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EU Waste Management Policy Seminar on Environmental Requirements in Cohesion Fund Projects Prague, 25 Feburary 2005 Fotios PAPOULIAS DG Environment European.

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Presentation on theme: "EU Waste Management Policy Seminar on Environmental Requirements in Cohesion Fund Projects Prague, 25 Feburary 2005 Fotios PAPOULIAS DG Environment European."— Presentation transcript:

1 EU Waste Management Policy Seminar on Environmental Requirements in Cohesion Fund Projects Prague, 25 Feburary 2005 Fotios PAPOULIAS DG Environment European Commission

2 Continued growth of the waste mountain –around 1300 Mt of waste (excluding agricultural waste) 3.5 tonnes per capita and year – growth by 15% while GDP grew by 10% –around 200 Mt of municipal waste 500 kg per capita and year Environmental impacts of waste –Air pollutants and greenhouse gases –Leachates –Long term heritage of landfills and contaminated sites –Disamenity (noise, odour etc.) –Resource loss and avoidable impacts of virgin materials production Why is waste a problem?

3 The European Waste Strategy Proximity and self-sufficiency Producer Responsibility Waste Management Hierarchy

4 Prevention Recycling Incineration without energy recovery Re-use Energy recovery Disposal Waste Hierarchy A flexible principle based on common sense

5 Waste Management Policy Community Waste Management Strategy COM(96)399, ) Waste Framework Directive (Dir. 75/442/EEC) Specific waste streams Waste treatment operations Landfill of waste Directive 1999/31/EC Decision 2003/33/EC Incineration of waste Directive 2000/76/EC Waste oils (Dir 75/439/EEC) Sewage sludge (Dir. 86/278/EEC) Batteries (Dir. 91/157/EEC & 93/86/EEC ) Packaging (Dir. 94/62/EC ) PCBs (Dir. 96/59/EC ) WEEE/ RoHS Dir. 2002/95/EC & Dir. 2002/96/EC Directive on hazardous waste (Dir. 91/689/EEC) Regulation on shipment of waste (Reg. (EEC) 259/93) Framework legislation End of life vehicles Dir. 2000/53/EC Mining waste COM(2003) 319 POPs Waste Reg. 850/2004/EEC

6 Waste Framework Directive (Dir. 91/156/EEC) Definition + European Waste Catalogue Minimum waste management requirements Waste management priorities Waste management plans Control and permit systems Polluter pays principle Hazardous waste Directive (Dir. 91/689/EEC) Definition + Hazardous waste list Stricter waste management requirements Prohibition of mixing Regulation on shipment of waste (Reg. (EEC) 259/93) Waste and the internal market Proximity and self-sufficiency for waste disposal Control requirements and notification system Illegal traffic International interface Ban on export to developing countries Framework legislation

7 Waste treatment operations Landfill of waste Directive 1999/31/EC Authorization system Control procedures Co-disposal ban Pre-treatment of waste obligatory Technical requirements Reduction of biodegradable waste Methane recovery Internalization of cost Decision 2003/33/EC Procedures and criteria for acceptance of waste in landfills Incineration of waste Directive 2000/76/EC All types of waste covered Special and industrial installations Co-incineration Operational conditions Air & water emission limit values 0.1 ng/m 3 dioxins and furanes

8 Specific waste streams Sewage sludge (Dir. 86/278/EEC) Agricultural use Heavy metal limits Control of pathogens Batteries and accumulators (Dir. 91/157/EEC & 93/86/EEC) Scope Marketing restrictions Separate collection Recycling Labelling Packaging (Dir. 94/62/EC & 2004/12/EC) All packaging Hierarchy Recovery / recycling targets Management systems Essential requirements Databases PCBs & PCTs (Dir. 96/59/EC) Limit values Safe disposal Phase-out End of Life Vehicles (Dir. 2000/53/EC) Certificate of destruction De-registration Reduction of heavy metals Recycling targets Electric and Electronic Waste WEEE Directive 2002/96/EC and RoHS Directive 2002/95/EC Consumer and commercial appliances Separate collection Recycling targets Financing: Producer responsibility heavy metals ban Waste oils (Dir 75/439/EEC) Collection Promotion of regeneration PCB limit values Safe disposal Combustion limit values New initiatives Thematic Strategy on waste prevention and recycling Thematic strategy on natural resources POPs Waste (Reg. 850/2004/EEC) Destruction of POPs Derogation for low conc. and env. preferable management options

9 Key objectives (1) Landfill Conformity: 2004 (hazardous waste) and 2009 (MSW) -65% biodegradable waste in 2016 (National Strategies in 2003) Ban on landfill of (shredded) tyres: 2005 Limit values for acceptance of waste: 2005 Conformity of existing incinerators with Directive 2000/76/EC: 2005 IPPC permits for existing installations: 2007

10 Key objectives (2) End- of-life vehicles 2006: 85% recovery, 80% reuse and recycling 2015: 95% recovery, 85% reuse and recycling (currently under review) Waste electric and electronic equipment by 2006: collection of 4 kg/cap/y recycling and reuse of 50% to 80% recovery of 0-20% Packaging by % recycling, 60% recovery material specific rates

11 Waste management planning requirements Member States to draw up waste management plans (Dir. 75/442/EEC – Art. 7) to achieve: the preference for recovery over disposal the disposal or recovery without endangering human health or the environment an integrated network of disposal installations Hazardous waste (Dir. 91/689/EEC): either separate plans or part of general waste management plan Packaging waste (Dir. 94/62/EC): specific chapter in general waste management plan

12 Content of waste management plans (Dir. 75/442/EEC - Art. 7) Obligatory elements of plans: type, quantity and origin of the waste general technical requirements special arrangements for particular wastes suitable disposal sites Optional elements of the plan persons empowered to carry out management of waste estimated costs of recovery/disposal measures for rationalisation of collection, sorting and treatment of waste

13 A decade for change Inc/co-inc emission limits Hazardous waste landfills WEEE + ELV targets IPPC permits Pckg targets Non-haz waste landfills Second ELV targets Second landfill diversion target Final landfill diversion target PCBs destroyed Tyres landfill ban First landfill diversion target 2005: Thematic Strategy

14 Too much Landfill ( 60%) Energy recovery Packaging, WEEE, ELV, … Recycle paper, plastic, metals …. Recover Energy Landfill FromTo much waste,some waste, some recyclingmuch recycling Packaging, WEEE, ELV, …

15 Waste Thematic Strategy June 2005 Waste strategy document (including future recycling policy) Action on prevention Action on common standards Revision of WFD

16 For further information... … consult the Europa web site on Internet: …contact DG Environment; Sustainable Resources, Consumption and Waste unit …send an

17 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!


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