Presentation on theme: "Maritime Eionet workshop"— Presentation transcript:
1 Maritime Eionet workshop 26 October 2010Present yourself!
2 New EU policy context: Ecosystem based management Coastal areaEU Integrated Maritime Policy, incl. CFPThematic Strategy for the Protectionand Conservation of theMarine EnvironmentWater Framework DirectiveMarine Protected Areas(e.g. Natura2000)Now (beyond the WFD – pioneer!) there is stronger promotion of the ecosystem-based approach to the management of human activities in the EU’s marine environment:Marine Strategy Framework Directive (entry into force June 2008)Integrated Maritime Policy driving also the Common Fisheries Policy and all other sectoral actions (endorsement of ‘Blue book’ by European Council 14 December 2007), the MSFD is its ‘environmental pillar’Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) sets 'boundary conditions' (sustainability) for maritime activities – including fisheries - in Europe, which will need to work towards achieving 'good environmental status' (GES) in marine waters by GES = the ultimate aim of the Directive).The MSFD also:Places the Habitats and Birds directives into a GES context => Clearly indicates that marine protected areas (MPAs) within Natura2000 are a TOOL to achieve GESReinforces marine biodiversity international commitments/agreements, such as the CBDs’ halting of biodiversity loss’ (2010) and MPA network establishment (2012)
3 Assessments moving slowly from DPSIR framework to ecosystem services Better expression of impacts on human health and socio-economicsEEA will publish a 2012 European Ecosystem Assessment (EURECA): Marine component under considerationMain EEA marine assessment improvements sinceIssues addressed Not enough to provide a pan-European picture in terms of DPSIR and outlook => Now more!Data coverage Not always pan-European depending on the issue (i.e. no equal representation of the 4 regional seas) => Now aiming at that and expanding!Integration Poor link to land-based inputs and no overall picture of the situation (i.e. all the issues together) => Now aiming at thatPolicy relevance and effectiveness Do not reflect that the ecosystem-based approach (WFD, MSFD, IMP) is now part => Now doing that!
4 Working towards producing an integrated marine/maritime assessment around 2013 - 2015 Integrated assessment means to assess the full D-P-S-I-R framework in the context of the marine and coastal environment.Maritime economy as a driver of human activitiesThe environmental consequences of these activitiesPotential of policy responses – are they enough? What more is needed on the European level?Start to develop both concept and content in collaboration with ETC/W + ETC/LusiDevelop a list of priorities of topics to coverScale of assessment – e.g. to which extent will it be possible to develop a pan-European assessment?Can we collect enough data to implement an assessment tool?Highlight the support of the international community to achieve these goals
5 The purpose…Achieve Good Environmental Status within the marine ecosystems, while promoting long-term sustainable use of marine resourcesEcological components and human activities only have one thing in common - They all influence place and/or exist somewhereThe basic challenges for MSP to support ecosystem-based management:Describe the ecosystem in a spatial contextDescribe human activities in a spatial contextLink ecosystem components with human activities -> set targetsImplement Programme of Measures, (incl. spatial plan) based on an ecological understanding, to achieve GESKeep within the framework and “guidance” of EU Maritime Policy
6 Cumulative activities – difficult to maintain overview Power plantShipping intensityWaterborne PHeavy metal depositionHarbourPelagic trawlingOperating wind farmSource and Impact valueAreas with specific sea use at the Belgian coast (source: DG MARE and HELCOM)
7 Relevant examples from MESH and BALANCE projects Seabed map showing EUNIS habitat typesBenthic marine landscapes – What are the dominant landscape types of seas?Source: searchmesh.netSource: BALANCE Interim Report No. 10
8 Pressure index – illustrating cumulative pressures Courtesy HELCOM HOLAS
9 Impact index – combining pressures with ecological values Three main elements:Data on pressuresExpert judgment of effect upon ecosystem componentPresence of ecosystem component in assessed area e.g. broad scale habitat mapHOLAS anvender 3 elementer:Data om presfaktorerVægtning af virkning på økosystem komponentTilstedeværelse af økosystem komponenet i vurderingslokalitetPå kortet viser en samlet fremstilling af presfaktorernes samlede virkning på de forskellige dele af Østersøen.Øger vores forståelse af påvirkningerne på det marine økosystem og dets komponenterViser hvor der er flere aktiviteter der påvirker sammen natur - synliggører kumulative effekter (problemområder)Kan bidrage til at finde de mest omkostningseffektive løsninger ift. indsatsprogrammet (se næste slide)Kan anvendes på alle geografiske niveauer (Marin region, sub-region, sub-division, lokal)Kartografisk præsentation med stor kommunikativ værdiFår harmoniseret med vore naboerPå sigt, understøtter fysisk planlægningCourtesy HELCOM HOLAS
10 B. S. Halpern et al., Science 319, 948 -952 (2008) Fig. 1. Global map (A) of cumulative human impact across 20 ocean ecosystem typesB. S. Halpern et al., Science 319, (2008)Published by AAAS
11 Marine Core Service data Reference layers (maps) BIG HELP: Integrated Maritime Policy – has identified Marine Observations as a need!Policy relevant dataCountry dataMarine Core Service dataResearch dataReference layers (maps)EuropeanMarine Observation Data NETworkWise-MarineIn the maritime Policy Blue Book published in 2007, the EC promised to take step towards developing a European Marine Observation Data Network in order to provide access to high quality marine data.Ongoing Integrated Maritime Policy preparatory actions ( )Network of existing and developing European observation systems, linked by a data management structure covering all European coastal waters, shelf seas and surrounding ocean basins, accessible to everyoneMain tasks:Integrate and expand the combined in situ and remote sensing of open ocean, shelf seas and coastal observation systemsHarmonise different methodologies and strategies for data management under common protocols, data formats and quality controlEnsure consistent distribution of data for user applications including regional data interpretation, environmental assessments and modellingMaps of broad-scale European sea-bed habitatsEMODNET will be the data core of WISE-MarineMSFD
12 EMODNET & Sea bottom mapping Developing WISE-Marine (marine component of the Water Information System for Europe)EEAinformation servicesNationalDataCentresResearch projectsSub-nationalDataCentresInternet(Inspire)UserWISE-Marine has been under development since 2007 (preparatory work lead by the EEA and DG ENV).Now its further development is part of the MSFD European implementation Strategy. overPartnership of a wide range of data providers at different level, keeping data as close as possible to its source, to ensure quality and maintenance, e.g. FP projectsLinks to data sources include the Integrated Maritime Policy’s EMODNET (main raw data provider) and the Sea bottom mapping projectWISE-Marine should allow access to the data and information but it mainly aims at providing an ‘interpretation’ of this information: e.g. Indicators and AssessmentsMSFD & WFD dataGMESInternationalConventionsData fromotherDirectivesEMODNET & Sea bottom mappingGeo-ref.
13 Distributing information & knowledge DATAASSESSMENTSINFORMATIONSERVICESENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORSThe 3 aspects (called ‘tools’ for EEA work on the previous slide):IndicatorsAssessments (both methods and outputs)Information systemsare highlighted here as there are ‘entry points’ for addressing deep-sea issues in all of them that could be strengthened (with help from HERMES). This will be illustrated in detail as we go alongDecision-makers / The public / NGO’s / Researchers
14 In conclusion...Describing the maritime sector and our need to quantify pressures on the marine environment.Information system development /Atlases/coastal indicators and the role of spatial analysis and data integrationMaritime spatial planning and ICZMRole of economic activities in coastal communitiesMaritime surveillanceClimate change adaptation on the coast.
15 Assessments in a global context EEA is contributor to The 'Assessment of Assessments' established by decision of the UN.Recommends a regular global process for assessing the state of the marine environment based on fundamental agreed principles – expected formaly endorsed by the general assemply on 15/First cycle plannedIt is an international initiative to improve our understanding of the oceans and to develop a global mechanism for delivering science-based information to decision makers and public. An example of a process established largely by members of the scientific community who have engaged in a global process. It has not yet been decided how the EU will contribute to this process, but probably using the same assessment cycle as devised in the MSFD.
16 Principles to guide the Regular UN Process: Viewing the oceans as part of the whole Earth system;Regular evaluation of assessment products and the process itself to support adaptive management;Use of sound science and the promotion of scientific excellence;Regular and proactive analysis to ensure that emerging issues, significant changes and gaps in knowledge are detected at an early stage;Continuous improvement in scientific and assessment capacity;Effective links with policy-makers and other users;Inclusiveness with respect to communication and engagement with all stakeholders through appropriate means for their participationTransparency and accountability for the process and its products.”For these principles to be implemented the following needs to be considered:Participation – roles and responsibilities: Within theagreed institutional arrangements, the respective roles andresponsibilities of governments, experts, the secretariat andother stakeholders should be clearly articulated in order toavoid misunderstandings, promote transparency and ensure theintegrity and infl uence of the Regular Process;b. Assessment procedures: The scientific credibility of anassessment can be signifi cantly affected by the approachtaken on a number of procedural questions such as qualityassurance, nomination and selection of experts, peer reviewand the treatment of uncertainty and lack of consensus amongexperts.c. Capacity building and networking: The initial stage of theRegular Process must include effective steps to identify theareas in which capacities need to be developed.d. Post-assessment evaluation: Since one of the foundingprinciples of an effective assessment process is that it shouldbe iterative and adaptive, it is vital to agree on proceduresto evaluate both assessment products and the Regular Processitself. This should include experts, policy-makers and otherusers (e.g., private sector), including both those involved in theassessment and those who have not been involved in any way.The principles are also supported by a set of key design features that include:The objectives and scope of individual assessments;An effective relationship between science and policy;Modalities for stakeholder participation;Nomination and selection of experts;Data and information: sourcing, quality assurance and the availability and accessibility of underlying data and information;Treatment of lack of consensus among experts;Treatment of uncertainty;Peer review;Effective communication;Capacity building and networking;Post-assessment evaluation.Full report available at:
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