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European Commission, DG Environment Slide 1 Prague, 25.-26. February 2005 Christof Planitzer DG ENV D.2 Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive Council Directive.

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Presentation on theme: "European Commission, DG Environment Slide 1 Prague, 25.-26. February 2005 Christof Planitzer DG ENV D.2 Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive Council Directive."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 1 Prague, February 2005 Christof Planitzer DG ENV D.2 Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive Council Directive 91/271/EEC of , as amended by Commission Directive 98/15/EC of

2 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 2 Prague, February 2005 UWWTD Objectives: to protect the environment from the adverse effects of urban waste water discharges & discharges from waste water from certain industrial (agro-food) sectors Objectives: to protect the environment from the adverse effects of urban waste water discharges & discharges from waste water from certain industrial (agro-food) sectors concerns the collection, treatment and discharge of urban waste water and treatment & discharge of waste water from above industrial sectors concerns the collection, treatment and discharge of urban waste water and treatment & discharge of waste water from above industrial sectors

3 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 3 Prague, February 2005 Objectives Emission-oriented legislation Emission-oriented legislation Sewerage and waste water treatment in all agglomerations > 2000 p.e. Sewerage and waste water treatment in all agglomerations > 2000 p.e. Biological treatment as standard requirement Biological treatment as standard requirement Additional N and/or P removal in sensitive areas Additional N and/or P removal in sensitive areas Provisions for certain industrial discharges to urban waste water collecting systems and uwwtps Provisions for certain industrial discharges to urban waste water collecting systems and uwwtps Provisions for certain industrial discharges (from agro-food industry < 4000p.e.) to water bodies Provisions for certain industrial discharges (from agro-food industry < 4000p.e.) to water bodies Provisions for sustainable disposal of sewerage sludge Provisions for sustainable disposal of sewerage sludge Waste water re-use whenever appropriate Waste water re-use whenever appropriate Transboundary issues Transboundary issues

4 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 4 Prague, February 2005 Articles of the directive 1. Scope 1. Scope 2. Definitions 2. Definitions 3. Obligation to provide sewerage systems > 2000 p.e. 3. Obligation to provide sewerage systems > 2000 p.e. 4. Obligations to provide waste water treatment > 2000 p.e. 4. Obligations to provide waste water treatment > 2000 p.e. 5. Sensitive areas > p.e. 5. Sensitive areas > p.e. 6. Less sensitive areas 6. Less sensitive areas 7. Waste water treatment < 2000 p.e. 7. Waste water treatment < 2000 p.e. 8. Derogation options 8. Derogation options 9. Water pollution from/to other MS 9. Water pollution from/to other MS 10. Design, construction, operation and maintenance of treatment plants 10. Design, construction, operation and maintenance of treatment plants 11. Industrial waste water discharges to urban systems 12. Permit procedure for plants/ discharges 13. Industrial waste water discharges to waters 14. Phasing out of sludge dumping 15. Monitoring 16. Situation reports by MS 17. Implementation programmes 18. Committee 19. Transposition 20. Annexes (I, II, III)

5 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 5 Prague, February 2005 Sewerage (collecting systems) Waste water treatment to be taken into account in design, construction and maintenance of collecting systems Waste water treatment to be taken into account in design, construction and maintenance of collecting systems Design, construction and maintenance in accordance with best technical knowledge and cost-benefit considerations, notably regarding Design, construction and maintenance in accordance with best technical knowledge and cost-benefit considerations, notably regarding volume and characteristics of wastewater volume and characteristics of wastewater prevention leaks in collecting systems prevention leaks in collecting systems pollution from stormwater overflows pollution from stormwater overflows Deadlines Deadlines 1998 (>10000p.e.) 1998 (>10000p.e.) 2000 (>15000p.e (>15000p.e (between 2000 and 15000p.e.) 2005 (between 2000 and 15000p.e.) Art.3 31/12/199831/12/200031/12/200521/05/1991

6 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 6 Prague, February 2005 Treatment objectives Basically secondary treatment (i.e. biological treatment involving organic carbon removal) Basically secondary treatment (i.e. biological treatment involving organic carbon removal) Additional N and P removal (advanced treatment) in so- called sensitive areas, i.e. basically water bodies being eutrophic or tending to be eutrophic Additional N and P removal (advanced treatment) in so- called sensitive areas, i.e. basically water bodies being eutrophic or tending to be eutrophic Exceptions possible in so called less-sensitive areas, i.e. certain marine areas, and in high mountain areas Exceptions possible in so called less-sensitive areas, i.e. certain marine areas, and in high mountain areas Art.4,5,6

7 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 7 Prague, February 2005 Sensitive areas Water body (WB) must be identified as a sensitive area if it falls into one of the following groups: Natural freshwater lakes and other freshwater bodies, estuaries and coastal waters that are eutrophic or which in the near future may become eutrophic if protective action is not taken Natural freshwater lakes and other freshwater bodies, estuaries and coastal waters that are eutrophic or which in the near future may become eutrophic if protective action is not taken –For freshwater bodies – removal of P, and for. removal of N, … –For freshwater bodies – removal of P, and for big agglo. removal of N, unless… –For estuaries, bays and other coastal waters – removal of P and/or P, … –For estuaries, bays and other coastal waters – removal of P and/or P, unless… Surface freshwaters intended for abstraction of drinking water which could contain more than 50 mg/l concentration of nitrate (75/440/EEC) Surface freshwaters intended for abstraction of drinking water which could contain more than 50 mg/l concentration of nitrate (75/440/EEC) Areas where further treatment than secondary is necessary to fulfil Council Directives Areas where further treatment than secondary is necessary to fulfil Council Directives Annex II, Art.5

8 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 8 Prague, February 2005 Secondary treatment - NA Either the concentration or the percentage of reduction shall apply Either the concentration or the percentage of reduction shall apply 24-hours samples (Annex I D) 24-hours samples (Annex I D) Minimum annual number of samples depending on size of treatment plant, plus maximum number of non-complying samples (table 3) Minimum annual number of samples depending on size of treatment plant, plus maximum number of non-complying samples (table 3) Maximum deviation of single sample 100% (BOD, COD) and 150% (SS) Maximum deviation of single sample 100% (BOD, COD) and 150% (SS) Deadlines: 2000, 2005 Deadlines: 2000, 2005 Art.4

9 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 9 Prague, February 2005 Advanced treatment - SA Either concentration or the percentage of reduction shall apply. One or both parameters are to be applied depending on local conditions Either concentration or the percentage of reduction shall apply. One or both parameters are to be applied depending on local conditions Total N = org.N + NH 3 /NH 4 -N + NO 2 -N + NO 3 -N Total N = org.N + NH 3 /NH 4 -N + NO 2 -N + NO 3 -N Annual mean of samples to comply Annual mean of samples to comply Deadline Deadline Art.5

10 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 10 Prague, February 2005 Requirements for Urban waste water treatment plant (UWWTP) UWWTP built to comply requirements laid down in art.3, 4, 5, 6, 7 UWWTP built to comply requirements laid down in art.3, 4, 5, 6, 7 UWWTPs are designed, constructed, operated and maintained to ensure sufficient performance under all normal local climatic conditions UWWTPs are designed, constructed, operated and maintained to ensure sufficient performance under all normal local climatic conditions When designing UWWTP, seasonal variations of the load shall be taken into account When designing UWWTP, seasonal variations of the load shall be taken into account Art.10

11 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 11 Prague, February 2005 Industrial waste water: discharges to urban waste water collecting systems Prior regulation and/or specific authorisation Prior regulation and/or specific authorisation Pre-treatment as is required (Annex I, C) Pre-treatment as is required (Annex I, C) –to protect health of maintenance personnel in sewerage systems and treatment plant –to avoid damage to collecting systems and treatment plants –to avoid treatment plant operation and sludge treatment being impeded –to avoid adverse impacts of discharges to the environment, no impact on receiving waters not complying with other Community Directives –to ensure a safe disposal of sewerage sludge in an environmentally acceptable manner Art. 11 Annex I C

12 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 12 Prague, February 2005 Industrial waste water: discharges to water bodies Applying only to certain industries (agro-food ind.) above a threshold of p.e. Applying only to certain industries (agro-food ind.) above a threshold of p.e. Subject to prior regulation and/or specific authorisation Subject to prior regulation and/or specific authorisation Setting of appropriate requirements by Member States in permits Setting of appropriate requirements by Member States in permits Comparison of MSs requirements by the Commission Comparison of MSs requirements by the Commission Art.13

13 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 13 Prague, February 2005 Industrial waste water discharges to water bodies: industrial sectors Milk-processing Milk-processing Fruit and vegetable products Fruit and vegetable products Soft drinks Soft drinks Potato-processing Potato-processing Meat industry Meat industry Breweries Breweries Alcohol and alcoholic beverages Alcohol and alcoholic beverages Animal feed from plant products Animal feed from plant products Gelatine, glue from hides, skin and bones Gelatine, glue from hides, skin and bones Malt-houses Malt-houses Fish-processing Fish-processing Annex III, Art.13

14 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 14 Prague, February 2005 Directives important deadlines 31/12/1993 – transposition of the directive, implementation programs 31/12/1993 – transposition of the directive, implementation programs 31/12/1998 – SA, more stringent treatment for > p.e. 31/12/1998 – SA, more stringent treatment for > p.e. – disposal of sludge to surface waters is phased out – disposal of sludge to surface waters is phased out 31/12/2000 – NA, secondary treatment for >15 000p.e. 31/12/2000 – NA, secondary treatment for >15 000p.e. – appropriate treatment for < 2 000p.e. (if waste water is collected) 31/12/2005 – appropriate treatment for < 2 000p.e. (if waste water is collected) – collecting systems in place for aggl. between and p.e. – collecting systems in place for aggl. between and p.e. – secondary treatment in place for all discharges from aggl. between and p.e. and – secondary treatment in place for all discharges from aggl. between and p.e. and – secondary treatment in place for discharges from aggl. between and p.e. to – secondary treatment in place for discharges from aggl. between and p.e. to fresh-water and estuaries for EU-10 – different for each of EU-10! Transitional periods for EU-10 – different for each of EU-10! Art.19, 17 Art. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 31/12/199831/12/200031/12/200521/05/199131/12/199831/12/2015

15 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 15 Prague, February 2005 Sensitive areas - EU-25 EU-15EU-10 Entire territory as SA (or applies Art.5(8)) (13+1=14 of 25) Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, The Netherlands, Austria, Luxemburg Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, The Czech Republic, Slovakia Almost entire territory as SA Germany- Parts of territory as SA (10 of 25) France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, Spain, UK Hungary, Slovenia, Cyprus No SA designated (1 of 25) -Malta Art. 5

16 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 16 Prague, February 2005 Transitional periods for Czech Republik Art. 3,4,5,11,13,14 ObligationsSubjects Final deadline of transitional period (for Art.3,4,5) Article 11, 13Industrial Pollution01 May 2004 Article 14 Sustainable disposal of sludge Sludge disposal to surface waters prohibited 01 May 2004 Article 3, 518 Agglomeration > p.e.01 May Agglomeration > p.e.31 December Agglomeration > p.e.31 December 2010 Article 4552 Agglomeration 2000 – p.e.31 December 2010

17 European Commission, DG Environment Slide 17 Prague, February 2005 Thank you for the attention


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