Presentation on theme: "1 The use of the European Eco- label in Green Public Procurement approaches European Commission – DG Environment With the support of GPP expert from BIO."— Presentation transcript:
1 The use of the European Eco- label in Green Public Procurement approaches European Commission – DG Environment With the support of GPP expert from BIO Intelligence Service September 2005
2 EU Eco-label and GPP Why is it worth doing green public procurement (GPP)? Why is it easy to do it with the EU Eco-label? Practically, how can a purchaser use the EU Eco- label in a call for tender? Success stories
3 Introduction: increase of environmental damage and influence of products Our production, purchasing and consumption modes lead to an increase in environmental damage. Two examples: Evolution of the production of household waste in France (kg/inhab/yr) Repartition of greenhouse gases emissions in France from different economic sectors Source : ADEME 2003 Household heating Hot water, domestic electricity (excl. space heating) Transport of persons PRODUCTS : production of goods and services at disposal
4 What is Green Public Procurement ? Basing all purchasing decisions and allocation of contracts on environmental criteria along with other criteria such as price and quality
5 What is the importance and the role of public procurement ? Public procurement represents 16% of EUs GDP – over billion Euro Public procurement plays an important role in the development of the market of products with reduced environmental impacts Public authorities have to set the example in this field Publicly purchased items come from every sector of the economy From pencils to power stations
6 How do Public Procurement Directives allow to take environmental considerations into account in call for tenders ? In March 2004, the Council and the European Parliament adopted new public procurement directives clarifying how environmental considerations could be integrated in the call for tenders. Public purchasers can take into account these environmental elements when buying products, services or works. Generally speaking, environmental considerations can be placed at the following stages of a call for tenders procedure: Definition of the subject of the contract Technical specifications Selection of the candidates Award of the contract Execution of the contract (more information on
7 The easiest way to do Green Public Procurement: use the European Eco-label The EU Eco-label is an official label managed by the European Commission which certifies that a product or service is of good environmental quality and guaranteed technical performance An eco-labelled product generates less environmental impacts on air, water, soil and human health Throughout its life cycle, from raw material extraction to end of life (from cradle to grave) Added value: usage cost generally lower than average Example: life cycle of a detergent
8 What could be the environmental benefits linked to the development of EU Eco-labelled products ? With only a modest 5% market share for EU Eco-labelled products in the European Union, the savings compared to typically performing versions (standard product) would be substantial : Source: « The Direct and Indirect benefits of the Eco-label », AEAT in Confidence, 2004 RESOURCE SAVED /AVOIDED PER YEARAmount saved per year Electricity14,700,000 kWh CO 2 produced from energy use9,318,000 tonnes CO 2 Water use12,285,000 million litres Reduced use of hazardous substances13,800 tonnes Material savings (other than hazardous substances)530,700 tonnes Reduced discharges to water30,400 tonnes COD Reduced air pollution17,500 tonnes pollutants
9 The EU Eco-label can be used to do green public procurement Examples of successful call for tenders: Communauté urbaine de Dunkerque, France: use of some EU Eco-label criteria in a call for tender of all- purpose cleaners for the cleaning of public premises City of Angers, France: progressive use of the whole set of EU Eco-label criteria for all-purpose cleaners in a 3-year period of call for tenders for the cleaning of public premises French green building programme HQE recommends the use of eco-labelled paints and varnishes for new public buildings …
10 What is the size of the market of European Eco-labelled products European Eco-Label 260 holders as of September 2005 About articles split in 23 product groups
11 What are the advantages of using the EU Eco-label in GPP approaches? (1/3) You do not have to be an expert in environmental issues to do green purchasing The EU Eco-label is an official European recognition of the ecological quality of a product The requirements for the award of the EU Eco-label relate to both technical performance and environmental characteristics of the product The EU Eco-label covers 23 product and service groups, including products bought by public purchasers; cleaning products, office equipment, DIY, tourist accommodations… European consensus on the scientific reliability of the criteria
12 What are the advantages of using the EU Eco-label in GPP approaches? (2/3) You are sure of using a scheme that is fully compatible with the Internal Market Principles The European Eco-label scheme is Public, transparent and non discriminatory Valid and identical throughout the European Union and EEA countries Open to overseas products (guarantee to offer equal opportunities to all competitors)
13 What are the advantages of using the EU Eco-label in GPP approaches? (3/3) You directly know the minimum number of companies capable of meeting your requirements. On the Green Store :
14 Practically, how can the European Eco-label criteria can be used in a public call for tenders ? (1/2) In the elaboration of the technical specifications In order to define the characteristics of the products or service considered, you can directly cut and paste the relevant EU Eco-label criteria into the technical specifications The EU Eco-label will be allowed as a way of proving compliance with the specifications. Remark: Contracting authorities cannot require tenderers to be registered under a certain eco-label scheme.
15 Practically, how can the European Eco-label criteria can be used in a public call for tenders ? (1/2) Use of variants: In order to have more flexibility, use variants when drafting the technical specifications, e.g.: Variant 1: no environmental specification Variant 2: some EU Eco-label criteria Variant 3: all EU Eco-label criteria At the end of the call for tenders, the choice between standard solutions and variants, between different variants and within a given category of offers (e.g. within a given variant) must be made in accordance with your award criteria (obligatorily the most economically advantageous of the offers).
16 Example: call for tenders of all-purpose cleaners Go to the all-purpose cleaners page of the Eco-label web site:
A summary of the criteria can be found in the general description of the product group The complete criteria are available in all the EU languages
18 Practically, how can the European Eco-label criteria can be used in a public call for tenders ? (2/2) The EU Eco-label can be used as a benchmark against which to assess offers at the award stage. Example: call for tenders of light bulbs The EU eco-label criteria for light bulbs require that they should have an average life-span of hours. When reflecting this in a call for tender for light bulbs, hours could be set as the technical specification for the minimum life span, and a bonus point could be given in the award criteria for every 1000 hours over and above
19 Success stories « Communauté urbaine de Dunkerque », France City of Angers, France
20 « Communauté urbaine de Dunkerque », France Profile of the Communauté Urbaine de Dunkerque Group of 18 municipalities inhabitants Number of employees : agents
21 « Communauté urbaine de Dunkerque », France Internal organisation Political act adoption of a délibération relative to sustainable development in public procurement General approach Categories of products concerned by GPP: Paper, cleaning products, electronic appliances, light bulbs and phytosanitary products Demand of the purchasing department Research of environmental issues Research of ecological alternatives Study of the offer Setting of the market in function of the offer
22 « Communauté urbaine de Dunkerque », France Example of a tender of cleaning products Reasons for choosing this product category: Test tender (all purpose cleaners, window cleaners…) Existence of ecological criteria Identified environmental issues Limitation of water pollution Characteristics inserted in the technical specifications: High biodegradability rate Natural substances Limitation of the use of hazardous substances for the environment and health (based on the DID-list)
23 « Communauté urbaine de Dunkerque », France Example of a call for tender of cleaning products Used reference European Eco-label (some criteria) Demand of samples to test the efficiency of the products Results Necessity to divide the tender into lots, to ensure SMEs will answer No over-cost Very positive feedback from employees: efficiency and lack of respiratory and skin irritations
24 City of Angers, France Profile of the city of Angers inhabitants Number of employees : 2750 agents Global budget of the city : 250 million euros Green Procurement, as part of the Agenda 21, is managed by the Directorate General, in partnership with the Sustainable Development department, the Public Procurement department and purchasing directorates.
25 City of Angers, France Internal organisation Creation of working groups on every topic General methodology Categories of products concerned by GPP: School furniture, cleaning products, cleaning of public premises, textiles, school supply, coffee, paper Needs analysis Research of corresponding environmental issues Study of the offer and discussion with suppliers Analysis of financial equilibrium Analysis of suppliers potential progresses
26 City of Angers, France Example of a call for tender for cleaning services Reasons for choosing this product category Important consumption Existence of environmental criteria Identified environmental issues Mainly linked to the use of cleaning products: Limitation of the use of hazardous substances for the environment and health Limitation of water pollution Reduction of packaging waste
27 City of Angers, France Example of a call for tender of cleaning products Characteristics Use of products complying with the EU Eco-label criteria Example of reference used EU Eco-label Results The call for tender was fruitful. Progressive approach (3-year call for tender): Year 1: no ecological specification Year 2: use of 1 product complying with all EU Eco-label criteria Year 3: use of 2 products complying with all EU Eco-label criteria
28 Conclusion Public purchasers become actors of Sustainable Development. It is possible to do Green Public Procurement thanks to the revised European Procurement Directives. The European Eco-label makes it easy to implement GPP in a practical way. The Success Stories demonstrate it is possible to use the EU Eco-label to do GPP.