Presentation on theme: "OPEN DAYS 2008 – European Week of Regions and Cities"— Presentation transcript:
1OPEN DAYS 2008 – European Week of Regions and Cities The CONTRIBUTION ofthe BALTIC ECO-ENERGY CLUSTER (BKEE)to the DEVELOPMENT of RENEWABLE ENERGY SECTORin NORTHERN POLANDJ. Kiciński, J. Mikielewicz,P. Lampart, D. ButrymowiczInstitute of Fluid Flow Machinery,Polish Academy of Sciences, GdańskBrussels, 6-9 October 2008
2CONTENTSRENEWABLE ENERGY – GENERALBKEE – GENERALBKEE – RESEARCH PROJECTSBKEE – INFRASTRUCTURE and CUSTOMERIMPLEMENTATION PROJECTS
31.5 MLN ha of CORN YIELDS 7.5 BLN M3 of BIOMETHANE, EQUIVELENT of RENEWABLE ENERGYTRENDS for EUROPE:FAMOUS 3x20% BY YEAR 2020,DISTRIBUTED COGENERATION of FUEL, HEAT and ELECTRCIC POWER,LESS FUEL IMPORTS from NON-DEMOCRATIC COUNTRIESMOST EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGY GASIFICATION (FERMENTATION) of ENERGETIC PLANTS andCONVERSION of BIOMETHANE for COGENERATION of HEAT AND ELECTRIC ENERGY EFFICIENCY of PRIMARY ENERGY CONVERSION IN EXCESS of 85%TRENDS for POLAND until YEAR 2020 RENEWABLE ENERGY from BIOMASS (78%), WIND and HYDRO (22%) POTENTIAL OF POLISH ENERGY AGRICULTURE: FAST TRANSFORMATION OF 2-3 MLN ha of WASTE LANDS (10-15% of FARM LAND) FINALLY: 4-6 MLN ha with no loss to FOOD PRODUCTION1.5 MLN ha of CORN YIELDS 7.5 BLN M3 of BIOMETHANE, EQUIVELENT ofCURRENT POLISH IMPORTS of NATURAL GAS
42.5-3 % 7.5 % 2000 2006 2010 PROSPECTS and STRUCTURE Biomass1.6%Wind0.3%2000PROSPECTS and STRUCTUREOf RENEWABLE ENERGYin POLANDHydro98.1%2006Biomass46%Hydro48%2.5-3 %Contribution of renewable energyin production of electric energyWind6%Hydro16%20107.5 %Biomass53%Wind31%
5CFHP - Small and Medium Scale Combined Production DISTRIBUTED COGENERATIONCFHP - Small and Medium Scale Combined Productionof Fuel, Heat and Power
6BALTIC ECO-ENERGY CLUSTER contains 36 entitiesTHE LARGEST ECOENERGYCLUSTER in POLAND!!LOCALAUTHORITIESREGIONALINNOVATIONSTRATEGYBKEESCIENCECOMPANIESGOLDEN TRIANGLE
7Actions taken by BKEE oriented on: Main mission of BKEE introduce and promote a widely understood idea of distributed co-generation, i.e. simultaneous small and medium scale production of thermal energy and electricity from renewable energy sources, mainly biomass, but also by converting water, solar and wind energy.Actions taken by BKEE oriented on:reducing the proportion of fossil fuels as the primary energy sources, with simultaneous significant increase of the use of bio-fuels and other sources of renewable energy,stimulating development of green energy related new technologies and training specialists,assistance in starting production of facilities and systems for bio-energy industry,promoting and supporting energy saving technologies,developing ecological awareness, and professional activation of rural area residents.
8Main beneficiaries of BKEE activity: business people investing in agro energy complexes, cogeneration micro power plants, and other renewable energy based power plants, producers of facilities and installations for agro energy complexes and micro power plants; including innovation and implementation oriented businesses, energetic plant planters and biofuel producers providing energy for agro energy complexes, local authorities - by meeting energy needs of residents, increasing employment and tax incomes, promoting the region,local communities interested in environment protection - by reducing the emission of harmful substances to the atmosphere, groups of scientists - by gaining extra financial resources for scientific research.
9Operational Programme: Innovative Economy (POIG) BKEE Projects R&D PROJECT 1„MODEL AGROENERGY COMPLEXES IN DISTRIBUTED COGENERATION OF HEAT AND POWER”R&D PROJECT 2„COGENERATIVE FUEL, HEAT AND POWER (CFHP) STATIONS BASED ON RENEWABLE ENERGY ”Project head: Prof. J. Kiciński
10Interregional Cooperation Programme INTERREG IV C OTHER BKEE PROJECTSThe Baltic Sea Bioenergy Promotion ProgrammeunderInterregional Cooperation Programme INTERREG IV C1Reduction of CO2 emission in northern Poland by strengthening the R&D potential in eco-energy field27 FPBorder-free enegry care – Polish-Ukrainian Cooperation NORWEGIAN FINANSE MECHANISM3
12BIOMASS STATION: CFHP ORC Electric energy receivers Biogas reactorbiomethanolfreezepure H2Electric energy receiversMicroturbine ORC90°CGeneratorBiorafinerybiomethanolbiomethaneoilbioethanolgas synthesishot waterHeat receiverswood, pelletsoilLow-boilingmediumMulti-fuel burner50°Ccoal
13Why ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) ? Innovation of ORC – scientific input (low-boiling medium)Possibility to use low-temperature heat sources, Possibility to use biogas and biomass, Possibility to utilise recovery heat, Modular construction, Possibility of trigeneration, operation with diesel engine, gas turbine, fuel cellsInnovation of ORC – scientific inputVapour Rankine cycle with a turbine working on low-boiling fluid in a specific power range, Innovative design of multi-fuel burner operating with ORC,Innovative design of high-rotating turbogenerator, technology of high-rotating bearings,Innovative design of micro heat exchangers,Application of new simulation methods of flow and dynamic system,new methods of diagnostics of technical state of the system,Utilisation of recovery heat for production of freeze.
14Why biogas (biomethane) from fermentation ? Biogas obtained in the process of non-oxide fermentation can be a substitue for natural gas for local energy use; Production of biomethane is clean for the environment, Biomethane has the EROEI factor higher than plant oils.Innovation of biogas technology - scientific input New technologies of production of energy plants and new models of chain supply of biomass;New technologies of fermentation depending on the type of plant biomass input parameters;Upgrade of biogas for fuel cell usage.
15PHILOSOPHY of POLIGENERATION Now: modernisation of heat stationsHeat receiverscoalbiomassFuture: poligeneration mCHP ORCelectric energybiomassheatbiogas reactiorfreeze
16Cogeneration allows for full application of exergy (temperature potential)985oC900 K85oC80 kW of heatFuel neededIn separate production20 kW of electr. energy from power station (33% en. eff.)80 kW of heat + 20 kW of electr. energy from CHP (20 % en. eff.)Fuel neededIn cogeneration
17Gain appr. 70% mCHP ORC – Energy and economic efficiency 53% 47% Energy efficiencyelectric energy 20%heat 80%biomassEconomic efficiency53%COGENERATION (HEAT and ELECTRIC ENERGY)Gain appr. 70%47%GENARATION of HEAT
18Local societies, medium enterprises Micro CHP market segmentsModular CHP stationSegment 1Individual customersSegment 2Local societies, medium enterprisesHeat power 20 kWHeat power Nx200 kWElectric power 4 kWElectric power Nx40 kW
20for individual customers Micro Wind Turbinefor individual customersWhy wind turbines ?Best wind conditions in Nothern PolandMany potential users of wind turbinesLow investment at mass productionInnovationVertical axis turbineHorizontal axis turbineNew designs of rotors with vertical and horizontal axisCheap, light and easily mounted columnProduction and storage of energyPower rangeMain interest - 3 kW – sold in supermarketsCustomer tailored 10 – 15 kWProfessional ~ 500kW
21Micro hydro power: Low-head turbines Why small hydro powershould be developed?Head structure in Poland -almost 50% are low-head objects, not usedInnovationNew blading systems of high a rotation coefficient,Control system for adjustable rotational velocity,New design methods,Optimisation of usage of water resources.Low-head hydro turbine parameters: Head: H = (1.5 – 4 ) m sł. wodyFlow: Q = (0.3 – 12) m3/sPower: Pe = (10 – 350) kWExpected efficiency: h = (75 – 85)%Rotation coefficient: nSQ = ( )
22Photovoltaic ?Photovoltaic systems can be integrated with buildings (BIPV)Photovoltaic systems can be part of hybryd systems operatingwith wind turbines and fuel cellsGoals:Determination of the possibility and effectiveness of utilisation of sun radiationfor energy production in Northern Poland;Optimisation of energy systems and microgrids;Elaboration of strategy for the development of photovoltaic in Poland
23Electric energy receivers Low-head hydro turbine Hybrid systems:photovoltaic + wind turbine + low-head hydro turbine + fuel cells + energy storeElectric energy receiversLow-head hydro turbineSolar air-conditioningPhotovoltaicmodulsLow-temperatureFuel cells PEMElectric power 8 KWHeat power 3 KWHeat receiversWind turbineWIND8KWElectric energystorage andconversionCompressed airstore3 KWhydrogenHigh TemperatureFuel Cell SOFC (800°C)Biogas reactoroxygenBiomethaneProduction of H2O2Energy storehydrogen + oxygen
24LABORATORIES, DEMOS AND CUSTOMER IMPLEMENTATIONS Complementary projects1.3. R & DPOIG: R & D Infrastrukture PRIORITY AND ACTION:1.4. Implementation of R & D resultsR & D„COGENERATIVE FUEL, HEAT AND POWERSTATIONS BASED ON RENEWABLE ENERGY ”POIG 1.3R & D Infrastructure„MICRO CHP LABORATORY”POIG 2.1POIG 1.420092010201120122013Implementation of R & D results„LOW-HEAD HYRDO POWER STATION ”BENEFICIARY:ENERGA SA, ZRE GDAŃSKImplementation of R & D results„ MICRO CHP STATION”BENEFICIARY:ENERGA SABENEFICIARY:ENERGA SAImplementation of R & D results„BIOGAS REACTOR COMPLEX in ORNETA”
25On the way to an agro-energy complex IMPLEMENTATIONSOn the way to an agro-energy complexPoligeneration based on biomass - Complex in w JezierzyceCogeneration unit of power 100 kWe i 200 kWtEasy set-upEasy co-operation with a heat pump for freeze productionGenerator driven by a gas turbineDemand for heat guaranteed
26Complex in Jezierzyce: Effects 100% increase of demand for biomss, up to 12 – 13 thousand GJ/aCO2 emission reduction– 500 t/yearConsiderable finansial and strategic effect – no need for supply from outside sourcesDevelopment of biomass logistics5. Competence centre (for renewable energy) open for people6. Contact with school and scientific centres – practical training for pupils