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WASH in Schools The Parma Ministerial Declaration for WASH in schools in EECCA region WASH in Schools The Parma Ministerial Declaration for WASH in schools.

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Presentation on theme: "WASH in Schools The Parma Ministerial Declaration for WASH in schools in EECCA region WASH in Schools The Parma Ministerial Declaration for WASH in schools."— Presentation transcript:

1 WASH in Schools The Parma Ministerial Declaration for WASH in schools in EECCA region WASH in Schools The Parma Ministerial Declaration for WASH in schools in EECCA region Sascha Gabizon, Executive Director, WECF Margriet Samwel, Coordinator Water Programme, WECF

2 Content: Sanitation in EECCA regionSanitation in EECCA region Parma Ministerial DeclarationParma Ministerial Declaration Lessons from 10-country School Sanitation programLessons from 10-country School Sanitation program Ideas for implementing Parma declarationIdeas for implementing Parma declaration

3 Ukraine Armenia Uzbekistan est. 30 million people do not have safe sanitation in EU alone, how many in EECCA? School toilets rural areas: Far away, smelly, insects Covered in excreta No hand-washing No privacy, no waste-bins Groundwater pollution

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5 Current Situation School Sanitation in EECCA region Many schools build without toilets Hardware often unsustainable Software not provided shit smeared over the walls cleaning materials reused girls harassed on way to toilet girls keep it up all day blather/urinary track infections

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7 Sanitation in EECCA regionSanitation in EECCA region Parma Ministerial DeclarationParma Ministerial Declaration Lessons from 10-country School Sanitation programLessons from 10-country School Sanitation program Ideas for implementing Parma declarationIdeas for implementing Parma declaration

8 Parma Declaration on Environment and Health Ministerial declaration endorsed by 53 Member States attending the 5th Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health in Parma, Italy on March Consist of: 1) Ministerial Declaration and 2) Commitment to Act e/0011/78608/E93618.pdf

9 Parma Declaration on Environment and Health Through the declaration the participating governments agreed to implement national programmes to provide equal opportunities to each child by 2020 by ensuring access to safe water and sanitation, opportunities for physical activity and a healthy diet, improved air quality and an environment free of toxic chemicals

10 Parma Ministerial Declaration 3.We are committed to act on the key environment and health challenges of our time. These include:(b)the health risks to children and other vulnerable groups posed by poor environmental, working and living conditions (especially the lack of water and sanitation)

11 Parma Ministerial Declaration 4.We will address these challenges by setting up or strengthening existing mechanisms or structures that can ensure effective implementation, promote local actions and ensure active participation

12 Parma Ministerial Declaration 5.We will intensify efforts to develop, improve and implement health and environmental legislation

13 Parma Ministerial Declaration 5.We will intensify efforts to develop, improve and implement health and environmental legislation 6.We will ensure that youth participation is facilitated

14 Parma Ministerial Declaration 8. We encourage international stakeholders, including international financial institutions, and the European Commission to offer further scientific, political, technical and financial assistance

15 Parma Ministerial Declaration 10.We endorse and will implement theCommitment to act and the goals and targets included therein. That document is an integral part of this Declaration.

16 Parma Commitment to Act A. Protecting childrens health 1.We reconfirm our commitment to prioritized actions under the regional priority goals (RPGs) in the Childrens Environment and Health Action Plan for Europe (CEHAPE) as indicated below. We will strive to attain the targets in the RPGs as set out below. Regional Priority Goal 1: Ensuring public health by improving access to safe water and sanitation

17 Parma Commitment to Act A. Protecting childrens health 1. ii.We will strive to provide each child with access to safe water and sanitation in homes, child care centres, kindergartens, schools, health care institutions and public recreational water settings by 2020, and to revitalize hygiene practices.

18 Sanitation in EECCA regionSanitation in EECCA region Parma Ministerial DeclarationParma Ministerial Declaration Lessons from 10-country School Sanitation programLessons from 10-country School Sanitation program Ideas for implementing Parma declarationIdeas for implementing Parma declaration

19 Lessons Learned from 10-country WECF sanitation program Soviets made pit latrines obligatory in the 1930s - in some cases punished with prison

20 50 sustainable school toilet-buildings in 10 countries since pupils and teachers using WECF school-toilets Total direct cost per user: 37 euro (average)

21 All 50 school toilet buildings use Dry Urine Diversion Systems Because in target villages: No central water supply to flush No central sewage system Benefits: More hygienic No smell - can be indoor (climate!) Reuse of nutrients Drinking water source protection

22 Best Practices Hardware Indoor toilets where-ever possibleIndoor toilets where-ever possible Separate rooms for boys and girlsSeparate rooms for boys and girls Special teenage girls facilities (depends on culture) for girls during menstruation periodSpecial teenage girls facilities (depends on culture) for girls during menstruation period Privacy: doors can be closed/lockedPrivacy: doors can be closed/locked Squatting slaps - not sitting seats (hygiene)Squatting slaps - not sitting seats (hygiene) Proper smell preventionProper smell prevention Hand wash basin and simple grey water treatmentHand wash basin and simple grey water treatment High quality material for long term sustainabilityHigh quality material for long term sustainability Big urine tanks for 6 months storage time (hygiene)Big urine tanks for 6 months storage time (hygiene) Footprint near the squatting slab so children know where to stand.Footprint near the squatting slab so children know where to stand.

23 First outdoor UDD school Toilet for 200 pupils in Romania : 8 years in use, total cost 6000 Trainings Construction Urine storage

24 First indoor school toilet for 350 pupils + teachers in Armenia: 20,000 Waterless urinals at different heights Urine storage tanks in the basement Squatting toilet with urine diversion Built by AWHHW, Quelque Chose architects and TUHH Wash basins and the toilet care-taker

25 More best practices + smell prevention

26 More best practices + re-use

27 Best Practices Software Agree in advance on responsibilities and financial contribution of the school Agree in advance on responsibilities and financial contribution of the school Employing a care-taker is key Employing a care-taker is key Obtain in advance approvals needed (authorities for education, architecture, health, environment, emergency/utilities, fire, electricity) Obtain in advance approvals needed (authorities for education, architecture, health, environment, emergency/utilities, fire, electricity) Hygiene education (PHAST*) for pupils, teachers and parents Hygiene education (PHAST*) for pupils, teachers and parents Usage, operation and maintenance of facilities trainings for pupils, teachers and personnel Usage, operation and maintenance of facilities trainings for pupils, teachers and personnel how to... educational posters in the toilet how to... educational posters in the toilet Training on the re-use of nutrients (or energy) Training on the re-use of nutrients (or energy) * Participatory Health And Sanitation Transformation (WHO)

28 Check-list school MoU 1)Who cleans the toilet? 2)Who collects ash/saw dust for the toilet? 3)Who checks the toilet on technical defects? 4)Who is responsible for operation and maintenance? 5)What to do when something is broken? 6)How should the O&M be financed? 7)Who develops an education strategy? 8)How will awareness be created among the school children? 9)How can the school guarantee that the toilet will be properly used?

29 WECF Impact Assessment First of its kind, gives an indication 3 step methodology: Questionnaire for female and male pupils Questionnaire for female and male pupils 31 (29 boys) questions related to –Acceptance - Dignity - Gender –Health - Absenteeism - Menstruation (girls only) Absenteeism class book survey Absenteeism class book survey Focus group discussion (only with pupils, no teachers present) Focus group discussion (only with pupils, no teachers present)Sample 10 schools with UDD toilets: total 361 pupils 10 schools with UDD toilets: total 361 pupils 8 reference schools with pit latrine: total 245 pupils 8 reference schools with pit latrine: total 245 pupils 5 countries: Moldova, Ukraine, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan 5 countries: Moldova, Ukraine, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan

30 Absenteeism Survey - maybe an indication

31 Pupils Focus Group Discussions some preliminary results On new toilets: All children are very satisfied about new toilets because of greater comfort (clean, warm, no smell, hand- washing facilities, short distance etc.)All children are very satisfied about new toilets because of greater comfort (clean, warm, no smell, hand- washing facilities, short distance etc.) Especially girls experience benefits because of greater privacy and washing facilitiesEspecially girls experience benefits because of greater privacy and washing facilities On pit latrines: Especially girls avoid using the pit latrinesEspecially girls avoid using the pit latrines In Central Asia girls skipped school during their menstruation period because of the bad pit latrineIn Central Asia girls skipped school during their menstruation period because of the bad pit latrine In Central Asia children went to home during classes to go the toilet because of the bad pit latrineIn Central Asia children went to home during classes to go the toilet because of the bad pit latrine In all countries some girls use latrines during classes to have more privacyIn all countries some girls use latrines during classes to have more privacy

32 School Sanitation: Global PrioritySchool Sanitation: Global Priority Lessons from 10-country programLessons from 10-country program –Hardware: best and worst practices –Software: best and worst practices Ideas for 5 yr driveIdeas for 5 yr drive

33 School Sanitation - Should be a global Priority School sanitation: does not count for Millennium Dev Goalsdoes not count for Millennium Dev Goals excluded from JMPexcluded from JMP is core responsibility of governmentis core responsibility of government is essential for girls school attendanceis essential for girls school attendance discriminating factor for girlsdiscriminating factor for girls needs innovative financial mechanismsneeds innovative financial mechanisms can be a win-win dealcan be a win-win deal should be policy priorityshould be policy priority

34 General reflections on School Sanitation - Hardware Choice of hardware does matter Choice of hardware does matter Indoor toilets with re-use systems are good solution for non-piped areas Indoor toilets with re-use systems are good solution for non-piped areas Need to be added to national codes (construction, hygiene, agriculture) Need to be added to national codes (construction, hygiene, agriculture) Not more expensive then VIP pit-latrines Not more expensive then VIP pit-latrines Potential income generation from re-use, energy - can cover maintenance costs Potential income generation from re-use, energy - can cover maintenance costs Potentially saves costs drinking water treatment Potentially saves costs drinking water treatment

35 General Recommendations School Sanitation - Software No hardware works without software No hardware works without software Hygiene needs to be taught (also in EU) Hygiene needs to be taught (also in EU) Cleaning of toilets is not a habit amongst latrine users: needs to be learned Cleaning of toilets is not a habit amongst latrine users: needs to be learned Incentives and education for pupils against vandalism Incentives and education for pupils against vandalism Teenage girls need to feel safe regarding menstruation - waste baskets, doors that lock, own toilets Teenage girls need to feel safe regarding menstruation - waste baskets, doors that lock, own toilets Inclusive sanitation (e.g. children with disabilities) Inclusive sanitation (e.g. children with disabilities) Pupils should feel ownership, know its their right Pupils should feel ownership, know its their right

36 Link Parma Implementation and 5 yr Sustainable Sanitation Drive Link to implementation of UN GA 2010 resolution human right to water and sanitation Link to implementation of UN GA 2010 resolution human right to water and sanitation Call on all countries to set targets for achieving 100% safe school sanitation Call on all countries to set targets for achieving 100% safe school sanitation Define sustainable sanitation (5 SuSanA criteria) Define sustainable sanitation (5 SuSanA criteria) Establish principle: no toilet - no school Establish principle: no toilet - no school Post-2015 inclusion of public sanitation in MDGs Post-2015 inclusion of public sanitation in MDGs WASH in Schools: focus of 1 of the 5 years! WASH in Schools: focus of 1 of the 5 years!

37 5 Yr Drive - Financing School Sanitation Funding priority from public budget Funding priority from public budget Total sanitation incentive approach does not work for public buildings Total sanitation incentive approach does not work for public buildings Global School Sanitation Fund (e.g. DK, EBRD) Global School Sanitation Fund (e.g. DK, EBRD) Aim: Aim: pilots in each country - examples convince pilots in each country - examples convince All schools in a few countries (Moldova, Lesotho) All schools in a few countries (Moldova, Lesotho) Incentives for partnerships including civil society Incentives for partnerships including civil society Communicate the successes Communicate the successes

38 Our plans: extend Guidelines Best Practices School Sanitation ? Guidelines with best practices for school sanitation hardware and software Guidelines with best practices for school sanitation hardware and software – Baseline of current school sanitation (e.g. Moldova) – Comparison of different hardware options – Capacity building tools for re-use sanitation systems – Educational and training tools on hygiene, use, maintenance Possible partners.... Possible partners....

39 Other areas ? Draw on work done within PWH Capacity building online tool on small scale sanitation (with Germany and Czech republic) Capacity building online tool on small scale sanitation (with Germany and Czech republic) Guidelines on public participation in sanitation decision making (with Romania) Guidelines on public participation in sanitation decision making (with Romania) Guidelines on equitable access (with France) Guidelines on equitable access (with France)

40 Thank You


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