions plans aimed at reducing identified risks.Communication and Coordination are parallel processes of primary importance.Program reviews will be conducted every five years.Phase 3.Develop, Implement, and Monitor Actions PlansProgramme Reviews – 2012 and 2017
19 ECAST Phase 1 (2006-2007) Objective Aim Identify areas ECAST should further analyse (Phase 2) in view of initiating safety enhancement activities (Phase 3)AimIdentify top priority work areas for ECAST
20 ECAST Phase 1 (2006-2007) Methodology Identification of 18 Priority AreasList of priorities sent by the ECAST organisationsGrouped through an affinity exercisePrioritisation by each ECAST AT organisationFree use of internal and external data sourcesIn house expertiseConsolidation into a agreed list50 votes method
21 ECAST Prioritisation Criteria Safety ImportanceCoverageHigh level Costs benefits considerationsIn line with the Global Aviation Safety Road Map, to avoid duplication priority is modified when topics are already covered. In such case, coordination is recommended. The ECAST priorities list therefore is not a list of major safety issues in Europe.
22 ECAST Work Priorities for 2008 1. ECAST Ground Safety WGECAST WG on Ground Safety launched 2nd part of 20082. Runway SafetyThrough coordination with the Flight Safety Foundation Runway Safety Initiative (RSI)3.ECAST SMS / Safety Culture WGWG on Safety Management in cooperation with EASA Rulemaking1. Ground Safety2. Runway Safety3. SMS & Safety Culture4. Flight Crew Performance5. Loss of Control (General)6. Approach & Landing7. Aviation System Complexity8. Fire, Smoke and Fumes9. Air-Ground Communications10. Mid Air Collision11. CFIT12. Icing13. Bird Strike14. Loss of Control (Weight & Balance)15. Air Navigation16. Airworthiness (Maintenance & Design)17. Maintenance (HF)18. AutomationECAST work prioritisation criteria: Safety importance, coverage and high level CBA considerations.In line with the Global Aviation Safety Road Map, to avoid duplication priority is modified when topics are already covered.In such case, coordination is recommendedAt its meeting of 15 November 2007 the ECAST plenary endorsed the recommendation to establish the SMS/Safety Culture Working Group
23 ECAST SMS: Parallel development ICAO and EASA Rulemaking ICAO (Annexes 1, 6, 8, 11, 13 and 14) on SMS:State Safety ProgrammeSMS for organisationsEASA Essential Requirements (ERs) in Regulation (EC) No 216/2008Implementing Rules (IRs) and AMCs are being prepared by EASA RulemakingNPA and NPA consultation 3rd quarter 2008
24 ECAST SMS WG And the regulatory framework Basic Regulation216/2008EASA IRsManagement Systems (incl. Safety)Authority RequirementsAMCs MS for OrganisationsAMC1 MS.B.001(a)(2) SAFETY RISK MGTAMC1 MS.B.001(a)(4) SMS ORGANISATIONICAOAnnex 6 amdt 30+States Safety LetterSafety Management ManualOne IR on Management Systems (not only on SMS) and one on Authority Requirements, which will provide for legal grounds facilitating the drafting of a “Community Safety Program”.The ECAST SMS WG will develop support materials for the following AMCs:AMC 1 MS.B.001(a)(2) Safety Risk Management – Large and Small OrganisationsAMC 1 MS.B.001(a)(4) Management System – Safety Management System – Organisation and accountabilities - Large and Small OrganisationsMethod: list and review existing materials and initiatives, select what is considered of particular interest for industry, develop new materials only when missing (gap analysis).- Genuine ECAST work on Hazard Identification.- New approach to Risk Assessment and Mgt adapted from ARMS, the Airline Risk Management Working Group (ARMS) launched by Airbus in 2007.“The Mission of ARMS is to produce useful and cohesive Operational Risk Assessment methods for airlines and other aviation organisations and to clarify the related Risk Management processes.The produced methods need to match the needs of users across the aviation domain in terms of Integrity of results and simplicity of use; and thereby effectively support the important role that Risk Management has in Aviation Safety Management Systems.Deliverables will be methodology definitions – not necessarily software tools.The first results will be delivered before 1-Jan-09 after which the potential continuation of the work will be reviewed.The results of the Working Group will be available to the whole industry.”Composition: Emirates, easyJet, Privatair, Finnair, British Airways, TA, Netjets, Air Berlin, Dragonair, Germanwings, KLM, Tyrolean, plus aviation organisations like Air France Industries, NATS, NLR and SHELL Aviation and a few passive members like Lufthansa, Quantas and American Eagles.Deliverables: Practical methods for Risk Assessment; Process description for Risk Management; Risk Management in the organisational context of the airline and airline SMS. Targets ‘typical’ airline size; can be scaled down for small operators.ECAST SMS WG will provide (website based) practical Guidance mainly based on existing materials and initiatives
25 ECAST SMS WG Terms of Reference Review reference SMS/Safety Culture materials, and ongoing initiativesIdentify best practices and examples of organisation for safety mgtCompile / provide guidance materials on Safety Risk ManagementHazard identificationRisk assessment and analysisRisk mitigation and control
26 ECAST SMS WG Airline elected as ECAST SMS WG chair Deliverables Guidance materials: references and links on the 4 selected subjects posted on public websites such as SKYBRARY and EASATarget end date is 31 Dec 08Capt Dave PriorDirector of Safety and SecurityeasyJet Airline Company Limited
27 ECAST Associated team: FAST The Future Aviation Safety TeamCreated under the JSSIAssociated to ECASTGrowing interest from the US (CAST, FAA, NASA, Boeing)Prospective SafetyHas identified and maintains a repertoire of 200+ “Areas of Change”Has developed a method for prospective safety analysisMethod tested on two safety relevant subjects:Cockpit automationNew ATM operational concepts, with EurocontrolFAST has contributed to ECAST Phase 1, bringing into play a prospective perspectiveThe FAST method is documented in the “FAA-EUROCONTROL Toolbox”:
28 European Helicopter Safety Team EHEST European Helicopter Safety Team EHESTFocus on the ECAST.
30 EHEST The European Helicopter Safety Team EHEST is an industry/regulators partnership for enhancing rotorcraft safety in Europe based on voluntary commitmentFeatures representatives of OEMs, civil operators, regulators, helicopter interest groups, accident investigators, and military operators from across EuropeBrings together around 130 participants, of which 70 are involved in the Analysis TeamGovernance:Regulatory co-chair: John Vincent, EASAIndustry co-chairs: John Black, Bristow and EHOC, Jean-Pierre Dedieu, Eurocopter and EHA
31 EHEST within the ESSI and IHST EHEST is the second ESSI componentAnd also the European branch of the International Helicopter Safety Team (IHST)Committed to the IHST goal……with emphasis on European safety
32 EHEST Methodology adapted from CAST ReviewoccurrencesDevelop SafetyEnhancementsImplement SafetyEnhancementsThe methodology was adapted by IHST from CAST (http://www.cast-safety.org/).Founded in 1998, the Commercial Aviation Safety Team has developed an integrated, data-driven strategy to reduce the commercial aviation fatality risk in the United States and promote new government and industry safety initiatives throughout the world.
33 EHEST Methodology adapted from CAST ReviewoccurrencesRegional Analysis Teams have been establishedto review European accident dataDevelop SafetyEnhancementsImplement SafetyEnhancements
34 Participating countries ISFINParticipating countriesNOSLight blue = Participation in EHEST or EHSAT.So far the countries covered by the regional teams account for more than 90% of the helicopters registered in Europe.Disclaimer: geographical accuracy not guaranteed.EELVDKLTKZRUIRLBYRUUKNLPLBUALDCZSKMDAFCHHUROGESLAZCRAMBAMCSBBGIRITPEMKTRALELIQSYDZMTCYMATN
35 EHSAT Composition Regional EHSAT teams Central EHSAT: UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Nordic team (Norway, Sweeden, Denmark, Finland), CH, Hungary, Ireland)In addition Poland, Romania, Latvia and Slovenia participate in the EHESTCentral EHSAT:Regional teams representatives, plus EASAStandardisation, data integration and analysis, quality control, liaison with the US JHSAT
36 Why regional EHSAT teams? Maximises usage resources: working on local data, less travellingRelations between partners already establishedTeam is aware of local contextImplementations/action plans also haveto be implemented on regional levelLanguage used for accident investigation reports
37 EHSAT Diverse and balanced perspectives and competences Accident analysis is based on a sound method, featuring expert judgementRequires diverse and balanced set of competencesRegional EHSAT feature representatives from the NAA, the AIB, operators, OEM / TC holders, pilot association, GA, and optionally the militaryRegional teams present a large and balanced range of competences, bringing together representatives from the national aviation authority, accident investigation board, a civil operator, a helicopter OEM / TC holder, pilot association, the general aviation community and, optionally the military.
38 EHSAT Analysis Strategy Maintain international compatibilityReviewing accidents using a standard method adapted by IHST from CAST (US Commercial Aviation Safety Team)Results are aggregated at European and worldwide levelsRequirementsUser friendly methodStandardisation and quality controlExtensive Human Factors codingReducing by 80% the helicopter accident rate in the next 10 years implies addressing general aviation operations and human factors aspects. These subjects felt important at an early stage, are expected to be confirmed by data at a later stage.In the European team, human factors are coded using the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System HFACS, developed by Wiegmann and Shappell.
39 EHSAT Dataset Focus on: Documented Accidents (def. ICAO Annex 13)Date of occurrence starting from 2000 onwardsState of occurrence located in EuropeEurope is considered to be the 27 EU Member States plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (EU27+4).Note: EHSAT is not in competition with Accident Investigation Boards!
40 EHSAT Preliminary Results Developed an organisation adapted to EuropeCentral strategic team, EHESTRegional analysis teamsCentral analysis team, EHSATAdapted and tested an analysis tool, usable by other regional teams worldwideRegional teams started review of accidentsFirst standardisation meeting held in December 2007200+ accident analyses expected by June 08Examples of tool improvements:Taxonomy developments (SPS and IR)Tool user friendly – use of drop down menu’sHFACS added
41 EHSAT Work Programme Review and aggregation by the central EHSAT 20082009EHEST/Regional IHST Conference Planned for 13 Oct 08, HELITECH, Estoril, PortugalRegional Analysis Teams perform the analysesReview and aggregation by the central EHSATThe Implementation Team starts workingon safety action plans
42 European General Aviation Safety Team EGAST Focus on the EGAST.
44 EGAST General Aviation Fatal accidents From the EASA 2007 Safety ReviewG.A. light aircraft fatal accidents are the biggest slice in the cake !
45 EGAST Overview EGAST foundation meeting, EASA, 17 Oct 07 More than 160 invites, 65 participantsNeed to set up a European General Aviation Safety Team confirmedIn line with the new regulatory framework developed by EASA with the GA communityCooperation with GA JSC by FAAEmerging themesData collection and analysisSafety promotion and sharingNew regulatory framework being developed by the MDM.032 (Multi Domain Matter) Working GroupGA JSC = General Aviation Joint Safety Committee by the FAA
46 EGAST OverviewPartnership between EASA, other European intergovernmental bodies and regulators including NAA and the general community aiming at improving general aviation safetyCo-chaired by EASA, EBAA and ECOGAS & EAC60+ organisations; 20 Members in the Core Team
47 EGAST The 3 layers EGAST Level 1 = the Core Team EGAST Level 2 Runs the initiativeSets up the foundation documents and work programMay run working groups on specific subjectsAround 20 participantsEGAST Level 2Interest in participating in EGASTMay provide participants in the working groups run by the Core TeamAround 65 participantsEGAST Level 3 = GA CommunityWill benefit from the work of EGAST
48 EGAST ObjectiveStated by the Core Team on 1 April 2008: EGAST will promote and initiate for all sectors of General Aviation best practices and awareness in order to improve safety, thereby reducing the accident rates.Priorities will be set depending on sectors, safety benefits, and resources.
49 European Strategic Safety Initiative EASA ESSI - Contact persons:John VincentEASA Head Safety Analysis and Research, ESSI co-ChairTel:Michel MassonEASA Safety Action Coordinator, ESSI SecretaryTel:Clement AudardEASA Safety Team Support Officer,Tel:EASAOttoplatz 1 D KölnPO Box D Köln, GermanyTel:
50 ESSI Communication Website: www.easa.europa.eu/essi Two way link with CASTESSI, ECAST, EHEST and EGAST mailboxesICAO Information Paper and ECAST Process and Process Manual postedEASA Annual Safety Review 2007Section on ESSIArticle on ESSI in SKYBRARY by EUROCONTROLArticle on ESSI:EASS 08 abstract accepted on 5 Nov 07ESSI Advertisements and PublicationsRegional International by ERA, August 07 and Oct 2007ACI and AEA contacted
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