Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

2012 SURVEY ON SUSTAINABLE ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT IN MEDITERRANEAN PARTNER COUNTRIES Brussels 14-11-2011 Working Party on Euro-Mediterranean industrial.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "2012 SURVEY ON SUSTAINABLE ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT IN MEDITERRANEAN PARTNER COUNTRIES Brussels 14-11-2011 Working Party on Euro-Mediterranean industrial."— Presentation transcript:

1 2012 SURVEY ON SUSTAINABLE ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT IN MEDITERRANEAN PARTNER COUNTRIES Brussels 14-11-2011 Working Party on Euro-Mediterranean industrial cooperation

2 Agenda Introduction Core Team Background to the Project Project Scope Field Research Policy Inventory Good practices and expert analysis Emerging findings Overview of preliminary opportunities for improvement based on expert analysis and overview of trends 2

3 Project Team Team Leader- Kim Møller, Oxford Research Derek Light, Oxford Research Henrik Mahncke, Oxford Research Framework Contract Coordinator- Rob van der Horst, EIM Koos Van Elk, EIM National Experts – Expert researchers in sustainable enterprise development in each of the partner countries 3

4 4 CountryNational ResearcherInstitution Algeria Dr. Samir Baha-Eddine Maliki Mr. Amine Metaiche University of Tlemcen Egypt Dr. Alia Mohamed Abdel Monem El Mahdi Cairo University Israel Dr. Sibylle HeilbrunnRuppin Academic Center Jordan Dr. Ibrahim Hassan Saif Rani Khoury Jordan University/ Excel Consulting Associates Lebanon Dr. Saifedean Ammous Dr. Walid Marrouch Lebanese American University Morocco Dr. Mohamed Derrabi Al Akhawayn University Palestinian Authority Mr. Muhannad Hamed Dr. Nabil Sukkar Economic Policy Research Institute (MAS) Syria Dr. Nabil Sukkar The Syrian Consulting Bureau for Development and Investment Tunisia Dr. Sofiane Ghali Dr. Zouhour Karray University of 7 November

5 Background to the Project Project Objective : To identify, analyse, contextualise, and describe policy measures and good practice in Mediterranean partner countries with respect to sustainable enterprise development Specific Purpose : Inform about policy measures taken or planned in each of the nine countries covered by the project Identify and present good practice illustrating a country's progress in the field of sustainable enterprise development 5

6 Scope of the Project Parameters of the study Enterprise Development From Euro-Med Charter: a set of policies and measures aimed at improving the business environment and operational conditions for enterprises… Sustainable- European Small Business Act - Principle Nine: enabling SMEs to turn environmental challenges into opportunities Enterprise/ Industrial Policies Governance is important- institutional framework development Horizontal policies or impacts- but sector-specific policies are included Environmental outcomes, but not environmental study Policies, regulations, institutions Eco-efficiency and sustainable production Purely environmental policies are a separate topic 6

7 Reporting Process First Draft Report - 19.09.2011 Country Overview Inventory of policies Good practice Good practice database Second Draft Report - 07.11.2011 Revised Field Research Expert Analysis Final Report - 27.01.2012 Finalized Field Research and Expert Analysis Feedback from stakeholders Summary Report- Key policies, trends, and recommendations Methodology and executive summaries Translation into French 7

8 Scope of the study Data collection tool Policy Framework Matrix Units that are consistent, valid, and relevant to study objectives Simplicity - the creation of widely-applicable, generic categories Generic policy instruments Compiled list based on traditional and emerging instrument types Iterative process- refined before and after data collection Enterprise-level impacts that reflect current European trends, offering opportunities for collaboration and convergence: New products and services End-of-pipe versus Cleaner Production approaches Resource efficiency Regulatory versus market-based approaches 8

9 Scope of the study Data collection tool Instruments Institutional or public organisational development Regulation and standards development Administrative procedures Taxation or financial instruments Measurement and assessment mechanisms Access to finance Technological development Research and development support Commercialisation support Education, skills, and training Entrepreneurship support Networks and partnerships Information services Demand support (incl. green public procurement) Institutional or public organisational development Enterprise-level Impacts Uptake of environmental regulations Improved Resource efficiency (including energy) Maximizing use of renewable energy and resources Reducing pollution and emissions (end- of-pipe- EOP) Cleaner production and business operations (CP) Improving product lifecycle Creation of new markets or enterprises (incl. business models) Development of eco-innovative products or services 9

10 Enterprise Impact Target Uptake of environmental regulations Improved Resource efficiency (including energy) Maximizing use of renewable energy and resources Reducing pollution and emissions (end-of-pipe- EOP) Cleaner production and business operations (CP) Improving product lifecycle Creation of new markets or enterprises (incl. business models) Development of eco- innovative products or services Institutional or public organisational development Regulation and standards development Administrative procedures Taxation or financial instruments Measurement and assessment mechanisms Access to finance Technological development Research and development support Commercialisation support Education, skills, and training Entrepreneurship support* Networks and partnerships Information services Demand support (incl. green public procurement) Institutional or public organisational development

11 Sustainable Enterprise Development Total of 89 examples of sustainable enterprise development Very positive findings Excellent sample size to carry out further inquiry Some limitations Multi-component or cross-cutting instruments Varying concepts of sustainability and precision Policy-making approach: holistic versus dedicated policy instruments or sector-specific measures Number of policies is not a good proxy for measuring progress in sustainable enterprise development Some trends emerge from descriptive overview but further analysis is required 11

12 Frequency- Instrument type Field Research Country overview

13 Field Research Country overview 13 Frequency- Enterprise-level impacts

14 Sustainable Enterprise Development Preliminary results only. Further research into trends required, to be included in Final Report (early 2012) Lack of market-based instruments Access to finance tends to be ad hoc or one-time grants Few incentive-based financing instruments Very limited demand-support mechanisms Limited effort at changing markets or industries Few measures to support product-improvements or eco-innovation Notable exception: Cleaner Production appears to be increasingly common, especially linked to centers for cleaner production Lower standards at product level could have implications for export markets 14

15 Sustainable Enterprise Development In some cases, reflects priorities of international partners Main instruments include access to finance coupled with technical assistance Domestic policies tend to be regulatory or institutional development in nature Weak systems-focus – limited examples of entrenching sustainability Governance Several examples of stakeholder engagement and leadership from private sector and not-for-profit organizations Limited examples of evaluation; varies significantly across countries Some examples of comprehensive measures, but most instruments appear to be one-off initiatives Number of examples of inter-sectoral cooperation: academic, public sector, and enterprises working together for a variety of purposes 15

16 Field Research Good practice and Independent Expert Analysis Collaboration between the core team and the expert researchers in each country Good practices: Two per country Based on good practice criteria, balanced against priority areas and available data sources Independent Expert Analysis Focus on priority areas Country-level analysis Strengths, weaknesses, and critical factors affecting implementation Preliminary set of recommended opportunities for improvement Emerging conclusions and recommendations, though further analysis is required 16

17 17 Country Selected good practice 1. Algeria 1) Law on Protection of the environment and sustainable development 2) National Centre of Cleaner Production Technologies 2. Egypt 1) Egyptian Pollution Abatement Project 2) Achieving Compliance with Environmental Regulation in Industry 3. Israel 1) Green Entrepreneurship Course 2) Israeli Centre for Green Business 4. Jordan 1) EDAMA initiative 2) Environment Fund 5. Lebanon 1) Promotion of Decentralized Power Generation 2) Model for reduction of industrial wastewater 6. Morocco 1) Partial Exemption of Investment under the Investment Charter 2) Clean Development Mechanism 7. Pal. Auth. 1) SMEs Loans Mortgage programme 2) Green loans 8. Syria 1) Syrian Agency for the Development of SMEs 2) Trust for Development 9. Tunisia 1) National Program for Integrated and Sustainable Management of Waste 2) Program of Institutional Support in Environmental Education

18 Sustainable Enterprise Development Emerging Opportunities for Improvement Fill the gaps - several examples of potential for diffusion of established instruments, market-based instruments and especially demand-support measures Shift from ad hoc approaches to comprehensive measures - establishes linkages and generate cumulative effects Support system change - Examples of entrenching sustainable enterprise through innovation or through the improvement of the regulatory, legal, and financing systems Raise Awareness- Strengthen networks and intermediaries to reach broader set of enterprises, and communicate with the public 18

19 Sustainable Enterprise Development Emerging Opportunities for Improvement Focus on results – significant lack of policy learning due to insufficient evaluation and weaknesses in implementation Prioritize skills development - required to promote entrepreneurship but also to prepare the workforce to adopt new technologies and shift to new industries Leveraging existing systems rather than building additional measures - Shifting existing industries and agencies to becoming more sustainable rather than creating new industries or agencies Again, further analysis of key policies and trends is forthcoming in Final Report (early 2012) 19

20 Sustainable Enterprise Development Indicators of progress Development is not a linear process Various approaches to dealing with sustainable enterprise development Avoid prescriptive indicators based on the choice of instruments to address problems The current charter is problem oriented (skills, access to finance) rather than solution-specific Remember: Enterprise Development Avoid particular sector (energy generation) and focus on enterprise- level impacts Avoid focus on public-sector development Avoid focus on ecology or environmental protection Sustainable enterprise development is horizontal, not vertical Consider integrating sustainability into the other ten dimensions 20

21 Merci! Thank you! Derek Light, Oxford Research dli@oxfordresearch.dk 21


Download ppt "2012 SURVEY ON SUSTAINABLE ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT IN MEDITERRANEAN PARTNER COUNTRIES Brussels 14-11-2011 Working Party on Euro-Mediterranean industrial."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google