Presentation on theme: "Entrepreneurship Education and the Europe 2020"— Presentation transcript:
1Entrepreneurship Education and the Europe 2020 - How can colleges contribute?Sannie FiskerBrussels, June
2Agenda Who am I? So what’s the problem? Part of the solution: Entrepreneurship EducationA framework for working with entrepreneurship education in collegesHow can the EU help?Discussion
3Who am I?New colleague in DG EAC unit A3 primarily working with entrepreneurship educationSeconded national expert from the Danish Ministry of Economic and Business AffairsHave been working with entrepreneurship for nine years - first in an academic setting and later at both regional and national policy levelWas part of the team that did the EU-survey on entrepreneurship in higher education in 2008 for DG ENTR33
4So what’s the problem? Europe 2020: Overpopulation Low growth rates Shift to service- and knowledge based economiesVolatile economiesEnvironmental problemsRapid social changeOverpopulationDiminishing natural resourcesAgeing populationRise of emergent economiesLow employment rates
5Smart, sustainable, inclusive growth - the people behind it People thinkingoutside the boxPeople who can workacross disciplinesLeadersAmbitiousentrepreneursRisk takersCurious andcreative peopleInnovators
6Are the education systems up for it? Great and important heritage, but more adaption to the 21st century is neededSkills for innovation, creativity and entrepreneurship is as important as literacyBut seem to educate people out of their creativity and entrepreneurial spiritAcademic versus practical inclined – all talents should be nurtured
7Part of the solution: Entrepreneurship Education Why?Entrepreneurship and a sense of initiative refers to an individual’s ability to turn ideas into action. It includes creativity, innovation and risk-taking as well as the ability to plan and manage projects in order to achieve objectives.2006 Recommendation on Key Competences for Lifelong LearningIt is a competence for life – It is one of the key competences necessary for personal fulfilment, social inclusion, active citizenship and employability
8Three Objectives of Entrepreneurship Education Learn about entrepreneurshipDevelop entrepreneurial mindsetLearn the skills to be an entrepreneurWhat role does entrepreneurs play in society?Why are entrepreneurs needed?What are the ethical questions facing enterprises?What is social entrepreneurship?Etc.Can I become an entrepreneur?How to become an entrepreneur?I have an idea – how do I turn it into action?KnowledgeAttitudesSkillsI need to take responsibility of my own learning, career and life – how do I manage that?Adapted from Gibb (1999)
9What are we looking to achieve? SKILLS – learn to become an entrepreneurPlan; Organise; Manage; Lead & delegate; Analyse; Communicate; Evaluate; Effective representation & negotiation; Work as an individual; Work in teams; Judge & identify one’s strengths and weaknesses; Asses and take risks; Connect ideas; Mobilise commitment; Lateral thinkingATTITUDES – learn to become entrepreneurialInitiative; Independence & innovation in all aspects of life; Motivation; Determination to meet objectives; Risk propensity; Ambition/drive; Persistence & commitment; Self-belief; Self-efficacy; Self-awareness; Feeling of empowerment; Social confidence; Creativity & imagination; Curiosity; Tolerance to failureKNOWLEDGE – learn to understand entrepreneurshipOn how to identify opportunitiesAbout the ‘bigger picture’ issues that provide context in which people live and workUnderstanding of the workings of the economyEthical position of enterprisesOn the processes of innovation & creativityOn the process of entrepreneurshipINTENTIONOPPORTUNITY SEARCH AND DISCOVERYDECISION TO EXPLOIT OPPORTUNITYEXPLOITATION OF OPPORTUNITYPROACTIVITYActively seeking goalsINNOVATIONOpportunity searchCoping with and enjoying uncertaintyPROCESSBEHAVIOURCHANGETaking risky actions in uncertain environmentsFlexibly responding to challengesACTIONActing independently on own initiativeSolving problems/conflicts creativelyPersuading and motivating othersCommitment to making things happenEntrepreneurial individualEntrepreneurship in personal, social and work life
10Role of the education system With the right support and environment, all people have the potential to develop and strengthen their entrepreneurial key competenceSchools, colleges, and universities are important parts of the social structure that fosters the personal development of young people and therefore they have the opportunity to support and promote the development of key competences including entrepreneurshipEntrepreneurship education is not limited to a specific level in the education system. Every level have an important role to play from pre-school to adult training10
11Recommendations from a survey on Entrepreneurship Education 2.900 Higher Education Institutions identified in 31 countries664 HEIs responded (23%)198 had EE above thresholdNo country comparison, but benchmarking of institutions
12Institutional Framework for Entrepreneurship Education Source: Survey of Entrepreneurship in Higher Education in Europe, 2008
13StrategyEE is often bottom-up, but it needs a conducive environment to thrive ► support from the management is crucialDevelop policies and action plans on how the institution can actually reach its entrepreneurship objectives to make sure that it is just not a fancy word in the strategyCommunicate from top level that entrepreneurship is a broad horizontal competence for life and not only for business
14ResourcesEE is often funded on a short-term project basis ► problem of sustainability and perceived importanceIf possible for the institution to decide, it is important that the EE is supported by dedicated funding on a long term basisIncome generating activities can secure sustainability
15Institutional infrastructures Working across disciplines is key!All students can take entrepreneurship coursesStudents from different disciplines are brought together on a regular basis in both in-curricular and extra-curricular activitiesHave facilities where students can test out ideas – e.g. an entrepreneurship centreAppoint entrepreneurship champions in different departments
16Involve Me I Understand! Teaching and learningTeaching methodsProblem-based,student-oriented,innovative,edutainmentetc.Extra-curricular activitiesCompany visitsMentoring programmesCompetitionsInnovation CampsKey mottoTell Me I Forget,Show Me I Remember,Involve Me I Understand!
17Outreach Access to real-life situations and problems Problems facing companiesProblems facing local authoritiesWorking together with NGOsFoster links to the local communityUnderstand new skills for new jobsFunding, collaborationUse alumni activelyTo survey what skills they are missing after graduationTo involve them in EERole models
18DevelopmentThe teachers are the most important component in entrepreneurship educationTherefore, it is important that the institution is supporting the teachers in terms of:TrainingIncentivesRecognitionContinuous improvement through feedback from students and their employers
19How can the European Commission help? Open method of coordination▼▼▼Facilitate sharing of good practiceFunding of projectsGenerate new knowledge
20Sharing of good practice Various databasesEVEKSLLL (Knowledge System for Lifelong Learning)SBA good practice databaseESF (European Social Fund)National projects during the year for Innovation and CreativityProject compendiums on the LLLP at EACEAReports on good practices and progressConferences, Reflection panels, workshops etc.
21Funding of projectsThe European Commission has a number of programmes that can support projects on entrepreneurship education
23Erasmus Erasmus Multilateral Projects – 4 sub actions: Erasmus Network Co-operation between Universities and EnterprisesCurriculum DevelopmentModernisation of Higher EducationVirtual campusesErasmus NetworkAcademic Networks: promote innovation in a specific discipline, set of disciplines or multidisciplinary areaStructural Networks: improve and modernise a specific aspect of higher education organisation, management, governance or funding
24Other funding programmes Youth in Action – Youth Initiative (DG EAC)Tempus (joint projects with partner countries – DG EAC)European Social Funds (DG REGIO)Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP – DG ENTR)
25Generate new knowledge Expert groupsEntrepreneurship in Vocational TrainingEntrepreneurship in Higher Education in EuropeCall for proposals under the CIP programmeDeveloping new teaching materialsDeveloping case studiesKnowledge on female entrepreneurshipCommission surveysMapping of Entrepreneurship in Higher Education in EuropeMapping of university-business cooperation
26Discussion How many of you teach entrepreneurship? Which of the three objectives?If not, why?What are the greatest challenges facing you?What would you recommend the European Commission to do to support you?
27Thank you for participating! Feel free to contact me:Sannie FiskerPhone: 0032 (0)Have a nice day!