2 27 Amendments1st ten amend. - Bill of RightsDifficult process - must have support of the the people2 ways to make amendments
3 First Method Only one ever used 1. Proposal - vote of 2/3 of members of both houses2. Ratification - approved by 3/4 of the 50 state legislatures3. New amendment
4 Second Method Never used 1. Proposal - by national convention called at the request of 2/3 of 50 state legislatures2. Ratification - approved by 3/4 of ratifying conventions held in 50 states3. New amendment
5 The Amendment Processv What does the boy in the cartoon represent? The train?v What is the cartoonist saying about the amendment process?v Why does the amendment process take so long? What are the advantages and disadvantages of such a long process?v According to our discussion of the term “amendment” would either of the amendments waiting for passage in this cartoon fit our definition? Why or why not?
6 Bill of RightsCivil War AmendmentsThe later amendments
7 The First AmendmentProtects civil liberties - freedoms we do not have to fear will be taken awayIn your notebook mark the place that indicates your opinion:The First Amendment is important in my life.__________________________________________________Strongly Disagree Agree StronglyDisagree Agree
10 Amendment IAmendment I. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or of the right of the people to peaceably assemble, and to petition the Government for redress of grievances.Now revisit your continuum line and evaluate whether your response has changed?ｷ What rights does the First Amendment guarantee to American citizens?ｷ Why do you think the framers of the Constitution placed freedom of religion as the first guaranteed right?
11 1. Freedom of Religion No official religion Cannot favor one religion over others
12 2. Freedom of SpeechCan criticize gov.Tinker v. Des Moines
13 3. Freedom of the PressAll means of mass productioncensorship
14 4. Freedom of AssemblyAny peaceful assemblyClubs, etc.
15 5. Freedom to petitionTo express ideas to the gov.
16 Limits to 1st Amendment Freedoms Speech - cannot endanger gov. or other peopleOverthrow the gov.Violent or criminal behaviorCannot spread liesSlander - spoken liesLibel - written lies