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EuropeAid Regional Food Security Seminar Asia Vientiane, Laos 21st – 25th June 2010 1.ECHOs Reg Supporting Office (RSO) - Bgkk 2.ECHOs supported interventions.

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Presentation on theme: "EuropeAid Regional Food Security Seminar Asia Vientiane, Laos 21st – 25th June 2010 1.ECHOs Reg Supporting Office (RSO) - Bgkk 2.ECHOs supported interventions."— Presentation transcript:

1 EuropeAid Regional Food Security Seminar Asia Vientiane, Laos 21st – 25th June ECHOs Reg Supporting Office (RSO) - Bgkk 2.ECHOs supported interventions in SEA & Pacific 3.HFA policy – illustration at country level; few examples 4.The particular caseload of Ketsana responses 5.Home work – pending tasks V.Serrano (ECHO - RSO – Bangkok)

2 EuropeAid Regional Food Security Seminar Asia Vientiane, Laos 21st – 25th June 2010 Lao PDR Thailand EUR 2 million (100%) Partners: WFP, French Red Cross EUR 11.5 million (100%) Partners: ICCO/TBBC EUR 17.6 million (98%) Partners: WFP, ACF, Save The Children, EMDH, Merlin Philippines EUR 8.15 million (76%) Partners: WFP, ICRC EUR 2 million (80%) Partners: WFP, ACF, Oxfam FAO, Care Netherlands Project Activities related to Food & Livelihoods in EUR 2 million (83%) Partners: Action Aid, Spanish Red Cross, French Red Cross, Oxfam, Save the Children, DWF Vietnam Indonesia East Timor EUR 220,000 (100%) Partners: WFP Food aid: General Food Distribution Food Security: Seeds/Fertilizers/ Tools distribution Agricultural assets rehabilitation (irrigation, land, pond) Nutrition Training/ Capacity Building Food For Work Cash Grants Post harvest/ Silo construction Fisheries Symbol Cash For Work Myanmar

3 EuropeAid Regional Food Security Seminar Asia Vientiane, Laos 21st – 25th June 2010 Partners: CARE, WFP, FRC, SC Project Activities – Typhoon Ketsana in Southeast Asia Lao PDR Philippines Cambodia Partners: FRC, SC, OXFAM, CONCERN, CARE Symbol Shelters & non-food items Water, Sanitations and Hygiene Health care Education Disaster preparedness Vietnam Telecommunications Logistics Food & Livelihoods Partners: WFP, CARE, SC,UNICEF, HI, TSF, SRC, IOM Partners: FRC, SC WFP, CARE Partners: FRC, SC, GVC, PLAN, MI, GRC, AA

4 EuropeAid Regional Food Security Seminar Asia Vientiane, Laos 21st – 25th June 2010

5 EuropeAid BURMESE REFUGEES IN THAILAND Protracted (25 yrs) / forgotten / 140,000 / 9 camps refg. manage aid with NGOS support / confinement donor WG / cons. NGO / many stakeholders resettlement / pull factor / advocacy (GoTh) / many donors / ECHO: food / charcoal/ health/ water need solution / 5 yr strategy UNHCR + NGOs targeted feeding / lvh support / AUP - ECHO

6 EuropeAid NTT – INDONESIA: entry trigger assessments - firmly forecasted eminent crisis absence donors / which comparative advantage ECHO support? analysis within ECHO RSO Gov decentralization / safety nets (RASKIN) challenge: targeting & appropriate responses intense monitoring & partners sharing & advocacy (linkage with CB FAO project)

7 EuropeAid MYANMAR – EMERGENCY [NARGIS] & PROTRACTED NARGIS (delta) + protracted (country) (NRS/ethnic areas border with Thailand) Massive ECHO funding Nargis (now over): LRRD opportunity – LIFT (FF/FSTP) / LL internal HQ lead NRS: protection / stateless citizens + women status NRS: ECHO: food / nut (SFP + TFP) / health / DIPECHO - coordination EC instruments / how better? (even assess.) ETHNIC BORDER AREAS: food (local)+ water +lvh Constraints: agencies access / monitoring

8 EuropeAid PHILIPPINES IDPs [conflict] & Emergency Protracted [Mindanao - conflict] + emergency [Luzon - cyclones] Mindanao: IDPs / host families / returnees / 2 partners different approaches: WFP + ICRC (targeting / rations / costs / source food) Luzon: variety instruments, eg cash (CARE, WFP: cfw – market assessment) Gov driving seat: needs / targt / implem / monit. BUT ALSO: Cash policy framrk ECHO: push quality proposals (assess / stakeh.an / cost / monitor.) Opportunity for LRRD?

9 EuropeAid Regional Food Security Seminar Asia Vientiane, Laos 21st – 25th June 2010 DPRK - No ECHO support since Major issue: FOOD - Struct. problem (policies / won dev) - PDS: Public distribution systems - Whats real situation? Controversy (even among MMSS) – need FSMS - CFSAM: Gov+FAO+WFP (food balance) - UNFPA census / MICS / papers US univ. - other initiatives: expert sem.Brx - AID: EC FSTP + WFP + IFRC - FFP (food for politics?) + Chinas role

10 EuropeAid MONGOLIA New country ECHO 4 / RSO Bgk DZUD: 6 million++ animals died UN Consolidated Appeal (May 10) Sound analysis exist Overstocks / overgrazing (land carrying capacity) / new policies IDP - some families migrated towns (food / water / health) Support herders locally (fodder / destocking / meat distribution) ECHO 2 million + EC (Del China) = simultaneous funding

11 EuropeAid Regional Food Security Seminar Asia Vientiane, Laos 21st – 25th June 2010 KETSANA From FS & Livelihood angle ECHOs field assessment: the w Q: good partner? donors bias? reg proj? consortia Q: which pre-disaster situation? VULNER.: sensitivity & resilience Q EFSA multi-ag.: why no participating? Rural => livelihood ag support, Q but LFA used? Food & cash & ag inputs: fertilizers + seeds & livestock (NOT NFI) Q: Food: specialized agency? Q: Quality? coverage & quantity => outcome? Comparative advantage: previous presence (eg. DIPECHO) Density of support Gov role ECHOs monitoring (2x / 6 months) + Ket. partners mtgs (pp / minutes) HOME WORK - BALANCE: ECHOs decision-making / LL /

12 EuropeAid Regional Food Security Seminar Asia Vientiane, Laos 21st – 25th June 2010 CFW [NGO]

13 EuropeAid Regional Food Security Seminar Asia Vientiane, Laos 21st – 25th June SEED AID Major response – emerg & recovery. Many actors & widely promoted BUT low profile + lack critical attention, perpetuating myths, no scrutiny => repeated year after year; which positive effects? Five predominant myths: - seed aid is needed whenever food aid is - seed aid can do no harm - disasters wipe out seed systems - default - effective implementation = straightforward logistical exercise - improved seed is the best form of aid NECESSARY REFORM – TOOL - Seed Security Systems (Ass.)

14 EuropeAid IMPROVE ANALYSIS & RESPONSES

15 EuropeAid Regional Food Security Seminar Asia Vientiane, Laos 21st – 25th June 2010 REINFORCING CAPACITIES & USE TOOLS

16 EuropeAid LEARNING LESSONS? INDEED? HOW? Every time there is a major evaluation, it states [that] emergency responses did not apply lessons from previous emergencies - ALNAP head of learning & dev Ben Ramalingam

17 EuropeAid Regional Food Security Seminar Asia Vientiane, Laos 21st – 25th June 2010 ALNAP 19 th Biannual meeting (2006). 2 days workshop on FS to draw out key aspects of learning, accountability & performance related to FS The session on food aid was cancelled!!! FOOD ASSIST. – YES VARIOUS TOOLS but still FOOD FOOD AID – TO BE IMPROVED Targeting – redistribution assessments [joint] market sensitive proposals rations: what, qtt, qualt, when FFR and / or FFW rice banks / comm. saf. net costs monitoring (dist&PDM) /report Gov participat./ interference ECHOs decision making


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