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Women and EU rural development policy EESC Open hearing 11 May 2012 Agata Zdanowicz- DG AGRI unit E4.

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Presentation on theme: "Women and EU rural development policy EESC Open hearing 11 May 2012 Agata Zdanowicz- DG AGRI unit E4."— Presentation transcript:

1 Women and EU rural development policy EESC Open hearing 11 May 2012 Agata Zdanowicz- DG AGRI unit E4

2 The structure of the presentation 1)Background: EU Strategy for equality between women and men )Employment of women in rural areas: some statistics 3)Women in agriculture 4)Gender mainstreaming in the RD policy in 2007/2013 5)Gender mainstreaming in the future policies

3 EU strategy for equality between women and men Key actions in 6 priority areas: 1)Equal economic independence 2)Equal pay for equal work and work of equal value 3)Equality in decision-making 4)Dignity, integrity and an end to gender-based violence 5)Gender equality in external actions 6)Horizontal issues (Adopted by the Commission September 2010)

4 Employment in rural areas EU27 employment rate in rural areas has fallen down in the last 3 years – from 70.4% in 2008 to 68.6% in 2010 (financial and economic crisis in 2008) Quarterly GDP growth in rural areas in 2010 showed some positive signs - 0.8% in Q1-2011; but remains below 1% for the Union Employment rates of women continue to be much lower than those for men (61.9% versus 74.9% for Q1-2011) Source: Commission Staff Working document on employment and growth in rural areas, 2011

5 5 Employment of women in agriculture The Farm Structure Survey 2007 data are still the most recent figures available. Women represent 42% of all agricultural workers EU-12 (47%) compared to the EU-15 (38%) More than 1/3 of women was working in agriculture are farm holders, (half of the proportion for males) A significant number of women work in agriculture as spouse of the holder (about 44%) Presence of women varies with the according to the economic size of the farm holding

6 Women in agriculture 1/2 Source: Eurostat, Farm Structure Survey, 2007

7 Women in agriculture 2/2 Source: Eurostat, Farm Structure Survey, 2007

8 Role of women on the farm Family labour force Non family labour force Sole holders Spouses of sole holders Other family members of sole holders % F 80.1% F 36.7% F 27.9% F 71.3% M19.9% M63.3% M72.1% M EU-27 agricultural labour force in 2007 Source: Eurostat, Farm Structure Survey, 2007

9 Role of women on the farm - trends 28.7% of EU- 27 farm holders are women Pre-1990 Member States: increase from 19% to 27% of total farm holders between 1990 and 2007 Source: Eurostat, Farm Structure Survey, 2007

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11 Gender mainstreaming in the EU RD Policy (1/3) The principle of non-discrimination is strongly embedded into the EU rural development legislation (in line with Articles 2 and 3 of the EC Treaty) The Rural Development policy addresses equality between men and women at different stages of the policy development and implementation: Community Strategic Guidelines Rural Development Regulation Programming principles Monitoring and evaluation

12 Gender mainstreaming in the EU RD Policy (2/3) Common Strategic Guidelines (priorities for RD on EU level) demands that the particular needs of women in rural areas are embedded in the programming period Rural Development Regulation (EC) N° 1698/2005 (EAFRD): Article 8: "Member States and the Commission shall promote equality between men and women and shall ensure that any discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation is prevented during the various stages of programme implementation."

13 Gender mainstreaming in the EU RD Policy (3/3) Programming requirements for the Member States Equality principle and the needs of women to be taken into account in design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the programmes Monitoring and evaluation Gender specific indicators for a number of measures are provided by Member States in their annual progress reports starting from the reporting year 2008

14 Some indicator data from annual reports 2010 (1/3) Number of participants measure 111 (training) Number of beneficiaries: measure 112: young farmer measure 121: on-farm investment

15 Some indicator data from annual reports 2010 (2/3) Number of beneficiaries: Axis 3 measures: 311: on-farm diversification 312: creation of micro and small enterprises 331: training and information 341: skills acquisition and animation for local development strategies

16 Some indicator data from annual reports 2010 (3/3) Number of beneficiaries for measure 121 by Member State (incomplete data)

17 17 Rural development in a new framework Common Strategic Framework (CSF) – covering the EAFRD, ERDF, ESF, Cohesion Fund and EMFF, and reflecting EU2020 through common thematic objectives to be addressed by key actions for each of the funds Partnership Contract – national document outlining the intended use of the funds in the pursuit of EU2020 objectives Rural development policy: EAFRD Other CSF funds (ERDF, ESF, CF, EMFF) Rural Development Programme(s) Europe 2020 strategy Promoting social inclusion, poverty reduction and economic development in rural areas Enhancing competitiveness of all types of agriculture and farm viability Promoting food chain organisation and risk management in agriculture Restoring, preserving and enhancing ecosystems dependent on agriculture and forestry Promoting resource efficiency and supporting the shift towards a low carbon and climate resilient economy in agriculture, food and forestry sectors Fostering knowledge transfer and Innovation in agriculture, forestry and rural areas Priorities Innovation, Environment and Climate Change as cross-cutting objectives

18 18 6. Social inclusion, poverty reduction and economic development in rural areas 2. Competitiveness of all types of agriculture and farm viability 3. Food chain organisation and risk management 4. Restoring, preserving and enhancing ecosystems 5. Resource efficiency and shift towards a low carbon and climate resilient economy 1. Knowledge transfer and Innovation Innovation, Climate Change and Environment as cross-cutting objectives Rural development priorities Focus areas (a) fostering innovation and the knowledge base in rural areas (b) strengthening the links between agriculture and forestry and research and innovation (c) fostering lifelong learning and vocational training in the agricultural and forestry sectors (a) facilitating restructuring of farms facing major structural problems, notably farms with a low degree of market participation, market-oriented farms in particular sectors and farms in need of agricultural diversification (b) facilitating generational renewal in the agricultural sector (a) better integrating primary producers into the food chain through quality schemes, promotion in local markets and short supply circuits, producer groups and inter-branch organisations (b) supporting farm risk management (a) restoring and preserving biodiversity, including in Natura 2000 areas and HNV farming, and the state of European landscapes (b) improving water management (c) improving soil management (a) increasing efficiency in water use by agriculture (b) increasing efficiency in energy use in agriculture and food processing (c) facilitating the supply and use of renewable sources of energy, of by-products, wastes, residues and other non food raw material for purposes of the bio-economy (d) reducing nitrous oxide and methane emissions from agriculture (e) fostering carbon sequestration in agriculture and forestry (a) facilitating diversification, creation of new small enterprises and job creation (b) fostering local development in rural areas (c) enhancing accessibility to, use and quality of information and communication technologies (ICT) in rural areas

19 Gender mainstreaming: future Rural Development policy (1/4) Stimulation of gender mainstreaming crucial for building on human and social potential of rural areas General principles: Article 7 of the proposed common provision regulation for five funds states the horizontal principle of the promotion of equality between man and women and non-discrimination all Common Strategic Framework (CSF) funds The Code of conduct on partnership in CSF (under elaboration): gender equality and the involvement of women a basic principle

20 Ex-ante conditionality on gender equality: respect of equality and addressing gender related issues a fundamental precondition for approval of programmes Partnership Contract and each programme: Member States shall organise a partnership also with bodies responsible for promoting equality and non-discrimination (Art 5, paragraph 1 c) Requirements on representation of women and minority groups in the policy implementation cycle Gender mainstreaming: future Rural Development policy (2/4)

21 Several tools are provided that can be used to promote gender equality: training and knowledge transfer measures co-operation measures farm and business development support farm relief or access to credit/ financial engineering LEADER Managing Authorities as well as Local Action Groups (LAGs) have the possibility to stimulate and prioritise women issues in the rural socio-economic life Gender mainstreaming: future Rural Development policy (3/4)

22 We need more data on the situation of women in rural areas - the Commission sees the usefulness of it Member States' calls for substantive simplification of reporting requirements – it is difficult to introduce any additional data collection requirements European Network for Rural Development and its constituent national networks can be used to identify and exchange further examples and data on projects promoting gender mainstreaming in rural areas Gender mainstreaming in rural development policy: data collection needs

23 As a conclusion… European Union needs gender mainstreaming to stay competitive, and to reach its Europe 2020 targets Efforts to enhance the overall situation of women is part of the policy and legal framework for post-2013, already reflecting the objectives set in the strategy on gender equality for

24 Thank you!


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