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Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation Closing the innovation divide in Europe: Interactions between Horizon 2020 and future Cohesion policy.

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Presentation on theme: "Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation Closing the innovation divide in Europe: Interactions between Horizon 2020 and future Cohesion policy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation Closing the innovation divide in Europe: Interactions between Horizon 2020 and future Cohesion policy (2014-20) Dimitri CORPAKIS Head of Unit, RTD-C5 Regional Dimension of Innovation, Research and Innovation Directorate Directorate General for Research and Innovation, European Commission Brussels, 20/03/13

2 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC2 Innovation performance R&D expenditure in the business sector as % of GDP

3 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC3 Patent intensity in the EU, NUTS 2 regions, 2007 Source: IU Competitiveness Report 2011, Atlas

4 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC4 Web-based links between the top research institutions at country level, 2010 Source: IU Competitiveness Report 2011, Atlas

5 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC5 Source: IU Competitiveness Report 2011, Atlas

6 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC6 R&D investment: fuel for the economy 6

7 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC7 Innovation Union Creating a Single Innovation Market by setting the right conditions for investment in R&I: 34 commitments, including: Unitary patent – cutting cost of patents by up to 80%; Standards – modernising and cutting time-to-standard by half; Public procurement - buying innovation by public sector made easier; Policies for researchers to reside in Europe; Regulatory framework screening; A European passport for venture capital funds; EU committed to support R&I investment: Horizon 2020 & Structural Funds proposals; Squeezing the gap between ideas and market and frontloading growth: 2012 and 2013 FP 7 Work Programmes. Positive outlook: Top R&D investing EU businesses expect their investments in R&D to grow by an average of 4% annually over the period 2012 to 2014 7

8 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC8 What Europe will do for closing the innovation divide ? Mobilise Cohesion policy to build a Stairway to ExcellenceMobilise Cohesion policy to build a Stairway to Excellence Work through Horizon 2020Work through Horizon 2020 Deploy significant synergies between Horizon 2020 and Cohesion policyDeploy significant synergies between Horizon 2020 and Cohesion policy

9 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC9 Horizon 2020 and Cohesion Policy: differences and complementary objectives

10 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC10 Why we need to build a Stairway to Excellence using the Structural Funds ? There are significant regional disparities across Europe in research and innovation performance which need to be addressed. There are significant regional disparities across Europe in research and innovation performance which need to be addressed. The Budget Review in 2010 has asked for a clear division of labour between Research and Innovation and Cohesion policies, thus removing any capacity building activity from Horizon 2020. The Budget Review in 2010 has asked for a clear division of labour between Research and Innovation and Cohesion policies, thus removing any capacity building activity from Horizon 2020. Action needs to be taken to bolster research and innovation capacities in the Member States who lag behind and thus reduce the Research and Innovation Divide in Europe Action needs to be taken to bolster research and innovation capacities in the Member States who lag behind and thus reduce the Research and Innovation Divide in Europe

11 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC11 What do we mean by Synergies A Greek word meaning that a complex result is accomplished through mutual positive interactions between a number of distinct but interrelated processesA Greek word meaning that a complex result is accomplished through mutual positive interactions between a number of distinct but interrelated processes Thus the Research and Innovation Framework Programme will have increased interactions with Cohesion policy, although each policy will keep its distinct featuresThus the Research and Innovation Framework Programme will have increased interactions with Cohesion policy, although each policy will keep its distinct features The result should normally be reinforced competitiveness for EuropeThe result should normally be reinforced competitiveness for Europe

12 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC12 How Synergies will be identified We will achieve increased synergies between Horizon 2020 and the Structural Funds if we could identify after a few years of parallel operation, concrete results on the ground in the supported Member States and regions, such as: We will achieve increased synergies between Horizon 2020 and the Structural Funds if we could identify after a few years of parallel operation, concrete results on the ground in the supported Member States and regions, such as: Increased investments in research infrastructures of all kinds, including those of the ESFRI List Increased support to innovation, especially with regard to high growth companies and to small innovative ones Increased research and innovation activities in a few priority thematic areas that would have been freely selected by the MS and regions, in an overall context of innovation strategies for Smart Specialisation. All this will be systematically planned and monitored through performance indicators

13 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC13 Keys to Synergies Smart Specialisation ex-ante conditionality Smart Specialisation ex-ante conditionality Thematic Concentration Thematic Concentration 13

14 The Synergies and Smart Specialisation Matrix STRUCTURAL FUNDS THEMATIC OBJECTIVE NO 1 ON STRENGTHENING RESEARCH, TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION HORIZON 2020 TOP DOWN RESEARCH AND INNOVATION PRIORITIES INFLUENCING NATIONAL AND REGIONAL PRIORITIES THEMATIC CONCENTRATION FOR MOST ADVANCED AND TRANSITION REGIONS FOR ALLOCATING 80% OF THE ERDF MONEY FOR 4 OBJECTIVES: R&I, ICT, SME COMPETITIVENESS AND LOW CARBON ECONOMY THEMATIC CONCENTRATION FOR LESS ADVANCED REGIONS FOR ALLOCATING 50% OF THE ERDF MONEY FOR 4 OBJECTIVES: R&I, ICT, SME COMPETITIVENESS AND LOW CARBON ECONOMY EXCELLENCESMART SPECIALISATION EX-ANTE CONDITIONALITY based on a SWOT analysis to concentrate resources on a limited set of research and innovation priorities in compliance with the NRP; measures to stimulate private RTD investment; a monitoring and review system; a framework outlining available budgetary resources for research and innovation; a multi-annual plan for budgeting and prioritisation of investments linked to EU research infrastructure priorities (European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures -ESFRI) INDUSTRIAL LEADERSHIP SOCIETAL CHALLENGES

15 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC15

16 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC16 Horizon 2020 will favour smaller players since it introduces: A completely new approach towards supporting research and innovation in SMEs (based on the concept of the well-known US SBIR scheme) A completely new approach towards supporting research and innovation in SMEs (based on the concept of the well-known US SBIR scheme) A new approach to access to risk finance especially for high-growth innovative SMEs A new approach to access to risk finance especially for high-growth innovative SMEs A major simplification effort in terms of administration and financial management A major simplification effort in terms of administration and financial management

17 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC17 How Horizon 2020 will interface with Cohesion policy through a host of measures on Closing the Innovation Divide in Europe

18 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC18 Establishing a Policy Support Facility Policy Support Facility (PSF) : This will aim to improve the design, implementation and evaluation of national/regional research and innovation policies. It will offer expert advice to public authorities at national or regional level on a voluntary basis, covering the needs to access the relevant body of knowledge, to benefit from the insight of international experts, to use state of the art methodologies and tools, to receive tailor-made advice. Policy Support Facility (PSF) : This will aim to improve the design, implementation and evaluation of national/regional research and innovation policies. It will offer expert advice to public authorities at national or regional level on a voluntary basis, covering the needs to access the relevant body of knowledge, to benefit from the insight of international experts, to use state of the art methodologies and tools, to receive tailor-made advice.

19 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC19 Establishing 'ERA Chairs' to attract outstanding academics to institutions with a clear potential for research excellence, in order to help these institutions fully unlock this potential and hereby create a level playing field for research and innovation in the European Research Area. This will include institutional support for creating a competitive research environment and the framework conditions necessary for attracting, retaining and developing top research talent within these institutions.This will include institutional support for creating a competitive research environment and the framework conditions necessary for attracting, retaining and developing top research talent within these institutions. ERA Chairs

20 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC20 Teaming for excellence and innovation Teaming of excellent research institutions and low performing RDI regions: Teaming aims at the creation of new (or significant upgrade of existing) centres of excellence in low performing RDI Member States and regions. Teaming of excellent research institutions and low performing RDI regions: Teaming aims at the creation of new (or significant upgrade of existing) centres of excellence in low performing RDI Member States and regions. It will focus on the preparatory phase for setting up or upgrading and modernising such an institution facilitated by a teaming process with a leading counterpart in Europe, including supporting the development of a business plan. It will focus on the preparatory phase for setting up or upgrading and modernising such an institution facilitated by a teaming process with a leading counterpart in Europe, including supporting the development of a business plan. A commitment of the recipient region or Member State (e.g. support via Cohesion Policy Funds) is expected. Subject to the quality of the business plan, the Commission may provide further seed financial support for the first steps of implementation of the centre. A commitment of the recipient region or Member State (e.g. support via Cohesion Policy Funds) is expected. Subject to the quality of the business plan, the Commission may provide further seed financial support for the first steps of implementation of the centre. Building links with innovative clusters and recognising excellence in low performing RDI Member States and regions, including through peer reviews and awarding labels of excellence to those institutions that meet international standards, will be considered. Building links with innovative clusters and recognising excellence in low performing RDI Member States and regions, including through peer reviews and awarding labels of excellence to those institutions that meet international standards, will be considered.

21 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC21 Twinning for excellence and innovation Twinning of research institutions: Twinning aims at significantly strengthening a defined field of research in an emerging institution through links with at least two internationally-leading institutions in a defined field. A comprehensive set of measures underpinning this linkage would be supported (e.g. staff exchanges, expert visits, short-term on-site or virtual trainings, workshops; conference attendance; organisation of joint summer school type activities; dissemination and outreach activities). Twinning of research institutions: Twinning aims at significantly strengthening a defined field of research in an emerging institution through links with at least two internationally-leading institutions in a defined field. A comprehensive set of measures underpinning this linkage would be supported (e.g. staff exchanges, expert visits, short-term on-site or virtual trainings, workshops; conference attendance; organisation of joint summer school type activities; dissemination and outreach activities).

22 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC22 Stimulating cross-border science networks COST, a bottom-up, open networking mechanism, encourages international exchanges and co-operation of researchers within Europe and beyond. Joint activities such as conferences, short-term scientific exchanges and publications are supported.COST, a bottom-up, open networking mechanism, encourages international exchanges and co-operation of researchers within Europe and beyond. Joint activities such as conferences, short-term scientific exchanges and publications are supported. Within Horizon 2020, COST should further bring together "pockets of excellence" and play a mobilising role not only for the less participating countries but also for the enlargement countries and the European neighbourhood policy countries.Within Horizon 2020, COST should further bring together "pockets of excellence" and play a mobilising role not only for the less participating countries but also for the enlargement countries and the European neighbourhood policy countries. COST could make a significant contribution to the development of a 'staircase to excellence' for research organisations across Europe.COST could make a significant contribution to the development of a 'staircase to excellence' for research organisations across Europe.

23 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC23 Measures to improve information, communication and support Improving information networks on European research and innovation would greatly facilitate further participation in the Framework Programme.Improving information networks on European research and innovation would greatly facilitate further participation in the Framework Programme. Improving information on the Framework Programme needs, will aim to significantly improve and monitor NCP performance in qualitative and quantitative terms, including training efforts and enhanced access to electronic information.Improving information on the Framework Programme needs, will aim to significantly improve and monitor NCP performance in qualitative and quantitative terms, including training efforts and enhanced access to electronic information.

24 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC24 What future for Regions of Knowledge and Research Potential types of action ? Provisions are made to integrate the objectives of these actions under European Territorial Cooperation actions (former INTERREG) (recital 7 in draft ETC Regulation) Provisions are made to integrate the objectives of these actions under European Territorial Cooperation actions (former INTERREG) (recital 7 in draft ETC Regulation) Support to Cluster Cooperation and to Twinning research institutions also present in the mainstream ERDF Support to Cluster Cooperation and to Twinning research institutions also present in the mainstream ERDF

25 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC25 Synergies on the ground: coordinating the implementing Rules between H2020 and the SF Facilitating linkages and concerted efforts Harmonisation of cost eligibility rules between Horizon 2020 and CP (Lump sums, flat rates and unit costs possible under both for funding direct and indirect costs without providing documents proving real expenses, harmonisation of VAT rules)Harmonisation of cost eligibility rules between Horizon 2020 and CP (Lump sums, flat rates and unit costs possible under both for funding direct and indirect costs without providing documents proving real expenses, harmonisation of VAT rules) Possibility to combine Horizon 2020 funding AND ADDITIONAL FUNDING FROM THE STRUCTURAL FUNDS in the same project but for different expenditure items, (Art. 55(8) of proposed Gen.Reg.)Possibility to combine Horizon 2020 funding AND ADDITIONAL FUNDING FROM THE STRUCTURAL FUNDS in the same project but for different expenditure items, (Art. 55(8) of proposed Gen.Reg.)

26 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC26 Synergies on the ground: coordinating the implementing Rules between H2020 and the SF (II) Possibility for a region to invest in other EU regions from a mainstream Operational Programme, i.e. up to 10% of an OP budget (for EAFRD 3%) if the measure is for the benefit of the OP territory / important for cross-border research infrastructures (incl. ESFRI Roadmap ) or cluster or value chain networking investments (Art. 60(2)) Possibility for a region to invest in other EU regions from a mainstream Operational Programme, i.e. up to 10% of an OP budget (for EAFRD 3%) if the measure is for the benefit of the OP territory / important for cross-border research infrastructures (incl. ESFRI Roadmap ) or cluster or value chain networking investments (Art. 60(2)) Enhanced territorial cooperation CP budget share (3.1% of total ERDF of which almost 6% for inter-regional cooperation) allows to build trans-national linkages between regional innovation actors, building on legacy FP7 Regions of Knowledge and Research Potential measures or CIP cluster cooperation or networking of procurers or innovation agencies, and allowing to include less advanced regions in a targeted manner. Enhanced territorial cooperation CP budget share (3.1% of total ERDF of which almost 6% for inter-regional cooperation) allows to build trans-national linkages between regional innovation actors, building on legacy FP7 Regions of Knowledge and Research Potential measures or CIP cluster cooperation or networking of procurers or innovation agencies, and allowing to include less advanced regions in a targeted manner.

27 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC27 Implications for future Horizon 2020 stakeholders Appropriate Policy Measures for Research and Innovation will be inserted timely in the Structural Funds Partnership Agreements and Operational Programmes of the Member StatesAppropriate Policy Measures for Research and Innovation will be inserted timely in the Structural Funds Partnership Agreements and Operational Programmes of the Member States These will be monitored closely by DG RTDThese will be monitored closely by DG RTD We can thus expect: An improved national and regional environment in terms of developing research infrastructureAn improved national and regional environment in terms of developing research infrastructure A more vibrant innovation environment where increased opportunities for commercial exploitation will emerge from the combined action of the two programmes; new financial instruments will allow riskier investmentsA more vibrant innovation environment where increased opportunities for commercial exploitation will emerge from the combined action of the two programmes; new financial instruments will allow riskier investments Increased opportunities for extending research projects, with additional support from the ERDF and the ESF, if properly integrated in the context of a national /regional, Smart Specialisation Strategy.Increased opportunities for extending research projects, with additional support from the ERDF and the ESF, if properly integrated in the context of a national /regional, Smart Specialisation Strategy. Alternatively, a research project can start easier within the ERDF and later try its chances in Horizon 2020Alternatively, a research project can start easier within the ERDF and later try its chances in Horizon 2020 For all this however, remember, rules are different: for the SF, stakeholders will ALWAYS DEAL WITH THE NATIONAL AND REGIONAL AUTHORITIES, NEVER WITH THE COMMISSION and this means need for better anticipation and planningFor all this however, remember, rules are different: for the SF, stakeholders will ALWAYS DEAL WITH THE NATIONAL AND REGIONAL AUTHORITIES, NEVER WITH THE COMMISSION and this means need for better anticipation and planning

28 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC28 What Horizon 2020 expects from Cohesion policy Develop stairways to excellence through capacity building and support to a vibrant innovation-enabling environmentDevelop stairways to excellence through capacity building and support to a vibrant innovation-enabling environment Upgrade the ways Cohesion policy supports Research and Innovation (increased use of international peer reviews, monitoring performance through indicators)Upgrade the ways Cohesion policy supports Research and Innovation (increased use of international peer reviews, monitoring performance through indicators) Improvement of information flows towards local playersImprovement of information flows towards local players Improved local take-up of global Horizon 2020 initiatives and their enhancement by the Structural Funds (impact of transnational R&D projects on local communities – feedback and interactions of SF R&I funded local and national schemes)Improved local take-up of global Horizon 2020 initiatives and their enhancement by the Structural Funds (impact of transnational R&D projects on local communities – feedback and interactions of SF R&I funded local and national schemes) Improved interactions between developing Innovation Union initiatives (34 commitments of the IU Communication) at local and regional level.Improved interactions between developing Innovation Union initiatives (34 commitments of the IU Communication) at local and regional level.

29 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation 20/03/13EC DG RTD.C.5 DC29 What additional measures could be supported in the context of Horizon 2020? It would be important for achieving the Europe 2020 strategy to be much better aware about location aspects of excellence and innovation and of the geographic specificities of the Member States It would be important for achieving the Europe 2020 strategy to be much better aware about location aspects of excellence and innovation and of the geographic specificities of the Member States Thematic studies launched in the context of the thematic areas could focus on possible uptake of sectoral initiatives at the level of the MS: this type of information is extremely helpful for our DG REGIO colleagues when exchanging and negotiating Operational Programmes in the MS Thematic studies launched in the context of the thematic areas could focus on possible uptake of sectoral initiatives at the level of the MS: this type of information is extremely helpful for our DG REGIO colleagues when exchanging and negotiating Operational Programmes in the MS Mapping of excellence and innovation could be very productive, even for measuring our own past success and future deployment of new initiatives Mapping of excellence and innovation could be very productive, even for measuring our own past success and future deployment of new initiatives

30 Policy Research and Innovation Research and Innovation The main responsibility lies now with the Member States and Regions Thanks for your attention


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