Presentation on theme: "Lack of Access to Adequate Sanitation in Europe Diana Iskreva, NGO Earth Forever, member of WECF Belgrade, Oct. 2007."— Presentation transcript:
Lack of Access to Adequate Sanitation in Europe Diana Iskreva, NGO Earth Forever, member of WECF Belgrade, Oct. 2007
www.wecf.org Lack of Access in Europe Almost 140 million (16%) do not have a household connection to a drinking water supply; 85 million (10%) do not have improved sanitation; Over 41 million (5%) do not have access to a safe drinking-water supply. Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, 2002
www.wecf.org These cause over 13 000 deaths from diarrhoea among children aged 0–14 years in the Region (5.3% of all deaths in that age group), with the largest contribution coming from countries of Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Protocol on Water and Health, making a difference, 2006
www.wecf.org Under-Five Mortality Rate of Diarrhoeal Diseases
www.wecf.org Probability of Dying Before Age 5 Source: WHO Regional Office for Europe
www.wecf.org In Bulgaria 1/3 of the population is served by intermittent water supply. Intermittent Water Supply -- REGIME
www.wecf.org Human Faecal Bacteria Drinking Water in Garla Mare Village, Romania contains faecal and coli-bacteria! According to EU guideline water would not even be safe for bathing. Micro organisms in 1 g of faecal matter: 10,000,000 viruses; 1,000,000 bacteria; 1,000 parasite cysts; 100parasite eggs.
www.wecf.org Sources of Pollution and Lack of Adequate Source Protection Animal manure; Animal manure; Pit latrines; Pit latrines; Obsolete pesticide dumpsite; Obsolete pesticide dumpsite; Inadequate or lack of solid waste management. Inadequate or lack of solid waste management.
www.wecf.org Affordable Sanitation Solutions Urine-diverting toilets and planted soil filters; Urine-diverting toilets and planted soil filters; Composting of household bio wastes (incl. human wastes). Composting of household bio wastes (incl. human wastes).
www.wecf.org Affordable and Hygienic School Sanitation