Presentation on theme: "How to implement a real bottom up approach based on LEADER method"— Presentation transcript:
1 How to implement a real bottom up approach based on LEADER method Ing. Radim Srsen, Ph.D.Vice-president of ELARDZwolle, the Netherlands21st March, 2013LEADER approach today and after 2013 – new challengesPetri RinneELARDViimsi Spa, Estonia15th September, 2011
2 Background: ELARD from 1999 to 2012 International non-profit organization founded in 1999 by 5 European national informal LEADER networks:French LEADER Network - LEADER France Greek LEADER Network - Eλληνικό Δίκτυο LEADER Irish LEADER Network - Comhar LEADER na hEireann Italian LEADER Network - AssoLEADER Spanish LEADER Network – REDRToday, ELARD is representing more than 800 LAGs (from some 2200 in total) through national and regional voluntary networks in:Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, North Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Scotland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden + Croatia & MacedoniaIn contact with Rural Networks in Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Germany
3 ELARD aims (see more at www.elard.eu) One of the most important aims of ELARD is to:"campaign to spread the philosophy, principles and reach of the LEADER method grounded in the eight specific features in order to achieve sustainable rural development across Europe".The association aims also to:"represent the interests and needs of its members in front of other international, European, and national institutions to liaise with other stakeholders and institutions working towards an integrated rural development and to influence EU policies in favour of rural development".
4 8 specific and key features of LEADER / Community-led local development Area-based approachBottom-up approachLocal public-private partnerships: Local Action GroupsInnovative approachIntegrated and multi-sectoral approachNetworkingCooperationDe-centralised administration
5 REMEMBER!LEADER is not yet another EU funding programme, it’s a bottom-up development methodology. In order to use the method right and effectively all of its 8 special features must be valid simultaneously!
6 General need for mobilising the rural resources for reaching the EU2020 goals
7 EU 2020 needs us!Source: OECD - 2/3 of the EU’s GDP growth takes place outside of the metropole areas - In more than one out of three OECD countries, the region with the highest rate of employment creation during was a rural region
8 Community-lead local development (CLLD) as solution?
10 Why LEADER / CLLD ? To involve everyone! LEADER is able to mobilise, empower and involve the whole rural economy: from a traditional farm to a high-tech processing company. In rural context, where human and other resources are scarce, this is particularly important. LEADER is a non-political, transparent and open for everyone tool to re-shape the rural future.
11 Why LEADER / CLLD ? To be cost-effective! 2. LEADER is a cost-effective way of renewing, diversifying and developing the rural economy. In LAG territory in South-West part of Finland, with the population of 45 000, they have been supporting the generation of 200 new jobs during the current programming period, most of which are in the services sector where we have been lagging behind. The 150 business and community development projects launched are funded 60% by the EU, state and local municipalities public funds and 40% by the private stakeholders’ own funds. In addition there is an extensive amount of local enthusiasm and voluntary work powering LEADER free of charge.
12 Why LEADER / CLLD ? To change the mind-set! 3. LEADER is able to change the traditional top-down local development mindset to bottom-up. People on the ground start doing those things themselves that they were earlier blaming public civil servants and politicians not to do. LEADER also brings in the long-term strategic thinking through the Local Development Strategies that collect the individual projects under an umbrella and bigger territorial vision.
13 Criticism: European Court of Auditors LEADER has no proved value-added it is just an ineffective, extra administration layer (need to create better indicators, preferably on each LAG level!) creation of EN RD LEADER Sub-Committee Focus Group 4 on Better Local Development StrategiesLAG decision making has conflicts of interest and doesn’t follow the rule of public-private partnershipLAGs’ operation is not open and transparent enough problem of small circles giving majority of grants to LAGs’ own member organisationsLAGs don’t focus on achieving the objectives of their local strategiesLAGs give grants to projects without regard to cost efficiency risk of deadweight (project implementation even without the grant)
14 The LEADER impacts in Ireland, Finland and the Czech Rep The LEADER impacts in Ireland, Finland and the Czech Rep. in 2007 (A LEADER Dissemination Guide Book)LEADER started in Ireland in Finland in Czech Rep.
15 Rural Development Programme(s) Europe 2020 strategyCommon Strategic Framework (CSF)– covering the EAFRD, ERDF, ESF, Cohesion Fund and EMFF, and reflecting EU2020 through commonthematic objectives to be addressed by key actions for each of the fundsPartnership Contract– national document outlining the intended use of the funds in the pursuit of EU2020 objectivesRural developmentpolicy: EAFRDOther CSF funds(ERDF, ESF, CF, EMFF)Innovation, Environment and Climate Change as cross-cutting objectivesPromoting socialinclusion,poverty reductionand economicdevelopmentin rural areasEnhancingcompetitivenessof all types ofagricultureand farm viabilityPromotingfood chainorganisationand riskmanagementin agricultureRestoring,preserving andenhancingecosystemsdependent onagriculture andforestryPromoting resourceefficiency andsupporting the shifttowards a low carbonand climate resilienteconomy inagriculture, foodand forestry sectorsFosteringknowledgetransfer andInnovation inagriculture,forestry andrural areasPrioritiesRural Development Programme(s)1515
16 If you want to go fast , go alone , If you want to go far , go together …(African proverb)
17 Local NGOs, civil society LOCAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY Local action groupERDFESFEAFRDEMFFLocal governmentsLocal entrepreneursLocal NGOs, civil societyLOCAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGYProject 3Running costs, animation, networkingpossibly through „lead Fund“Project 1Project 2
18 From the governance point of view: door openers needed!
19 From the “glocal” point of view: door openers needed! Project organisationsUniversitiesProfessionalassociationsBusinessesPlace-basedinterestsNon-profit organisationsLocalmunicipalitiesCREATIVE PERSONSOtherinterests
20 MANY THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION! Radim SRSENELARD Vice-presidentEuropean LEADER Associationfor Rural Development (ELARD)Square de Meeus 1B-1000 Brussels