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R E S E T Roadmap for European research on Smartcard Technologies RESET Seminar - 3 April 2003 Brussels FROM SMART CARD TO TRUSTED PERSONAL DEVICE Working.

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Presentation on theme: "R E S E T Roadmap for European research on Smartcard Technologies RESET Seminar - 3 April 2003 Brussels FROM SMART CARD TO TRUSTED PERSONAL DEVICE Working."— Presentation transcript:

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2 R E S E T Roadmap for European research on Smartcard Technologies RESET Seminar - 3 April 2003 Brussels FROM SMART CARD TO TRUSTED PERSONAL DEVICE Working Group Outcomes

3 R E S E T Roadmap for European research on Smartcard Technologies Dr. David Simplot Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille WG1 Communication & Networking

4 RESET IST-2001-39046 Evaluation of Technology and Marketing Requirements Smart cards Need of interoperability, open platform Incompatible with proprietary and exotic communication protocol Information systems Internet everywhere, need of high speed peripheral Telecommunications Cooperation with IT industry, use of same communication protocols Wireless local area networks (W-LAN) Internet everywhere, need of security improvement Potential market for smart card Conclusion: Lack of reachability/connectivity of smart cards In term of physical interface, communication protocol and communication model

5 RESET IST-2001-39046 Research Orientation for improvement Performance improvement From Kbit/s to 100 Mbits/s for data exchange speed rate Low power consumption for enhanced portability Full-duplex for multi-protocol Connectivity enhancement TCP/IPv6 for internet protocols Security of connection link Support new communication models Multi-tasking OS Faster access to NVM Improved RAM capacity

6 RESET IST-2001-39046 Research and Technology Development Priorities Operating system (see WG2) Multitasking operating system Hardware requirements (see WG6) Embedded RF, Embedded battery, Faster NVM access, Larger RAM Security requirements (see WG5) Maintenance of privacy and security level Networking Connectivity with IT Implementation of mobile nodes connected through wireless links Improvement of W-LAN technologies for large and dense self- organizing networks

7 RESET IST-2001-39046 Contribution to RESET Short / medium term Physical link Enhanced standard link between terminal and smart card High speed protocol Communication protocol Non-exotic / non proprietary communication protocols easy to use Integration in networks Integration in wired and wireless Internet access specifications Long term Migration path to smart objects Wireless objets protocols Tentative time schedule IPv6 integration - short term (2 years from now) High speed protocol - short term (2 years from now) Multi-tasking - medium to long term (2 to 5 years from now) Wireless solution - medium to long term (2 to 5 years from now)

8 R E S E T Roadmap for European research on Smartcard Technologies Boutheïna Chetali Schlumberger WG2 Systems & Software

9 RESET IST-2001-39046 Participants to the group Ulrich Büker, ORGA Kartensysteme Gilles Barthe, INRIA, Jaan Priisalu, Cybernetica Erik Poll, U Nijmegen Boutheina Chetali, Schlumberger Gilles Grimaud, U Lille Jean-Louis Lanet, Gemplus Xavier Leroy, INRIA Jean-Jacques Vandewalle, Gemplus Michael Butler, U Southampton Renaud Marlet, Trusted Logic Amokrane Saibi, Oberthur Card Didier Begay, France Telecom

10 RESET IST-2001-39046 Evaluation of Technology and Marketing Requirements Operating Systems & High level languages Support new upcoming hardware features Support multi-applications (not only capacity but concurrent executions) Need of high-level multi-purpose languages, and portable and efficient low level languages (dedicated features) Development tools Adapt the results from software engineering field (restricted resources and security) Validation and certification

11 RESET IST-2001-39046 Evaluation of Technology and Marketing Requirements (contd) Systems Integration and Card Application Management Smart card middleware (adaptability to the end user terminal and to the network) Need to improve management (card, applications) Need to improve project management tools (distributed development, interaction between development and validation)

12 RESET IST-2001-39046 Research and Technology Development Priorities Operating Systems : Enhance execution environment (multi tasking/multi threading, Real time OS, etc) High speed communication protocols, File systems management/memory management Open source OS (SC as an ordinary web server) High Level languages : Enhance the expressiveness of the programming languages (full java), investigate alternative languages as C#, Eiffel, etc Investigate Domain Specific and Scripting languages : characteristics of the application domain as language concepts, constructs and notations Issues : variety of SC hardware & SC limited resources

13 RESET IST-2001-39046 Research and Technology Development Priorities (contd) Development tools : improve security and certification process Design modelling and specification languages that are sound and expressive but remain usable in practice Improve methods for verification and test (automatic) Develop adequate interface with verification tools (theorem provers and Model checkers) Develop adequate framework for validation and certification

14 RESET IST-2001-39046 Research and Technology Development Priorities (contd) Systems Integration : Adapt middleware and integration tools from software engineering to special characteristics of SCs Improve management of SC and their content with model(s) of card management systems

15 RESET IST-2001-39046 Research and Technology Development Priorities (contd) Short term: Integrated set of tools for the development of application in a global framework Enable middleware technologies (RMI, Corba,.NET remoting) Define standard mechanisms for communication between smart cards and terminals (PDA,mobile phone, set-top boxes, etc) Enlarge the scope of Mobile Information Devices Profiles (MIDP) to Smart Cards Long term Design application models to take into account SC constraints, security and the on card part of the application Design models related to management of the SCs (entity definition, functionality, multi application features) Design technologies : XML,UML On-card and off card framework : scalability, dynamic management of card framework services

16 R E S E T Roadmap for European research on Smartcard Technologies François BRION Groupement des Cartes Bancaires WG 3 Smart card accepting devices, interfaces and biometry

17 RESET IST-2001-39046 Contributors to the group CNR PisaStefano BISTARELLI Stefano FRASSI University of TwentePr Pieter HARTEL GemplusOlivier TREBUCQ NDS Security PlatformsArieh MOLLER Avi WACHTFOGEL PhilipsKlaus SICKERT SIT Fraunhofer Institut Sichere Telekooperation Dirk SCHEUERMANN Sun MicrosystemsEduard de JONG Cartes BancairesFrançois BRION Bruno MICHAUD William VANOBBERGHEN Group met once in Paris, Dec 6 th 2002

18 RESET IST-2001-39046 Secure readers Secure readers with key pad Biometric interfaces Form factor Miniaturization & cost effectiveness Technology trends

19 RESET IST-2001-39046 Market requirements Move towards multi application

20 RESET IST-2001-39046 Market requirements (cont'd) Security is a transversal issue and affects every component User friendliness is an important key of success for these projects

21 RESET IST-2001-39046 Research orientations Enhancing user's trust in card and CAD is necessary to develop new smard card applications => TRUSTED ENVIRONMENT Transaction data integrity Secured user identification

22 RESET IST-2001-39046 Scenarios for Network/CAD/card connection modes Network Smart card CAD wired link link with contacts Network Smart card CAD wired link contactless link Network Smart card CAD wireless linklink with contacts Network Smart card CAD wireless link contactless link

23 R E S E T Roadmap for European research on Smartcard Technologies Benoit Thévenot Schlumberger WG4 Card embedded peripherals, sub-systems and micro-systems

24 RESET IST-2001-39046 Contributors to the group GEMPLUSHenri BOCCIA Philippe PATRICE Olivier TREBUCQ ORGAThies JANCZEK PHILIPSChristian ZENZ SAGEMMarc MORAZZANI SCHLUMBERGERBenoit THEVENOT

25 RESET IST-2001-39046 Market Requirements Trust Permanent control User convenience Cost Lifetime

26 RESET IST-2001-39046 Technology orientations Trust : system on & off card HOST CPU Peripherals Internal bus Smart card Personal slave reader External bus wire or wireless Peripherals Cost : standard for architecture & peripherals Lifetime : standard for cards durability

27 RESET IST-2001-39046 CPU Guidelines for Card architecture POWER KNOBS DISPLAY MASS MEMORY BIOMETRIC SENSORS Interface chip INTERNAL BUS ANTENNA EXT BUS

28 RESET IST-2001-39046 Development priorities 1.Card architecture standards 2.Thin, flexible, reliable, low cost Displays, batteries and keyboards Packaging and interconnection technologies (very thin chips, flexible interconnections) 3.Manufacturing equipments 4.Extended / improved set of peripherals

29 R E S E T Roadmap for European research on Smartcard Technologies WG5: High-end cryptography, tamper-proof and security technologies Dr. Albert MÖDL Giesecke & Devrient GmbH

30 RESET IST-2001-39046 Technology and Market Trends Smart Cards will continue to provide authenticity, confidentiality, security and trust in electronic transaction systems (especially in electronic payment) to be used as a secure identification module all kind of log-on or user identification (SIM,...) supplemented by biometrics in dedicated applications Encreased usage of smart cards in the PC and internet environment security threats by hackers in the internet end-to-end security necessary secure traceability

31 RESET IST-2001-39046 Technology and Market Trends (contd) Multi-application cards need special security: integrity and strict separation of the different applications prevention of unauthorized access to card file systems or confidential data High-end cryptography big key-lengths high-speed encryption and decryption

32 RESET IST-2001-39046 Research and Technology Development Priorities Design of secure smart card chips develop physical security protection techniques for the smart card chips, devise tamper- resistance, tamper protection & detection mechanisms develop means to eliminate information leakage through side channels developed secure re-programmable smart card chips to be able to re-configure processors

33 RESET IST-2001-39046 Research and Technology Development Priorities (contd) Investigation and prevention of attacks further develop existing invasive and non- invasive attacks and develop countermeasures modelling of attacks on smart card

34 RESET IST-2001-39046 Research and Technology Development Priorities (contd) Development and implementation of high-end cryptology enhance the security of smart cards in the PC and internet environment develop on-the-fly encryption and decryption new public-key algorithms for smart cards without crypto processor on-chip random number generator tests secure on-chip key generation enhance security and the speed of the contactless interface

35 RESET IST-2001-39046 Research and Technology Development Priorities (contd) Development of secure smart card software and protocols develop means for secure software updates security for cards with a built-in user interfaces e. g. cards with keyboard, display, sensors secure compilers (producing safe code) develop and adjust evaluation methods accordingly

36 R E S E T Roadmap for European research on Smartcard Technologies Enrique Canto Jean-Paul Thomasson RESET WG6 Leaders WG6 Micro-Electronics

37 RESET IST-2001-39046 Semiconductor Technology Trends & Market Requirements ITRS *: defines the global technology roadmap over a 15 years period for all applications. Regularly updated by the World Semiconductor Industry Association. Smartcard ICs designers use rules & tools, and wafers are made on fabrication lines as per ITRS roadmap. Smart card IC market still < 1% of total semi market Five Laws paradigm applies now to smart cards. Mask-set & tools cost continuously increasing pushing for higher system integration, longer lifecycle. From Secure MCU to Secure System On Chip * International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors

38 RESET IST-2001-39046 Challenges & Research Orientation Performance optimisation: Architecture: 32b CPU – Memory management Memory technology (capacity and access time) Power consumption IP re-use Cost & die size (for card embedding) Flexibility: Time to market Platform concept + 3 rd party IP blocks + re-configuration. Security (camouflage & maintenance) Development methodology and environment

39 RESET IST-2001-39046 Technology R&D Priorities Short-medium term: High-performance Non Volatile Memory High-performance Standard Communication Power consumption (MIPS/mW) Continuous tamper resistance improvement Medium/long term: Fault resistant IP blocks design Re-configurable architectures Cost effective camouflage technologies Single memory technology (high density & fast RAM+ NVM ).

40 RESET IST-2001-39046 Contribution of Micro-electronics R&D to RESET Deployment of the Smart Card technology in an Any time - Anywhere world (Internet). Integration of High performance Operating Systems including new Java Card. Increase the Trust & Confidence of all stakeholders of the value chain and of citizens for Smart Card technology. Easy migration path to Trusted Smart Objects.


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