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Published byMarshall Price Modified over 3 years ago

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Electric Current Electrical current is the flow of electrons. Unlike static electricity, charges are in motion. Two types of Current I. Direct current (DC) - flow of electrons in one direction. car battery, flashlight batteries, photovoltaic (solar) cell II. Alternating current (AC) - flow of electrons back and forth along a path. electric generator

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**Electric Current e' CURRENT (I) – flow of electrons along a conductor**

unit: ampere (amp) 1 ampere = 1 coulomb/1sec RESISTANCE ( R ) – opposition to the flow of electrons. Electrons do work and lose energy in the form of heat. unit: ohm (W) Jsec/coulomb2 VOLTAGE ( V ) Potential Difference - energy available to move electrons from objects of high potential to objects of low potential energy. measures amount of work electrons can do if they move between two points. unit: volt (V) 1 volt = 1Joule/1 coulomb High voltage greater potential to do work. Low voltage less potential to do work. e' High potential energy charged Low potential energy uncharged

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Electric Current OHM‘S LAW - current is dependent on voltage and resistance. It is directly proportional to voltage and inversely proportional to resistance. current = voltage resistance I = V R units: amps = volts ohms The greater the voltage, the greater the current The lower the voltage, the lower the current The lower the resistance, the greater the current The greater the resistance, the lower the current

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Electric Circuits Circuit – path, or loop, formed by a conductor that allows electrons to flow. SERIES CIRCUIT - circuit where current travels through only one loop PARALLEL CIRCUIT - circuit consisting of several smaller circuits connected together SERIES CIRCUIT - circuit where current travels through only one loop PARALLEL CIRCUIT - circuit consisting of several smaller circuits connected together SYMBOLS - Fuse - small piece of metal which melts when current is too high Circuit breaker - small piece of metal which bends when current is too high SERIES CIRCUIT - circuit where current travels through only one loop PARALLEL CIRCUIT - circuit consisting of several smaller circuits connected together SYMBOLS - Fuse - small piece of metal which melts when current is too high Circuit breaker - small piece of metal which bends when current is too high

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**Electric Circuits conductor switch (open) switch (closed) power source**

Circuit – path, or loop, formed by a conductor for electrons to flow. SYMBOLS - Fuse - metal in a circuit which melts when current is too high Circuit breaker - metal in a circuit which bends when current is too high conductor switch (open) switch (closed) power source (battery) light bulb resistor flow SERIES CIRCUIT - circuit where current travels through only one loop PARALLEL CIRCUIT - circuit consisting of several smaller circuits connected together SYMBOLS - Fuse - small piece of metal which melts when current is too high Circuit breaker - small piece of metal which bends when current is too high SERIES CIRCUIT - circuit where current travels through only one loop PARALLEL CIRCUIT - circuit consisting of several smaller circuits connected together SYMBOLS - Fuse - small piece of metal which melts when current is too high Circuit breaker - small piece of metal which bends when current is too high

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