2 Why a Committee of the Regions ? To give local and regional government a say over the drafting of EU legislation (70% of EU laws are implemented at local/regional level).To bring Europe closer to its citizens and to encourage a culture of subsidiarity.To provide a meeting place where regions and cities can share best practice and take part in a dialogue with the European institutions.2
3 The Committee of the Regions A political assembly of the European Union representing local and regional authoritiesCreated by the Maastricht Treaty (1993)353 Members (Regional and local representatives)First Plenary held in March 1994Six Plenary Sessions per yearSix thematic Commissions and one Commission on budget & administration28 national delegationsFive Political Groups
4 Key dates 1993 Maastricht Treaty creates the CoR 1994 First Plenary Session held in BrusselsThe number of CoR members increases from 189 to 222 as the EU expands to EU-15Treaty of Amsterdam strengthens the CoR by increasing its field of mandatory consultation and allows referrals from the European ParliamentTreaty of Nice states CoR members must hold an electoral mandate or be politically accountableThe number of CoR members increases from 222 to 317 in the EU-25The number of CoR members increases from 317 to 344 membersin the EU-27Lisbon Treaty enhances the status and political role of the CoR2013 The number of CoR members increases from 344 to 353 membersin the EU-28
5 The CoR and the Lisbon Treaty The Court of Justice has jurisdiction in actions brought by the Committee of the Regions for the purpose of protecting its rights.Possibility for the CoR to bring actions on grounds of infringement of the principle of subsidiarity by a legislative act.Broadening of its area of consultation.Members’ term of office prolonged from 4 to 5 years.
6 PROPOSAL CODECISION DECISION CONSULTATIONPROPOSALCODECISIONDECISIONEuropean CommissionEuropean ParliamentCouncil of the EUCONSULTATIONEuropean Economic &Social Committee6
7 Policy fieldsConsultation of the Committee of the Regions is mandatory in the following policy areas:Economic, social and territorial cohesionEducation and youthCulturePublic healthTrans-European networksTransportSportEmploymentSocial policyEnvironmentVocational trainingEnergyClimate changeStructural FundsEuropean Regional Development Fund
8 CoR members and their appointment 353 members (plus 353 alternates) as of 1 July 2013Germany, France, Italy, United Kingdom………….…………..Poland, Spain…...……………………………………………….....Romania...………………………………………………………Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Greece,Hungary, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden……………………..Denmark, Ireland, Finland, Slovakia, Lithuania, Croatia.….Estonia, Latvia, Slovenia……………………..……………….….Cyprus, Luxembourg…….………………….……………….……Malta………………………………………….…………...…….…....242115129765Local and regional representatives proposed by Member StatesFormally appointed by the Council of the EUFive-year renewable term of officeSix Plenary Session per year and adoption of about 60 opinions
10 Organisation of the Committee of the Regions The PresidentThe BureauPresident’sprivate officeSecretary-GeneralSecretariats of thePolitical GroupsInternal Audit unitSecretary-General’sprivate officeAdministrationServices for membersand RegistryConsultative workCommunication,press, eventsHorizontal policiesand networksBudget, financeLegal serviceCoordination,follow-up, etc.Press, internal andexternal communic.Forward planning,studies, etc.Recruitment, careerInternal servicesNAT+ENVEcommissionsEvents, Forums,OPEN DAYSNetworks,monitoring platformsWorking conditions,rights, trainingRegistry, members,nat. delegations, etc.ECOS+COTERcommissionsAdministration,budget, publicationsARLEM,decentralised coop.GeneraladministrationEDUC+CIVEXcommissionsJoint servicesLogisticsJoint servicesTranslation
11 The Bureau63 members, whose number per Member State reflects a national and political balance:The President and First Vice-PresidentOne Vice-President per Member State5 chairs of the political groups28 other members.Organisation of CoR work:Meets eight times a yearPrepares the agenda of plenary sessionsDraws up the Committee’s policy programmeAllocates opinions to commissionsDecides on own-initiative opinions.
12 The Political Groups of the CoR enable transnational thinking and actinglink up the political families in the different EU institutions and in the member statesimplement the CoR’s mandate as political and democratically legitimated organ
13 The Political Groups ECR ALDE EA NON-ALIGNED PES EPP EPP PES ECR ALDE European People‘s PartyPESParty of European SocialistsECREuropean Conservatives and Reformists GroupALDEAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for EuropeEAEuropean Alliance
14 Consultative work: CoR opinions on legislative acts Planning and preparing CoR opinions - between opinions - on EU legislative acts each year for the six CoR commissionsInvolving EU institutions in topical debatesOrganising input by experts and stakeholders (conferences, seminars)Following up and monitoring legislative acts and the impact of CoR opinions
15 The EU budget 2014-2020: The view of regions and cities End 2012/early 2013, the EU will adopt its new Multiannual Financial Framework In an opinion of December 2011, the Committee of the Regions declared that the level of financing proposed should be seen as the absolute minimum required to deliver the ambitions the Member States have agreed for the EU in the Treaty and the Europe 2020 strategy. It supported the introduction of a new own resources system including a tax on financial transactions. The CoR has also notably reiterated its strong opposition to any form of macroeconomic conditionality and proposed on the other hand that the conclusion of a formal partnership agreement between each Member State and their local and regional authorities be a specific ex ante conditionality to the disbursement of EU structural funds.
16 Communicating the “regional and local Europe” Communicating to press/TV and Europe’s regional and local government bodies through newsletters, the internet and audiovisual mediaOrganising about 200 conferences each year (European Week of Regions and Cities; CoR Summits; EuroPCom; co-organising and hosting about 120 conferences with EU institutions, regional offices, associations) with stakeholders600 group visits each year with a total of participantsProducing publications in all EU languages
17 European Week of Regions and Cities-OPEN DAYS Since 10 years, the CoR organises together with the European Commission the OPEN DAYS-European Week of Regions and Cities. 200 regional and local authorities, 200 regions and cities, 100 seminars, 6,000 participants, and 600 speakers make the OPEN DAYS the biggest annual event on regional and urban development. In addition, about 350 local events branded ‘Europe in my region/city‘ bring Brussels‘ debates home to an audience of about 30,000 in more than 30 countries.
18 Horizontal policies, studies, networks Monitoring a number of cross-sector priorities and providing medium- and long-term political options.Strategic planning of CoR activities.Producing 40 studies each year and cooperating with academic networks.Networks and Monitoring Platforms on Subsidiarity, Europe 2020, Covenant of Mayors and the European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC).Supporting the representatives of the Euro-Mediterranean Regional and Local Assembly (ARLEM), the Conference of Regional and Local Authorities for the Eastern Partnership (CORLEAP), and decentralised development cooperation.
19 The Europe 2020 strategy: Involving regions and cities The Europe 2020 Monitoring Platform of the CoR, composed of over 150 regions and cities from all EU Member States, is a tool for local and regional authorities to have a say in the policy process and the implementation of the EU's strategy to promote smart, green and inclusive growth in the current decade. Through meetings of regional and local representatives and experts, consultations and reports, the Platform ensures better implementation of Europe 2020 goals; examines the relationship with cohesion policy, monitors the involvement of strategy's governance process and stimulates exchange.Visit us at
20 « Achieving Growth and Jobs in EU Regions and Cities – Making the Europe 2020 Strategy Work» Deliver on Europe 2020 with Regional/Local AuthoritiesEnsure the « better investment » role of Regional/Local AuthoritiesEngage with citizens and debate EuropeDevelop the territorial dimension in EU relations with external partnersA stronger CoR in a new Europe