Presentation on theme: "DANUBE REGION STRATEGY"— Presentation transcript:
1DANUBE REGION STRATEGY INTEGRATED UTILIZATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES Synergy examples based on Joint Slovak-Hungarian MonitoringProf. Igor Mucha, Dr.Sc., RNDr. Dalibor Rodák, PhD.,RNDr. Zoltán Hlavatý, PhD., RNDr. Ľubomír Banský, PhD.GROUND WATER Consulting, Ltd.,Slovak Governmental Plenipotentiary Expert GroupPrepared forPlenipotentiary of the Slovak Republicfor Construction and Operation ofGabcikovo-NagymarosHydroelectric Power Project
2We need fulfillment of objectives The economic situation in the European Union is, at least, not in the pink We all need an economic success and visible progressWe need fulfillment of objectivesof the Establishment of European UnionConsolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioningof the European Union Article 9 and 191,PRUDENT AND RATIONAL UTILIZATIONOF NATURAL RESOURCES
3Based on Common Slovak - Hungarian Monitoring & Synergy Examples of prudent and rational utilization of natural resourcesBased on Common Slovak - Hungarian Monitoring&Specific Danube Conditionswith the goal to support integrated projects with macro regional benefitsimportant for the success of the EU Strategy
4Bratislava – Budapest Danube Water Management damsThere is no Danube stretch without human intervention The River Danube itself and its surrounding can play the most important role in the Danube Region Strategy, mainly: Navigation improvement, use of hydro-potential, drinking water, water for nature and agriculture, landscape, flood protection, water for sport, recreation, industry, etc.
5Inundation had been decimated, river flow velocities doubled, Mikovini map (1733) and present state of the DanubeSince the era of theking Bela the IV,1235 to 1270,the water managementconsists, step by step,from straighteningof riverbed,excavations,flood protection,navigation measures,riverbank fortification,closure of branches, etc.Inundation had been decimated, river flow velocities doubled,flow rate is the same. It is no more the natural Danube, but still the Danube with valuable nature close habitats.Alps CarpathiansOriginal floodplainalluvial fan
6Aquifer; Gravel depth 10 - up to 400 m Basic specific integration points: Danube – water – alluvial fan – navigation – energy Highly permeable extensive aquifer The Danube flows on the top of its fan – flooding danger The Danube water infiltrates into the alluvial aquifer Huge groundwater recharge - excellent water quality Specific inundation, nature close habitatsFlood water levelOriginal inundationpresentAquifer; Gravel depth up to 400 mPermeability – 0.01 m/s
7Flooded area 1965 in Slovakia Main (imperative) objectiveFlood protection of large areas behind flood protective dikes and reduction of peek flood discharges downstreamFlooded area1965in SlovakiaProtection measures?10 km
8Large infrastructure projects with the perspective of all mutual synergies such as: protection against flood, water transport, use of hydropower, water supply, agriculture, silviculture, hygiene and water born diseases, recreation, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, etc., according to our experience, evaluate in advance environmental impacts and determine, effective and safeguard measures. Financial and social effect should not be neglected. Some examples:
9Flood protection dikes Gabčíkovo stretchCross sectionMain Synergies:Flood protectionNavigationWater supplyEnergyNature protection- Care of biotopsAgricultureForestryWaterworks SamorinProtected InundationFlood protection dikes
10The Danube Floodplain supplied with flowing water is protected area Flowing water means better self purification processes
11NATURA 2000 sites (Birds, Habitats) on the Slovak area Excellent wintering and breading conditions for waterfowlLesson:Most of heavy modified and artificial water bodiesand attached areas are protected
12Joint Monitoring – Ground Water Regime long-term ground water level decrease BratislavaresultSapKomarno
13Example of previous long term Ground Water Level Decrease Bratislava…Cunovo reservoirKomarnoSap
14Increase of ground water level after filling the through-flowing reservoir with water BratislavaCunovo reservoirKomarnoSap
15Ground Water Level Contour Lines (2000 m3/s) change of flow direction 19921993Rusovce…Cunovo reservoirKomarnoSap
16Joint Monitoring – Ground Water Quality result —> change of chemical composition 18 mg/lRusovce30 mg/l
17Example of Culmination of water levels and flow rates during the flood event in AUGUST 2002 Station,River kmTime of Culmination (day, hour)Max. Water levelHmax (cm)Max.FlowQmax (m3s-1)Difference from previous station(m3s-1)Bratislava-Devín, 1879, 7816.8., 1-294810390-Bratislava, 1868,7516.8., 2-49911031080Medveďov, 1806,3017.8., 3-68529240GabčíkovoKomárno, 1767,80, 22-18428940300Budapest20.8.8250690 + XDifferenceDevín - BudapestXX – flow rate of the Danube confluents between Devin and Budapest, approximately – 400 m3/s. Peak flow in Budapest was lower by app m3/s than the peak flow in Bratislava
18Increase of GW level 48 hours after flood culmination in August 2002 Peek Flood Water Storage inside of aquifer was estimated to 580 m3/s in this areaIncrease of GW level 48 hours after flood culmination in August 2002LegendGWL difference in m
19No obstacles between Bratislava and Sap Example of present navigation obstacles between Bratislava and BudapestNo obstacles between Bratislava and SapNavigation on the Danube in 2003examples of bottleneck duration in days (Danube Commission)Name of the stretch, rkm, Depth (dm), Duration (days, %)Venek* N ,4Nyerges* SK-HU N ,9Ebed* N ,0Dorog* N ,6Helemba* N ,8Domos N ,5Vac N ,7God HU N ,4Budapest N ,4Ercsi ,5Solt ,1*Joint Slovak-Hungarian stretch; N – Nagymaros hydropower stretch
20New water stream. new eupotamal. Interconnection of main arms, New water stream new eupotamal Interconnection of main arms, conditions for preservation various water formations (river arms of all types,lakes, inundation pools,water holes etc).All between theWater supply from by-pass protectivecanal and/or from the Old dikes.Danube. Crossing the old river bedby the new water stream at severalplaces. Various hydrological conditions.Revival of the arm mouths, interconnectionof arms, etc.Proposal example
21Objectives – Benefits – Impacts Community – Nature resources ? IntegrationSynergy ?Integration of the Community environmental policy with the sustainable development and prudent and rational utilization of natural resources, using available scientific and technical data, monitoring, regional conditions, and proper transposition of WFD in conformity with the European Community PolicyTTT Project
22Slovak Republic is offering, as an input into the Danube Region the TTT Project, which will contribute tofollowing objectives of the European UnionThe TTT project:Creates conditions for all kinds of connectivity, lies in the middle of the Danube Region, and almost in the middle of the EUCreates conditions for exploration and construction of waterworks sites for piping and use of high quality potable groundwater in the extremely large quantities over large EU territoryExpects to improve navigation in the Danube in the section Hainburg - Bratislava, hydraulically connecting the Danube Navigation Project East of Vienna with the Hydropower plant GabcikovoAllows the use of the Danube hydro-potential, approximately 600 GWh per year.Allows protection of the groundwater quality issues at Bratislava.
23The TTT project:Solves definitively the flood protection at Devin (from Hainburg to Bratislava) and at the mouth of the River Morava.Allows navigability connection between the Danube and the Morava River, and improves the navigation security in this sectionPreserves the Morava River in present state, and into the bargain, allows navigation from the Danube to the TTT project via navigation channel.Ensures the flood protection downstream the river Morava from the TTT project area, down to the River Danube, using water management of the River Moravia and the shipping channel.Offers hydraulic possibility to solve environmental problems in the protected areas in the lowland of Záhorská nizina, negatively affected after the World War II.Supports protection and care of the ecosystems of the protected areas, or minimize the previous and present adverse impacts.
24The TTT project:Strongly supports the economy, trade, and jobsStrongly supports the infrastructure of the territory and small SME projects, including housingStrongly supports the knowledge society, knowledge-based organizations, educations, etc.Supports multi cultural developmentCreates opportunities to construct reverse pumping storage power station to support storage of wind and solar energyIn many aspects, supports measures to combat climate change (use of hydro-potential, transfer of road transport to rail and water, reducing traffic in light of the TTT project position in the middle of Region and the EU), and by various environmental protection measures.
25Results of Joint Slovak – Hungarian Environmental Monitoring, are described in this anniversary publication.Monitoring is dealing with environmental conditions and processes already influenced by hydraulic structures and water management.Scientific research and interpretation of relations among water management and responds of the surrounding environment will help to prepare quantitative and qualitative prognoses based on previous long term development (causal relations) and further comprehensive modeling of various processes.
26Thank you for attention We are looking for close cooperation on the prudent rational utilization of natural resources in the Danube regionThank you for attentionFor more information, publications, documents see:WWW . GABCIKOVO . GOV . SK / DOC /Publications:GROUND WATER Consulting, Ltd., Kolískova 1, Bratislava 4, SLOVAKIA