Presentation on theme: "Mr. Wells Hickory Ridge HS. Setting the Stage Because of the Renaissance, Europe was now ready to explore. Most countries shared a desire to establish."— Presentation transcript:
Setting the Stage Because of the Renaissance, Europe was now ready to explore. Most countries shared a desire to establish trade with Asia. They were looking for an easy way to get there.
Motives for European Exploration 1.Crusades Europeans battled Muslims in the Holy Lands 2.Renaissance curiosity about other lands and peoples. 3.Reformation refugees & missionaries. 4.Monarchs seeking new sources of revenue (wealth). 5.Technological advances. 6.Fame and fortune.
Earlier Explorations 1.Islam & the Spice Trade discovered thru Crusades 2.A New Player Europe 3. Marco Polo: 24 years in China, writes book about what he experienced. A Description of the World
For “God, Glory, and Gold” 1.People in Europe continued to demand nutmeg, ginger, cinnamon, pepper Why? European food is bland 2.Muslims & Italians controlled trade Why? Because of their location on the Mediterranean 3. Rest of Europe paying high prices for valuable spices Result: Seek new route to Asia
For “God, Glory, Gold” 4. Spread of Christianity Why? Hostility be/ Christians & Muslims 5. Technology Makes Exploration possible New inventions allow sailors to sail against the wind caravel, astrolabe, compass
Portugal Leads the Way 1.First European country to set up trading posts in west Africa 2.Prince Henry “The Navigator” founded a navigation school 3. 1488: Bartolomeu Dias sails down African coast to southern tip 4. 1497: Vasco da Gama rounds tip of Africa sails to Calicut, India (27,000 miles)
Prince Henry, the Navigator School for Navigation, 1419
Vasco Da Gama In 1498, Da Gama reached Calicut, China’s favorite port!
Spain Also Makes Claims 1.1492: Christopher Columbus convinces King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella to finance voyage 2.His plan sail west rather than east to reach Asia 3. Columbus reaches San Salvador in the Caribbean thought he reached Asia 4. Rivalry begins be/ Spain & Portugal Pope divides the World Line of Demarcation:(West:Spain – East: Portugal) Treaty of Tordesillas
The Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 & The Pope’s Line of Demarcation
New Colonial Rivals 1. Portugal broke Italy’s monopoly… BUT 2. Portugal lacked the numbers and wealth to dominate trade in the Indian Ocean. 3. Spain in Asia Ferdinand Magellan 1519 consolidated its holdings in the Philippines in 1565 4. First English expedition to the Indies in 1591. NW India in 1608. 5. Dutch arrive in India in 1595 largest fleet of ships in the world (20,000) Batavia: island of Java 6. English & Dutch form East India Companies to establish trade throughout Asia
Ferdinand Magellan & the First Circumnavigation of the World: Early 16 c