Presentation on theme: "“Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation and the new Structural Funds Regulations 2013-20“ Regional Innovation Monitor Rencontre annuelle France."— Presentation transcript:
1“Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation and the new Structural Funds Regulations “ Regional Innovation Monitor Rencontre annuelle France – 15 November Mikel Landabaso DG Regio1
2ERDF Investment priorities 2014-20 (Art. 5) 1). Strengthening research, technological development and innovation:enhancing research and innovation infrastructure (R&I) and capacities to develop R&I excellence and promoting centres of competence, in particular those of European interest;promoting business R&I investment, technology transfer, social innovation, clusters and open innovation in SMEs through smart specialisation;supporting technological and applied research, pilot lines, early product validation actions, and advanced manufacturing capabilities in Key Enabling Technologies and diffusion of common rules purpose technologies;2). Enhancing accessibility to and use and quality of ICT:extending broadband deployment and the roll-out of high-speed networks ;developing ICT products and services, e-commerce and enhancing demand for ICT;strengthening ICT applications for e-government, e-learning, e-inclusion and e-health;3). Enhancing the competitiveness of SMEs:promoting entrepreneurship, in particular by facilitating the economic exploitation of new ideas and fostering the creation of new firms;developing new business models for SMEs in particular for internationalisation;In more developed and transition regions, at least 80% of ERDF resources at national level should be allocated to energy efficiency and renewables, innovation and SME support. This amount is foreseen at 50% in less developed regions.
3Thematic ex-ante conditionalities (1) Thematic objectivesEx ante conditionalityCriteria for fulfilment1. Strengthening research, technological development and innovation (R&D target)(referred to in Article 9(1) )1.1. Research and innovation: The existence of a national or regional research and innovation strategy for smart specialisation in line with the National Reform Program, to leverage private research and innovation expenditure, which complies with the features of well-performing national or regional research and innovation systems.A national or regional research and innovation strategy for smart specialisation is in place that:is based on a SWOT analysis to concentrate resources on a limited set of research and innovation priorities;outlines measures to stimulate private RTD investment;contains a monitoring and review system.A Member State has adopted a framework outlining available budgetary resources for research and innovation;A Member State has adopted a multi-annual plan for budgeting and prioritization of investments linked to EU priorities (European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures -ESFRI).
4ANNEX I of the Innovation Union Flagship Self assessment tool: Features of well performing national and regional research and innovation systemsPromoting research and innovation is considered as a key policy instrument to enhance competitiveness and job creation, address major societal challenges and improve quality of life and is communicated as such to the public.Design and implementation of research and innovation policies is steered at the highest political level and based on a multi-annual strategy. Policies and instruments are targeted at exploiting current or emerging national/regional strengths within an EU context ("smart specialisation")Innovation policy is pursued in a broad sense going beyond technological research and its applications.There is adequate and predictable public investment in research and innovation focused in particular on stimulating private investment.Excellence is a key criterion for research and education policyEducation and training systems provide the right mix of skillsPartnerships between higher education institutes, research centres and business, at regional, national and international level, are actively promotedFramework conditions promote business investment in R&D, entrepreneurship and innovationPublic support to research and innovation in businesses is simple, easy to access, and high qualityThe public sector itself is a driver of innovation
5Thematic ex-ante conditionalities (2) Thematic objectivesEx ante conditionalityCriteria for fulfilment2. Enhancing accessibility to and use and quality of information and communication technologies (Broadband target)(referred to in Article 9(2) )2.1. Digital growth: The existence within the national or regional innovation strategy for smart specialisation of an explicit chapter for digital growth to stimulate demand for affordable, good quality and interoperable ICT-enabled private and public services and increase uptake by citizens, including vulnerable groups, businesses and public administrations including cross border initiatives.A chapter for digital growth within the national or regional innovation strategy for smart specialisation is in place that contains:budgeting and prioritisation of actions through a SWOT analysis carried out in alignment with the Scoreboard of the Digital Agenda for Europe;an analyses of balancing support for demand and supply of information and communication technologies (ICT) should have been conducted;measurable targets for outcomes of interventions in the field of digital literacy, skills, e-inclusion, e-accessibility, and e-health which are aligned with existing relevant sectoral national or regional strategies.assessment of needs to reinforce ICT capacity-building.2.2. Next Generation Access (NGA) Infrastructure: The existence of national NGA Plans which take account of regional actions in order to reach the EU high-speed Internet access targets, focusing on areas where the market fails to provide an open infrastructure at an affordable cost and to an adequate quality in line with the EU competition and state aid rules, and provide accessible services to vulnerable groups.A national NGA Plan is in place that contains:a plan of infrastructure investments through demand aggregation and a mapping of infrastructure and services, regularly updated;sustainable investment models that enhance competition and provide access to open, affordable, quality and future proof infrastructure and services;measures to stimulate private investment.
6Thematic ex-ante conditionalities (3) Thematic objectivesEx ante conditionalityCriteria for fulfilment3. Enhancing the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)(referred to in Article 9(3))3.1. Specific actions have been carried out for the effective implementation of the Small Business Act (SBA) and its Review of 23 February 2011 including the "Think Small First" principle.The specific actions include:a monitoring mechanism to ensure the implementation of the SBA including a body in charge of coordinating SME issues across different administrative levels (“SME Envoy”);measures to reduce the time to set-up business to 3 working days and the cost to €100;measures to reduce the time needed to get licenses and permits to take up and perform the specific activity of an enterprise to 3 months;a mechanism for systematic assessment of the impact of legislation on SMEs using an "SME test" while taking into account differences in the size of enterprises, where relevant.3.2. Transposition into national law of Directive (2011/7/EU) of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 on combating late payment in commercial transactions.Transposition of that Directive in accordance with Article 12 of the Directive (by 16 March 2013).
7Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation – RIS³ An economic transformation agenda based on 4Cs:(Tough) Choices: select few priorities on the basis of international specialisation and integration on international value chains – avoid duplication and fragmentation in ERACompetitive (Constructed) Advantage: mobilize talent by matching RTD + i and business needs & capacities – entrepreneurial discovery processCritical Mass/Clusters: develop world class excellence clusters and provide arenas for related variety/cross-sectorial links which drive specialised technological diversificationCollaborative Leadership: efficient innovation systems as a collective endeavour based on public-private partnership (quadruple helix) – experimental platform – give voice to un-usual suspects
8Policy Delivery Instruments InternationalisationPolicy Delivery InstrumentsEntrepreneurship and incubationConnecting UniversitiesClustersSocial InnovationGreen PPCO2 neutral OPsCultural and creative industriesGreen GrowthDigital agendaFinancial engineeringResearch infrastructuresSkillsKey Enabling TechnologiesSMEs SupportInnovation PPMethodological supportPolicyRationaleSmart Specialisation GUIDEInnovation Union self-assessment toolRegional Innovation MonitorOECD 2011 “Regions and Innovation Policy”IRE-RIS GuideDirectory “No-Nonsense” to build S3Diagnostic Systèmes d’Innovation (Praguer)CP Regulations(COM) “The contribution of Regional Policy to smart Growth”(COM) “The contribution of Regional Policy to sustainable Growth”Innovation Union FlagshipEconomicRationalePolicy ExperimentationRIS-RITTs“Knowledge for Growth”FWP EvaluationEndogenous GrowthCompetitive Advantage – M-PorterIndustrial districtsInnovation Systems“Innovative milieux”8Evolutionary EconomicsEconomic Geography
9What is Smart Specialisation ? ‘Knowledge for Growth’ expert group (DG RTD) launched concept in the framework of ERA;Problem: fragmentation/imitation/duplication of public R&D investments;Stresses role for all regions in the knowledge economy, if they can identify comparative advantages in specific R &I domains/clusters (not just winning sectors);Challenges: Smart specialisation has to embrace the concept of open innovation, not only investment in (basic) research or manufacturing sector alone.“Most advanced regions invest in the invention of general purpose technologies, others invest in the co-invention of applications of the generic technology in one or several important domains of the regional economy”Dominique Foray 2010
10What is Smart Specialisation ? = evidence-based: all assets= no top-down decision, but dynamic/entrepreneurial discovery process inv. key stakeholders= global perspective on potential competitive advantage & potential for cooperation= source-in knowledge, & technologies etc. rather than re-inventing the wheel= priority setting in times of scarce resources= getting better / excel with something specific= focus investments on regional comparative advantage= accumulation of critical mass= not necessarily focus on a single sector, but cross-fertilisationsSmart =- evidence-based: SWOT analysis & foresight, taking all assets of a region into account, in particular industrial structures, science, technology and training capacities, skills, environment, market access, but also "difficult assets" (aging population, remote position, rough climate …),- no top-down decision, but: discovery process with stakeholders to identify potential, actors, cross-fertilisation potential, etc. - possibly using creative problem solving / brainstorming tools (= "help them discover what they know themselves") and developing the smart specialisation concept- look beyond borders: global perspective to be able to assess potential of competitive advantage compared to other specialised regions & potential for cooperation- source in knowledge, technologies etc. rather than re-inventing the wheel.Specialisation =- priority setting (not "coffee for all")- getting better (than others) with something concrete, rather than doing a little bit of everything, but without becoming a master in it- accumulation of critical mass (be it internal to the region or via external insourcing & cooperation)- not necessarily focus on a single industrial / service sector (or individual company), but cross-sectoralCanary island example on how to go about this by specializing through the adaptation of a generic technology – ICT in the tourism sector: a recently internationally awarded ERDF island project in the Balearics which is a new on-line booking system called Avanthotel.Avanthotel is an enterprising public-private partnership supported by the ERDF, within the framework of the Balearic Islands first innovation strategy promoted by the EU Commission, enabled local businesses, mainly small hotels, to align on customer demand, embrace ICTs and reconnect with a new generation of holidaymakers. In 2007 it involved over 450 companies with a total turnover of over 6m € and annual growth rates above 100%.“…The elements of economic productivity – strong infrastructure, a skilled workforce, and interrelated networks of firms – come together with smart economic strategy on the regional level to drive prosperity”.(Guidance on developing place-based policies for the USA FY 2012 Budget)
11Lessons from regional innovation strategies 1993-2000 “Inward looking” (parochial) without taking into account the global economy and the ERA;Driven by external consultants: appropriation problem for regional players;Excessive focus on "technological" supply and R&D emphasis;A lack of understanding of the regional innovation system as an interaction of interdependent players, policies and institutions;"Study-oriented" approach vs. "applied-oriented" approach: credibility for businessmen.National/Regional governments might feel threatened by:* a transparent and inclusive bottom-up process* analysis showing regional R&TD+i supply does not correspond to business demand;* new ideas, which cut across traditional power boundaries between Ministries;* project ideas which are not already in the "drawer" of a given Ministry
12as a collective social endeavour Governance of RIS3as a collective social endeavourSet up a dedicated Steering Group/Knowledge Leadership Group, a Management Team and Working groups…and flagship projectsProcess needs to be interactive, regionally driven and consensus-basedCollaborative leadership: know what, know who and know how.New demand-side perspectives given prominence: not just usual public suspects but businesses in the driving seatEmbrace social as well as ecological innovationInvolve boundary spanners brokering new connections across sectors, disciplines and institutions in order to explore « related-variety »Link national, regional and EU funds: involve stakeholders operating both outside and in the region
13Horizontal issues and policy instruments Green Growth: only sustainable is smart – Eco-innovation & Energy efficiencyDigital agenda: enabling knowledge flows throughout the territory –connected regionsClusters for regional growth: business ecologies that drive innovationInnovation-friendly business environments for SMEs: good jobs in internationally competitive firmsSocial Innovation: new organisational forms to tackle societal challengesStronger focus on financial engineering: not only grantsLifelong Learning in research and innovation: support knowledge triangle (KICs) and university-enterprise cooperationKey Enabling Technologies: systemic potential to induce structural changeResearch infrastructure/centres of competence: support to ESFRI and EU wide diffusion of leading edge R&D resultsCreativity and cultural industries: innovation beyond technology and outside manufacturingPublic Procurement for market pull: pre-competitive PP to open new innovation friendly market niches
14Mirror Group of International experts: RIS3 PlatformThe platform is established at the Joint Research Centre (IPTS) in Seville and covers a three-year period.It will act as a facilitator in bringing together the relevant policy support activities in research, regional, enterprise, innovation, information society, education and sustainable policies.Will inform and communicate on related funding opportunities under the relevant EU funding programmes.It will include the facilities to provide direct feed-back and information to regions, Member States and its intermediate bodies.Provides methodological support, expert advice, training, information on good practice, etc.Do you want to join in/peer review your Strategy – starting 2012?Mirror Group of International experts: