Presentation on theme: "Satellite Navigation Systems"— Presentation transcript:
1Satellite Navigation Systems 1st MENTORE EventIPSC Projects basedonSatellite Navigation SystemsIPSC - Institute for the Protection and Security of the CitizenG. Baldini, J. Hofherr
2The Mission of the Joint Research Centre … is to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies.As a service of the European Commission, the JRC functions as a reference centre of science and technology for the Union.Close to the policy-making process, it serves the common interest of the Member States, while being independent of special interests, whether private or national.
3Our Structure: 7 Institutes in 5 Member States Joint Research CentreOur Structure: 7 Institutes in 5 Member StatesIRMM - Geel, BelgiumInstitute for Reference Materials and MeasurementsITU - Karlsruhe, GermanyInstitute for Transuranium ElementsIE - Petten, The NetherlandsInstitute for EnergyIPSC - Ispra, ItalyInstitute for the Protection and Security of the CitizenIES - Ispra, ItalyInstitute for Environment and SustainabilityIHCP - Ispra, ItalyInstitute for Health and Consumer ProtectionIPTS - Seville, SpainInstitute for Prospective Technological Studies~ 2800 staff ~ 300 M€/y budget(+ 40 M€/y competitive income)
4IPSC FocusIPSC provides research-based, systems-oriented support to EU policies, in particular EU Security related policies (risk, anti-fraud). Two key objectives to be addressed:Supporting the development of a European area of Freedom, Security and JusticeContributing to the development of Global Stability and SecurityThe Institute maintains and develops its expertise and networks in information, communication, space and engineering technologies in support of its mission.
5IPSC Structure Stephan Lechner DIRECTOR JAMES GRAY MANAGEMENT SUPPORT JAMES GRAYMANAGEMENT SUPPORTG01DELILAH AL KHUDHAIRYSUPPORT TO EXTERNAL SECURITYG02JACQUES DELINCEAGRICULTUREG03THOMAS BARBAS ffMARITIME AFFAIRSG04MICHEL GERADINEUROPEAN LABORATORY FOR STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENTG05ALOIS SIEBERSENSORS RADARTECHNOLOGIES AND CYBERSECURITY G06ANDRE POUCETTRACEABILITY AND VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENTG07WILLEM JANSSENSNUCLEAR SAFEGUARDSG08ANDREA SALTELLISTATISTICS AND ECONOMETRICSG09
6Regulations & Standards The definition of policy and regulations is an iterative process where many stakeholders are involved.GovernmentStandardizationbodiesRegulationsStandardsOperational NeedsResearchCentersResearchWorkshops & Studieswith End UsersPilot projects and PrototypesTechnologiesIndustry“The use of standards is a strategic tool to raise competitiveness”.
7Why IPSC is interested to MENTORE: IPSC and MENTOREWhy IPSC is interested to MENTORE:Pilot projects like the ones developed in MENTORE are essential to:Identify challenges and issues on the implementation of Applications.Introduce feedback to the chain of regulation/standards/technology.Identify gaps in standard and research.MENTORE team is investigating important aspects related to the security and safety of the citizen, which is the core activity of IPSC.
8IPSC projectsIPSC has been working for many years on a number of projects related to Tracking and Tracing:Transportation of Dangerous GoodsMaritime SecurityLivestock transportation
9Transportation of Dangerous Goods IPSC projectsTransportation of Dangerous Goods
10Transportation of Dangerous Goods Policy Context:Framework Directives 94/55/EC and 96/49/EC are the basis.1994/55EC Council Directive on the approximation of laws of the Member States with regard to the transport of dangerous goods by road.1994/55EC was amended by 1996/86/EC, 1999/47/EC, 2000/61/EC; 2001/7/EC, 2003/28/EC, 2004/111/EC, 2006/89/EC.1996/49/CE Council Directive on the approximation of laws of the Member States with regard to the transport of dangerous goods by rail. 1996/49/CE was amended by 1996/87EC, 1999/48/EC, 2001/6/EC, 2003/29/EC, 2004/89/EC, 2004/110/EC, 2006/90/EC. Also Commission Decision 2005/777/EC of 13 October 2005 amending Decision 2005/180/EC on authorizing Member States to adopt certain derogations pursuant to Council Directive 96/49/EC with regard to the transport of dangerous goods by rail.1995/50/EC Council Directive on uniform procedures for checks on the transport of dangerous goods by road amended by 2001/26 and 2008/54/EC.
11Transportation of Dangerous Goods JRC Project: SIMAGE SIstema integrato per il Monitoraggio Ambientale e la Gestione del rischio industriale e delle EmergenzeThe main aim of SIMAGE Transport was to implement a pilot information system for the near real-time monitoring of vehicles carrying hazardous freight and provide early alert warnings to the competent authorities in the case of emergency associated with the dangerous goods transport.Framework Agreement between DG JRC and the Italian Ministry of EnvironmentAbout 13.5 millions Euro
12Transportation of Dangerous Goods Main communication paths are:between the control centre and the driver for emergency management needs;between the driver and the cargo for setting up the typology of cargo, quantities carried and alarm values for the sensors;between the cargo device and the fixed equipment for identifying the trailer and the cargo being carried;between the fixed equipment and the control centre to indicate passage of a cargo
14Transportation of Dangerous Goods Conclusions:Monitoring the transport of dangerous substances is not only a technological challenge, but also and,perhaps more importantly, a participatory challenge.Need for an harmonization of the rules for the transport of dangerous goods in one of piece of EU law covering road, rail and inland waterway.Resistance by operators for adoption of tracking & tracing technologies if added-value for them and for society is not clearly identified.Prototyping and Pilot projects are quite useful to identify challenges and issues in implementing regulations and to identify the existence or lack of appropriate standards.An emerging issue is the standardization of messaging structures for data exchange between interested and authorized parties as well as the availability and reliability of the communication chain .
15Monitoring of fishing vessels IPSC projectsMonitoring of fishing vessels
16Monitoring of fishing vessels Problem: The oceans are being over-fishedResponse: Track fishery vessels, establish no-fishing zonesHow fishery vessels are being trackedVMS: Vessel Monitoring SystemSatellite based tracking system for fishery boatsComprised of a “VMS box” on each fishing vessel AND A database application at the Fishery Monitoring CenterThe VMS box includes a GPS device that is able to determine the vessel’s positionThe VMS box sends a position every 1-2 hoursProblem: Fishermen don’t like to be tracked, some even cheat !Response: Find out how to secure VMS boxes so that cheating is more difficult.US FIPS at
17Monitoring of fishing vessels Policy Context:COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 2244/2003 of 18 December 2003 laying down detailed provisions regarding satellite-based Vessel Monitoring SystemsArt 62. In particular, the master of a Community fishing vessel shall ensure that: (a) the data are not altered in any way; (b) the antenna or the antennas connected to the satellite tracking devices are not obstructed in any way; (c) the power supply of the satellite tracking devices is not interrupted in any way; and (d) the satellite tracking devices are not removed from the fishing vessel.3. It shall be prohibited to destroy, damage, render inoperative or otherwise interfere with the satellite tracking device.
18Monitoring of fishing vessels Focus of Maruse study
19Key findings: A dishonest Fisherman’s viewpoint Monitoring of fishing vesselsKey findings: A dishonest Fisherman’s viewpointExtra profit from black landings can exceed 1 million EUR over 2 yearsSkippers of larger boats have considerable financial resourcesCouldcompromise technologyattempt to corrupt law enforcement (out of scope)Simple GPS « fraud kit » available for EURDisable antenna, open box, feed into RS-232 port (« invasive »)Sophisticated GPS signal simulators available for about 100k EURConnect to antenna itself (« invasive »)Radiate towards VMS box (« non-invasive »)
20Monitoring of fishing vessels Why Galileo?Galileo Differentiator for VMSEnable adequate protection for incoming and outgoing VMS signalsIncoming authenticated signal => Galileo encrypted signal… makes a fake signal infeasibleGalileo authentic signalThis may also be valid for AIS and LRIT systems.Like VMS, these systems can also be used for vessel tracking.While AIR and LRIT are used for merchant vessels instead of fishing vessels, these systems use GPS positions as well and they could be prone to tamperingIn this case Galileo could also provide additional security.
21Animal welfare in livestock transportation IPSC projectsAnimal welfare in livestock transportation
22Community legislation was amended in 2004 Animal welfare in livestock transportationProblemonly few of the animal welfare requirements can be verified at road-side checks or after transport (retrospective)Community legislation was amended in 2004to ensure better enforcement of the standards, in particular by increasing the traceability of such transport operationsand new elements introducedNavigation system for long journey animal transports (> 8 hours)Temperature recording and warning system
23=> Implementing measures required Animal welfare in livestock transportationPolicy Context:Regulation (EC) 1/2005 on the protection of animals during transportArticle 6(9) navigation system over long road journeysas from 1 January 2007 for vehicles for the first time in service;As from 1 January 2009 for all road vehicles.Annex I appropriate navigation system allowing for recording andproviding information equivalent to those required in the journey log and concerning opening/closing of the loading flap;Annex I temperature monitoring and recording system which alertsthe driver of the vehicle when the temperature in the animalcompartment (s) reaches the maximum or minimum limit.=> Implementing measures required
24Concept for the system proposed by JRC: Animal welfare in livestock transportationConcept for the system proposed by JRC:a largely autonomous system to control and verify animal welfare parameters during transporta) transport times & resting timesb) temperaturesproviding the possibility of on-site and real time remote access to datato establish a connection with TRACES via TRACES certificate number
25Principle Animal welfare in livestock transportation Communication Decentralised remote receivere.g. private Service ProviderGPRS/GMSPositioningand timeGPS/ GalileoAuthorised user (Transporter)Central EU wide receiver,e.g. TRACESWeb ServerDirect downloadAuthorized users (authorities for animal welfare)Remote access to data in real time
26System characteristics: Animal welfare in livestock transportationSystem characteristics:The On-board-unit (OBU) obtains and records at leasttime and position of vehicletemperatures in animal compartment(s)opening/closing of loading door(s)entering by driverEntering of information by the driver should be limitedjourney status (start, rest, resume, end of journey)TRACES certificate number(s)species, category, total number of animals loadednumber of animals injured or dead during journeyData recorded and sent by the OBU are distinguished by the VIN of the vehicle, date and time when recorded
27Where further information can be found on the proposed system? Animal welfare in livestock transportationWhere further information can be found on the proposed system?JRC animal welfare websiteTechnical Specifications ReportImpact Assessment ReportScenarios Report how it could step up the effectiveness of animal welfare controls)
28State of play regarding technical solutions: Animal welfare in livestock transportationState of play regarding technical solutions:JRC carried out laboratory and in-field tests of a system conforming to the technical specifications (recordings - downloading – data transmission to a remote receiver – transmission from a remote receiver to TRACES receiver).Working on a second generation of navigation system which could also handle the electronic identification of animals loaded/unloaded.A number of service suppliers for the transport industry developed systems largely conforming to the technical specifications – some are already in use.
29Second OBU in truck & trailer; Remote transmission of recorded data. Animal welfare in livestock transportationSome points of the concept (and Technical Specifications) are not agreed on by all Member States:The proposed system combines temperature monitoring and navigation systems to avoid duplication of devices and information, allowing shared use and simplification of systems;Second OBU in truck & trailer;Remote transmission of recorded data.