Presentation on theme: "Update on Water activities EIONET CCIVA Tuesday 22/5/2012 Brussels."— Presentation transcript:
Update on Water activities EIONET CCIVA Tuesday 22/5/2012 Brussels
Update on Water activities ClimWatAdapt & on-going studies Blueprint Expert Group Climate Change & Water
ClimWatAdapt and on- going DG ENV assessments.
Vulnerability of Water Resources & Adaptation Driving forces Pressures State Potential Impacts Potential Impacts Exposure Climate scenarios Natural variability Climate scenarios Natural variability Precipitation Snow cover Evaporation Sea level rise Etc. Precipitation Snow cover Evaporation Sea level rise Etc. Water availability Soil moisture River flow Water temperature Salt intrusion Etc. Water availability Soil moisture River flow Water temperature Salt intrusion Etc. costs/benefits (health, assets, production, land, jobs, biodiversity, ecosystem services, etc.) from water stress, flooding, etc. Sensitivity Production Consumption Demography Etc. Production Consumption Demography Etc. Land-use Processes Flood defenses Storage capacity Etc. Land-use Processes Flood defenses Storage capacity Etc. Withdrawals Location ecosystems, population, activity, assets Etc Withdrawals Location ecosystems, population, activity, assets Etc Adaptation
Water and Adaptation Modelling ClimWatAdapt project ( )
ClimWatAdapt Scenarios Socio-economic and land use: SCENES. Main drivers (socio-economic, electricity production, technological changes, …) Climate: ENSEMBLES Long-term annual average bias- corrected temperature and precipitation data (baseline, 2025s and 2050s), 11 GCM-RCM combinations, SRES A1B scenario Change in annual precipitation between 2050s and baseline
Adaptation measures inventory
Water withdrawals Year 2005
Water availability Baseline ( ) 2050s ( )
Example of ClimWatAdapt results: Summer Water Exploitation Index (excl cooling water) FP6 SCENES Scenario «Economy First» 2050 FP6 SCENES Scenario «Sustainability Eventually» 2050 Low stress (WEI < 20%) Medium stress (20% < WEI < 40% High stress (WEI > 40%) Source: DG Environment, ClimWatAdapt database, 2011
ClimWatAdapt policy recommendations: Knowledge Gap Additional research: focus uncertainty and adaptive capacity. Integration into CLIMATE-ADAPT and WISE. Economic analysis under WFD: forecasts about future water use and related investments) Embed EU and national forecast systems in CLIMATE- ADAPT. Define and agree on EU wide set of vulnerability indicators to measure the success of implemented adaptation measures. Mainstreaming Ecosystem-based approach / transfer into all EU policies targeting land use changes (CAP, Energy, Transport) Climate proofing measures in 2nd RBMPs Funding priority to green or soft measures and multi- objectives measures Start assessment of long-term radical measures transboundary water management adaptation strategies. Support actions at EU level to foster the uptake and implementation of technical adaptation measures.
Knowledge Integration: ClimWatAdapt results integrated in the Clearinghouse adapt.eea.europa.eu/ adapt.eea.europa.eu/
Current work Modelling of the cost-effectiveness of measures in the context of the Blueprint to safeguard Europes waters Natural water retention measures Water efficiency measures Preparatory Action Climate of the Carpathian Region Litterature review on the potential climate change effects on drinking water resources across the EU and the identification of priorities among different types of drinking water supplies
Natural Water Retention Measures Slow down or reduce the flow of water downstream, leading to a more natural flow regime within a catchment, alleviate the effect of droughts, and to prevent floods, desertification and salination by: improving soils water storage capacity limiting soil erosion increasing groundwater recharge conserving water in natural systems decreasing flow velocity, controlling runoff reducing flood peaks
Outcome Report on litterature review on costs, benefits and policy implication of measures To be circulated for comments To be integrated into WISE catalogue of measures Quantitative modelling at EU level (JRC) First results to be presented at Green Week Included into Blueprint Scenarios
JRC modelling Approach Building scenarios of -land use -agricultural practice -water retention, etc. Multi -models -Land use model -Climate models -Hydrological model, etc. Assessment of effectiveness of measures at EU level (flood risk prevention, low flows) JRC modelling: Provide a first quantitative pan-European overview of the effects of green measures on discharge Encouraging Member States to further explore the use NWRM, foster communication between stakeholders
Water scarcity and droughts GAP analysis on water scarcity & droughts Identification of the extent of water scarcity & droughts in Europe and assessment of existing and potential selected measures for tackling water scarcity & droughts. Water efficiency in Buildings Leakage reduction in water distribution networks 5-8 pilot studies in water-scarce parts of Europe to analyse and quantify factors of relevance for leakages at a river basin level. Identification of best practices for reducing water-losses in the EU or other countries. Recommendations on policy options for water efficiency in distribution systems. Activities to halt desertification in Europe 3-5 pilot projects on innovative technologies, techniques or practices in order to contribute to the exchanges of good practice and innovation at the local level for halting desertification in Europe. Water pricing in agriculture Case studies on water pricing policies for the agricultural sector in selected river basins. Recommendation on best practices. Water saving in agriculture Clarification on the current situation of agricultural water use in Europe, and compilation of conclusions from a range of studies on possibilities for water saving in agriculture.
Preparatory action Climate of the Carpathian basin Objective approved by the European Parliament: 2010 Budget allocation: Analysis of the vulnerability of water and ecosystems of the region to climate change impacts and other man-made pressures Identifying potential adaptation measures, focusing on adaptive water management and ecosystem-based approaches..
Preparatory Action Climate of Carpathian Region (1/2) CARPIVIA project To gather information on vulnerability of environmental resources to climate change in the Carpathian region, and on that basis identify and assess potential adaptation measures, with a focus on ecosystem based approaches To identify knowledge gaps to be filled in by additional field research or case studies (executed by a parallel project contract) To contribute to on-going national or regional adaptation strategies or related policy processes, and the EU Knowledge Base on Climate Vulnerability and Adaptation (a.o. EU Adaptation Clearinghouse) runs until 2013, complemented by the CarpathCC project started in 2012
Preparatory Action Climate of Carpathian Region (2/2) CarpathCC project: 6 in-depth studies for in-depth assessments of vulnerability of environmental resources and ecosystem-based adaptation measures: 1.In-depth study on the key climate change threats and impacts on water resources 2.In-depth study on the impacts of climate change threats on ecosystems 3.In-depth study on the impact of climate change on ecosystem based production systems 4.In-depth study on adaptation measures 5.Supporting stakeholder interaction 6.Integral vulnerability assessments in focal areas
A Blueprint to safeguard Europes waters EG CC & Water 21/5/2012
What is the Blueprint? The Blueprint to Safeguard Europe's Water Resources will present the policy response to the challenges presented in the State of Water Report, long-term aim: to ensure sufficient availability of good quality water for sustainable and equitable water use. Closely linked to EU 2020 Strategy and Resource Efficiency Roadmap.
Why a Blueprint? Improving the implementation of current EU water policy Fostering the integration of water and other policies When necessary, seeking the completion of the current policy framework
Synthesis of policy recommendations building on on-going assessments Nov 2012 Blueprint To Safeguard EU Waters Report on 2009 River Basin Management Plans Review Water Scarcity & Droughts Strategy Climate Change Vulnerability & Adaptation Report on 2009 River Basin Management Plans Review Water Scarcity & Droughts Strategy Report on 2009 River Basin Management Plans Climate Change Vulnerability & Adaptation Review Water Scarcity & Droughts Strategy Report on 2009 River Basin Management Plans Review Water Scarcity & Droughts Strategy Report on 2009 River Basin Management Plans Review Water Scarcity & Droughts Strategy Report on 2009 River Basin Management Plans Outlook of sustainability and vulnerability of EU water resources « Fitness Check» EU water policy instruments Policy Options Impact Assessment Climate Change Vulnerability & Adaptation
From Objectives to Policy Options Adressing Water Stress Resilience to Extreme Events Achievement Good Ecological Status Increase the use of economic instruments Achieve a more efficient water governance Improve knowledge and tools Foster integration of water into sectoral policies
Unlocking Measures Focus on measures serving multiple benefits Unlocking barriers : Technical / Innovation Knowledge (costs, benefits and impacts of measures) Economic incentives Financial resources Regulations
Drivers Pressures Impacts State Responses
Identifying specific problems to be solved through the Blueprint Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 1 Level 2
Next Steps 15/3 – 7/6: 12-weeks public consultation on Policy Options Discussion options at 3rd EU Water Conference on May Discussion at Informal ENV Council 7-8 July 18 July : Impact Assessment Board November: Publication Blueprint
Expert Group Climate Change & Water
Main objective: Discuss how Member States and others Institutions are going about implementing the WFD-CIS Guidance document No. 24 RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT IN A CHANGING CLIMATE Share experiences and best practice Look at emerging issues (to be taken into account for the 2nd and 3rd RBMP).
Preliminary assessment River Basin Management Plans (RBMP) Most of the MS included significant information on climate change into the RBMP, however in a different level of detail Climate change issues have not influenced much the RBMP actions yet There is an indication in some plans that climate check of measures has already been done or preparations for it are started for the next RBMP cycles