Wind turbines with outputs below 100 kW, are only used for electricity generation in isolated environments. Waste of great potential for discharges to the grid. Renewable energy has great potential but must overcome the existing barriers: LEGISLATIVE TECHNOLOGY SOCIAL PREVENT sector development even though there are appropriate Spanish technology and manufacturers. ADMINISTRATIVE SMALL WIND SITUATION IN SPAIN SMALL WIND SITUATION IN SPAIN
SITUATION IN SPAIN : BARRIERS TO DEVELOPMENT SITUATION IN SPAIN : BARRIERS TO DEVELOPMENT LEGISLATIVE Lack of: Regulatory and remuneration framework. Rules of grid connection proper to small wind facilities. ADMINISTRATIVE Local regulations and permits are excessive and poorly defined. CCAA,Councils,Municipalities,industry, are unaware on how to proceed. Currently, if you want to connect an installation to the grid: -Administrative processing as photovoltaic requirements <100kW. -Procedures as for high-power wind farms PREVENTS Development of reliable technology at competitive costs Market activation Specific legislation : Inexistent B.2 group including: facilities using only wind as primary energy (RD-661/2007 )
SITUATION IN SPAIN : BARRIERS TO DEVELOPMENT SITUATION IN SPAIN : BARRIERS TO DEVELOPMENT TECHNOLOGY Dealing the small wind as the great wind even when there are clear differences in technology and costs. Lack of standardization and mass production technology that allows lower prices. SOCIETY Need for acceptance by the society of this relatively new technology. Information and Awareness Campaigns increase their use in markets already entered enhance penetration in urban environments
PROPOSALS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF MINI WIND SECTOR PROPOSALS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF MINI WIND SECTOR 1. Specific and different regulatory framework from the big wind. 2. Specific retributive adjustment system. 3. Redeem projects / facilities in a period not exceeding 2/3 of the equipment useful life. 4. Limit the economic return per year (KW subsidized). 5. Regulating system to prevent large facilities. 6. Supply point previously contracted with the supplier company. 7. Limiting the installed power to 150% of the supply contract. 8. Values complying with noise and safety regulation. 9. Safety Regulations for connection to the grid. 10. Establish a simplified administrative process, to streamline administrative procedures.
1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1.1 SUMMARY OF POLICY INITIATIVES 2 INTRODUCTION 2.1 Background 2.2 Wind Energy Resource and Potential 2.3 Applications of Small Wind Turbines 2.4 Advantages of Small Wind Turbine Installations 3 SMALL WIND APPLICATIONS- ISSUES & INITIATIVES 3.1 POLICIES 3.1.1 REGULATORY FRAMEWORK 3.1.2 ADMINISTRATION 3.2 MARKET 3.2.1 FINANCIAL ISSUES 3.2.2 SOCIAL ISSUES 3.3 TECHNOLOGY 3.3.1 MARKET SITUATION 3.3.2 TECHNICAL PROGRESS ANNEX A ANNEX B ANNEX C 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1.1 SUMMARY OF POLICY INITIATIVES 2 INTRODUCTION 2.1 Background 2.2 Wind Energy Resource and Potential 2.3 Applications of Small Wind Turbines 2.4 Advantages of Small Wind Turbine Installations 3 SMALL WIND APPLICATIONS- ISSUES & INITIATIVES 3.1 POLICIES 3.1.1 REGULATORY FRAMEWORK 3.1.2 ADMINISTRATION 3.2 MARKET 3.2.1 FINANCIAL ISSUES 3.2.2 SOCIAL ISSUES 3.3 TECHNOLOGY 3.3.1 MARKET SITUATION 3.3.2 TECHNICAL PROGRESS ANNEX A ANNEX B ANNEX C
BYLAW MODEL Small wind installations Bylaw (From APPA) Objectives: -Develop a generic bylaw for small wind installations, in order to facilitate the installation and construction of small wind energy systems at the municipal level, both for municipal buildings and private owners, subject to reasonable restrictions to preserve the public health and safety. Motivation: -Unify criteria and to ensure quality facilities to allow orderly growth of small wind energy in Spain. -Establish legislation (now inexistent) to establish certain noise and vibration minimum. -Provide Municipalities the processing of small wind installations, finishing with the complexity and ignorance existent at present day. -Introduce energy criteria in building projects. -To show the possibilities of generating clean and local energy (education and awareness).
Certification of small wind components. Quality label.Costs - Certification process Costs :around 200.000-250.000, is prohibitive for small manufacturers. (> 10,000 SWT / year) to amortize the cost. - CIEMAT is working on a Spanish standard, based on the British standard. - In the revised standard (IEC 61.400-3), which is currently underway by CIEMAT is contemplated VAWT. - Objectives : -Designing a quality label comparable throughout the world focused on the users so that they can compare and verify. -Meeting certain standards (Class I, II, III,...) and duration trial tests.
THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION! Manuel B. Acevedo Pérez Renewable Energies Dept. Project Officer firstname.lastname@example.org THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION! Manuel B. Acevedo Pérez Renewable Energies Dept. Project Officer email@example.com
ITACA Innovative Transport Approach in Cities and metropolitan Areas Manuel B.Acevedo (Diputación de Huelva) Luca Buzzoni (Regione Emilia-Romagna) Eduardo López (INTA) February, 17th 2011
What is ITACA? Identification of optimal management models for people mobility Survey of innovative technologies for Sustainable Mobility Identify best practices and approaches to achieve an integrated urban renewal and local mobility management process Innovative Transport Approach in Cities and metropolitan Areas (ITACA) is a POWER Programme Project to… How?
Partnership Regione Emilia-Romagna – RER (Emilia Romagna Region, Italy) (LEADER) Stichting Brabantse Milieufederatie (Province of Brabant, TheNetherlands) Provincia di Rimini (Province of Rimini, Emilia- Romagna, Italy) Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (INTA, Andalucía, Spain) Comune di Ferrara (Municipality of Ferrara, Emilia-Romagna, Italy) Diputación Provincial de Huelva (Andalucía, Spain) ITACA City of Lidingö (Stockholm, Sweden)
Management Regione Emilia-Romagna RER Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial Stichting Brabantse Milieufederatie BMF Governing Board Lead Partner SubGroup Innovative Technologies SubGroup Management Models for People Mobility SubGroup Communication and Results Dissemination Electric vehicles/ Fuel cell vehicles ITS, ICT Renewable Energy Behavioural Change Transport Supply and Demand Management Land-use Policies Governing Board Lead Partner SubGroup Innovative Technologies SubGroup Innovative Technologies SubGroup Management Models for People Mobility SubGroup Management Models for People Mobility SubGroup Communication and Results Dissemination SubGroup Communication and Results Dissemination Electric vehicles/ Fuel cell vehicles ITS, ICT Renewable Energy Behavioural Change Transport Supply and Demand Management Land-use Policies Advisory Board
Activity Outputs and results Optimal management models for people mobility Innovative technologies (electric /fuel cell vehicles mixed fleets, RE charging points, hydrogen from RE, ITS,ICT, etc.) Definition of a comprehensive methodology and an assessment of the success/failure factors of the implemented measures to define "good practice" feasible in similar contexts to concerned. Handbook to help to policy and decision makers to choose the most suitable methodology and technical solutions for CO2 reduction: Definition of best available technologies in short-mid term for sustainable low-carbon transport
Showcase in Regione Emilia-Romagna Management Models Cattolica - San Giovanni APEA (No. 4 in the picture) is located in the southern part of the province, at an important modal node (A14-SS16-SP17/58). The area hosts today over 150 companies (3,300 employees mainly working in the textile industry).
Showcase in Regione Emilia-Romagna Management Models The project aims to identify an optimal management model for freights and people mobility in productive areas qualified as "ecologically equipped", in order to: Reduce individual and private car use for the home - work movements with dedicated measure focusing on car pooling, public transports and cycling mobility support; Rationalize the allocation and use of fleets car business also for PMI using car sharing and van sharing services as well; Improve the reconciliation of free time and work with particular attention to the standing facility services for working and urban areas.
Showcase in Regione Emilia-Romagna Management Models Activities consist of: -Development of analysis and communication instruments; -Involvement of municipalities, companies and local communities; -Definition of flexible measures - towards the most innovative measures that facilitate greater reconciliation between free and working time; The expected results relate to the definition of a comprehensive methodology (analysis and project reports) and an assessment of the success/failure factors of the implemented measures (monitoring report) in order to: Define "good practice reusable in similar contexts
EXPECTED RESULTS -Connect the existing bike lane network in Huelva municipalities. -Cyclist and pedestrian mobility Plan. -Encourage pedestrian and bike mobility.
- Collective transportation plan. -Solve traffic problems of heavy vehicles in the main streets -Shared Transport under Demand. -Encourage the Carpooling use. -Establish a good public transport system. -Environmental and energy inventory of transport sector. -Specific Transportation Plan in pilgrimage season, summer... EXPECTED RESULTS
Other identified showcases/good practices up to now: Management Models Sustainable Traffic Management ( Noord Brabant) Public transport bike in Netherlands (OV Fiets) (Nord Brabant) Green Parking Initiative (Noord Brabant) Rush hour avoidance (Noord Brabant) Cona Hospital and University Departments mobility plans (Regione Emilia-Romagna) Share Car in Spain (Andalucía) Bus + bici in Huelva (Andalucía) By-bike, public transport bike in Aljaraque (Andalucía) Multiuser car in Spain ( Andalucía) Congestion tax in Stockholm (Stockholm region) … and more coming soon.
Innovative Technologies In order -To act towards sustainable mobility targets using and innovative tools like the application of new technologies -To improve the effectiveness of regional development policies, through the exchange, sharing and transfer of policy experience, knowledge and good practices SubGroup Innovative Technologies aims: -Helping to policy and decision makers to choose the most suitable best available technologies in short-mid term for sustainable low-carbon transport
Innovative Technologies Definition of available new technologies for sustainable transport and CO 2 reduction. Main activities Collection of available data from European and National projects involving new technologies for sustainable transport and CO 2 reduction. Creation of a harmonized database to compare real data in terms of energy efficiency and CO 2 emissions, including operational data related to country, city, population, extension, type of city, climatology, etc.
Innovative Technologies Main activities Analysis of database results from different points of view and criteria, in order to find the most suitable best available technologies for every particular case. In parallel, collection of showcases/good practices about use of innovative technologies for CO 2 emissions reduction.
Innovative Technologies Harmonized database present status 7 projects and demonstration activities. More than 30 cases using different technologies. Projects from USA and Europe. Different types of : o Cities. o Technologies. o Type of vehicle. o Use of vehicle. o Vehicle range. o Energy source.
Innovative Technologies Identified showcases/good practices up to now: Development of a fuel cell vehicle fueled with hydrogen produced from renewable energy -Hercules Project (Andalucía) Successful promotion of hybrid vehicles in the taxi sector in Andalucía (Andalucía) Electric car renting in Seville –COCHELE (Andalucía) Electric bus in Punta Umbria (Andalucía) Light rail line in the metropolitan area of Granada (Andalucía) Green Cab – electric taxis in Netherland (Nord Brabant) … and more coming soon.
Action Plan on Communication e-newsletters e-brochures, on best practices on the ITACA themes and subthemes: Theme Subtheme Technical InnovationsElectric and fuel cell vehicles Renewable energies ICT and ITS Management models Behavior change Land use planning policies Transport supply/demand management Products:
e-final report/handbook Successful strategies and practices on sustainable, low carbon transport in urban areas : Description of best practices on 2 themes (including 6 subthemes) Supplemented with an introduction of the database on eco-friendly fuels and powertrains (cars) Successful strategies on people transport management models Annexes: contact information, weblinks, etc. Dissemination events in ITACA regions: Presentation of the results of the ITACA project Discussion with selected experts, entrepreneurs and politicians Products:
Thank you for your attention ! Manuel B. Acevedo Pérez Renewable Energies Dept. Project Officer firstname.lastname@example.org
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