Presentation on theme: "Page 1 www.saferoad.com Traffic danger. Why and how to reduce it? Vision 0."— Presentation transcript:
page 1 Traffic danger. Why and how to reduce it? Vision 0
Why traffic danger? - Global perspective 1.3 million deaths 50 million Injuries (15M seriously)
A worsening problem 2004 (actual) 2030 (projected) Road traffic crashes currently cause more than 1.2 million deaths a year – but by 2030 will kill an estimated 2.4 million people per year Source: European status report on road safety, WHO/2009
Leading causes of death WHO EUROPE 2007 European status report on road safety, WHO/2009
Situation in Europe deaths, 2.4 million injuries Wide inequalities 5 6 – 9 10 – – Mortality rate for RTI in the Region is 13.4 per population. Inequality in mortality rates: from 3 to 31 per population.
Distribution of road traffic deaths by road user category WHO European Region Source: European status report on road safety Pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists suffer over 40% of RTI deaths
Source: European status report on road safety GreeceNorway Ukraine In Eastern countries the proportion of pedestrian fatalities is as high as 56% of all road deaths Russian Federation
Best progress Percentage change in road deaths between 2001 and % 52% 50% 50% -36% EU27
Countries lagging behind Percentage change in road deaths between 2001 and % EU27 Romania 14% Bulgaria - 11% Poland - 17% Greece - 23% Norway - 23% source: European Transport Safety Council
Source: OECD, ECMT Speed management, Speed is the leading killer on European roads Pedestrians have a 90% chance of surviving a crash at 30 km/h, but less than a 50% chance of surviving an impact at 45 km/h. Probability of fatal injury for a pedestrian colliding with a vehicle
Only 67% of European countries have urban speed limits of 50 km/h or below. Eastern countries have urban speed limits of 60 km/h or higher. 80% of countries are not satisfied with speed control enforcement > 60 Source: European status report on road safety Reducing speed helps reduce RTIs, especially for vulnerable road users Speed limit (km/h)
The Bill….. Road crashes cost countries between 1.5% - 3% of GDP ANNUALLY Annual economic loss: Russia : US$34 billion Turkey: US$14 billion Poland: US$10 billion Ukraine: US$5 billion Croatia: 1,2-3,0 billion US$ Annual economic loss: Russia : US$34 billion Turkey: US$14 billion Poland: US$10 billion Ukraine: US$5 billion Croatia: 1,2-3,0 billion US$ Source: Global Status Report, WHO 2010 Death on Wheels, World Bank 2010
The Bill – the most attractive investment Investment in traffic safety is an investment with the most attractive payback Lets assume 1,5 bill US$ invested in traffic safety in Croatia? km of road barriers (40$/m) sqm of road marking (15$/sqm) -etc… Demagogy, I know, but…
page 14 The traffic tragedy – why SafeRoad?
Traffic Safety in five dimensions page 15 Driving culture Information and communicationTraffic installations SafeRoad Rules and regulations Safe vehicles
Information and communication page 16 …clear information
Vision Zero is the image of a future in which no one will be killed or serious injured
Basis for road safety work in Scandinavia Introduced in 1995 Challenges traditional thinking Implementing important EU standards These who design the roads bear the Responsibility Vision Zero is the image of a future in which no one will be killed or serious injured
Vision Zero accepts that accidents occur, but not that they result in serious human injury The result is a reduction in the number of road deaths in recent years, despite an increase in traffic Vision Zero is the image of a future in which no one will be killed or serious injured
Vision Zero is to accept responsibility Road infrastructure is an important part of traffic safety
Accept that People make mistakes! Accept that Drivers make mistakes! But mistakes should not be punishable by death
EN 1317 Road restraint systems EN Passive safety of support structures for road equipment Human limitations Objects along the road must regard the human body's limitations
EN-1317 have been implemented by Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EN 1317 EN ( Terminology) EN ( Performance classes barriers) EN ( Performance classes crach cushions) EN ( Energy absorbing). EN ( CE-mark) EN ( Pedestrian) EN ( Ends, Slops) EN ( Motorcycle) EN Traffic Safety Equipment; lighting columns, sign post, etc…
The road side Designed so that the vehicle: Can not hit dangerous obstacles Shall not overturn Can stop gradually (not abrupt) Can return to the road in a controlled manner
Security distance (A) Security zone (S) There shall not be any dangerous obstacles or slopes within the security zone Dangerous obstacles have to be protected by guardrail unless they cant be 1.Removed 2.Redesigned 3.Brake away/deflecting 4.Protected by a crash cushion or barriers
Security distance (A) km/h Vehicle/day50 or lower6070 og 8090 and higher Less then m3 m5 m6 m 1500 – m4 m6 m7 m More then m5 m7 m8 m
page 28 Your weightYour weight in 50kmphYour weight in 70 kmph 30 kg1.750 kg2.250 kg 50 kg2.250 kg3.000 kg 60 kg2.500 kg3.500 kg 70 kg2.750 kg3.750 kg 75 kg3.000 kg4.000 kg 80 kg3.250 kg4.250 kg 90 kg3.500 kg4.500 kg Speed - The Elephant test
Why the safe infrastructure is so important! page 29 In Norway a total of 73 % of the fatalities occurred in head-on collisions or driving off the road Head-on collisions alone accounting for 40%. In Poland 16% of accidents are a result of pull of the road We can (we have to); - act preventively agains by signs, active road marking, -we can prevent, by road barriers, -we can minimize the tragic effect by soft infra; road barriers, crash cushions, end teminales, soft poles, etc… Examples…
Vision Zero is the image of a future in which no one will be killed or serious injured In 2007 Sweden dissuaded a new goal to 2020 with 220 person killed in traffic. Fast reduction of killed how? In 1998 Sweden started with separating traffic from two lanes to 3 lanes with a guard rail in between the lanes. The name was 2+1 roads and the idea was to take already excising roads and separate traffic from each other. On these roads the reduction of killed people became 95%. In % of all roads that have a speed limit of 80 km/h our higher should have separated lanes.
page 31 Divided lanes – Norway and Sweden 2010 : Norway 620 km /Sweden 3.500km
Vision Zero Number of killed in Sweden YearKilledSeparated lanes In Km Divided lanes – Norway and Sweden
Vision Zero facts to day. Sweden had about 7 person out of killed in traffic In 2010 only 3,6 person of was killed in traffic. In Europe in 2001 there was some countries that had about 20 of person killed in traffic. Separate lanes have reduced the number of one-car accident with 50% and people killed on a motorcycle with 70% and front to front with over 95%.
New idea from the Swedish Road Department The Swedish Road Department started with a new book for barriers with lane separating in (The idea was to have contact with the producer of guard rails) In 2009 they gave out a book about the product that should help them with bringing down the cost) The new product shell be a higher class fore bigger vehicle (H1). The new product shell be nicer to motor cycle riders. The new product shell be fast to install and easy to repair. The new product shell be so strong that smaller accident should not be needed to repair immediately.
Area of improvement Communication with the drivers; road signs, road marking Security zones; road barriers, bridge barriers, Forgiving road side; barriers, crush cushions, end terminales, soft poles page 35
In for the long run SafeRoad has been in the traffic safety business for more than sixty years. Our commitment is long term. Piotr Chojnacki SVP Market Development Saferoad AS