Presentation on theme: "October 2002 - Slide 1/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT NATIONAL CONTACT POINTS FOR EURATOM Brussels, 16 th October 2002 Nuclear Energy Research and Training Programme."— Presentation transcript:
October Slide 1/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT NATIONAL CONTACT POINTS FOR EURATOM Brussels, 16 th October 2002 Nuclear Energy Research and Training Programme Nuclear Fission « Other activities in the field of nuclear technologies and safety: (ii) - Education and training (iii) - Safety of existing nuclear Installations » G. Van Goethem EC, DG RTD, Directorate J : Energy, Unit 4: Nuclear Fission and Radiation Protection Building MO 75 5/34 - B-1049 Brussels Tel: (32-2) Fax: (32-2)
October Slide 2/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT FP-5 / Operational Safety of Existing Installations u Plant Life Extension and Management: Effects of ageing; On-line monitoring, inspection and maintenance; Organisation and management of safety; Risk informed approach to plant modernisation u Severe accident management: Severe accident management measures; Assessment of severe accident risks (eg. corium behaviour, melt coolability, hydrogen risks, and source term) u Evolutionary concepts: Evolutionary safety concepts; High burn-up and MOX fuel
October Slide 3/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT Plant Life Extension and Management under FP-5 Cluster PLEM Integrity of equipment and structures On-line monitoring and maintenance Organisation and management of safety RETROSPEC - RENION PISA - FEUNMARR -FRAME BESECBS - CEMSIS Embrittlement - Research Reactors Corrosion - Thermalhydraulics Safety Margins - Welds Risk Assessment - Virtual Reality Concrete Ageing Digital Instrumentation ADIMEW - VOCALIST SMILE - THERFAT CASTOC-PRIS INTERWELD- FLOMIX-R WAHALOADS LIRES GRETE - SPIQNAR REDOS MAECENAS - CONMOD ENPOWER NURBIM SPI - VRIMOR VERSAFE - VERLIFE IMPAM VVER - EUROSAFE EU/CEEC - Harmonisation of Practices - VVER safety LEARNSAFE Knowledge Management ATHENA * JSRI *
October Slide 4/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT PHEBEN 2 EVITA SAMOS By-Pass Sequences SGTR OPTSAM Code Development Severe Accident Management under FP-5 Phébus FP Programme E U R S A F E Cluster SAM Assessment of SA Risk SAM Measures COLOSS - ENTHALPY PLINIUS - LACOMERA ECOSTAR EUROCORE LISSAC ARVI LPP - THENPHEBISP ASTERISM II ICHEMM HYCOM SCACEXTHINCAT PARSOAR Corium Reactor Pressure Vessel Source Term Hydrogen/Containment
October Slide 5/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT Evolutionary Concepts under FP-5 Evolutionary Safety Concepts Nuclear Fuel (High Burn-up / MOX) Analytical Tools (codes, methodologies) Operational Practices and Design Improvement Databases and Education & Training ASTAR - ECORA RMPS - VALCO - CRISSUE-S TEMPEST - ITEM CERTA EUROFASTNET NACUSP DEEPSSI FABIS MICROMOX OMICO Cluster EVOL *JSRI* ENEN EXTRA - SIRENA VALMOX
October Slide 6/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT FP-6 / Area n° 3. Other activities in the field of nuclear technologies and safety Objectives of FP-6 / Area n° 3 The objectives are to support EU policies in the fields of health, energy and the environment, to ensure that European capability is maintained at a high level in relevant fields not covered by the thematic priorities and to contribute towards the creation of the European Research Area. Research Priorities i)Innovative concepts (not treated here) ii)Education and training iii)Safety of existing installations
October Slide 7/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT Research topic (ii) Education and Training Specific programme for research and training on nuclear energy Objectives of Education and Training The aim is to better integrate European education and training in nuclear safety and radiation protection to combat the decline in both student numbers and teaching establishments, thus providing the necessary competence and expertise for the continued safe use of nuclear energy and other uses of radiation in industry and medicine.
October Slide 8/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT Activities of Education and Training Develop a more harmonised approach for education in the nuclear sciences and engineering in Europe and implement it, including the better integration of national resources and capabilities. This will be complemented by support for fellowships, special training courses, training networks, grants for young research workers from the NIS and CEE countries, and transnational access to infrastructures. As regards infrastructures, transnational access to installations will be promoted. A further step will be to initiate a common analysis of the future EU needs in human resources and competencies and experimental tools in the mid-term.
October Slide 9/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT BACKGROUND OF FP-6 RESEARCH IN Education and training Objectives of the end-users: create a secure skill and knowledge base of value to the EU ã Reflection Paper prepared in 2000 by the CCE-FISSION Working Group on Nuclear Education, Training and Competence. ã Nuclear Education and Training: Cause for Concern? OECD / Nuclear Energy Agency, ISBN Although the number of nuclear scientists and technologists may appear to be sufficient today in some countries, there are indicators that future expertise is at risk. In most countries, there are now fewer comprehensive, high quality nuclear technology programmes at universities than before. The ability of universities to attract top quality students, meet future staffing requirements of the nuclear industry, and conduct leading-edge research is becoming seriously compromised.
October Slide 10/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT Key issues in education Concerns of universities ã How can they attract young and brilliant students ? e.g. through challenging subjects, links with research (centres) ã How can universities be convinced to recruit new academic members for key areas ? impact of life long learning ? Role of the EU ã Promote international co-operation, mobility of students and researchers, including central and eastern Europe, new architecture of nuclear European Area (search for EU excellence !) ã Set the conditions to create added value through university-industry collaboration
October Slide 11/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT Key issues in training Concerns of industry ã conserve the nuclear knowledge and improve the expertise ã define the goals, set up the criteria for professional recognition ã organise the courses, supply lecturers, supply money ã offer project works, welcome internship Role of the EU ã ensure quality assurance of the courses (accreditation, ranking, etc) ã construct the nuclear European Education and Training Area (under competitive conditions, i.e. quality and cost)
October Slide 12/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT Research topic (iii) Safety of Existing Nuclear Installations Specific programme for research and training on nuclear energy Objectives of Safety of Existing Nuclear Installations The aim is to improve safety in existing nuclear installations in Member States and candidate countries during their remaining operational lifetimes and subsequent decommissioning, making use of the considerable knowledge and experience gained internationally from experimental and theoretical research. Research will focus on: Activities of Safety of Existing Nuclear Installations Plant management including effects of ageing and fuel performance; severe accident management, including the development of advanced numerical simulation codes; integration of European capabilities and knowledge from practical decommissioning; developing scientific bases for safety and best practice
October Slide 13/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT BACKGROUND OF FP-6 RESEARCH IN SAFETY OF EXISTING NUCLEAR INSTALLATIONS Objectives of the end-users: Contribute to the improvements of Safety and performance linked to the modernisation of ageing nuclear power plants European research can help, be it of the operational, promotional, regulatory (confirmatory or anticipatory), or societal type ã Stakeholders of nuclear fission safety = utilities, manufacturers, regulatory bodies, and decision makers + research institutions (each with strong budget reductions, each with their own needs !) ã Think globally, act locally : EU internal market (i.e. increased competitiveness, merger of industries, deregulation of electricity market, etc) + CEE enlargement (i.e. candidate countries in 2004 !)
October Slide 14/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT Defense-in-depth strategy for reactor safety Technical support or crisis teams Control room staff Authorities Beyond-design-basis accidents Design-basis accidents Accident correction Limit of operational conditions protective systems emergency operating procedures severe accident management guidance Off-Site Emergency Planning
October Slide 15/15 Author GVG/NCP.PPT TOWARDS A EU SERVICE FOR KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT (i.e. acquisition, formalisation, retrieval and sharing of nuclear safety knowledge and expertise) = DG Research / Directorate J Energy Unit 4 Nuclear Fission and Radiation Protection ( current FP projects) = Joint Safety Research Index ( information about more than 350 reactor safety research projects in the EU and CEECs = Storage of Research Documents and Analyses ( T/H data from 10 experimental installations in the EU and CEECs) = all the Commission decisions and other relevant documents (e.g. about NoE and IP) for future FP projects