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GUTP and IEEE1888 for Smart Facility Systems using Internet Architecture Framework Hiroshi Esaki, Ph.D. Professor, The University of.

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Presentation on theme: "GUTP and IEEE1888 for Smart Facility Systems using Internet Architecture Framework Hiroshi Esaki, Ph.D. Professor, The University of."— Presentation transcript:

1 GUTP and IEEE1888 for Smart Facility Systems using Internet Architecture Framework Hiroshi Esaki, Ph.D. Professor, The University of Tokyo Director, Green University of Tokyo Project (GUTP) Director, Japan Data Center Consortium Chair, IPv6 Ready Logo Program, IPv6 Forum Executive Director, IPv6 Promotion Council of Japan Chair, Task Force on IPv4 Address Exhaustion Director, WIDE Project

2 Conclusion; 6 lessons and strategy 1.Things are ready to be connected (via IEEE1888) – Not only network, but also database /applications 2.Improvement of RoI by wireless technology 3.Strategic invitation of stakeholders, to share the power of open system 4. Autonomous delivery of new/innovative applications by transparent open platform 5.You DO care IP version, but most people does NOT. 6.Controlling things by computer networks, for improvement of efficiency, rather than saving energy

3 Urgent/Serious Challenges by the Earthquake dated on March 11, 2011 Earthquake itself is not serious for Japan, e.g., iDC or new business complex. What are the serious (positive) measures for Japan 1.Restoring cities from Tsunami 2.Restoring/impoving the factories, being built into the global SCM system 3.Control-ability on Fukushima No.1 Nuclear Power Plant --- only the negative issue for Japan Counter Measures for Rotational Power Black-outs 5.{Electrical} Energy Saving

4 Some Identified/Experienced Lessons 1.Internet, e.g., SNS, is THE third information media for disaster case. Internet was the most robust and reliable information sharing infrastructure among all Japanese citizen. 2.Digital Information infrastructure is critical for disaster recovery process. 3.Information infrastructure is critical for social and industrial activities 4.For energy management, we do not have any information……nor control components well.

5 What we will achieve, as a result Maintain (and improve) the performance of social and industrial activities, with less energy consumption. 1.The first step is maintain the same social and industrial activities with the 15% (electrical) energy saving. 2.The long-run result after 5 years is to build the most high quality and high performance society and industry with lower power consumption.

6 What is meant, comparing with driving a car at highway ? 1.Legacy offices and campuses Do not have speed meter, while asking 15% reduce 2.Offices introduced the first step measure Providing the dash-board displaying the speed meter to the driver 3.Advanced Offices introduced the second measure Providing other information, e.g., fuel efficiency or accessories status, to the driver with multiple screens. will lead to faster driving with the same (or less) energy consumption

7 Design of Smart City (Human-being) (City) (Brain) Cloud Computing (Skull), (Blood vessels) Data Center (Brain nerves) Servers, switches (Nerves) Internet (Organs) Facilities (i.e., Things) (Bone)Building( ) (Sensor) Sensor (Muscle) Actuator

8 Usain Bolt, Jamaica Born in Height = 196cm Weight = 95kg 9.58 seconds Hiroshi Esaki, Japan Born in Height = 168cm Weight = 105kg seconds (50 sec?) 14.3% 10% (500%?) 100 meter sprint Small difference on assets/components, But large difference on efficiency

9 Questions and Challenges 1. You may stop to your challenge by the pictures 2. What if Esakis leg will be replaced by machine? Introduction of Innovative or revolutional technology Can you provide appropriate interface ? Can you change the rules/regulations ? 3. When technology and/or rule change(s), Mr.Usain Bolt will be of Galapagos 4. Shaping up your body will lead to open up new world and new activities

10 History of GUTP (Green University of Tokyo) & IEEE1888 deployment

11 KU+KUS with MIC+JGN2 in 2005 DUMBO2006 with AIT Building Automation WG in 2003 at Collaboration with Tokyo Gov. since 2004 In 2008 Beijing Olympic In 2008 FIAP in 2009 (Live E! architecture) IEEE 1888 in 2010 with B2G in SmartGrid Since 2005 (7 th at Kyoto) Established FNIC in2006 (Facility Network Interop) China-Japan Green IT Project funded by MIC in 2009 IIT Hyderabad With IMD

12 Activates since – Building Automation WG at IPv6 Promotion Council – Talk with ASHREA BACnet regarding IPv6 introduction 2004 – Talked with Tokyo Metropolitan Office 2006 – Security framework focusing on facility networks ( RFC4430) – Established FNIC (Facility Network Interoperability Consortium) 2008 – Beijing Olympic Game Lights Control – Green University of Tokyo Project – SBC (Smart Building Consortium) for Japanese standard – Start to talk with NIST and BACnet regarding B2G (Building-to-Grid) 2010 : Kicked off P-IEEE1888 (UGCCnet) 2011 : Approved as IEEE1888, Campus-wide & Multi-campus deployment

13 Activates since – Building Automation WG at IPv6 Promotion Council – Talk with ASHREA BACnet regarding IPv6 introduction 2004 – Talked with Tokyo Metropolitan Office 2006 – Security framework focusing on facility networks ( RFC4430) – Established FNIC (Facility Network Interoperability Consortium) 2008 – Beijing Olympic Game Lights Control – Established Green University of Tokyo Project – SBC (Smart Building Consortium) for Japanese standard – Started to talk with NIST and BACnet regarding B2G (Building-to-Grid) 2010 : Kicked off P-IEEE1888 (UGCCnet) 2011 : Approved as IEEE1888, Campus-wide & Multi-campus deployment

14 14 Facility management IPv6 based P2P control of facilities - Status of elevators, AC or ventilators, movement of guests in the museum, temperature of rooms, surveillance camera images may be monitored in a facility management center. - Shared use of networks among IP phone, Internet access and facility management. - Cost reduction - Where experts analysis of data on the number of guests in respective rooms and temperatures are available, it is possible to minimize energy consumption. IPv6 based P2P control of facilities - Status of elevators, AC or ventilators, movement of guests in the museum, temperature of rooms, surveillance camera images may be monitored in a facility management center. - Shared use of networks among IP phone, Internet access and facility management. - Cost reduction - Where experts analysis of data on the number of guests in respective rooms and temperatures are available, it is possible to minimize energy consumption. Theater Museum Surveillance camera Vendor C Vendor B vendor A museum Total energy fluctuations Weather data Centralized control/ Remote maintenance theater Number of guests Meteorological data Analysis of data by experts Energy consumption analysis Building facility management system TV phone Minimize energy usage based on analysis of facility data Rationalizing day-to-day management of facilities using remote maintenance Facility management center Thermometers Status of elevators Obtain facility data Entry sensor IPv6 Internet Secure access control Centralized facility management system m2m-x access control server (1) Tokyo Metropolitan HQ Buildings Has decides to Introduce IPv6 Based OPEN Facility Controlling System in (2) Replacing Control System in Old Facilities, Which Use Inefficient Engine (i.e., poor fuel efficiency) Consuming a Lot of Unnecessary Energy. 600M USD per year for Tokyo !!! (1) Tokyo Metropolitan HQ Buildings Has decides to Introduce IPv6 Based OPEN Facility Controlling System in (2) Replacing Control System in Old Facilities, Which Use Inefficient Engine (i.e., poor fuel efficiency) Consuming a Lot of Unnecessary Energy. 600M USD per year for Tokyo !!! Toward the Green (or Eco) City

15 Activates since – Building Automation WG at IPv6 Promotion Council – Talk with ASHREA BACnet regarding IPv6 introduction 2004 – Talked with Tokyo Metropolitan Office 2006 – Security framework focusing on facility networks ( RFC4430) – Established FNIC (Facility Network Interoperability Consortium) 2008 – Beijing Olympic Game Lights Control – Established Green University of Tokyo Project – SBC (Smart Building Consortium) for Japanese standard – Started to talk with NIST and BACnet regarding B2G (Building-to-Grid) 2010 : Kicked off P-IEEE1888 (UGCCnet) 2011 : Approved as IEEE1888, Campus-wide & Multi-campus deployment

16 Lightening Management & Control - Using IPv6 based Facility Networking - Area Management System, i.e., not single facility but multiple facilities - 1.4kmx2.4km with 18,000 lights IPv6-based control nodes - 10% Energy saving Beijing Olympic 2008 Main Stadium District Lighting System Control by IPv6 Facility Manage & Control Operated by Panasonic Electric Works Proved; IP works for mission critical environment

17 Activates since – Building Automation WG at IPv6 Promotion Council – Talk with ASHREA BACnet regarding IPv6 introduction 2004 – Talk with Tokyo Metropolitan Office 2006 – Security framework focusing on facility networks ( RFC4430) – Established FNIC (Facility Network Interoperability Consortium) 2008 – Beijing Olympic Game Lights Control – Green University of Tokyo Project – SBC (Smart Building Consortium) for Japanese standard – Started to talk with NIST and BACnet regarding B2G (Building-to-Grid) 2010 : Kicked off P-IEEE1888 (UGCCnet) 2011 : Approved as IEEE1888, Campus-wide & Multi-campus deployment

18 SGIP Organization leaded by NIST SGIP Membership Standing Committees & Working Groups Governing Board SGIP Officers Test & Certification Committee (SGTCC) Architecture Committee (SGAC) Architecture Committee (SGAC) Coordination Functions Cyber Security Working Group (CSWG) Priority Action Plan Teams PAP 2 Domain Expert Working Groups H2G TnD B2G I2G PEV2G BnP SGIP Administrator PAP 1 PAP 3 PAP 5 PAP 4 PAP … NIST Program Management Office (PMO) Program Management Office (PMO) B2G; Building 2 Grid, i.e., smart building

19 Activates since – Building Automation WG at IPv6 Promotion Council – Talk with ASHREA BACnet regarding IPv6 introduction 2004 – Talk with Tokyo Metropolitan Office 2006 – Security framework focusing on facility networks ( RFC4430) – Established FNIC (Facility Network Interoperability Consortium) 2008 – Beijing Olympic Game Lights Control – Established Green University of Tokyo Project (aka GUTP) – SBC (Smart Building Consortium) for Japanese standard – Start to talk with NIST and BACnet regarding B2G (Building-to-Grid) 2010 : Kicked off P-IEEE1888 (UGCCnet) 2011 : Approved as IEEE1888, Campus-wide & Multi-campus deployment

20 Green Univ. of Tokyo Project Building No.2, Hongo Campus – Established in June – Forming R&D consortium (independent from Gov.) – Targeted reduction; 15%=$4M USD (in 2012), 50%=$30M USD (in 2030) – 12 floor high, R&D and R&E activities – Established October 2005 – More than saving energy – Global standard IEEE1888

21 Companies Asahi Kasei Microdevices Corporation Cimx Corporation. Cisco Systems, Inc. Citrix Systems Japan K.K. Daikin Industries, Ltd. DSI, Inc. Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. Fujitsu Limited Hitachi Co.Ltd. IBM Japan Ltd., ITOCHU Corporation Johnson Controls Inc. KAJIMA CORPORATION Kantokowa Co., Ltd. KOKUYO Co.,Ltd. Microsoft Japan Corporation Mitsubishi Corportion Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc. Mitsui Fudosan Co.,Ltd Mitsui Knowledge Industry Co.Ltd. NEC Corporation Nippon Steel Engineering Co.Ltd. NTT Corporation NTT Facilities Inc. OPTiM Corporation ORIX Corporation OTSUKA Corporation Panasonic Corporation Panasonic Electric Works Co., Ltd. Q&A Corporation Richo Co., Ltd. Sanki Engineering Co., Ltd. Schneider Electric Japan Group SHINRYO Corporation Sohgo Security Services Co.Ltd., Takenaka Corporation Toshiba Corporation Toyo Denki Seizo K.K. Ubiteq Inc. VeriSign Japan K.K. Yamatake Corporation Organizations/Universities Green IT Promotion Council. IPv6 Promotion Council. The Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan The Institute of Electrical Installation Engineers of Japan LONMARK JAPAN OKAYAMA IPv6 CONSORTIUM. WIDE Project. Tokyo Metropolitan Research Institute for Environmental Protection Keio University. Nagoya University Ritsumeikan University Shizuoka University. The University of Tokyo

22 Companies Asahi Kasei Microdevices Corporation Cimx Corporation. Cisco Systems, Inc. Citrix Systems Japan K.K. Daikin Industries, Ltd. DSI, Inc. Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. Fujitsu Limited Hitachi Co.Ltd. IBM Japan Ltd., ITOCHU Corporation Johnson Controls Inc. KAJIMA CORPORATION Kantokowa Co., Ltd. KOKUYO Co.,Ltd. Microsoft Japan Corporation Mitsubishi Corportion Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc. Mitsui Fudosan Co.,Ltd Mitsui Knowledge Industry Co.Ltd. NEC Corporation Nippon Steel Engineering Co.Ltd. NTT Corporation NTT Facilities Inc. OPTiM Corporation ORIX Corporation OTSUKA Corporation Panasonic Corporation Panasonic Electric Works Co., Ltd. Q&A Corporation Richo Co., Ltd. Sanki Engineering Co., Ltd. Schneider Electric Japan Group SHINRYO Corporation Sohgo Security Services Co.Ltd., Takenaka Corporation Toshiba Corporation Toyo Denki Seizo K.K. Ubiteq Inc. VeriSign Japan K.K. Yamatake Corporation Organizations/Universities Green IT Promotion Council. IPv6 Promotion Council. The Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan The Institute of Electrical Installation Engineers of Japan LONMARK JAPAN OKAYAMA IPv6 CONSORTIUM. WIDE Project. Tokyo Metropolitan Research Institute for Environmental Protection Keio University. Nagoya University Ritsumeikan University Shizuoka University. The University of Tokyo 57 Members 42 Companies 15 NPOs Stakeholders on Facility Business; - Developer, e.g., landlord - General Contractor/Constractor - System Integrator - System Designer - ICT Vendor - Component vendor, e.g., sensor - Standardization Body - R&D organization, e.g., University - Local government, e.g., Tokyo

23 Lightening control 200V Power monitoring, EHP mngmnt and control GHP mngmnt and control Electricity and water metering CSV Savic Yamatake EHP Mitsubishi GHP Mitsubishi N-MAST Panasonic Metering Aichi Legacy system + common I/F gateway System overview

24 Lightening control 200V Power monitoring, EHP mngmnt and control GHP mngmnt and control Electricity and water metering CSV Savic Yamatake EHP Mitsubishi GHP Mitsubishi N-MAST Panasonic Metering Aichi Legacy system + common I/F gateway System overview 1.Sub-systems have never cooperated to each other.….. 2.Enough stupid to deny the cooperation and coordination….. 3.Isolated and proprietary sub-systems….. Expensive and Stupid System i.e.,

25 The Important Lessons 1.Digital equipments are enough cheap 2.Very large installation cost, by human-being work force 3.No security consideration, i.e., closed system is implicit assumption Wireless technologies (1,2) Open system security (3)

26 Smart Meter Smart Lights Smart HVAC Smart Kiosk With iPad/iPhone

27 Android iPhone iPad Migrating; from single screen to multiple screens from Pull to Push

28 Currently 60 {small} companies could run demand control Mobile Cloud Solution

29 Smart Meters connected with Internet and managed by iPad with a mobile cloud platform

30 Strategic Use of; Internet Data Center (iDC) and Cloud Computing

31 We are discussing Eco-ICT life with iPad 1.You do not need desktop nor note PC, you can live only with iPad and i-Phone (*) good for security management 2 Think Client charges up at home, no power consumption at the office 3 Serves go to Data Center

32 Contribution by hosting service Many offices install old and in-efficient HVAC systems. When we move the servers in these offices to iDC, we will be able to improve the HVAC bill. Current HVAC systems improves % energy efficiency, compared with existing systems. NTT HP 15% reduction

33 Virtualization Contribution of Virtualization, i.e., Cloud Computing Power Consumption BeforeAfter 40kVA 24kVA Server A Server B Server C Server A Server B Server C Servers in the offices with old hardware platform can be accommodated in iDC with virtualization, i.e., cloud computing. Large energy saving by sharing the computing resources and HVAC resources. Source : NTT (1)Move servers to iDC (2)Sharing resources by virtulization CO 2 Emission = 100 CO 2 Emission = 60 40% reduction

34 We are discussing Eco-ICT life with iPad 1.You do not need desktop nor note PC, you can live only with iPad and i-Phone (*) good for security management 2 Think Client charges up at home, no power consumption at the office 3 Serves go to Data Center Now, we are doing; (1)Energy saving of Esaki-Lab with VM integration

35 System configuration before virtualization kWh/24h 33.97kWh/24h Total: 49.50kWh/24h 2

36 36 Total: 49.50kWh/24h 20.93kWh/24h Reduced 57.7%!! 12.56kWh/24h 2.38kWh/24h 2.34kWh/24h 1.78kWh/24h 1.87kWh/24h System configuration after virtualization 2

37 9 Serves into 5 Servers, leading to 57.7% Saving 9 servers; 49.5 kWh 5 servers; 20.9 kWh (*) Additional migrations will be accommodated

38 We are discussing Eco-ICT life with iPad 1.You do not need desktop nor note PC, you can live only with iPad and i-Phone (*) good for security management 2 Think Client charges up at home, no power consumption at the office 3 Serves go to Data Center Now, we are doing; (1)Energy saving of Esaki-Lab with VM integration (2)Disaster protection, including live VM migration, of WIDE Internet with Cloud over 6 (six) university sites in Japan Leading to better BCP

39 Then, Beyond the Energy Saving…… by UBITEQ, Panasonic EW, Cisco Systems, Daikin In operation since Nov.15,2008 Energy saving is of result, but the primary objective is efficient and comfortable working environment. Integration of Lights HVAC Sensors

40 Two steps; before and after the Earthquake at Venture Company in Tokyo 21% 46% 31% STEP1 for non computer system STEP2 for computer system Step 1 Step kwh STEP1 STEP2 Footprint: m 2 5F F m 2 Number of employees: 82

41 After STEP1 Daily Report More than 55% of Power consumption (384 kWh) was by Servers and HVAC of Server Room. 2. Power consumption by Lighting System was larger than sum of other equipments, i.e., PC, printer, copier or ordinary HVAC.

42 236.69kwh Reduction March 07, kwh / Day March 14, kwh / Day 38% Reduction STEP2 1. Introduction of Virtualization of servers, i.e., cloud computing 2. Further fine control of lighting system Power

43 Strategic collaboration with China Team Testbed and Standardization Data from Beijing, China, with IEEE1888(=FIAP)

44 IT

45 FIT REGZA 52 Same consortium has been established by Tsinghua ( )University in Beijing (China)

46 Green Society by IT 46 Smartway Smart Building Smart Agriculture Smart Home Remote Healthcare Smart factory

47 FIT Green Campus/Building) Agriculture LED Green Industrial Park LED IDC CO2 … IDC China-Japan Joint Green IT Project 47

48 Toward Global Standardization; FIAP to IEEE1888 and ASHREA BACnet

49

50 Referenced System Architecture, 3 layers, for standardization Application Data-Base (Repository ) Field-bus

51 FIAP : Facility Information Access Protocol Field Bus Application Unit Etc. Data Storage Gateway Diagnosis of operational condition APP. FIAP Architecture for multi-frameworks 5 Protocols Data Storage Registry Energy analysis APP. Report making APP. Registry 4 Methods 4 Components Gateway BACnet BACnet/WS Gateway LonWorks oBIX Gateway Modbus Gateway ZigBee Gateway Proprietary Systems data, query registration, lookup FETCH, WRITE, TRAP REGISTRATION, LOOKUP

52 Interoperability of IoT/SO China-Japan Green IT NIST B2G IEEE 1888 IETF/W3C ASHRAE BACnet (ISO/IEC) IPSO (with 6LowPAN) IPv6 Forum The Green Grid (for iDC) ETSI INT, IoT, 3GPP2/IMS SBC (Smart Building Consortium) for Japan 1.Not domestic, but global 2.Practical; (i) Open source for implementation (ii) Testing spec/software for interoperability and conformance (iii) Logo program for deployment Testbed operation Invitation of stakeholders (new faces for us) Activities toward global standard

53 Identified Extending Functions for IEEE Security, i.e., authentication & authorization 2.Place-and-Play a.CCDM (Central Controller-Based Device Management) framework b.Runtime objects generation and management 3.Component-Flow Framework 4.Transaction trace-ablity 5.DTN, Delay Tolerant Network

54 We need DTN. Ad hoc routing, e.g., MANET, never work in the real field….. Do not trust simulations with ns Further consideration on Mobile Cloud

55 Point Smart Metering for GUTP & 50-Node DTN Wireless Networking Testbed Assistant Professor, Hideya Ochiai, PhD The University of Tokyo 50-node wireless testbed Smart metering

56 56 Smart metering in Univ. of Tokyo E Data Storage TCP/IP BC BACnet GW oBIX D's proto. D GW FGA BACnet APP GW BACnet GW F's proto. GW G's proto. GW Power: 850 points HVAC: 650 points Lights: 40 points Total: 1600 points 400 [data/min] * 20[month]: 400 million [data]

57 57 Smart Power Meters in GUTP Embedded smart meter (ESP Dragon) Smart meter with power line communication (Panasonic) Wireless embedded smart meter (Panasonic Electric Works) Bluetooth smart meter (UbiWatt) Embedded smart meter (Lonworks)

58 58 People Detectors in GUTP Infrared Motion Detector (Panasonic Electric Works) Camera Monitor (TOSHIBA)

59 59 Environmental Monitors in GUTP Temperature/Humidity (Yamatake / TOSHIBA / LonMark) Server room temperature/humidity monitor (SNMP) (Not used now) 6LoWPAN, ZigBee (Not used now)

60 60 Data Storage FIAP Storage Server [Primary, Secondary] Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)

61 Conclusion; 6 lessons and strategy 1.Things are ready to be connected (via IEEE1888) – Not only network, but also database /applications 2.Improvement of RoI by wireless technology 3.Strategic invitation of stakeholders, to share the power of open system 4. Autonomous delivery of new/innovative applications by transparent open platform 5.You DO care IP version, but most people does NOT. 6.Controlling things by computer networks, for improvement of efficiency, rather than saving energy

62 62 Thank you Green University of Tokyo Project: Hiroshi ESAKI, Ph.D, Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, Japan


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