Presentation on theme: "ILO Convention on Safety in the Use of Asbestos, 1986, (No.162)"— Presentation transcript:
1 ILO Convention on Safety in the Use of Asbestos, 1986, (No.162) Wiking Husberg, ILO Moscow
2 ILO instruments in OSH Legal frameworks for action: Labour Inspection C.81Occupational Cancer C.139Working Environment C.148Occupational Safety and Health C.155Occupational Health Services C.161Asbestos Convention 162Chemicals Convention 170Occupational Safety and Health Framework C 18735 Codes of PracticeA unique and formidable body of definitions, principles, obligations, duties and rights, as well as technical guidance that reflects the views of labour stakeholders
3 ASBESTOS CONVENTIONInternational Labour Conference, 1986, Adoption of:The Asbestos Convention (No. 162)The Asbestos Recommendation (No.172)To date, ratified by 32 countries and widely voluntary applied
4 32 Ratifications of ILO Asbestos C.162 Belgium Korea Bolivia LuxemburgBosnia and Herzegovina Macedonia Brazil MontenegroCameroon NetherlandsCanada NorwayChile PortugalColombia Russian FederationCroatia SloveniaCyprus SpainDenmark SerbiaEcuador SwedenFinland SwitzerlandGermany UgandaGuatemala UruguayJapan Zimbabwe
5 ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162 Applications PART I: SCOPE and DEFINITIONApplicationsAll activities involving workers’ exposure to asbestos in the course of workDefinitionsasbestos, asbestos dust, airborne asbestos dust, respirable asbestos fibres, esposure to asbestos, workers and workers’ representatives
6 ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162 Part II: GENERAL PRINCIPLES National Policies and RegulationsPrescription of protective, preventive and control measuresReview of laws in the light of technological progress and scientific knowledgeResponsibilities of employers and workersSystem of inspection for enforcement
7 ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162 Prevention and control of exposure (Art.9) Part III: PROTECTIVE and PREVENTIVE MEASURESPrevention and control of exposure (Art.9)adequate engineering controls, work practices occupational hygieneprescription of special rules and procedures for use of asbestos or products containing asbestos or certain work practices
8 ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162Part III: PROTECTIVE and PREVENTIVE MEASURES (cont’d)SPECIAL MEASURES (Art.10)When necessary to protect the health of workers and technically practicable:replacement of asbestos by other materials scientifically evaluated as harmless or less harmfultotal or partial prohibition of asbestos or asbestos containing material in certain work practices
9 ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162Part III: PROTECTIVE and PREVENTIVE MEASURES (cont’d)Prohibition: crocidolite, spraying all typesNotification of use of asbestos by employersProducers’, Manufactures’ and Suppliers’ responsibilities for labellingPrescription of exposure limits by lawMeasures to prevent or control the release of asbestos dust into air
10 ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162Part III: PROTECTIVE and PREVENTIVE MEASURES (cont’d)When protective measures do not bring exposure within Occupational Exposure Levels, employer will provide Respiratory Protetcive Equipment and special protective clothingRespiratory Protective Equipment to be used as supplementary, temporary, emergency or exceptional measure and not as alternative to technical control
11 ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162Part III: PROTECTIVE and PREVENTIVE MEASURES (cont’d)DEMOLITION or REMOVAL of ASBESTOSto be undertaken only by employers or contractors recongnized by the competent authority as qualified to carry out such worksCLOTHING and WASHING FACILITIESto be provided by the employer, cleaning carried out under controlled conditions, prohibited to be taken home
12 ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162Part III: PROTECTIVE and PREVENTIVE MEASURES (cont’d)ASBESTOS WASTE DISPOSALto be disposed by employers without health risks to the workers concerned, those handling waste or to populations in the vicinity of the enterpriseappropriate measures to be taken to prevent pollution of the general environment
13 ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162Part IV: SURVEILLANCE OF WORK ENVIRONMENT and WORKERS’ HEALTHDust concentrations and exposure monitoring (Art. 20)Emplyer to measure concentrations of asbestos dustEmployer to monitor workers’ exposure to asbestos dustsWorkers’ rights to have access to exposure recordsWorkers’ rights to request monitoring of work environment and appeal to competent authority for resultsWorkers’ Health Monitoring (Art. 21)periodic medical examinationsdevelopment of system of notification of ARD
14 ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162 Part V: INFORMATION and EDUCATION Govt., employers & workers organizationsshould disseminate information and promote education on health hazards and methods of preventionEmployersshould establish written policies and procedures for education, training and re-trainingWorkersshould be informed, instructed in preventive measures, and receive continuing traininig
15 Руководство по системам управления охраной труда МОТ-СУОТ 2001/ILO-OSH 2001 Единственное в мире международное руководство, регламентирующееСУОТ на уровне предприятий
16 ГОСТ 12.0.230-2007 IDT – идентичен МОТ-СУОТ 2001 Межгосударственный стандарт СНГДействует в России с 1 июля 2009 года
18 13th Session of the Joint ILO/WHO Joint Committee on Occupational Health, 2003
19 ILO Resolution on Asbestos, 2006 “The elimination of the future use of asbestos and the identification and proper management of asbestos currently in place are the most effective means to protect workers from asbestos exposure and to prevent future asbestos-related diseases and deaths.”“The Asbestos Convention, 1986 (No. 162), should not be used to provide a justification for, or endorsement of, the continued use of asbestos.”
21 National programme for elimination of asbestos-related diseases (NPEAD) – Outline Introduction and purposeHealth aspectsMagnitude of the problemEconomic and social aspectsPolitical and legal backgroundNational legislationInternational commitmentsStrategy for elimination of asbestos-related diseasesPreventive strategiesStrategic actions – national, provincial and enterprise levelsKnowledge managementinformation about substitutesregistry of exposed workerscapacities and resources
22 Monitoring and evaluation National programmes for elimination of asbestos-related diseases - cont'dImplementationPreparatory phase – building up political commitmentFirst phase – reducing exposure to chrysotileSecond phase – stopping the use of chrysotile asbestosMonitoring and evaluationoutcomeprocessadministrationNational asbestos profilefirst profileperiodic update
23 Fact sheet N°343, July 2010 Asbestos: elimination of asbestos-related diseases by recognizing that the most efficient way to eliminate asbestos-related diseases is to stop the use of all types of asbestos;by providing information about solutions for replacing asbestos with safer substitutes and developing economic and technological mechanisms to stimulate its replacement;by taking measures to prevent exposure to asbestos in place and during asbestos removal (abatement); andby improving early diagnosis, treatment, social and medical rehabilitation of asbestos-related diseases and to establish registries of people with past and/or current exposures to asbestos.
24 The ILO position on safety in the use of asbestos, Sept 2010 4. A Resolution concerning asbestos was adopted by the International Labour Conference at its 95th Session in Noting that all forms of asbestos, including chrysotile, are classified as human carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC),…
25 The ILO position on safety in the use of asbestos, Sept 2010 …The Resolution also underlined that the ILO Convention on Safety in the Use of Asbestos, No. 162, should not be used to provide a justification for, or endorsement of, the continued use of asbestos.
26 The ILO position on safety in the use of asbestos, Sept 2010 In light of the instructions of the Governing Body following the Resolution, the Office has been:continuing to encourage member States to ratify and give effect to Conventions Nos. 162 and 139;promoting the elimination of the future use of all forms of asbestos and asbestos-containing materials;promoting the identification and proper management of all forms of asbestos currently in place; andencouraging and helping ILO member States to include measures in their national programmes on occupational safety and health to protect workers from exposure to asbestos.
27 Премьер-министр Владимир Путин об охране труда Премьер-министр Владимир Путин об охране труда Особое внимание Владимир Путин обратил на необходимость увеличения расходов на охрану труда.«Легче и дешевле вкладывать деньги в обеспечение безопасности труда, чем в ликвидацию последствий тех трагедий, которые могут произойти или происходят в результате невнимательного отношения к этим проблемам»(из выступления на встречес представителями профсоюзныхорганизаций Ленинградскойобласти 7 октября 2010 г.)
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