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OSH in figures: Stress at work – Facts and figures.

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Presentation on theme: "OSH in figures: Stress at work – Facts and figures."— Presentation transcript:

1 OSH in figures: Stress at work – Facts and figures

2 Stress is the second most frequently- reported work-related health problem, affecting 22% of workers from the EU 27 (in 2005) Studies suggest that stress is a factor in between 50% and 60% of all lost working days. This represents a huge cost in terms of both human distress and impaired economic performance The number of people suffering from stress- related conditions caused or made worse by work is likely to increase due to the changing world of work which is making increased demands on workers Stress – facts and figures Introduction

3 Work-related stress is experienced when the demands of the work environment exceed the workers ability to cope with (or control) them If the stress response continues over a longer period, or if it is particularly intense, this may have serious consequences on health Stress – facts and figures Introduction

4 Symptoms of work-related stress Organisational: o accidents, errors, increased costs from compensation or health care, reduced productivity, absenteeism, high staff turnover, harassment, poor time-keeping and disciplinary problems. Symptoms of work-related stress o Physiological: back problems, weakened immunity, peptic ulcers, heart problems, hypertension. o Cognitive: difficulty in concentrating, remembering, learning new things, making decisions o Emotional: irritability, anxiety, sleep problems, depression, hypochondria, alienation, burnout, relationship problems o Behavioural: abuse of drugs, alcohol, and tobacco Stress – facts and figures Introduction

5 Work affects health (% yes)* *European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, Stress – facts and figures Prevalence In 2005, the level of reported stress was lower in EU15 than in EU10 or in two Acceding Countries (Bulgaria and Romania)

6 The level of reported stress in EU countries* Stress – facts and figures Prevalence *European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, The highest levels of stress were reported in Greece (55%), and in Slovenia (38%), Sweden (38%), and Latvia (37%), whereas the lowest levels were registered in United Kingdom (12%), Germany, Ireland, and the Netherlands (16%) as well as in the Czech Republic (17%), France and Bulgaria (18%).

7 The level of reported physical violence and harassment (bullying) at work in EU-27 (% yes)* *European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, Stress – facts and figures Prevalence

8 Change in tempo of work during last 12 months (2002) * Tempo at ones workplace has: Finland % Lithuania % Latvia % Estonia % considerably increased somewhat increased remained the same somewhat decreased3865 considerably decreased0111 do not know1324 Number of respondentsN=1297N=909N=904N=900 *The Working Life Barometer in the Baltic Countries, 2002.

9 Health problems among workers reporting job insecurity (Spain, 2007) * Stress – facts and figures Prevalence *VI Encuesta Nacional de Condiciones de Trabajo, 2007 Stress prevalence Health problems such as e.g. tiredness or headaches are significantly more frequent among people who feel job insecurity

10 The Netherlands: the most prevalent cause of becoming work disabled is psychological or mental disorder* Stress – facts and figures Prevalence *The Netherlands Center for Occupational Diseases

11 European workers (%) reporting stress, overall fatigue, sleeping problems, anxiety, and irritability by age (2005)* Stress – facts and figures Stress by age *European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, The highest stress level is observed among middle aged workers, and the lowest among older and younger workers.

12 Percentage of workers who consult a doctor because of stress at work by age (Spain, 2003)* Stress – facts and figures Stress by age *V Encuesta Nacional de Condiciones de Trabajo, 2003 Among the workers who consulted a doctor because of stress, the majority belonged to the and age groups.

13 European workers (%) reporting stress, overall fatigue, sleeping problems, anxiety, and irritability by gender (2005)* Stress – facts and figures Stress by gender *European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, Men reported work-related stress more frequently than women (23% and 20% respectively), however this difference is not very big

14 Perceived increase of mental stress at work (considerable or somewhat) by gender (2002)* *The Working Life Barometer in the Baltic Countries, Stress – facts and figures Stress by gender Women reported higher increase of mental stress at work (during last 12 months)

15 Workers reporting work stress by gender (Belgium, 2004)* Stress – facts and figures Stress by gender *Flemish Workability Monitor, 2004 Women have problems with stress at work slightly more often than men. The percentages of men and women for whom stress at work is an acute problem do not differ significantly

16 Physical violence, bullying/harassment and unwanted sexual attention by gender (2005), EU-25?* *European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, Stress – facts and figures Stress by gender Prevalence of reported physical violence is similar among women and men. Women, especially young women, are more at risk of harassment/bullying and unwanted sexual attention than men.

17 Prevalence of stress, anxiety and irritability by sector (2005), EU-27? * *European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, Stress – facts and figures Stress by sector In 2005 stress was the most prevalent in the education and health sectors, as well as in agriculture, hunting, foresty & fishing (28.5%).

18 Ranking of stress indicators Average score 1. Burnout / depression / emotional exhaustion High absenteeism / sickness Sleeping problems / insomnia Cardiovascular diseases / symptoms Frequent interpersonal conflicts Migraines Hypertension / high blood pressure Gastrointestinal disorders High staff turnover Addictions (drinking, smoking, drugs)1.48 Ranking of stress indicators in educational sector according to teacher unions (2007) * Stress – facts and figures Stress by sector *European Trade Union Committee for Education (ETUCE), 2007.

19 Physical violence by sector, EU-27?* Stress – facts and figures Stress by sector *European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, Education and health and public administration and defence are the sectors most affected by physical violence

20 Bullying/harassment and unwanted sexual attention by sector* Stress – facts and figures Stress by sector *European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, Hotels and restaurants, education and health and transport and communication sectors most affected by bullying /harassment

21 Prevalence of work-related stress in different occupations (Poland, )* Stress – facts and figures Stress by occupation *Central Institute for Labour Protection – National Research Institute, 2000 Teachers, middle medical staff, government and local government administration clerks, and bank workers reported highest level of stress

22 Percent of workers reporting work-related stress by occupation (Belgium, 2004)* Stress – facts and figures Stress by occupation *Flemish Workability Monitor, 2004 Senior managers / directors and middle managers /professionals reported highest level of stress

23 Occupational diseases by sector (the Netherlands, 2005)* Stress – facts and figures Stress by sector *The Netherlands Center for Occupational Diseases, 2005 Psychological diseases are the most prevalent in education, financial institution and health care

24 European workers reporting stress and stress-related health problems by employment status (self-employed and employee) (2005), EU-27?* Stress – facts and figures Stress by employment status *European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, Well-being scores for self- employed workers are lower than for employed workers

25 Lack of control at work reported by workers on permanent and temporary contracts (Spain, 2007)* Stress – facts and figures Stress by employment status *VI Encuesta Nacional de Condiciones de Trabajo, 2007 Workers on temporary contracts have lower control over their work compared to workers on permanent contracts

26 In 2002, the European Commission reported that the yearly cost of work-related stress in the EU15 was EUR million each year France: the cost to society of occupational stress is somewhere between EUR 830 and EUR million, the equivalent of between 10% and 20% of all expenditure by the Occupational Accident and Disease branch of the social security system The Netherlands: most of the costs to society of poor working conditions come from work-related absence and disability, which are mainly caused by musculoskeletal disorders (43% of the all diagnoses) and psychological diseases (40%). UK: In 2005/6 work related stress, depression and anxiety cost Great Britain in excess of £530 million. Stress – facts and figures Costs of stress

27 The main emerging psychosocial risks identified in the forecasts*: New forms of employment contracts and job insecurity (the use of more precarious contracts together with the trend towards lean production and outsourcing) The OSH risks for the ageing workforce Work intensification - high workload and work pressure High emotional demands at work, violence and harassment Poor work-life balance Combined exposure to psychosocial and physical risks All of these risks affect workers health and safety. They may increase work-related stress and lead to serious deterioration of mental and physical health. Stress – facts and figures Emerging risks *EU-OSHA – European Agency for Safety and Health at Work,

28 Agencys information on stress: Publication: C_OSH_in_figures_stress_at_work/view C_OSH_in_figures_stress_at_work/view European Risk Observatory: European Agency for Safety and Health at Work: Thank you for your attention! Stress – facts and figures More information available at:


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