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MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FOODS Emil Milanov Co-financed by the European Union within the programme "Europe for Citizens" 2007 – 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FOODS Emil Milanov Co-financed by the European Union within the programme "Europe for Citizens" 2007 – 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FOODS Emil Milanov Co-financed by the European Union within the programme "Europe for Citizens" 2007 – 2013

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3 Subsector Strengths: - traditions in plant-growing; - traditions in plant-growing; - good variety of plant cultures; - it is source of feed for the animal-breeding sector; - general mechanization of processing; - relatively prompt return of investments; - opportunities for export and so on. Subsector weaknesses: - agricultural land is fragmented; - gaps in implementation of plant-growing technological elements /one-sided fertilizing, usage of non-qualified seeds, old equipment/ which results in: - poor crops quality – low market price; - influence of agroclimatic conditions on the production; - limited cultivation of irrigated land (ограничено ползване на поливни площи (maize growing is mainly on non-irrigated land – about 93-95%)

4 Main target directions of plant-growing development in Bulgaria - Production profitableness; - Ability of meeting the consumers nutritious food needs; - Environmental protection; - Effective implementation of EU requirements in agriculture.

5 Transitional period after 1990 During the transitional period and economic changes /passing to market-oriented agriculture/ Bulgaria has lost its high-level positions as: During the transitional period and economic changes /passing to market-oriented agriculture/ Bulgaria has lost its high-level positions as: - A proved producer and exporter of agricultural products; - Arable land has decreased; - Average yield quantity has decreased; - Production has decreased sharply; - Loss of international markets. Despite upper listed troubles and difficulties, Bulgarian agriculture has relatively successful development for its national market and has significant position in Bulgarian economy. Despite upper listed troubles and difficulties, Bulgarian agriculture has relatively successful development for its national market and has significant position in Bulgarian economy.

6 Currently agriculture in Bulgaria faces even more serious challenge – its membership in the European Union Agriculture should achieve high competitiveness, high profitableness for farmers and it should provide employment.

7 In the recent years the interest of farmers in creating new fruit plantations has grown. The biggest number of newly planted orchards is of cherries, apples, plums, raspberries, morello cherries. There is a source of certified planting material for fruit plants and vineyards in our country. In the recent years the interest of farmers in creating new fruit plantations has grown. The biggest number of newly planted orchards is of cherries, apples, plums, raspberries, morello cherries. There is a source of certified planting material for fruit plants and vineyards in our country. In the field of wine growing, research workers from The Academy of Agriculture and experts from The Ministry of Agriculture and Food have developed the National Strategy for Stimulation of Table Grape Growing in The Republic of Bulgaria for the period The main objective of the program is the creation of new vineyards in suitable micro regions, using new technologies. In the field of wine growing, research workers from The Academy of Agriculture and experts from The Ministry of Agriculture and Food have developed the National Strategy for Stimulation of Table Grape Growing in The Republic of Bulgaria for the period The main objective of the program is the creation of new vineyards in suitable micro regions, using new technologies. A National Program to support the viticulture and wine sector has started. A National Program to support the viticulture and wine sector has started. Research workers and experts from the Ministry of Agriculture and Food are also preparing a National Horticulture Development Program - growing of vegetables, fruit and potatoes. Research workers and experts from the Ministry of Agriculture and Food are also preparing a National Horticulture Development Program - growing of vegetables, fruit and potatoes. A Program regarding Priorities of Bulgarian Agriculture Development in the period has been developed. A Program regarding Priorities of Bulgarian Agriculture Development in the period has been developed. New Programs for development of the basic plant- growing and stock-breeding sectors are being prepared. New Programs for development of the basic plant- growing and stock-breeding sectors are being prepared.Plant-growing

8 According to information provided by Agrostatistics - Ministry of Agriculture and Food /opinion poll carried out by Bulgarian Survey on Agricultural and Economic Activities Observation/ in , the employment and use on the territory of The Republic of Bulgaria were as follows: The total amount of used agricultural land includes: arable land, orchards and vineyards, permanent grass-covered areas, family gardens and hothouses. The total amount of used agricultural land includes: arable land, orchards and vineyards, permanent grass-covered areas, family gardens and hothouses. In 2008 the total amount of used agricultural land was 46 % / decares/ and in ,1 % / decares/. In 2008 the total amount of used agricultural land was 46 % / decares/ and in ,1 % / decares/. Arable land in the recent years has varied from 59 % to 60 % of the total amount of used agricultural land or that is the main base for plant-growing and, in particular for stock-breeding development: Arable land in the recent years has varied from 59 % to 60 % of the total amount of used agricultural land or that is the main base for plant-growing and, in particular for stock-breeding development: The arable land includes: Обработваемата земя включва: 2007 г.2008 г. Grain crops - 55,1 %- 56,3 % /wheat, barley, maize/ Oil-yielding - 23,7%- 22,5% Temporary lawns - 3,2%- 3,0% /w heat and beans/ Other crops- 10,4%- 8,7% Ploughed fields - 7,5%- 9,5% LAND

9 Basic Grain Crops In the recent years the amount of grain crop planted land is relatively stable and varies from 15.7 mln decares to 18.3 mln decares. In the recent years the amount of grain crop planted land is relatively stable and varies from 15.7 mln decares to 18.3 mln decares. For the period the harvested areas of the basic grain crops and the production varied as follows /source Agrostatistics/: For the period the harvested areas of the basic grain crops and the production varied as follows /source Agrostatistics/: Harvested areas - dka Production - tons Wheat - from 9,7 to 11,1 mln from 2,3 to 4,6 mln Wheat - from 9,7 to 11,1 mln from 2,3 to 4,6 mln Barley - from 1,8 to 3,3 mln from 420 thousand to 1,2 mln Barley - from 1,8 to 3,3 mln from 420 thousand to 1,2 mln Seed-corn maize - from 2,1 to 3,8 mln from 313 thousand to 2,1 mln Seed-corn maize - from 2,1 to 3,8 mln from 313 thousand to 2,1 mln Grain crops harvest 2008 was the best for the past 5 and more years. Grain crops harvest 2008 was the best for the past 5 and more years.

10 QUANTITIES OF GRAIN FODDER FOR ANIMAL FEEDING Dependent on the varying number of animals in the country in the period , the quantities of grain fodder used varied as follows: Seed-corn maize - from 806 thousand to thousand tons; Seed-corn maize - from 806 thousand to thousand tons; Wheat - from 747 thousand to 999 thousand tons Wheat - from 747 thousand to 999 thousand tons Barley - from 289 thousand to 361 thousand tons Barley - from 289 thousand to 361 thousand tons Other types of fodder grain - from 72 thousand to 178 thousand tons Other types of fodder grain - from 72 thousand to 178 thousand tons Source - Directorate Plant-growing and Stock-breeding

11 SOURCES FOR PRODUCTION OF LUSH FODDER AND HAY / / Harvested areas - Thousand decares Production – thousand tons Silage maize - from 112 to 322 from 77 to 469 Silage maize - from 112 to 322 from 77 to 469 Fodder beet - from 0, 8 to 12 from 0,5 to 37 Fodder beet - from 0, 8 to 12 from 0,5 to 37 Alfalfa - from 515 to 800 from 205 to 345 Alfalfa - from 515 to 800 from 205 to 345 Annual fodder - from 41 to 134 from 23 to 57 Artificial lawns – wheat - from 2 to 16 from 0,6 to 9 Artificial lawns - beans - from 12 to 20 from 6 to 11 Permanent meadows for hey - from 338 to 945 from 111 to 200 Permanent meadows for hey - from 338 to 945 from 111 to 200 Sugar-beet - sugar/ cuttings - from 11to 13 from 16 to 27 Sugar-beet - sugar/ cuttings - from 11to 13 from 16 to 27 Regarding the crops set forth, the tendency determined is to gradual decrease in areas and production up to 2007.

12 Implementation of the reformed Common Agricultural Policy in Bulgaria Includes activities in the following fields: - Raising the efficiency of agricultural structures (directly connected with the processes of land merger); - Coming into and wide spreading of technological innovations in the filed of agricultural production and in the processing sector; - Modernization of the outdated machine-tractor pool; - Improvement of human resources in the field of agriculture by means of professional training; - Building of competitive farms and strengthening of their market positions - Stimulation of young people to take up agriculture; - Assistance to development of alternative activities in rural regions (rural tourism, crafts, new productions, etc.)

13 Measures leading to positive changes in Agriculture Before Bulgarias entry into EU, agriculture was mainly financially supported /credits and subsidies/ by State Fund Agriculture and its programs. Before Bulgarias entry into EU, agriculture was mainly financially supported /credits and subsidies/ by State Fund Agriculture and its programs. In the pre-accession period the support of the SAPARD program increased the financial support options via investments in agricultural equipment, plant-growing, stock-breeding, and processing industry. In the pre-accession period the support of the SAPARD program increased the financial support options via investments in agricultural equipment, plant-growing, stock-breeding, and processing industry. At this stage Bulgarias membership in the EU and the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy give new opportunities for farmers support: At this stage Bulgarias membership in the EU and the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy give new opportunities for farmers support: -Single payment for land; -Single payment for land; -National surcharge to direct payments for land; -National surcharge to direct payments for land; -Financing according to the measures of he Program for development of rural regions 2007 – 2013; -Financing according to the measures of he Program for development of rural regions 2007 – 2013; -Extended application of the SAPARD Program throughout 2009; -Extended application of the SAPARD Program throughout 2009; -Credits, subsidies and programs of State Fund Agriculture -Credits, subsidies and programs of State Fund Agriculture

14 The modernization of farms is of vital importance for the improvement of their economic value and profitability, via the full-value use of production conditions, including: The modernization of farms is of vital importance for the improvement of their economic value and profitability, via the full-value use of production conditions, including: - Sufficient mechanization of production processes - Sufficient mechanization of production processes - Introduction of new processes and technologies to improve production quality - Introduction of new processes and technologies to improve production quality - Adherence to the requirements of good agricultural practices - Adherence to the requirements of good agricultural practices - Production of harmless and healthy food - Production of harmless and healthy food - Transition from conventional to biological agricultural production - Transition from conventional to biological agricultural production - Diversity of agricultural activities, including reagrding non-agricultural sectors - Diversity of agricultural activities, including reagrding non-agricultural sectors - Production of energy crops and use of biofuels - Production of energy crops and use of biofuels - Rational use of plant and animal wastes as bioenergy - Rational use of plant and animal wastes as bioenergy - Environment protection, etc - Environment protection, etc Measures leading to positive changes in Agriculture (2)

15 The joint efforts of small and medium farmers enable the: The joint efforts of small and medium farmers enable the: - Production and supply of bigger quantities of one production sort and type; - Production and supply of bigger quantities of one production sort and type; - Achievement of better market price; - Achievement of better market price; - Improvement of economic indicators of farms - Improvement of economic indicators of farms - Decrease in production expenses - Decrease in production expenses - Seeking and offering of profitable conditions for production sale - Seeking and offering of profitable conditions for production sale The present and future opportunities lie in: The present and future opportunities lie in: - Establishment of producers organizations - Establishment of producers organizations - Establishment of associations and unions of agricultural producers and processors /clusters/ and other forms of union. - Establishment of associations and unions of agricultural producers and processors /clusters/ and other forms of union. Such unions will aid: Such unions will aid: - Higher competitiveness and production quality - Higher competitiveness and production quality - Decrease in fluctuations in supply and demand - Decrease in fluctuations in supply and demand - Stabilizing of incomes of agricultural producers and increase in production. - Stabilizing of incomes of agricultural producers and increase in production. Measures leading to positive changes in Agriculture (3)

16 New reference points regarding CAP: - Higher competitiveness of farmers - Better market orientation - Higher Environment Protection Standards; - Improvement of agricultural products quality - Application of unified marketing quality standards and carrying out of strict control - Development of rural regions; - Reconsidering the organization of the market in general, which is valid in full force for Bulgaria.

17 For implementing these issues farmers has to: For implementing these issues farmers has to: - be aware of the EU legislation and to meet the requirements; - be well-oriented concerning market conditions; - organize their production process in accordance with the European good practices in agriculture.

18 Initiation to co-operation and success is in farmers hands THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION


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