4 Water Framework Directive Article 4 - Environmental Objectives To prevent deterioration of status of all surface water bodiesTo achieve good surface water status (15 years)For artificial and heavily modified waters (15 years)Good ecological potentialGood chemical status
5 Water Framework Directive Article 4 - Environmental Objectives Reduce pollution from priority substances and cease or phase out emissions, discharges and losses of priority hazardous substancesArticle Priority hazardous substances - appropriate timetable for cessation not exceeding 20 years after adoption of proposals by EP and Council
6 Water Framework Directive Surface water status Quality elements for the classification of ecological status (Rivers, Lakes, Transitional waters, Coastal waters, Artificial and heavily modified surface water bodiesNormative definitions for high, good and moderate ecological status classifications in all water typesDefinitions for maximum, good and moderate ecological potential for heavily modified or artificial water bodies
7 Biological Quality Elements for the classification of ecological status 1 = composition and abundance 2 = composition, abundance and biomass3 = composition, abundance and age structure
8 Chemical and physicochemical elements supporting the biological elements Specific pollutants: Pollution by all priority substances identified as being discharged into the body of waterPollution by other substances identified as being discharged into the body of water
9 Hydromorphological elements supporting the biological elements
11 Information required by Article 5 (Characterisation of River Basin District) typology of water bodiestype-specific reference conditionssignificant point and diffuse sourcessignificant water abstraction, total annual demand, and loss in distribution systemssignificant water flow regulationsignificant morphological alterationsother significant anthropogenic impactsestimation of land use patternsassessment of likelihood of failure to meet the environmental quality objectives
12 Role of the EEA and EUROWATERNET Water Framework DirectiveIdentification of reference conditions for the surface water body typesEEAEUROWATERNET selection criteria and network could help with this process
13 Role of the EEA and EUROWATERNET Water Framework Direct.significant pressures and impact of human activityEEA/EUROWATERNETWorkbook/guidelines including relationship with IPPC Directive(Workbook/guidelines including HARP and other initiatives)Proxy indicators based on Corine Land coverEurowaternet-Quantity criteria and harmonised definitions with Eurostat
15 Monitoring required by the Water Framework Directive Surface water monitoring network should:provide a coherent and comprehensive overview of ecological and chemical status, and ecological potential within each river basin andallow classification of water bodiesbe shown on maps in River Basin Management Plan.Have an acceptable level of precision and confidenceBe operational within 6 years
16 Surveillance monitoring “Surveillance monitoring shall be carried out of sufficient surface water bodies to provide an assessment of the overall surface water status within each catchment or sub catchments within the River Basin District.
17 Water Framework Directive - definitions Surface water:means inland waters except groundwater; transitional waters and coastal waters, except in respect of chemical status for which it shall also include territorial waters (~22 km).
18 Water Framework Directive -operational monitoring status of bodies at risk of failing EOs, andchanges in status from programmes of measures.sufficient monitoring points inbodies at risk from significant point and diffuse source pressures,representative of relative risks of occurrence and of failure to achieve good status
19 EUROWATERNET aims to provide information Representative of:Europe - all regionscountrywater types within each countrypressures placed on the water environmentpolicies in place - effectivenesschanges with timeemerging/unforeseen issues
20 Comparison of EUROWATERNET and Water Framework Directive Basic networkFully representative networkImpact networkWater Framework DirectiveSurveillance monitoringOperational monitoringInvestigative monitoring
22 Reporting to the Commission River Basin Management Plans (RBMP) and all subsequent updatesSummary reportsthe analyses required under Article 5monitoring programmes designed under Article 8Interim reportsprogress with the implementation of measures
23 Commission Reports - Article 17 (1,2) Review ofprogress in the implementation of the Directive;status of surface water and groundwater in the Community undertaken in co-ordination with EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENT AGENCY;Survey of River Basin Management PlansSummary of any proposals, control measures and strategies developed under Article 16
24 Format of information available for Commission reports? Most detailed information will be in RBMP - in national languages and potentially in different formatsNo detailed guidance as yet on how this information is to be delivered to CommissionMuch information as mapsformat?numerical data?
25 Information and data arising from WFD DIFFICULTY Format of information:paper reportsmapslanguageLong time-lag in reporting2004: First report - summary report2009: First RBMPsEEA required to report much sooner
26 Information and data arising from WFD OPPORTUNITY Develop EUROWATERNETfor the EEA andas framework system for MSs reporting under WFDSuitable electronic format is ESSENTIALRemoval of duplication of effortImproved data qualityStreamlining reporting process at European level
27 Role of the EEA and EUROWATERNET MAPPINGMaps of marine areas being produced by ETC/WTREuropean river network and river catchments (the 1000 largest) maps.JRC projectElectronic format with a common codification and naming of catchments and riversPan European maps will be produced.
28 Role of the EEA and EUROWATERNET - Commission Reports Representative information onwater types,water body size,state (quality and quantity) andpressuresin each River Basin and at a European level using EUROWATERNETInformation on reference stations and unimpacted water bodies
29 Role of the EEA and EUROWATERNET - Commission Reports Information on riverine loads and direct discharges to coastal watersElectronic exchange of information and aggregated data using proforma and exchange modulesData and information stored in WaterbaseData visualisation using Web applications
30 Role of the EEA and EUROWATERNET - Groundwater body characterisation General descriptionMeteorological characterisationHydrogeologyHuman impactsExcel or Internet-Online QuestionnaireMapLocation and boundaries
32 Role of the EEA and EUROWATERNET Significant gaps in terms of the time when the information and data required under the WFD would become available for use by the EEA.Thus the EEA will need to proceed with the full implementation of EUROWATERNET to bridge this gap in policy relevant information it requires to meet its obligations.
34 Streamlining the reporting process Rationalising the need for information What type of information is required toassess effectiveness of policiesidentify gaps in policiesidentify the need for new policiesdetect unforeseen changes or problemsRelatively few questions in current reporting requirements on “effectiveness” of Directives
35 Basic considerationsCountries keen to maximise use of their monitoring informationPrevent unnecessary duplication in terms of reporting to international organisationsInformation must be used to good effect and mutual benefitToo many ‘data-graveyards’.Thus EUROWATERNET is firmly based on national programmes
36 Streamlining reporting and information flow Streamlining reporting does not necessarily mean a reduction or increase in monitoring - optimisation, use of modelsMonitoring maybe more targetedBut there are large gaps in current national monitoring networks to meet current and future information needs - Commission, Water Framework Directive and EEATargeted cost-effective monitoring and information needed - “bridging the gap”
37 How EUROWATERNET can deliver EC/EEA needs Definition of what is required and how it can be obtained - policy relevant indicators to “bridge the gap”Provision of relevant informationImprove reporting processImprove information dissemination
38 Streamlining reporting at a European level EUROWATERNET used for reporting to the Commissionfacilitation of information transfer, as monitoring and assessment systems are developed for the WFDstreamlining initiatives started with OSPAR Commission - RID and WATERBASEWATERBASE to store and disseminate the extensive data collected for the COMMPS procedure
39 Use of EUROWATERNET for reporting on water at a European level EEA and DG(Environment) to produce a joint paper on how EUROWATERNET can be developed and extended to be the mechanism for reporting to Commission and EEANitrate, UWWT and Framework DirectivesExtend to Marine Conventions?Joint paper should be ready in November 2001
40 Future developments of EUROWATERNET and Water Framework Directive
41 Future priorities for action arising out of the Silkeborg workshop support focus of new ETC on all water issues, on EWN and indicators, and WFD as the key policy framework for assessmentsupport co-operation between EEA/ETC and WFD Article 21 Committee in the development of reporting needs and processask EEA/ETC to develop EWN/W’base and indicators (including biological) to incorporate transitional, coastal waters and marine waters consistent with WFD needsAsk EEA/ETC and DGEnv to prioritise development of definitions and measurement methods for ecology/hydromorphology and other areas of uncertainty for EWN/WFD
42 Common Strategy on the Implementation of the WFD Strategic Co-ordination GroupExpert Advisory Forum (EAF) on priority substancesEAF on groundwaterEAF on reporting
43 Common Strategy on the Implementation of the WFD
44 Common Strategy on the Implementation of the WFD
45 Working group on monitoring Starting point is the common understanding of the Directive’s monitoring requirementsFor example, size of water body coveredMonitoring frequencyInventories of existing national monitoring programmes - updating of earlier ETC workDetailed guidance for monitoring each type of water
46 Concluding commentsCurrent national monitoring and assessment systems do not allow the formulation of indicators of Ecological and Chemical Status in terms of the DirectiveThese will be developed over time with the progressive implementation of the Directive by MSsIntercalibration required between national systemsETC/EEA indicators will accordingly be developed and refined over time
47 Concluding commentsEssential that the progressive and continued development/implementation of EUROWATERNET should go hand-in-hand with implementation of relevant aspects of WFDThis will support initiatives to streamline and optimise the reporting burden at a European levelA fully implemented EUROWATERNET will ‘bridge the gap’ in assessing effectiveness of EU legislation