Presentation on theme: "Soil of Russia in Global Programs"— Presentation transcript:
1 Soil of Russia in Global Programs Vladimir Stolbovoy1Luca Montanarella1Freddy Nachtergaele21European Soil Bureau, EC Joint Research Center, Ispra;2United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.Conference: ““Scientific Session on Fundamental Soil Science” ” Moscow State University, 30 November-2 December, 2004
2 Outline Need for Russia to be seen globally. Soil of Russia in global projects:Global (revised FAO);Intercontinental (Circumpolar Soil database);European and Northern Eurasia (SOVEUR; ESDB).Land resources of Russia.What is next?
3 Shortcomings in global estimates IIASA on ground Land Cover (1X1 km)c.IIASA on ground NPPКг углерода м2 в год0.1 – 0.21< 0.1Source: CD-ROM “Land Resources of Russia”, 2002.0.21 – 0.280.28 – 0.40.61 – 0.870.4 – 0.61Source: CD-ROM “Land Resources of Russia”, 2002.IGBP space-derived Land Cover (1Х1km)Воды> 0.87Model-derived Global NPPCropland&pasturesForestsWetlandsGrasses and shrubsFoley et al., 1996b.Comparison of areasd.Comparison of areas2004006008001000Пашня и пастбищаЛесаБолотаТравы и кустарники106 гаIIASA CD-ROMIGBP0.10.20.30.40.50.6> .7IIASAGlobal
4 Mosaic of changes in temperature and precipitations (source: IPCC, 2001) Patterns of warmingPatterns of wettingChanges have great spatial diversity and do not following climate zones in Russia
5 Russia representation in global soil collections Global soil sampling (Batjes et al, 1996)New EU Soil Database (Stolbovoi et al., 2001)
6 Underestimate of carbon reserves in soils of Russia Soil carbon pool (based on Stolbovoi, 2002)
7 International Programs IUSSSInternational. Union of Soils Science SocietiesESBEuropean Soil BureauFAOUN Food & Agriculture OrganizationISRICInternat. Soil Reference Information CenterEURASIA Global Land&Environment Resource AnalysisCustomers: International Agencies and programsProduct: CD-ROMCircumpolar Soil DatabaseCollaboration: Canada, USA, Northern Europe, and RussiaApplications: Arctic Monitoring, Carbon mitigation strategy in permafrost zoneIIASAInternational. Inst. for Applied Systems AnalysisSoil Vulnerability in Central&Eastern EuropeCollaboration: FAO, Netherlands and Central&East European CountriesCustomers: FAO, UNEP, EEAEuropean Soil DatabaseCollaboration: ESB, Belorus, Moldova, Russia, and UkraineApplications: European Crop Growth Monitoring, Carbon sequestration potentials, Land&Environment analysis
8 Reproduction of national soil typological units (STU) in International systems 49% new39 % same FAO, 198812 % renamed* 1:2.5 M soil map **1:5 M soil map
9 World soils1995 FAO produces a CD ROM with a global vector map and derived soil properties with a 5’ x 5’ resolution as raster.1998 FAO-UNESCO re-issues the digital version with derived soil propertiesMore information on this product is available at
10 Eurasian soils More information on this product is available at
11 Central and Eastern European soils More information on this product is available at
22 What is next: EU-SOIL COMMUNICATION 2002 (COM(2002)179) “Towards a Thematic strategy for Soil Protection”Definition of:- 5 Soil FunctionsFood and other biomass productionStoring, filtering and transformationHabitat and gene poolPhysical and cultural environment for humankindSource of raw materials- 8 Main Threats to SoilErosionDecline in organic matterSoil contamination (local and diffuse)Soil sealingSoil compactionDecline in soil biodiversitySalinisationFloods and landslides
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