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EUROPEAN CIVIL PROTECTION General Introduction DG ECHO C3 Civil Protection – Disaster Response Unit The Community Civil Protection Mechanism.

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Presentation on theme: "EUROPEAN CIVIL PROTECTION General Introduction DG ECHO C3 Civil Protection – Disaster Response Unit The Community Civil Protection Mechanism."— Presentation transcript:

1 EUROPEAN CIVIL PROTECTION General Introduction DG ECHO C3 Civil Protection – Disaster Response Unit The Community Civil Protection Mechanism

2 Facilitates and supports the provision of European civil protection assistance in the event of a major disaster Both natural and manmade disasters European Commission + 31 participating states (EU, EEA, Croatia) Establishes the Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC) Community Civil Protection Mechanism

3 Monitoring and Information Centre Response – The MIC A one-stop shop for civil protection assistance Technical support Supports coordinatio n Information role e.g. despatching expert EU teams matching requests for aid to offers from participating states assists in providing transport options for assistance e.g. satellite images and access to other community resources e.g. analysing and distributing reliable info to participating states during disasters

4 GDACS - Global Disaster Alert And Coordination System Monitoring tools Flood alerts Flood forecasting Fire forecasting Weather monitoring

5 Information MIC messages MIC Portal MIC Daily MIC Flash CECIS

6 Coordination of MS offers of assistance and their acceptance through CECIS Deployment of coordination and assessment teams Coordination through regular videoconferences with Member States during emergencies (e.g. forest fires) Facilitation of transport (pooling, grants, broker) Coordination with other players (e.g. UN) Coordination

7 Response – European added value One contact point Needs Based Avoid duplicatio n On-site & HQ co- ordination Maximise efficiency of European civil protection interventions

8 Resources of one or more participating states Can be dispatched at very short notice ̶approx. 12 hours of a request for assistance Work self-sufficiently and autonomously Interoperable with other modules Able to provide assistance to other international organisations, especially the UN Examples of modules: Advanced Medical Post; high capacity pumping Civil Protection Modules

9 Facilitating Transport of MS Assistance 2007: –IT (Albania forest fires) : 2 fire fighting aircrafts 2008: –FR (Georgia) : fire protection equipment + part of SK and AT assistance –SE (India) : MEDEVAC aircraft 2009: –AT (Moldova) : heating units, generators, blankets –AT (Tajikistan) : tents –SK (Tajikistan) : tents, power generators, medicines –AT (Ukraine) : protective masks, gloves, disinfectants –SE (Indonesia) : TAST module (DK base camp and communication experts from SE, FI, EE) 2010: –Haiti: 18 grants / 1 broker contract, total more than 4 m –Chile: 10 grants (2 in the pipeline), aprox

10 The Evolution of the Mechanism in Figures Activations (requests) inside EU and in Third Countries

11 NAMIBIA Floods, expert team (DK,AT,SE,CZ,DE,MIC) AT:200 tarpaulins/ 3000 mosquito nets/ 2 Emergency Health Kits joint assessments - UN Rep of MOLDOVA Gas shortage, ; expert team (SE,CZ,FR,MIC) AT:22 pcs 40KW heating units, 5 pcs 14kVA generators, 300 blankets TAJIKISTAN Floods, expert team (SE, CZ, LV, AT, MIC) AT:40 tents (10p) SK:10 tents (15p)/4 generators / medication BENIN Floods, associated expert to UNDAC team (FR) ALBANIA Forest fires, GR: 2 Can CL415 GREECE Forest fires, MIC LO EUFFTR (2 Can CL415) IT: 2 Can CL415 FR: 2 Can CL415 ES: 2 Can CL415 CY: 1 heli Camov 32 PORTUGAL 1. Forest fires, EUFFTR (2 Can CL215) 2. Forest fires, IT: 2 Can CL forest fires, EUFFTR (2 Can CL215) FRANCE 1. Forest fires, EUFFTR (2 Can CL215) 2. Forest fires, EUFFTR (2 Can CL215) TAIWAN Typhoon, expert team (SE,UK,FR,MIC) SE: water purification liquid for litres PL: skin disinfectant BURKINA FASO Floods, associated expert to UNDAC team (FR) PHILIPPINES Floods / tropical storms, Associated member to UNDAC team (SE) INDONESIA Earthquake, expert team (DK, SE, FR, NL, NO, MIC) 1 TAST module (DK base camp and communication experts from SE, FI and EE) Pre-alert was issued in the following emergencies: OPT/GAZA – armed conflict (19.01), UK – snowfall (06.02), SPAIN – forest fires (22.07); Monitoring status was issued for FRANCE – storm (23.01) and BULGARIA – earthquake (05.08); Other Mechanism activations (requests for assistance not followed due to situation improvements): FIJI - floods (16.01), TOGO floods (23.07), GUINEA - neutralization of toxic chemicals (03.08), ALBANIA – forest fires (13.08) and (11.09), GEORGIA – earthquake (10.09), 5 experts selected, mission cancelled as request was withdrawn, MALAWI – earthquake (21.12). SAMOA Tsunami / Earthquake in the Pacific, Associated member to UNDAC team (AT) ITALY 1. Earthquake, expert team (PT, SI, DE, ES, FR, EL, 2JRC, MIC) 2. Forest fires, EUFFTR (2 Can CL215) BULGARIA H1N1, 04 – AT: 1440 antiviral packages UK: Tamiflu doses (at cost and transport) UKRAINE H1N1, expert team (FR, LV, AT, DE, MIC) AT, EE, PL, BG, LT, SK, SI – various assistance EU Mechanism Operations 2009

12 Mechanism activations for different types of emergencies in 2010

13 CP Mechanism since 2001: Voluntary and ad hoc contributions of MS Today: Preparatory Action on an EU rapid response capability (+pilot project on EU Forest Fire Tactical Reserve): Aim: testing innovative arrangements for EU CP cooperation: a) standby modules of MS b) additional EU-level reserve capacities Budget: M7.5/year ( ) from EP Tomorrow: Towards a Genuine EU Disaster Response Capacity Testing the way ahead

14 Currently available capacities: Urban Search & Rescue Water Purification Field Hospital Forest Fire-fighting High Capacity Pumping Advanced Medical Post w/Surgery Detection and sampling in CBRN conditions Search & Rescue in CBRN conditions Technical Assistance & Support Team (TAST) Preparatory action on EU Rapid Response Capability:

15 Some experts already trained Sub-contracted Training centres in various locations Experts trained in EU civil protection can be deployed Preparedness – training courses Exchange of experts programme

16 What kind of exercises? 30 exercises financed since 2002 Large-scale pan-European simulation exercises million Aims Accelerate response decision- making procedures Enhance interoperability Identify further training needs Preparedness – Simulation exercises

17 EU CP Team ISLAMABAD KARACHI EU Air Bridge 11 Flights 11 Flights from Europe to PK: - 2 financed by CZ - 1 financed by FI - 8 co-financed by the EU (evaluation procedure on-going) In-kind assistance provided by - AT, DE, DK, FR, IT, SE, UK Consignees - NDMA, IOM, IFRC, NGOs, etc EU in-kind assistance to Pakistan Facilitated by the MIC (as of 20 Sept) MIC

18 Haiti Earthquake Red Alert GDACS reached MIC Duty Officer within minutes of event Immediate activation of MIC in the night of 12/13 January Nomination and deployment of coordination and assessment team on 13 January (with B- FAST plane, carrying USAR LU and parts of UNDAC) Replacement of EUCPT on 23 January with second team

19 EU CP Team Identification of consignees for PS assistance Joint assessment missions with UNDAC and OCHA Facilitating coordination on site, for example Support to UNDAC in managing the OSOCC Support coordination of USAR operations centre Participating in cluster meetings (reporting back to MIC on confirmed needs, communicating offers to clusters, thus ensuring a needs-based approach) Running Reception and Departure Centre Supporting set up of sub-OSOCCs in Leogane and Jacmel Liaising and exchanging information with EU MS teams on site Co-financing transport for 300 person TAST / IHP base camp Liaising with DG ECHO TAs

20 US Oil Spill – Deepwater Horizon MIC activities Cooperation and coordination with EMSA and PS Contacts with EU Delegation and US Authorities Coordination of European offers information sharing / dissemination July 2010 a MIC representative participated in an International Observer mission to US Source: EMSA Report

21 The European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection – two complementary tools Humanitarian AidCivil Protection (MIC) What?Funding from EU budget (930 million in 2009). Active donor Coordination of voluntary contributions of assistance in kind from Member States (experts, specialised teams, equipment, other material assistance). Budget of Civil Protection Financial Instrument = EUR 189 million over seven years. Through whom? Implementing partners (UN / Red Cross/Crescent movement/ / International NGOs ) Government of affected country Geographical scope? Third countries, mainly in developing countries. Inside and outside the European Union. Type of disaster? Natural and man-made disasters (wars, conflicts, etc.). Natural and man-made disasters (complex emergencies rather the exception). Timescale?Immediate aftermath of crisis and beyond Acute stage only (normally max weeks).

22 CP and HA Cooperation SAME OBJECTIVE – assist the population in need DIFFERENT METHODOLOGY DIFFERENT SCOPES Respect the differences while ensuring coordination Cooperation starts at HQ level on the onset of the emergency


24 Cooperation with UN Mechanism ensures operational co-ordination fully integrated in UN OCHA overall co-ordination Integrate the cluster system Respect for Oslo and MCDA Guidelines

25 Types of cooperation with UN Training and Exercises SweNorEx 2009 Armenia 2009 OPM-R course on flood management NATO EADRCC Exercise – 1 associated expert to the UNDAC team OPCW Exercise – 1associated expert to the UNDAC team Exchange of places in training courses Emergencies Associated member to UNDAC: Benin, Burkina Faso, Philippines, Samoa, Benin 2010 Joint assessment missions: Namibia, Indonesia Associated member to EU CPT: Albania 2010, Full integration: Haiti 2010 EU CPT LO: Pakistan 2010 Regional partner of JEU

26 Cooperation with Partners Myanmar 2008 – Cyclone Nargis Assistance of several PS was channelled through UN agencies and NGOs, with the help of the HA colleagues: WFP WHO Red Cross MSF Holland Save the Children World Vision Malteser

27 Cooperation with partners China earthquake Bolivia floods Haiti earthquake Pakistan floods Tents NFIs EHK Water purification tablets

28 Thank you European Commission Civil Protection

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