Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Soil of Russia in Global Programs Vladimir Stolbovoy 1 Luca Montanarella 1 Freddy Nachtergaele 2 1 European Soil Bureau, EC Joint Research Center, Ispra;

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Soil of Russia in Global Programs Vladimir Stolbovoy 1 Luca Montanarella 1 Freddy Nachtergaele 2 1 European Soil Bureau, EC Joint Research Center, Ispra;"— Presentation transcript:

1 Soil of Russia in Global Programs Vladimir Stolbovoy 1 Luca Montanarella 1 Freddy Nachtergaele 2 1 European Soil Bureau, EC Joint Research Center, Ispra; 2 United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome. Conference: Scientific Session on Fundamental Soil Science Moscow State University, 30 November-2 December, 2004

2 Outline Need for Russia to be seen globally. Soil of Russia in global projects: –Global (revised FAO); –Intercontinental (Circumpolar Soil database); –European and Northern Eurasia (SOVEUR; ESDB). Land resources of Russia. What is next?

3 IGBP space-derived Land Cover (1Х1km) Пашня и пастбищаЛесаБолотаТравы и кустарники 10 6 га IIASA CD-ROMIGBP Comparison of areas >.7 IIASAGlobal Comparison of areas IIASA on ground Land Cover (1X1 km) IIASA on ground NPP Model-derived Global NPP Foley et al., 1996 Source: CD-ROM Land Resources of Russia, Cropland&pastures Forests Wetlands Grasses and shrubs a. b. c. d. Кг углерода м 2 в год < – – – – – 0.87 > 0.87 Воды Shortcomings in global estimates

4 Patterns of warming Mosaic of changes in temperature and precipitations (source: IPCC, 2001) Patterns of wetting Changes have great spatial diversity and do not following climate zones in Russia

5 Russia representation in global soil collections Global soil sampling (Batjes et al, 1996) New EU Soil Database (Stolbovoi et al., 2001)

6 Underestimate of carbon reserves in soils of Russia Soil carbon pool (based on Stolbovoi, 2002)

7 IIASA International. Inst. for Applied Systems Analysis ESB European Soil Bureau FAO UN Food & Agriculture Organization IUSSS International. Union of Soils Science Societies ISRIC Internat. Soil Reference Information Center EURASIA Global Land&Environment Resource Analysis Customers: International Agencies and programs Product: CD-ROM Circumpolar Soil Database Collaboration: Canada, USA, Northern Europe, and Russia Applications: Arctic Monitoring, Carbon mitigation strategy in permafrost zone Soil Vulnerability in Central&Eastern Europe Collaboration: FAO, Netherlands and Central&East European Countries Customers: FAO, UNEP, EEA International Programs European Soil Database Collaboration: ESB, Belorus, Moldova, Russia, and Ukraine Applications: European Crop Growth Monitoring, Carbon sequestration potentials, Land&Environment analysis

8 Reproduction of national soil typological units (STU) in International systems 49% new 39 % same FAO, % renamed * 1:2.5 M soil map ** 1:5 M soil map

9 1995FAO produces a CD ROM with a global vector map and derived soil properties with a 5 x 5 resolution as raster. 1998FAO-UNESCO re-issues the digital version with derived soil properties More information on this product is available at World soils

10 Eurasian soils More information on this product is available at

11 Central and Eastern European soils More information on this product is available at

12 Circumpolar soils

13 Soils of Europe and Northern Asia More information on this product is available at

14 Soil Regions of Europe R. Hartwich - BGR

15

16

17 Source: Stolbovoi, In CD-Rom Land Resources of Russia, Laxenburg, Austria.

18

19

20 Correlation as a tool to transfer soil information Re-association Reclassification Conversion Reclassification WRB Database ST Database

21 What is next: Soil Atlas of Europe

22 What is next: EU-SOIL COMMUNICATION 2002 (COM(2002)179) Towards a Thematic strategy for Soil Protection Definition of: - 5 Soil Functions Food and other biomass production Storing, filtering and transformation Habitat and gene pool Physical and cultural environment for humankind Source of raw materials - 8 Main Threats to Soil Erosion Decline in organic matter Soil contamination (local and diffuse) Soil sealing Soil compaction Decline in soil biodiversity Salinisation Floods and landslides

23 Thank you


Download ppt "Soil of Russia in Global Programs Vladimir Stolbovoy 1 Luca Montanarella 1 Freddy Nachtergaele 2 1 European Soil Bureau, EC Joint Research Center, Ispra;"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google