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Entrepreneurship Education and the Europe 2020 - How can colleges contribute? Sannie Fisker Brussels, June 8 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Entrepreneurship Education and the Europe 2020 - How can colleges contribute? Sannie Fisker Brussels, June 8 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Entrepreneurship Education and the Europe How can colleges contribute? Sannie Fisker Brussels, June

2 2 Agenda Who am I? So whats the problem? Part of the solution: Entrepreneurship Education A framework for working with entrepreneurship education in colleges How can the EU help? Discussion

3 3 3 Who am I? New colleague in DG EAC unit A3 primarily working with entrepreneurship education Seconded national expert from the Danish Ministry of Economic and Business Affairs Have been working with entrepreneurship for nine years - first in an academic setting and later at both regional and national policy level Was part of the team that did the EU-survey on entrepreneurship in higher education in 2008 for DG ENTR

4 4 Europe 2020: So whats the problem? Volatile economies Rapid social change Ageing population Shift to service- and knowledge based economies Environmental problems Diminishing natural resources Overpopulation Rise of emergent economies Low growth rates Low employment rates

5 5 Smart, sustainable, inclusive growth - the people behind it Ambitious entrepreneurs Risk takers People thinking outside the box Leaders Innovators Curious and creative people People who can work across disciplines

6 6 Are the education systems up for it? Great and important heritage, but more adaption to the 21st century is needed Skills for innovation, creativity and entrepreneurship is as important as literacy But seem to educate people out of their creativity and entrepreneurial spirit Academic versus practical inclined – all talents should be nurtured

7 7 Part of the solution: Entrepreneurship Education Why? Entrepreneurship and a sense of initiative refers to an individuals ability to turn ideas into action. It includes creativity, innovation and risk-taking as well as the ability to plan and manage projects in order to achieve objectives Recommendation on Key Competences for Lifelong Learning It is a competence for life – It is one of the key competences necessary for personal fulfilment, social inclusion, active citizenship and employability

8 8 Learn about entrepreneurship Develop entrepreneurial mindset Learn the skills to be an entrepreneur What role does entrepreneurs play in society? Why are entrepreneurs needed? What are the ethical questions facing enterprises? What is social entrepreneurship? Etc. Can I become an entrepreneur? How to become an entrepreneur? I have an idea – how do I turn it into action? Knowledge Attitudes Skills I need to take responsibility of my own learning, career and life – how do I manage that? Three Objectives of Entrepreneurship Education Adapted from Gibb (1999)

9 9 What are we looking to achieve? SKILLS – learn to become an entrepreneur Plan; Organise; Manage; Lead & delegate; Analyse; Communicate; Evaluate; Effective representation & negotiation; Work as an individual; Work in teams; Judge & identify ones strengths and weaknesses; Asses and take risks; Connect ideas; Mobilise commitment; Lateral thinking ATTITUDES – learn to become entrepreneurial Initiative; Independence & innovation in all aspects of life; Motivation; Determination to meet objectives; Risk propensity; Ambition/drive; Persistence & commitment; Self-belief; Self- efficacy; Self-awareness; Feeling of empowerment; Social confidence; Creativity & imagination; Curiosity; Tolerance to failure KNOWLEDGE – learn to understand entrepreneurship On how to identify opportunities About the bigger picture issues that provide context in which people live and work Understanding of the workings of the economy Ethical position of enterprises On the processes of innovation & creativity On the process of entrepreneurship INTENTION OPPORTUNITY SEARCH AND DISCOVERY DECISION TO EXPLOIT OPPORTUNITY EXPLOITATION OF OPPORTUNITY PROACTIVITY Actively seeking goals INNOVATION Opportunity search Coping with and enjoying uncertainty PROCESS BEHAVIOUR CHANGE Taking risky actions in uncertain environments Flexibly responding to challenges ACTION Acting independently on own initiative Solving problems/conflicts creatively Persuading and motivating others Commitment to making things happen

10 10 Role of the education system With the right support and environment, all people have the potential to develop and strengthen their entrepreneurial key competence Schools, colleges, and universities are important parts of the social structure that fosters the personal development of young people and therefore they have the opportunity to support and promote the development of key competences including entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship education is not limited to a specific level in the education system. Every level have an important role to play from pre-school to adult training

11 11 Recommendations from a survey on Entrepreneurship Education Higher Education Institutions identified in 31 countries 664 HEIs responded (23%) 198 had EE above threshold No country comparison, but benchmarking of institutions

12 12 Institutional Framework for Entrepreneurship Education Source: Survey of Entrepreneurship in Higher Education in Europe, 2008

13 13 Strategy EE is often bottom-up, but it needs a conducive environment to thrive support from the management is crucial Develop policies and action plans on how the institution can actually reach its entrepreneurship objectives to make sure that it is just not a fancy word in the strategy Communicate from top level that entrepreneurship is a broad horizontal competence for life and not only for business

14 14 Resources EE is often funded on a short-term project basis problem of sustainability and perceived importance If possible for the institution to decide, it is important that the EE is supported by dedicated funding on a long term basis Income generating activities can secure sustainability

15 15 Institutional infrastructures Working across disciplines is key! All students can take entrepreneurship courses Students from different disciplines are brought together on a regular basis in both in-curricular and extra-curricular activities Have facilities where students can test out ideas – e.g. an entrepreneurship centre Appoint entrepreneurship champions in different departments

16 16 Teaching and learning Key motto Tell Me I Forget, Show Me I Remember, Involve Me I Understand! Teaching methods –Problem-based, –student-oriented, –innovative, –edutainment –etc. Extra-curricular activities –Company visits –Mentoring programmes –Competitions –Innovation Camps

17 17 Outreach Access to real-life situations and problems –Problems facing companies –Problems facing local authorities –Working together with NGOs Foster links to the local community –Understand new skills for new jobs –Funding, collaboration Use alumni actively –To survey what skills they are missing after graduation –To involve them in EE –Role models

18 18 Development The teachers are the most important component in entrepreneurship education Therefore, it is important that the institution is supporting the teachers in terms of: –Training –Incentives –Recognition Continuous improvement through feedback from students and their employers

19 19 How can the European Commission help? Open method of coordination Facilitate sharing of good practice Funding of projects Generate new knowledge

20 20 Sharing of good practice Various databases –EVE –KSLLL (Knowledge System for Lifelong Learning) –SBA good practice database –ESF (European Social Fund) –National projects during the year for Innovation and Creativity –Project compendiums on the LLLP at EACEA Reports on good practices and progress Conferences, Reflection panels, workshops etc.

21 21 Funding of projects The European Commission has a number of programmes that can support projects on entrepreneurship education

22 22 The Lifelong Learning Programme

23 23 Erasmus Erasmus Multilateral Projects – 4 sub actions: Co-operation between Universities and Enterprises Curriculum Development Modernisation of Higher Education Virtual campuses Erasmus Network Academic Networks: promote innovation in a specific discipline, set of disciplines or multidisciplinary area Structural Networks: improve and modernise a specific aspect of higher education organisation, management, governance or funding

24 24 Other funding programmes Youth in Action – Youth Initiative (DG EAC) Tempus (joint projects with partner countries – DG EAC) European Social Funds (DG REGIO) Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP – DG ENTR)

25 25 Generate new knowledge Expert groups –Entrepreneurship in Vocational Training –Entrepreneurship in Higher Education in Europe Call for proposals under the CIP programme –Developing new teaching materials –Developing case studies –Knowledge on female entrepreneurship Commission surveys –Mapping of Entrepreneurship in Higher Education in Europe –Mapping of university-business cooperation

26 26 Discussion How many of you teach entrepreneurship? –Which of the three objectives? –If not, why? What are the greatest challenges facing you? What would you recommend the European Commission to do to support you?

27 27 Thank you for participating! Feel free to contact me: Sannie Fisker Phone: 0032 (0) Have a nice day!

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