Presentation on theme: "Water/wastewater infrastructure in the Romanian rural area"— Presentation transcript:
1 Water/wastewater infrastructure in the Romanian rural area Ministry of Environment and Sustainable DevelopmentWater/wastewater infrastructure in the Romanian rural areaAna Drapa, seniour counselorHigh-Level Policy Dialogue on “EU Sanitation Policies and Practices in the 2008International Year of Sanitation”Brussels, 29th January 2008
2 Content Present status Long terms objectives Rural infrastructure – investmentsConclusions
3 Romania – Administrative aspects Total area: km241 counties & Bucharest municipality319 towns and municipalities, 2851 communes and villagesinhabitants (July 1, 2005) inhabitants in urban area (54.9%) inhabitants in rural area (45.1 %)Source: NSI Romanian Statistical Yearbook 2006
4 Water resources (1)97.8% of Romania is part of the Danube River Basin (30.0% of the DRB)Total volume: mill. cm/year of which - surface waters:and groundwaters: 6 592Total lenght of watercourses: 78, 905 km
5 Sources of pollution for rural area: Water resources (2)Sources of pollution for rural area:punctiform and diffusedischarges of waste water from the human settlements and the livestock sectoragricultural activities (pollutants difficult for identification)contamination with nitrates (pollution has a cumulative character), with phosphates, chemicals used for soil fertilization.
6 Water/Wastewater Infrastructure 1398 Drinking Water Treatment Plants~ km of water distribution network1 310 Waste Water Treatment Plants~ km of sewage network
7 Romania’s obligations after the EU-accession Gradual fulfillment of the EU Directives requirementsEU DirectiveTransition periodAssociated costs(billions EURO)Drinking water 98/832015compliance for quality parameters for drinking water5.6Urban Wastewater91/2712018By 2015 – 263 agglomerations with more than p.e.By 2018 – agglomerations between p.e.9.5Nitrates 91/67620073.1
8 Status of drinking water infrastructure in the rural area Drinking water supply: 87.6 % in urban area and % in rural areaIn 2003: 56.4% of total lenght of drinking water distribution network in the urban area, and 43.6% in the rural area33% of rural inhabitants (3.4 million inhabitants) – access to the public water networks70% of the rural households get their water from wellsNational Rural Development Programme 2007 – 20132007 December 20th consolidated version
9 Status of infrastructure for public sewage network in the rural area At the end of 2004: 373 communes (10% of the total rural population) had sewage networksSewage network (2003): 93,2 % of the pipes length in urban area and 6.8 % in rural area.Total lenght of the sewage network is km, of whichkm in the urban area and in rural areaSource: National Rural Development Programme 2007 – 2013– 2007 December 20th consolidated version
10 Investments in water/waste water infrastructure Financial Strategy - Development of water/waste water infrastructure by environmental impact of waste water from agglomerations:- big cities - >150,000 p.e.- towns - 10,000 p.e.- 100,000 p.e.- localities (communes) – 2,000 –10,000 p.e.
11 Investments in water/waste water infrastructure Long term objectives Population access to the water supplySewage and WW treatment
12 Evolution of EU pre-accession funds for Romania
13 EU pre-accession funds PhareInstrument for Structural Policies for Pre-Accession - ISPASAPARD (as basis for implementation: National Plan for Agriculture and Rural Development) includes 11 measuresTotal allocation 2000 – 2006: 1,522 million Euro of which:33,85% for Measure 2.1 on Development and improvement of rural infrastructure: 780 applications (of which: 273 projects on centralized drinking water distribution network , 87 projects for centralized sewerage network).
14 Proposal for phasing investments on Water and Sewerage
15 National Rural Development Programme 2007 – 2013 (1) Development of rural areas will be achieve with the support of European Community through NRDP (9.970 bill. Euro)NPDR financed by European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development – EAFRD: billions Euro- NRDP will finance the investments for localities with less than 10,000 e.p.Axis 1 “Improving the competitiveness of the agricultural and forestry sector” 3.17 bill. Euro - 45 %Axis 2 “Improving the environment and the countryside 1.8 bill. Euro %Axis 3 “The quality of life in rural area and the diversification of the rural economy – 1.97 bill. Euro - 27,5 %Axis 4 “LEADER” – 188 millions Euro - 2,5 %
16 National Rural Development Programme 2007 – 2013 (2) Axis 3 “The quality of life in rural area and the diversification of the rural economy”Measures 322 – Village renewal and development, improving basic services for the rural economy and population and upgrating of rural heritage(i) basic physical infrastructure - road infrastructure, water supply and wastewater treatment, energy and gas/heating supply/waste(ii) Community services(iii) Maintaining and preserving the rural heritage and the cultural identityFinancial allocation 2007 – 2013: 1,579,217,870 euro of which Public expenditure 1,546,087,425 euroInvestments: km water supply pipelines (new works – km; extension and/or upgrading – 1 579) and km sewage pipelines (new works – km, extention and /or upgrading – km)
17 Project “Control of pollution in agriculture’’ Global Objective: Reduction on long term of nutrients discharges (nitrogen and phosphorus)and other Pollutants from agricultural origin from Danube and Black Sea using integrated soiland water managementImplementation period:Project Components: Manure Management; Tests/Demonstration of ecologic agriculturalpractices; Ecologic restoration; Monitoring of soil and water quality;Strengthening of buildingregulatory capacity on environmental policies; Public information campaign at local, regional(other countries from Black Sea) and national levelPilot Project: Calarasi countyTotal amount : USD 10.8 millions of which: 5.15 mil.$ from World Bank (GEF), 1.86 mil. $from Romanian Government, mil.$ from Calarasi County Council, 1 mil. $ fromGovernmental Project “Support for Agricultural servicies” and 2.5 mil. $ for direct beneficiaries,investments in equipmentsProject Replication at national level (USD 50 Mil.) - support for Ministry of Environment andWater Management for implementation of relevant UE Directives( Nitrates Directives and WaterFramework Directive) taking into account the nutrients content of surface and ground waters.
18 Rural Development Programme Financed by WorldBankTotal investment value : 100 mil. US $Starting date : 2005Pilot phase: 5 counties
19 Project on Integrated Nitrates Pollution Control Total amount: 59,1 mill. Euro , of which 50 mill. Euro (BIRD) and 4.2 mill. Euro (grant GEF), local authorities budget: 4.9 mill. EuroImplementation period: 2007 – 2013Objectives: reduction of watercourses pollution, strentehning of the institutional capacities, demonstrative actions at commune levelInvestments: 34 counties (10 hydrographic basins)11 communes from 11 counties: establishment of Centres of testing/demonstration
20 Governmental initiatives on rural investments Two programmes on water supply in the rural area (1st – 1997: 260 mill. USD – 750 projects and 2nd – on-going: 340 mill. USD+90 mill.USD approved in 2004)Rural Infrastructure Development Programme 2006 – 2009 (200 mill. Euro – 452 communes – water supply and sewerage)
21 ConclusionsCurrent situation of water services and infrastructure has a negative impact on quality of life in rural areas and on economic development of these areas.Development and improvement of rural infrastructure are needed (basic physical infrastructure – especially streets/rural roads, water supply and sewage/waste water treatment, energy and gas/heating supply)Need to reduce disparities between rural and urban areasSpecific conditions of rural areas require different solutionsPotential to improve water quality through investments in water infrastructure for rural settlementsDirect positive impact of rural water infrastructure on the population’s health condition and development of the areaDevelopment and improvement of infrastructure for water/wastewater treatment require a large amount of civil works – huge investmentsLarger investments are needed for small agglomerations due to the particular technical solutions requiredTechnical solutions – low costs of maintenance of worksGradual implementation – rural population affordability (a fast implementation would lead to a sharp increase of the water service price)Diversification of financing source: state and local budget, EU funds, credit and PPP, other sources
22 Thank you for your attention ! International Year of Sanitation” ROMANIAMinistry of Environment and Sustainable DevelopmentThank you for your attention !High-Level Policy Dialogue on “EU Sanitation Policies and Practices in the 2008International Year of Sanitation”Brussels, 29th January 2008