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State of the art and current approaches Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Europe state of the art and current approaches Brian Shipman.

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Presentation on theme: "State of the art and current approaches Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Europe state of the art and current approaches Brian Shipman."— Presentation transcript:

1 state of the art and current approaches Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Europe state of the art and current approaches Brian Shipman

2 ICZM… About 30 years old Primarily a response to rapid post-war coastal development and tourism… But new pressures and issues

3 ICZM ICZM…? integrated or joined-up approach an integrated or joined-up approach towards the many different interests harmonises harmonises the different policies and decision- making structures concerted action brings together coastal stakeholders, for concerted action towards common goals look at the coast in a holistic way Integrates different activities to look at the coast in a holistic way.

4 ICZM ICZM…? Horizontal integration Horizontal integration – between sectors and across borders Vertical integration Vertical integration between levels of government: state/region/local a social contract

5 ICZM ICZM…? a social contract to achieve the optimal solution for the coast ICZM No single ICZM Solution Applies to any geographic scale

6 ICZM ICZM… the European Perspective Communication 1.A Broad "Holistic" Perspective 2.A Long Term Perspective 3.Adaptive Management 4.Local Specificity 5.Working with Natural Processes 6.Participatory Planning 7.Support & Involvement of all Relevant Administrative Bodies 8.Use of a Combination of Instruments 2001

7 ICZM ICZM… the European Perspective Communication Recommendation national inventory Undertake a national inventory of legislation, institutions and actors involved in the planning and management of the coastal zone national strategy to develop a national strategy to promote ICZM …by 2006

8 ICZM ICZM… the European Perspective Communication Recommendation Progress? …very little

9 Issues…

10 New technologies

11 New technologies – the future is development-led

12 Exploitation …slowly cruising around the world, hugging the shoreline, and completing one revolution every 3 years.

13 Exploitation …slowly cruising around the world, hugging the shoreline, and completing one revolution every 3 years.

14 Risk - natural -100 million tonnes of sediment per annum

15 Risk - natural Protect?Accommodate? Retreat?

16 Risk - natural Earthquakes in Europe and adjoining areas (1964–2001) Messina Tsunami 1908: which cost approximately 10 thousand lives

17 Risks - human Oil spills in European regional seas (2000–2004)

18 Risks - human Dungeness B Nuclear power station, UK

19 Development and changing land use

20

21 Land cover change within the 10 km coastal zone of 17 of European countries (1990–2000)

22 ICZM Barriers to ICZM

23 National Governments Marine Agencies Marine Sectoral interests BINGOs Local Government Regional Agencies Communities New Frontier? Governance rigidities Governance rigidities –the new coastal squeeze ICZM Barriers to ICZM

24 ICZM Local Government Regional Agencies Communities National Governments Marine Agencies Marine Sectoral interests BINGOs

25 Governance rigidities Governance rigidities –the new coastal squeeze Sectoral inflexibility Project time scales No legal duty or resources No legal duty or resources ICZM Barriers to ICZM

26 ICZM ICZM – the way forward CORNWALL, UK Integrated Beach Management 5 million visitors per annum 2 billion

27 ICZM ICZM – the way forward CORNWALL, UK Integrated Beach Management

28 ICZM ICZM – the way forward

29 Share experience eg: spatial planning (Germany), CAMPs (PAP/RAC, Slovenia), GRDP (Marche) across INTERREG programmes ICZM ICZM – the way forward

30 Be clear about what you are trying to achieve SMART targets Five steps…. ICZM ICZM – the way forward

31 1. Visualise it Lead but dont direct 1. Visualise it – Mediterranean slope of tomorrow, communicate a shared vision, scenario planning what if? Lead but dont direct ICZM ICZM – the way forward

32 2. Measure it 2. Measure it – learn from the discipline of SEA methodologies, but keep it simple! ICZM ICZM – the way forward

33 3. Achieve it 3. Achieve it – nothing succeeds like success, small, easy projects to engage stakeholders.. ICZM ICZM – the way forward

34 4. Mainstream it 4. Mainstream it – link securely to mainstream agendas: Lisbon & Gothenburg, Cohesion, Water Framework Directive etc. ICZM ICZM – the way forward

35 5. Secure it 5. Secure it – provide a strong spatial planning framework on land and sea ICZM ICZM – the way forward

36 1. Visualise it Lead but dont direct 1. Visualise it – Mediterranean slope of tomorrow, communicate a shared vision, scenario planning what if? Lead but dont direct 2. Measure it 2. Measure it – learn from the discipline of SEA methodologies, but keep it simple! 3. Achieve it 3. Achieve it – nothing succeeds like success, small, easy projects to engage stakeholders.. 4. Mainstream it 4. Mainstream it – link securely to mainstream agendas: Lisbon & Gothenburg, Cohesion, Water Framework Directive etc. 5. Secure it 5. Secure it – provide a strong spatial planning framework on land and sea ICZM ICZM – the way forward

37 Thank You Brian Shipman


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