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Aluminium and Energy in the EU Karl-Heinz von Zengen, EAA Brussels, 27 March 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "Aluminium and Energy in the EU Karl-Heinz von Zengen, EAA Brussels, 27 March 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aluminium and Energy in the EU Karl-Heinz von Zengen, EAA Brussels, 27 March 2006

2 Aluminium End Uses - Europe 2001

3 Passenger-km per Person per Year Source: DG TREN, European Commission EU 15, 2000

4 Aluminium Use in EU Cars

5 Al in Cars - Relative and absolute Shares Source: Mavel

6 Ford Escort MK2 Ford Escort MK3 Ford Escort MK4 Ford Escort MK5 Ford Focus VW Golf Mk1 VW Golf Mk2 VW Golf Mk3 VW Golf Mk Citroen GS Citroen BX VW Golf Mk5 Citroen ZX Citroen Xsara Toyota Corolla Toyota Corolla Toyota Corolla Toyota Corolla Toyota Corolla Toyota Corolla Astra Mk1 Astra Mk2 Astra Mk3 Astra Mk4 Astra Mk5 Vauxhall Cavalier Mk1 Cavalier Mk2 Cavalier Mk3 Vectra 1 Vectra 2 YEARS Kg Vehicle Weight by Generation Source: Jaguar

7 European Cars - Equipment Rates

8 European Cars - relative Material Shares

9 Aluminium helps light weighting Cars Ref.- CarPrimary state- of-the-art weight Primary latest- technology weight Upper final weight (Al-Car) Lower final weight (Al-Car) weight [kg] Minimum secondary weight saving Maximum secondary weight saving Primary state-of-the- art weight reduction Primary latest- technology weight reduction Source: fka Aachen

10 Energy Balance of one Material Cycle Audi A3; km driving distance effort for ELV dismanteling, logistics, melting,... 0,2% = + service + spare parts (3%) = fuels consumption (84,5%) = mainly weight driven ! 87,5 % 6% production effort = recycling efficiency 2 % benefit = 10 0,2 % effort - recycling bonus = = benefit from ELV recycling 4% 6% 2% Matl prod. on base of primary energy = Source: Audi

11 Lifecycle Energy: Audi A GJ km cumulated primary energy use driving distance / km 200 GJ km break even after ~ km Audi A2, 55 kW; 895 kg; 6 ltr/100 km virtual Audi A2; 1047 kg; 6,57 ltr/100km conventinal concept Audi A2 with secondary aluminium database: IfE / TH München and AUDI AG, I/ES & I/EG-34 disadvantage decreases with lifetime ASF advantage increasing Source: Audi

12 Aluminium Sector in Europe*, mio tonnes 10.1 mio tonnes 11.7 mio tonnes MINING ALUMINA METAL 4.6 mio tonnes BAUXITE 6 plants 11.0 mio tonnes Bauxite Net import 5.2 mio tonnes PRIMARY Metal Production 38 plants 7.8 mio tonnes ALUMINA 12 plants 2.3 mio tonnes Alumina import 4.2 mio tonnes RECYCLED Metal plants 2.3 mio tonnes Net import SEMIS 1.1 mio tonnes Wire, powder, slugs mio tonnes EXTRUDED 4.3 mio tonnes ROLLED Foil (22%) 333 plants64 plants * West and Central Europe (Former CIS excluded, except Baltic states) 1 In-house scrap remelting excl. 2 Integrated automotive producers incl plants 3.0 mio tonnes CASTINGS 2 TOTAL =PRODUCTION +IMPORTS

13 Reduction of Electrolysis Energy for Aluminium

14 End Uses for Recycled Aluminium, 2003 * EU-25. Semis-fabrication scrap excluded Casting Alloys = +/- 2.7* million tonnes Wrought Alloys = +/- 1.2* million tonnes

15 Evolution of Recycled Aluminium, EU-15 Includes refining production and tolled and purchased scrap intake of remelters. Foreign material excluded.

16 Global Old Scrap Source: GARC, Aluminium in scrap FORECAST x2

17 Global Aluminium Energy Flow, 2003 Source: GARC, Values in PJ (10 15 J)

18 Emissions Primary vs Secondary kg CO 2 per kg AL

19 Millions tonnes of CO 2 Best Practice and Transport Savings The potential for Al Industry to be Climate Neutral by 2020 could be accelerated implementing everywhere todays best practices

20 Lirecar – Importance of Use phase for total emissions Greenhouse Gas Emissions MAX MAX MAX MIN MIN MIN Ref. 900kg 750kg - 20% -10% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% CREDIT PROD USE End-of-Life MAX and MINarerepresenting therangeof differentvehicle scenarios

21 Facts about Energy Intensive Industries Energy intensive industries, which cannot pass on costs, have already invested in energy efficiency for decades – like the aluminium industry Aluminium industry is working globally Incentives like ETS, RES etc. encourage the delocating of energy intensive industries Energy intensive industries find new homes in countries with less environmental legislation Final result will be more pollution in the world Finally, the energy efficiency policy in the EU has succeeded by closing down energy intensive industries

22 Aluminium Recycling Aluminium recycling saves up to 95% of the energy versus primary aluminium Export of scrap means export of energy Export of scrap means - on a global basis - higher pollution

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